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Age and routh.-Axions.
AGE and YOUTH.
HE, who would pass the latter part of his life with honour and decency, mult, when he is young, consider that he shall one day be old; and remember, when he is old, that he has once been young.-Johnson.
THE notions of the old and young are like liquors of different gravity and texture, which never can unite.
In youth, it is common to meafure right and wrong by the opinion of the world, and in age to act without any measure but intereft, and to lose shame without fubftituting virtue.
Such is the condition of life, that something is always wanting to happiness. In youth, we have warm hopes, which are foon blafted by rashness and negligence ; and great designs, which are defeated by inexperience. In age we have knowledge and prudence, without spirit to exert, or motives to prompt them: we are able to plan schemes and regulate meafures, but have not time remaining to bring them to completion. -Ibid.
Francis. WE should cast all our actions under the division of such as are in themselves good, bad, or indifferent; and direct them in such a manner, that every thing we do, may turn to account at that great day when every thing we have done will be ses before us.
A good intention, joined to a good action, gives it its proper force and efficacy ; joined to an evil action, extenuates its malignity, and in some cases may take it wholly away, and joined to an indifferent action, turns it into a virtue, and makes it meritorious, as far as human actions can be fo.
In the next place, to consider in the fame manner the influence of an evil intention upon our actions. An evil intention perverts the best of actions, and makes them, in reality, what the fathers have termed the virtues of the heathen world, fo many bining fins. It destroys the innocence of an indiffer. ent action; and gives an evil action all possible blackness and horror, or, in the emphatical language of holy writ, makes fin exceeding finful.
It is then of unspeakable advantage to possess our minds with an habitual good intention, and to aim all our thoughits, words, and actions at some laudable end, whether it be the glory of our maker, the good of mankind, or the benefit of our own fouls.--Spediator.
ADVICE. WHEN things go ill, each fool presumes to advise, And, if more happy, thinks himself more wise. All wretchedly deplore the present state ; And that advice seems best, which comes too late.--Sidley.
THE chief rule to be observed in the exercise of this dan. gerous office of giving ADVICE, is to preserve it pure from all mixture of interest or vanity; to forbear admonition or reproof, when our consciences tell us that they are incited, not by the hopes of reforining faults, but the desire of thewing our discernment, or gratifying our own pride, by the mortification of another. It is not indeed certain, that the most refined caution will find a proper time for bringing a man to the knowledge of his own failings, or the most zealous benevolence reconcile him to that judgment by which they are detected. But he who endeavours only the happiness of him whom he reproves, will always have either the satisfaction of obtaining or deserving kindness: if he fucceeds, he benefits his friend; and if he fails, he has at least the consciousness that he suffers for only doing well.--Rambler.
ADVICE, as it always gives a temporary appearance of superiority, can never be very grateful, even when it is most necessary, or most judicious; but, for the fame reason, every one is eager to instruct his neighbours. To be wise or to be virtu.. ous, is to buy dignity and importance at a high price : but when nothing is necessary to elevation, but detection of the follies ar the faults of others, no man is so insensible to the voice of fame as to linger on the ground. Ibid.
THERE is nothing which we receive with so much reluctance as advice. We look upon the man who gives it us, offering an affront to our understanding, and treating us like children or idiots. There is nothing so difficult as the art of making advice agreeable: the pens of the ancients and moderns have been exercised upon this occafion. How many devices have been made use of, to render this bitter potion palatable! Some convey their instruction to us in the belt
35 chosen words; others in the most harmonious numbers; some in points of wit, and others in short proverbs.
But among all the different ways of giving counsel, that which pleases the most universally, is fable: it excels all others, because it is the least shocking, and, therefore, the most delicate. This will
if we reflect, that upon the reading of a fable we are made to believe we advise ourselves. We peruse the author for the sake of the story, and consider the precepts rather as our own conclusions than his instructions. This is confirmed by the examples of the wise men of old, who chose to give council to their princes in this method ; an instance of which we have in a Turkish tale, which informs us, that the Sultan Mahamoud, by his perpetual wars abroad, and his tyranny at home, had filled his dominions with ruin and defolation, and half unpeopled the Persian empire. The Visier to this cruel Sultan pretended to have learned of a certain Dervise, to understand the language of birds; so that there was not a bird that could open his mouth, but the Viber knew what it said.
As he was one evening with the Emperor, in their return from hunting, they saw a couple of owls upon a tree, which grew near an old wall
, out of a heap of rubbish. I would fain know, says the Sultan, what these two owls are saying to one another; listen to their discourse, and give me an account of it. The Visier approached the tree, pretending to be very attentive to the two owls. Upon his return to the Sultan, Sir, says he, I have heard part of their conversation, but dare not tell you what it is. The Sultan would not be satisfied with such an answer ; but forced him to repeat, word for word, every thing the owls had faid. You muft know, then, said the Visier, that one of these owls has a son, and the other a daughter, between whom they are now upun a treaty of marriage. The father of the son said to the father of the daughter, in my hearing: Brother, I consent to this marriage, provided you will settle upon your daughter fifty ruined villages for her portion. To which the father of the daughter replied; instead of fifty, I will give her five hundred, if you please. God grant a long life to Sultan Mahamoud; whilst he reigns, we shall never want ruined villages.
The story says, the Sultan was so touched with the fable, that he rebuilt the towns and villages which had been destroyed, and, from that time forward, consulted the good of his people. -Spedator.
FATHERS alone a father's heart can know,
NATOMY. THOSE who were skilled in anatomy among the ancients, concluded, from the outward and inward make of a human body, that it was the work of a being transcendently wise and powerful. As the world grew more enlightened in this art, their discoveries gave them fresh opportunities of admiring the conduct of providence in the formation of a human body. Galen was converted by his dissections ; and could not but own a Supreme Being, upon a survey of this his handy-work, There were, indeed, many parts, of which the old anatomists did not know the certain use: but as they saw that the moft of those which they examined, were adapted, with an admirable art, to their several functions, they did not question but those, whose uses they could not determine, were contrived with the fame wisdom for their respective ends and purposes. Since the circulation of the blood has been found out, and many other great discoveries have been made by our modern anatomists, we see new wonders in the human frame; and discern several important uses for those parts which the ancients knew nothing of. In short, the body of man is such a subject, as stands the utmost test of examination. Though it appears formed with the nicest wisdom, upon the most fuperficial survey of it, it still mends upon the search, and produces our surprise and amazement in proportion as we pry into it. What I have here faid of a human body, may be applied to the body of every animal, which has been the subject of anatomical observations. --Spedator.
Authority.-- Animals.- Auibor.
ANINI ALS. IT is astonishing to conlider the different degrees of care that descend from the parent to the young, so far as is absolutely necessary for leaving a posterity. Some creatures cast their eggs as chance directs them, and think of them no further; as infects and several kinds of filh. Others, of a nicer frame, find out proper beds to depofit them in, and there leave them; as the serpent, the crocodile, and oftrich. Orbers hatch their eggs, and tend the birth till it is able to shift for it felf.
What can we call the principle which directs every kind of bird to observe a particular plan in the structure of its beit, and directs all, of the same species, to work after the fame model? It cannot be imitation ; for though you hatch a crow under a hen, and never let it see any of the works of its own kind, the nest it makes shall be the same, to the laying of a slick, with all other nesis of the same species. It cannot be reajia; for were animals endued with it, to as great a degree as man, their buildings would be as different as ours, according to the different conveniences that they would propose to themselves. Spedutor.
AUTHOR. THE wickedness of a loose or profane author, in his writings, is more atrocious than that of the giddy libertine, or drunl.en ravisher; not only because it extcods its eineris wiler (as a pestilence, which taints the air, is more dellructive than poifen infused in a draught) but because it is corrmitted with cool deliberation. By the instantaneous violence of duire, a good man may sometimes be furprised, before reflection can come to his rescue : when the appetites have strengthered their influence by habit, they are not easily refilled or flyt; but for the frigid vilainy of studious lewdness, for this cats, con y of laiture di impiety, what apo age can Lurrare? Vrbneni can be adequate in the crime
inde, for the refinemeni of debauchery; Lirixi drenifac's his memory, only that
wwili la intucó than he found it; that