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of money. Little is said or thought of the lives lost, or devoted to be loft, except as matters of pecuniary value. Humanity, indeed, weeps in filence and folitude, in the sequeltered shade of private life; but is a single tear shed in courts, or camps, or cabinets ? When men high in command, men of fortune and family, fall, their deeds are blazoned, and they figure in history : but who, save the poor widow and the orphan, enquire after the very names of the rank and file? There they lie, a mass of human flesh, not so much regretted by the despots as the horses they rode, or the arms they bore. While ships often go down to the bottom, struck by the iron thunderbolts of war, and not a life is saved; the national loss is estimated by the despot, according to the weight of metal wasted, and the magnitude and expence of the wooden castle. Idem.

DESPOTISM! I would laugh at all thy extravagancies, thy folemn mummery, thy baby baubles, thy airs of insolence, thy finery and frippery, thy impotent insults over virtue, genius, and all personal merit, thy strutting, self-pleasing mien and language! I would consider them all with the eye of a Deinocritus, as affording a constant farce, an inexhaustivie fund of merriment, did they not lead to the malevolent passions, which, in their effects, forge chains for men born free, plunder the poor of their property, and shed the blood of innocence.--Idem.

WHERE God caused the sun to mine gaily, and scattered plenty over the land, despois diffused famine and folitude, The valley which laughed with fcorn, they watered with the tear of artificial hunger and dillress; the plain that was bright with verdure, and gay with flowrets, they dyed red with gore. They operated on the world as the blast of an east wind, as a pestilence, as a deluge, as a conflagration. And have they yet ceased from the earth? Caft your eyes over the plains of Rullia, Poland, a great part of Europe, the wilds of Africa, and the gardens of Ata; European depouifm has united with oriental, to unparadise the provinces of India.--Idem.

DESPOTISM is the grand source of human misfortune, the Pandora's box out of which every curse has issued, and scarcely left even hope behind. Despotism, in its extreme, is fatai to human happiness, and, in all its degrees and modifications, injurious. The spirit of it ought therefore to be fuppreffed on the first and lightest appearance. It should be the cadearui of every good man, as far as his best abilities

Dulness.-Dog.-Duly.-Duty and Happiness. 93 will extend, to extirpate all arbisrary government from the globe. It fhould be fwept from the earth, or trampled under foot, from China to Peru.--Idem.

DULNESS. DULNESS or deformity are not culpable in themselves, but may be very justly reproached when they pretend to the honour of wit or the influence of beauty. --Life of Pope.


OF all the beasts that graze the lawn, or hunt the forest; a dog is the only animal, that, leaving his fellows, attempts to cultivate the friendship of man. To man he looks, in all his necessities, with a speaking eye, for affiftance; exerts for him all the little service in his power, with chearfulness and pleasure ; for him bears famine and fatigue with patience and resignation. No injuries can abate his fidelity; no distress induce him to forsake his benefador. Studious to please and fearing to offend, he is fill an humble, Redfalt dependant; and in him alone fawning is not flattery. How unkind, then, to torture this faithful creature, who has left the forest to claim the protection of man! How ungrateful a return to the trusty animal for all its services !--Goldsmith,

DUTI. WHEN we act according to our duty, we commit the event to him by whose laws our actions are governed, and who will suffer none to be finally punished for obedience. But when, in prospect of some good, whether natural or moral, we break the rules prescribed to us, we withdraw from the direction of fuperior wisdom, and take all the consequences upon ourselves. - Prince of Abyffinia.

DUTY and HAPPINESS. IT is an undoubted truth, that our duty is inseparably connected with our happiness. And why should we despair of convincing every member of society of a truth so important for him to know? Should any person object, by saying, that nothing like this, has ever yet been done; I answer, that nothing like this has ever yet been tried. Society has hitherto been curst with governments, whose existence depended on the extinction of truth. Every-moral light has been smothered under the bushel of perpetual impofition; from whence it emits

but faint and glimmering rays, always insufficient to form any luminous system on any of the civil concerns of men.

But these covers are crumbling to the dust, with the governments which they support: and the probability becomes more apparent, the more it is considered, that fociety is capable of curing all the evils to which it has given birth.--Barlow.

DELAY. THE folly of allowing ourselves to delay what we know cannot be finally escaped, is one of the general weaknesses, which, in spite of the instruction of moralists, and the remonstrances of reason, prevail to a greater or less degree in every mind: even they who most steadily withstand it

, find it, if not the most violent, the most pertinacious of their pafions, always renewing its attacks, and, though often vanquilhed, never de troyed.Rambler.

DRUNKENNESS. NOTHING is more erroneous than the common observation, that men, who are ill-natured and quarrelsome when they are drunk, are very worthy persons when they are fober; for drink in reality dath not reverse nature, or create pailions in men which did not exist in them before.-- Fielding.

THERE is not perhaps a more excellent institution than that of Pittacus, mentioned by Aristotle in his politics, by which a blow given by a drunken man was

more severely punished, than if it had been given by one that was sober ; for Pittacus (fays Aristotle) considered the utility of the public, (as drunken men are more apt to strike) and not the excufe which might otherwise be allowed to their drunkenness.-- Idem.

DECEPTION. DECEIT and falsehood, whatever conveniencies they may for a time promise or produce, are, in the sum of life, obitacles to happiness. Those who profit by the cheat distrust the deceiver ; and the act by which kindness was fought, puts end to confidence.--Rambler.



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DESPAIR. CONSIDERING the unforeseen events of this world, should be taught that no human condition should inspire with absolute despair.--Fielding.

UNHAPPY man! with storms of passion tost, When first be learnt his vagrant child was lost,


Despair.-Difbonefly. Distress.
On the cold floor his trenabling limbs he flung,
And with thick blows his hollow bolom rung ;
Then up he Itarted, and with fix'd surprise,
Upon her picture threw his frantic eyes,
While thus he cry'd, “Io her my life was bound,
" Warm in each feature is her mother found ;
“ Perhaps despair has been her fatal guide,
“ And now she floats upon the weeping tide ;
« Or, on the willow hung, with head reclin’d,
• All pale and cold she wavers in the wind.

Did I not force her hence by harsh commands ?
• Did not her soul abhor the nuptial bands ?”
Teach not, ye fires, your daughters to rebel ;
By council rein their wills, but ne'er compel.-Gay.


DISHONEST minds, just like the jaundic'd sight,
See honest deeds in a dishonest light;
Thro' clouds of guilt, the innocent they view,
And stain each virtue with some vicious hue.
The just and good look with a different eye,
By generous hearts they generous actions try;
Govern'd by honor, honor they revere,
And think each virtue, like their own, sincere.-Beller,

DISTRESS. HAS pity lost its mighty power to move, That all


mournful sorrows can't incline you, To weigh my sufferings with my real deserts? Can you then see me with a broken heart, Wretched, wand'ring, and forsook by all, Except th' insulting rabble at my heels ? And as pinching need, or thirst, or hunger, Shall make me seek relief from door to door, Perhaps receive harsh language and reproach, Instead of succour to supply my wants. Then after all the mis’ries of the day, Soon as th' unwholesome night brings on its dews, Under fome dropping eve, or leaflefs hedge, Shiv'ring and almost starv'd with piercing cold, Repose niy weary limbs, with toil fatigu'd. —Wandesford.

DOMESTIC happiness, thou only bliss
Of Paradise that has surviv'd the fall!
Though few now taste thee unimpair'd and pure,
Or, tasting, long enjoy thee; too infirm
Or too incautious to preserve thy sweets
Unmixt with drops of bitter, which neglect
Or temper sheds into thy crystal cup.
Thou art the nurse of virtue. In thine arms,
She smiles, appearing, as in truth she is,
Heav'n born, and destin'd to the skies again.
Thou art not known where Pleasure is ador'd,
That reeling goddess, with the zoneless wait,
And wand'ring eyes, still leaning on the arm
Of novelty, her fickle frail support;
For thou art meek and constant, hating change,
And finding in the calm of truth-tried love,
Joys that her stormy raptures never yield.Cowper.

THE great end of prudence is to give chearfuloess to those hours which splendor cannot gild, and acclamation cannot exhilirate. Those soft intervals of unbended amusement, in which a man shrinks to his natural dimensions, and throws afide the ornaments of disguises, which he feels, in privacy, to be useless incumbrances, and to lose all effect when they become familiar. To be happy at home is the ultimate result of all ambition ; the end to which every enterprise and labor tends, and of which every desire prompts the prosecution. It is indeed at home that every man must be known, by those who would make a just estimate either of his virtue or felicity; for smiles and embroidery are alike occasional; and the mind is often dressed for show in painted honor, and fictitious benevolence.Rambler.

THE highest panegyric that domestic virtue can receive, is the praise of servants; for however vanity or insolence may look down with contempt on the suffrage of men uodignified with wealth, and unenlightened by education, it very seldom happens that they commend or blame without justice.--Idem.

IN all disputes between the people and their rulers, the
prefumption is at least upon a par in favor of the people.
Experience may perhaps justify me in going farther. Where

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