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Disfentions.--Equality of Mankind. popular discontents have been very prevalent, it may well be affirmed and supported, that there has been generally something found amiss in the constitution or in the conduct of government. The people have no interest in disorder. When they do wrong, it is their error, and not their crime. But with the governing party of the state, it is far otherwise. They certainly may act ill by design as well as by mistake. " The revolutions which " occur in great states, are not he effect of chance or the “ caprice of the people. Nothing disgusts the grandees of a
kingdom so much as a weak or deranged government. But of the people never revolt through a thirst of innovation, bat " through impatience of suffering." These are the words of a great man ; of a minister of state [Sully) and a zealous asserter of monarchy. What he says of revolutions is equally true of all great disturbances.-Burke.
EQUALITY OF MANKIND. ALL men are created equal.---Declaration of Independence.
ALL men are born equally free and independent; therefore all government of right originates from the people, is founded in confent, and instituted for the general good.--Conftitution of New Hampshire.
ALL men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, poffefling, and protecting property; in fine, that of feeking and obtaining their Safety and happiness. -Constitution of Majachusetts.
ALL men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent, and unalienable rights; amongit which are, the enjoying and defending life and libertyAcquiring, poffefling, and protecting property--and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety.--Conftitution of Vermont.
WHAT is the race of mankind but one family, widely scattered upon the face of the earth? all men by nature are brothers. ----Fenelon.
SEARCH we the secret springs,
The same almighty power inspir'd the frame
THERE is no more ia ward value in the greatest emperor than in the meanest of his subjects. His body is composed of the same substance, the same parts, and with the same or greater infirmities: his education is generally worfe, by fiattery, idleness, and luxury, and those evil dispositions that early power is apt to give. It is therefore against comnion sense, that his private personal intereft, cr pleasure, mnould be put in the balance with the safety of millions, every one of which is bis equal by nature.--Swifi.
MEN are not naturally opulent, courtiers, noblea, or lings. We come into the world naked and poor : we are all subject to the miseries of life.
The rich have not better appetites that the poor, nor quicker digestion : the master has not longer arms or stronger than the fervant; a great man is no taller than the meanesi artizaa --Rouleasa
EXERCISE. SUCH is the constitution of man, that labore may be styled its own reward: nor will any external incitent l, requisite, if it be considered how much happiness is gaišice and how much mifery escaped, by frequent and violent, agitanion of the body.--Rombler,
EXERCISE cannot secure us from that diffolution to which we are decreed; but, while the foul and body continue united, it can make the association pleasing, and give probable hopas that they shall be disj ined by an easy feparation. It was a principle armong the ancients, that acute difcasesare ficm heaven, and chronic, from curfelres: the dart of death, indeed, falls som konurn; but we poison it by our own miconduct.-ldx.
CHILDREN, like tender Oziers, take the bow,
PHYSICAL knowledge is of such rare emergence, that one man may know another half his life without being able to ellimate his fill in hydrostatics or astronomy; but his moral and prudential character immediately appears. Those authors, therefore, are to be read at school, that fupply moit axioms of prudence, molt principles of moral truth, and moít materials for conversation ; and these purposes are beit ferved by poets, orators, and historians.-' ise of Melton.
IT ought always to be steadily inculcated, that vireue is the higheit proof of underlianding, and the only solid balis of greatness ; and that vice is the natural consequence of narrow thoughts; that it begins in niitake, and ends in ignominy.-Rambler.
I CONSIDER an human soul without education, like marble in the quarry, which shews none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colours, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein that runs through the body of it. Education, after the same manner, when it works upon a noble mind, draws out to view every latent virtue and perfection, which, without such helps, are never able to make their appearance:--Spediator.
ERROR. IT is incumbent on every man who consults his own dignity to retract his error ás foon as he discovers it, without fearing any censure so much as that of his own mind. As justice requires that all injuries should be repaired, it is the duty of him who has seduced others by bad practices, or false notions, to endeavour that such as have adopted his errors should know his retraction, and that those who have learned vice by his example, should, by his example, be taught amendment.Rambler.
FREEDOM. 664668 A COUNTRIES are generally peopled in proportion as they are free, and are certainly bappy in that proportion; and upon the same tract of land that would maintain a hundred thousand
freemen in plenty, five thousand flaves would starve. Liberty naturally draws new people to it, as well as increases the old flock; and men as naterally run, when they dare, from slavery and wretchedness. Hence great cities, losing their liberties, become desarts; and little towns by liberty grow great cities. -Gordon.
CIVIL freedom is not, as many have endeavoured to persuade us, a thing that lies hid in the depth of abstruse science. It is a blessing and a benefit, not an abstract speculation; and all the just reasoning that can be upon it, is of fo coarse a texture, as perfectly to suit the ordinary capacities of those who are to enjoy, and of those who are to defend it. Far from any resemblance to those propositions in geometry and metaphysics, which admit no medium, but must be true or false in all their latitude ; focial and civil freedom, like all other things in common life, are variously mixed and modified, enjoyed in very different degrees, and shaped into an infinite diversity of forms, according to the temper and circumstances of every community. The extreme of liberty (which is its abstract perfection, but its real fault) obtains no where, nor ought to obtain any where. Because extremes, as we all know, in every point which relates either to our duties or satisfactions in life, are destructive both to virtue and enjoyment. Liberty too must be limited in order to be possessed. The degree of restraint it is impossible in any case to settle precisely. But it ought to be the constant aim of every wise public council, to find out by cautious experiments, and rational, cool endeavors, with how little, not how much of this restraint, the community can subfift.--Burke.
WHOSE freedom is by fuff'rance, and at will
The scorn of danger, and united hearts,
TEMPT me no more. My soul can ne'er comport
I've an averfion to those charms,
. Go, vasfal-fouls, go, cringe and wait,
You're but the shadows of a man.
Go, catch th' impertinence of found:
Adore the follies of the great :
And drove them to their fate.
I can and will be free :
My soul grows firm upright,
my creation-right, Let slaves and asses stoop and bow,
I cannot make this iron knee
WHEN God from chaos gave the world to be,
your abject chains,
ONE truth is clear from nature, constant ilill