Narrative of the Arctic Land Expedition to the Mouth of the Great Fish River, and Along the Shores of the Arctic Ocean, in the Years 1833, 1834, and 1835
Journal kept by Sir George Back of the expedition he led from Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, northeast to the Fish River (Back River) and the Arctic Coast. Includes scientific observations.
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animal appearance arch arrived aurora Back banks bear blue boat bright brought called Calm canoe Captain carried Clear coast continued course covered deer direction distance east eastward encamped expedition extremity Faint fall feet fish four hills hope hundred Indians islands James John journey King Lake land latitude latter less light look March marks mass means meat miles Misty morning motion mountains move narrow nearly needle night observations occasion Overcast party passed portage present rapid reach received remained remarkable river rocks round route season seemed seen shore side Slave Lake snow soon species stream taken Thlew-ee-choh weather western westward whole wind winter woods
Page 244 - LORD, by whom we escape death. 21 GOD shall wound the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of such a one as goeth on still in his wickedness. 22 The LORD hath said, I will bring my people again, as I did from Basan, mine own will I bring again, as I did sometime from the deep of the sea.
Page 378 - As the boat grounded they formed into a semicircle, about twentyfive paces distant; and with the same yelling of some unintelligible word, and the alternate elevation and depression of both extended arms, apparently continued in the highest state of excitement : until, landing alone, and without visible weapon, I walked deliberately up to them, and, imitating their own action of throwing up my hands, called out Tima — peace. In an instant their spears were flung upon the ground ; and, putting their...
Page 163 - ... in it, to certain destruction. Nothing could exceed the self-possession and nicety of judgment with which he guided the frail thing along the narrow line between, the high waves of the torrent and the returning eddy. A foot in either direction would have been fatal ; but, with the most perfect ease, and, I may add, elegant and graceful action, his keen eyes fixed upon the run, he kept her true to her course through all its rapid windings.
Page 177 - can I possibly give an idea of the torment we endured from the sand-flies ? As we dived into the confined and suffocating chasms, or waded through the close swamps, they rose in clouds, actually darkening the air; to see or to speak was equally difficult, for they rushed at every undefended part, and fixed their poisonous fangs in an instant. Our faces streamed with blood, as if leeches had been applied, and there was a burning and irritating pain, followed by immediate inflammation, and producing...
Page 222 - The skin of the hands became dry, cracked and opened into unsightly and smarting gashes, which we were obliged to anoint with grease. On one occasion, after washing my face within three feet of the fire, my hair was actually clotted with ice before I had time to dry it.
Page 321 - I followed with an agitation which may be conceived, and, to my inexpressible joy, found that the shriek was the triumphant whoop of the crew, who had landed safely in a small bay below.
Page 62 - ... and supporting a tea-pot, some biscuits, and a salt-cellar ; near this a tin plate, close by a square kind of box or safe of the same material, rich with a pale, greasy hair, the produce of the colony at Red River; and the last the far-renowned pemmican, unquestionably the best food of the country for expeditions such as ours.
Page 388 - This, then, may be considered as the mouth of the Thlew-ee-choh, which, after a violent and tortuous course of five hundred and thirty geographical miles, running through an iron-ribbed country without a single tree on the whole line of its banks, expanding into fine large lakes with clear horizons, most embarrassing to the navigator, and broken into falls, cascades, and rapids, to the number of no less than eighty-three in the whole, pours its waters into the Polar Sea in latitude 67° 1 1' 00'i...
Page 251 - was the miserable end of poor Augustus, a faithful, disinterested, kind-hearted creature, who had won the regard, not of myself only, but I may add, of Sir J. Franklin and Dr. Richardson also, by qualities which, wherever found, in the lowest as in the highest forms of social life, are the ornament and charm of humanity.