The Cardinal Protectors of England: Rome and the Tudors Before the Reformation

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CUP Archive, Jul 11, 1974 - History - 262 pages
A personal and political history, unpredictable and often tragic, of the series of Italian cardinals who undertook, at the invitation of the crown, to serve the king and England in the papal court. It also investigates fully the character of Anglo-papal relations in the two generations before the break with Rome. The familiar story of Henry VIII's campaign to divorce Catherine of Aragon is presented in its full context and from a Roman point of view. The account begins with the origins of the cardinal protectorship under Henry VII and concentrates on the long and intimate relationship of Henry VIII and Wolsey with Giulio de'Medici (later Pope Clement VII) and Lorenzo Campeggio, the cardinal protectors of England from 1514 until 1534 and the two Roman churchmen most involved in the divorce. The important matter of papal provisions to bishoprics in England and Ireland as well as in Scotland and elsewhere is studied against a background of European diplomacy and personal intrigue.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The routine work of cardinal protectors Giulio deMedici
5
and the papacy
10
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini
17
The role of Adriano Castellesi
28
Galeotto della Rovere
34
The career of Christopher Bainbridge
40
The work of the cardinal protectors 14921514
53
The emergence of Giulio deMedici 151418
81
The emergence of Lorenzo Campeggio 151824
104
The end of an arrangement 152834
176
Campeggio and the failure of reconciliation 15349
220
List of sources and select bibliography
240
Index
247
Copyright

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