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eral of the camels are loaded with merchandize, and most of the camel drivers perform the whole journey on foot. It may be interesting to some of our friends to see a list of oriental names, and to learn with what a 'mixed multitude,' we passed through the 'great and terrible wilderness.'
“There were Mussulman dervishes:-viz. Hadgi Mustapha, of Jerusalem; Hadgi Abdool, Hadgi Khaleel, and Hadgi Saveer, from Bokkaria; Hadgi Kahman, Hadgi Mohammed, and Abdallah, from near Astrachan.
"Arabs:~Mustapha, our guide and the shekh of the caravan; Ismael (Ishmael) and Abdool Assiz, who own a part of the camels; and Hadgi Ahmed, the conductor of a part of the caravan. Among the camel-drivers on foot were Moses, Mahommed of El Arish, Hassan, Hadgi Ibrahim (Abraham,) Mahommed of Gaza, Said, Khaleel, Mahommed, a lad, and Selim and Selina, two Bedouins.
“Turks: -Hadgi Ibrahim, of Damascus. [He was attended by a black eunuch, and his form and size would seem to mark him out as a son of Anak. He seemed built like a tower.'] Three soldiers from Erzeroum; Hadgi Suleiman (Solomon) of Dearbeker; Hadgi Younas (Jonas), of Bagdad; and Hadgi Mahmoud.
“Armenians:-Boghas (Paul) from Smyrna; one from Constantinople; Boghas and three others from Koordistan; and Tameer, who passed for a Turkish soldier, but told us privately that he was an Armenian.
"Greeks: --One from Tocat, where Martyn died, one from Anatolia, (neither of whom speak any thing but Turkish,) and Elias, a Catholic Maronite from Nazareth.
“There were also eight women; one the mother of Elias, three Turkish, one an Arab, and three negro slaves,
“At half past two, after riding five hours, we pitched our tent on the plain called Rode el Wolten. Thermometer in our tent at 79o. Asked the dervish, Hagdi Mustapha, what a dervish is. He replied, One that eats what he has to day, and trusts God for the future.' 'Are they priests? They are among Turks what priests are among Christians.' 'Are they monks or can they marry' 'Some marry, others not, as they please. The term Hagdi, which occurs so often in the above list of names, means pilgrim, and is a title given by the Turks to all who have performed the pilgrimage to Mecca. The Greeks have adopted the word into their language, and bestowed the title upon all who have made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem
“Most of the time to day we have been rising a gentle ascent, course E. and N. E. We are now in the desert, out of sight of the inhabited world. Its appearance, however, is not so perfectly barren, as we expected to find it. Almost every where we see thistles, grass, and flowers, growing out of the sand, though thinly scattered, of stinted growth, and of a dry and withered look. When we stop, we select a good spot for our encampment, raise our tent on its two poles, stretch out the ropes and fasten hem to the earth with pins, and then arrange our trunks and boxes of books, so that they serve us for tables, chairs, and bed-steads.
6:10. When the caravan stops, the camels are turned out to feed on the thistles, weeds, and grass, which the desert produces. At sun-set they are assembled, and made to lie down around the encampment. Yesterday afternoon four of them which carried merchandize for an Armenian, went off, and could not be found. Two or three men were despatched in search of them. This morning they were not found, and we arranged our baggage so as to give the Armenian one of ours.
The rest of the company also gave him assistance in carrying his baggage,
and we set off at seven. Saw a mountain at a great distance on our right, and a village far off on our left. In the course of the day the four camels were found at a distance, and brought into the encampment at evening. At two, after travelling seven hours, we pitched our tent at Mahsima. Thermometer in the tent 84°, in the sun 104°. Here is a well of what we call here in the desert, good water. The goatkins, which we took to carry water in, were new, and have given the water a reddish color, and an exceedingly loathsome taste.
“In the evening we found that the butter, which we put up at Cairo for our journey, had bred worms, so that we could not use it.
11. This forenoon the passports of the different companies were thrice demanded by Arab soldiers, who patrol this part of the desert for the purpose of stopping travellers who are destitute of passports.
“Far off on our right hand, we saw a range of mountains. Our course in the morning was nearly E.; afwards it varied to nearly N. At two, after more than seven hours travel, we pitched our tent at Jissar. Those places in the desert where there are wells, or where caravans are accustomed to encamp, have in consequence received names. We give the names as they are repeated to us by our guide. Our road hitherto has been alternately loose, moveable sand, and hard sand mixed with gravel.
“After some refreshment, we took a Persian Testament, and Genesis in Arabic, and went to Hadgi Mohammed, the dervish. We sat down with him on his blanket spread on the sand, with the sun beating on our heads, and then showed him our books. He reads well in Persian and Arabic. Of the other dervishes, not one knows how to read.
While we were reading with him, most of the dervishes, and several Turks and Armenians, gathered around and listened. Mohammed read in Genesis, and said it was very good. Another Turk then took it, and read
that God rested on the seventh day, and said angrily, that it was infidelity to say that God rested. Mr. Wolff tried to explain, but to no purpose, till he said he had given such a book to the mufti of Jerusalem, who said it was good. This argument silenced him at once.
We gave the book of Genesis to Mohammed. While we were sitting with him, Elias the Maronite began to beat his mother, because she did not cook his victuals as he wished. Mr. Wolff went to him, and reproved him severely for such conduct. The 'Turks said tauntingly, 'He is a Christian.' We were glad they heard Mr. Wolff's admonition, in which he shewed them how inconsistent his behavior was with the commands of the Gospel. The unnatural man at length relented, and went to his mother and kissed her hand in token of acknowledgment. Towards evening two Turks had a dispute which finally led to blows. Hadgi Ibrahim (the Anakite) interfered, and by loud words and a few blows, settled the quarrel. After this, the dervish Mustapha became very angry with his ass, and like Balaam fell to beating him, and concluded by calling him a Jew.
“12. Saw several flocks of sheep and goats, guarded by Bedouin shepherds, and feeding on the scanty vegetation of the desert. Met also a caravan of 150 camels going to Cairo. As we proceeded in a north-easterly direction, we found less vegetation, and more sand-hills than heretofore.
“13. It is the Sabbath on which we wish to rest. But we are in the midst of the wilderness, with but a scanty supply of provisions, and no water ex-. cept what is very offensive; and we have a journey of four days, before we can reach any human dwelling. The case is a clear one, that we must. seek the divine blessing and proceed on our way, and in our meditations endeavor to find Him, who
- Is ever present, ever felt, In the void waste, as in the city full.'
“Read the 84th Psalm, and sympathized with David in his exile, when banished from the house of God. Thought of our brethren and friends at home, who are enjoying the privileges of the sanctuary; and, contrasting our present situation, exclaimed;—[ am cast out of thy sight, yet will I look again towards thy holy temple. After travelling eight hours we pitched our tent near a grove of palm-trees. Our course has varied from east to north, among hills of light sand. The water here is better than has been found since entering the wilderness; though it is such as the cattle would not drink in New England.
“14. Hitherto we had generally enjoyed a refreshing north wind, which has served to mitigate the heut, and rendered our journey less tedious, than we had feared it would be. This morning a strong scorching wind from the south-east commenced. It was indeed distressing. The air sometimes seemed as if it issued from the mouth of an oven. Many of the Arabs bound a handkerchief over their mouths and noses, as a defence against it. After riding six hours and a half, we pitched our tent on the plain of Loolia, near a well of miserable water. The thermometer in our tent stood at 990. The country we passed was full of sand-hills. The wind sometimes blew the sand over the hills like snow in a storm. This has been a dreadful day.
“15. To avoid the heat of the day we arose at midnight, and proceeded on our journey till noon, The wind continued from the S. E. during the night, and we anticipated another dreadful day. But in the forenoon it changed to the S. W., and we were refreshed by a cooling breeze. The night was so cloudy that not a star appeared. The loaded camels, which during the day travel like a flock, were all tied together when we travelled in the night. One is surprized to see how the Arabs, who are accustomed to the desert, will find their way in a darle