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One rubb’d his elbow, thus : and fleer'd, and swore,
Prin. But what, but what, come they to visit us ?
Boyet. They do, they do ; and are appareld thus,-Like Muscovites, or Russians : as I guess, Their purpose is, to parle, to court, and dance : And every one his love-feat will advance Unto his several mistress ; which they'll know By favours several, which they did bestow.
Prin. And will they so ? the gallant shall be task'd : For, ladies, we will every one be mask'd ; And not a man of them shall have the grace, Despite of suit, to see a lady's face. -Hold, Rosaline, this favour thou shalt wear; And then the king will court thee for his dear ; Hold, take thou this, my sweet, and give me thine ; So shall Birón take me for Rosaline. And change you favours too; so shall your
loves Woo contrary, deceiv’d by these removes.
Ros. Come on then ; wear the favours most in sight. Kath. But, in this changing, what is your intent? Prin. Th' effect of my intent is, to cross theirs : They do it but in mocking merriment ; And mock for mock is only my intent. Their several counsels they unbosom shall To loves mistook ; and so be mock'd withal, Upon the next occasion that we meet,
(3] The spleen was anciently supposed to be the cause of laughter. STEEV.
(4) A mask of Muscovites was no uncommon recreation at court long before our author's time. In the first year of King Henry the Eighth, at a banquet made for the foreign embassadors in the parliament-chamber at Westminster : “ came the lorde Henry, Earl of Wiltshire, and the borde Fitzwater, in twoo long gounes of yellowe satin traversed with white satin, and in every ben of white was a bend of crimson satin after the fashion of Russia or Ruslande, with furred hattes of grey on their hedes, either of them havyng an hatchet in their handes, and bootes with pykes turned up." Hall. Henry VIII. p. 6. This extract may serve to convey an idea of the dress used upon the present occasion by the King and his Lords at the performance of the play. RITSON
With visages display'd, to talk, and greet.
Ros. But shall we dance, if they desire us to’t ?
Prin. No; to the death, we will not move a foot: Nor to their penn'd speech render we no grace ; But, while 'tis spoke, each turn away her face.
Boyet. Why, that contempt will kill the speaker's heart, And quite divorce his memory from his part.
Prin. Therefore I do it ; and, I make no doubt,
[Trumpets sound within. Boyet. The trumpet sounds ; be mask’d, the maskers
[The ladies mask. Enter the King, Biron, LONGAVILLE, and Dumain, in Russian habits, and masked; Moth, Musicians, and Attendants. Moth. All hail, the richest beauties on the earth ! Boyet. Beauties, no richer than rich taffata. Moth. A holy parcel of the fairest dames,
[The ladies turn their backs to him. That ever turn'd their backs-to mortal views !
Biron. Their eyes, villain, their eyes.
Moth. That ever turnd their eyes to mortal views! Out
Boyet. True ; out, indeed.
Moth. Out of your favours, heavenly spirits, vouchsafe Not to behold
Biron. Once to behold, rogue.
Moth. Once to behold with your sun-beamed eyes --with your sun-beamed eyes
Boyet. They will not answer to that epithet; You were best call it, daughter-beamed eyes.
Moth. They do not mark me, and that brings me out.
Boyet. What would you with the princess ?
Biron. Nothing but peace, and gentle visitation.
be gone. King. Say to her, we have measur'd many miles, To tread a measure with her on this grass.
Boyet. They say, that they have measur'd many a mile, To tread a measure with you on this grass.
Ros. It is not so : ask them, how many inches
Boyet. If, to come hither, you have measur'd miles,
Biron. Tell her, we measure them by weary steps
Ros. How many weary steps,
Biron. We number nothing that we spend for you ;
we, like savages, may worship it.
King. Blessed are clouds, to do as such clouds do ! Vouchsafe, bright moon, and these thy stars, to shine (Those clouds remov’d) upon our wat’ry eyne.?
Ros. O vain petitioner! beg a greater matter; Thou now request'st but moonshine in the water. King. Then, in our measure do but vouchsafe one
change : Thou bid'st me beg; this begging is not strange. Ros. Play, music, then : nay, you must do it soon.
[Music plays. Not yet;-no dance :--thus change I like the moon.
 The measures were dances solemn and slow. They were performed at court, apd at public entertainments of the societies of law and equity, at their balls, on particular occasions. It was formerly not deemed inconsistent with propriety even for the gravest persons to join in them; and accordingly at the revels which were celebrated at the inus of court, it has not been unusual for the first characters in the law to become performers in treading the measures. See Dugdale's Origines Juridiciales, REED.
 When Queen Elizabeth asked an embassador how he liked her ladies, It is hard,' said he, to judge of stars in the presence of the suo.' JOHNSOX
King. Will you not dance ? How come you thus es
trangd? Ros. You took the moon at full ; but now she's chang’d.
King. Yet still she is the moon, and I the man. The music plays ; vouchsafe some motion to it.
Ros. Our ears vouchsafe it. King. But your legs should do it. Ros. Since you are strangers, and come here by chance, We'll not be nice : take hands ;-we will not dance.
King. Why take we hands then ?
Ros. Only to part friends :-
King. More measure of this measure ; be not nice.
Ros. Then cannot we be bought : and so adieu
King. If you deny to dance, let's hold more chat.
[They converse apart Bir. White-handed mistress, one sweet word with thee. Prin. Honey, and milk, and sugar; there is three.
Biron. Nay then, two treys, (an if you grow so nice) Metheglin, wort, and malmsey ;-Well run, dice ! There's half a dozen sweets.
Prin. Seventh sweet, adieu !
Biron. One word in secret.
[They converse apart,
Mar. Say you so ? Fair lord, Take that for your fair lady.  To cog, sigoifies to falsify the dice, and to falsify a narrative, or to lie.
JOHNSON Vol. III.
Dum. Please it you,
Kath. What, was your visor made without a tongue ?
Long. You have a double tongue within your mask,
Kath. Veal, quoth the Dutchman ;-Is not veal a calf ?
half: Take all, and wean it; it may prove an ox.
Long. Look, how you butt yourself in these sharp Will you give horns, chaste lady? do not so. [mocks
Kath. Then die a calf, before your horns do grow.
(They converse apart. Boyet. The tongues of mocking wenches are as keen
As is the razor's edge invisible, Cutting a smaller hair than may be seen ;
Above the sense of sense : so sensible
Ros. Not one word more, my maids ; break off, break off.
[Exe. King, Lords, Moth, Music, and Attendants.
puff’d out Ros. Well-liking wits' they have ; gross, gross; fat, fat. Prin. O poverty in wit, kingly-poor flout ! Will they not, think you, hang themselves to-night?
Or ever, but in visors, show their faces ? This pert Birón was out of countenance quite.
Ros. O! they were all in lamentable cases ! The king was weeping-ripe for a good word.
Prin. Birón did swear himself out of all suit. Mar. Dumain was at my service, and his sword : (9) Well-liking is the same, as embonpoint. So, in Job xxxix. 4 : “ Their young opes are in good liking."