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First were we sad, fearing you would not come ;
Now, sadder, that you come so unprovided.
Fye! doff this habit, shame to your estate,
An eye-sore to our solernn festival.

Tra. And tell us, what occasion of import
Hath all so long detain'd you from your wife,
And sent you hither so unlike yourself?

Pet. Tedious it were to tell, and harsh to hear : * Sufficeth, I am come to keep my word,

Though in some part enforced to digress;
Which, at more leisure, I will so excuse
As you shall well be satisfied withal.
But, where is Kate ? I stay too long from her;
The morning wears, 'tis time we were at church.

Tra. See not your bride in these unreverent robes ; Go to my chamber, put on clothes of mine.

Pet. Not I, believe me ; thus I'll visit her."
Bup. But thus, I trust, you will not marry her.
Pet. Good sooth, even thus ; therefore have done with

To me she's married, not unto my clothes :
Could I repair what she will wear in me,
As I can change these poor accoutrements,

"Twere well for Kate, and better for myself. - But what a fool am I, to chat with you,

When I should bid good-morrow to my bride,
And seal the title with a lovely kiss ? [Exe. Per. &c.

Tra. He hath some meaning in his mad attire :
We will persuade him, be it possible,
To put on better ere he go to church.

Bap. I'll after him, and see the event of this. [Exit.

Tra. But, sir, to her love concerneth us to add
Her father's liking: Which to bring to pass,
As I before imparted to your worship,
I am to get a man,—whate'er he be,
It skills not much; we'll fit him to our turn,
And he shall be Vincentio of Pisa ;
And make assurance, here in Padua,
Of greater sums than I have promised.
So shall you quietly enjoy your hope,
And marry sweet Bianca with consent.

Luc. Were it not that my fellow schoolmaster
Doth watch Bianca's steps so narrowly,
'Twere good, methinks, to steal our marriage ;


Which once perform’d, let all the world say-80,
I'll keep mine own, despite of all the world.

Tra. That by degrees we mean to look into,
And watch our vantage in this business :
We'll over-reach the

greybeard, Gremio,
The narrow-prying father, Minola ;
The quaint musician, amorous Licio ;
All for my master's sake, Lucentio.-

Re-enter GREMIO.
Signior Gremio ! came you from the church ?

Gre. As willingly as e'er I came from school
Tra. And is the bride and bridegroom coming home?

Gre. A bridegroom, say you ? 'tis a groom indeed,
A grumbling groom, and that the girl shall find

Tra. Curster than she ? why, 'tis impossible.
Gre. Why, he's a devil, a devil, a very fiend.
Tra. Why, she's a devil, a devil, the devil's dam.

Gre. Tut! she's a lamb, a dove, a fool to him.
I'll tell you, sir Lucentio; When the priest
Should ask-if Katharine should be his wife,
Ay, by gogs-wouns, quoth be ; and swore so loud,
That, all amaz'd, the priest let fall the book :
And, as he stoop'd again to take it up,
The mad-brain'd bridegroom took him such a cuff,
That down fell priest and book, and book and priest ,
Now take them up, quoth he, if any list.

Tra. What said the wench, when he arose again?
Gre. Trembled and shook ; for why, he stamp'd, and

As if the vicar meant to cozen him.
But after many ceremonies done,
He calls for wine :„A health, quoth he ; as if
He had been aboard, carousing to his mates
After a storm :- quaffd off the muscadel,
And threw the sops all in the sexton's face ;
Having no other reason,

[1] Quaffd of the muscadel.-It appears froin this passage, and the following one in The History of the Two Maids of Moreclacke, a comedy by Robert Armin, 1609, that it was the custom to drink wine immediately after the marriage cere

Armin's play begins thus :
Enter a Maid strewing floners, and a serving-man perfuming the door.

Maid. Strew, strew.
Man. The muscadine stays for the bride at church.
“The priest and Hymen's ceremonies 'tend

* To make them man and wife." STEEVENS. The fashion of introducing a bowl of wine into the church at a wedding, to be drank by the bride and bridegroom, and persons present, was very anciently a constapt ceremony ; add as appears from this passage, not abolished in our author's age.



But that his beard grew thin and hungerly,
And seem'd to ask him sops as he was drinking.
This done, he took the bride about the neck ;
And kiss'd her lips with such a clamorous smack,
That, at the parting, all the church did echo.'
I, seeing this, came thence for very shame ;
And after me, I know, the rout is coming :
Such a mad marriage never was before ;
Hark, hark! I hear the minstrels play.


TENSIO, GRUmio, and Train. Pet. Gentlemen and friends, I thank you for your pains. I know, you think to dine with me to-day, And have prepar'd great store of wedding cheer; But so it is, my haste doth call me hence, And therefore here I mean to take my leave.

Bap. Is’t possible, you will away to-night?

Pet. I must away to-day, before night come
Make it no wonder; if you knew my business,
You would entreat me rather go than stay.
And, hopest company, I thank you all,
That have beheld me give away myself
To this most patient, sweet, and virtuous wife :
Dine with my father, drink a health to me ;
For I must hence, and farewell to you all.

Tra. Let us entreat you stay till after dinner.
Pet. It may not be.
Gre. Let me entreat you.
Pet. It cannot be.
Kath. Let me entreat you.
Pet. I am content.
Kath. Are you content to stay ?

Pet. I am content you shall entreat me stay ;
But yet not stay, entreat me how you can.

Kath. Now, if you love me, stay.
Pet. Grumio, my horses.

Gru. Ay, sir, they be ready; the oats have eaten the horses.?

Kath. Nay, then, Do what thou canst, I will not go to-day ; [1] It appears that this was also part of the marriage ceremonial. STEEVENS:

There is still a ludicrous expression used when horses have staid so long in a place as to have eaten more than they are worth-viz. that their heads are too big for the stable-door. STEEVENS. 19 Vol. III


No, nor to-morrow, nor till I please myself.
The door is open, sir, there lies your way,
You may be jogging, whiles your boots are green ;
For me, I'll not be gone, till 1 please myself :
'Tis like, you'll prove a jolly surly groom,
That take it on you at the first so roundly.

Pet. 0, Kate, content thee ; pr’ythee, be not angry.

Kath. I will be angry; What hast thou to do? -Father, be quiet; he shall stay my leisure.

Gre. Ay, marry, sir : now it begins to work.

Kath. Gentlemen, forward to the bridal dinner:
I see, a woman may be made a fool,
If she had not a spirit to resist.

Pet. They shall go forward, Kate, at thy command:
-Obey the bride, you that attend on her:
Go to the feast, revel and domineer,
Carouse full measure to her maidenhead,
Be mad and merry,-or go hang yourselves ;
But for my bonny Kate, she must with me.
Nay, look not big, nor stamp, nor stare, nor fret;
I will be master of what is mine own :
She is my goods, my chattels ; she is my house,
My household-stuff, my field, my barn,
My horse, my ox, my ass, my any thing;
And here she stands, touch her whoever dare ;
I'll bring my action on the proudest he
That stops my way in Padua.-Grumio,
Draw forth thy weapon ; we're beset with thieves ;
Rescue thy mistress, if thou be a man :-
Fear not, sweet wench, they shall not touch thee, Kate ;
I'll buckler thee against a million. [Ex. Pet. Kath. & GRU.

Bap. Nay, let them go, a couple of quiet ones.
Gre. Went they not quickly, I should die with laughing.
Tra. Of all mad matches, never was the like !
Luc. Mistress, what's your opinion of your sister ?
Bian. That, being mad herself, she's madly mated.
Gre. I warrant him, Petruchio is Kated.
Bap. Neighbours and friends, though bride and brides

groom wants

For to supply the places at the table,
You know, there wants no junkets at the feast ;-
Lucentio, you shall supply the bridegroom's place ;

(1) Alluding to the tenth commandment: "-thou shalt not covet thy neighe bour's house, nor his oz, dor his ass." RITSON.

And let Bianca take her sister's room.

Tra. Shall sweet Bianca practise how to bride it ?
Bap. She shall, Lucentio.—Come, gentlemen, let's go.


ACT IV. SCENE I.--A Hall in Petruchio's Country House. En


Grumio. Fre, fye, on all tired jades! on all mad masters ! and all foul ways! Was ever man so beaten ? was ever man so rayed ?s was ever man so weary? I am sent before to make a fire, and they are coming after to warm them. Now, were not I a little pot, and soon hot, my very lips might freeze to my teeth, my tongue to the roof of my mouth, my heart in my belly, ere I should come by a fire to thaw me :-But, I, with blowing the fire, shall warm myself; for, considering the weather, a taller man than I will take cold.--Holla, hoa! Curtis !

Enter Curtis. Curt. Who is that, calls so coldly ?

Gru. A piece of ice : If thou doubt it, thou may'st slide from my shoulder to my heel, with no greater a run but my head and my neck. A fire, good Curtis.

Curt. Is my master and his wife coming, Grumio ?

Gru. O, ay, Curtis, ayo and therefore fire, fire on no water.

Curt. Is she so hot a shrew as she's reported ?

Gru. She was, good Curtis, before this frost : but, thou know'st, winter tames man, woman, and beast ; for it hath tamed my old master, and my new mistress, and myself, fellow Curtis. Curt. Away, you three-inch fool ! I am no beast. Grú. Am I but three inches ? why, thy horn is a foot ;

; caşt

[5] That is, was ever man so marked with lashes. JOHNSON. It rather means bewrayed, i, e. made dirty. So Spenser, speaking of a fountait;

" Which she increased with her bleeding heart,

And the clean waves with purple gore did ray.' Again, ip book 111. cant. 8. st. 32.

“Who whiles the piteous lady up did rise,

Ruffled and foully'ray'd with filthy soil.” TOLLET. [6] i. e. with a skull three inches thick, a phrase taken from the thicker sort of planks. WARBURTON.

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