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MEMOIR of William IV.

vii Ghost and no Ghost

The Battle of Trafalgar

1 Cromwell


A Scene after the Storming of Badajos 7 The Siege of Badajos


False Alarm.

8 Remarkable Anecdote


Orderly Dragoon

ib. The Indian Father


The Battle of Corunna

9 The Battle off Cape St. Vincent

Maria of Meissen

13 The Broken Heart; or, the Serjeant's

General Pack




Sir Cloudesley Shovel

ib. | Boasting of Kinsfolk

The Mutiny at the Nore

17 The Battle of Austerlitz

The Battle of Trafalgar (continued from p. 7.) 21 The Mutiny at Vellore
Maria of Meissen (continued from p. 16.) 23 Anecdote of the Irish Rebellion


Saving the Colours

24 Humanity of Joseph II.


Spirited Conduct

ib. Remarkable Presentiment of Death


The Storming of Seringapatam

35 Magnanimity of a Private Soldier


The Champ de Mai.

31 The Thirty-ninth Regiment of Foot


Lord Howe's

Victory on the 1st of June, 1794 33 Battle of the Shannon and the Chesapeake. 113

Military Execution

35 Anecdotes of the Inhumanity of Napoleon

The Reclaimed Gamester

36 Bonaparte


The Effects of Love

37 Fraternal Affection


Biographical Sketch of Earl Howe
88 The Battle of Vittoria


Waterloo Subscriptions

39 The Saving of the Powder Magazine at St.

Jeu d'Esprit

ib. Helier, in Jersey.


Fortunate Escape

ib. Dunbarton Castle


Frederick the Great

40 The 30th and 73d regiments at the Battle of

Singular Capture

ib. Waterloo


A Sailor's Pun
ib. General Walstein


The Battle of Aboukir

41 The Action between the Quebec and the

Ghost Stories




Singular Adventure of a British Soldier 46 The Adventures of a British oficer during

Intrepidity of Count Saxe

47 the Peninsular War


Spirited Behaviour of a Drummer

48 Crossing the Desert

Cool Courage
ib. | Captain Rotherham.


The Boulogne Flotilla

49 The Siege of Acre


Henry and Maria; a Tale of the Peninsular The Horrors of War .



51 Sixty-fours in Disguise; a Long-boat Story 143

Anecdote of the Duke of Cumberland

55 George the Second and Hogarth


Joseph II.

56 Napoleon's Moments of Gaiety


ib. The Battle off Camperdown


The Battle of Arcola

57 Admiral De Winter's Account of the Battle

The Deserted Wife; a Faithful Narrative 59 off Camperdown


Affecting Story

62 The Barge's Crew


ib. Napoleon's Voyage from Elba to France

Biographical Sketch of Lieut.-Gen. Sir T. Sir Sidney Smith


Picton, G.C. B.

63 The Battles of the Pyrenees


Treachery of a French Dragoon

64 Extract from the Journal of a Private Soldier 156

Military Madness

ib. Anna; a Tale of the War


The Battle of Navarino

65 The Conquest of Martinique, in 1794 161

The Deserter; or, Spanish Ingratitude 69 Striking Incident in the Life of a Midshipman 165

Action near Bayonne, Dec. 1813

72 Anecdote of the Battle of Navarino


Origin of being sent to Coventry
ib. The Battle of Assaye


The Expedition against Quebec

73 Adventure of a Tar


Magnanimity of Serjeant More, the High- The Mystery of Captain Wright's Death and

land Hobber

79 that of Pichegru cleared up



80 The Bombardment of Algiers .

• 177

The Battle of Sole Bay

81 Sir William Wallace and the Red Rover 183

Narrative of the Sufferings and Miraculous Irish Troops in the Spanish Service . 184

Preservation of Lieut. Col. Ponsonby, The Battle of Jena


• 150


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. 185

at the Battle of Waterloo.

84 English Resolution

Wonderful Escape of an Oficer, lost in the The Scar over the Forehead

• 192

Wilds of Caffraria

85 The Spirit moved .


Apsley House

87 The Battle of the Nile

• 193

• 190


• 313

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• 344

• 345


. 201

The Greenwich Pensioner

Bonaparte in Egypt

205 The Deaf Couple; or, Inhumanity Punished 311

208 The Battle of Vimiera


ib. The Middy's Introduction

. 318

French and Englis:

brainst Constantinople

The Poetical Sailor

The Expedition Flushing

The Storminfitted

Capture of the Spanish Treasure Ships

214 Adventure of a Ranger

The Jew & the French Army during their Anecdote of the Battle of Corunna


Disasterat from Moscow

. 2 Example of British Courage and Seamanship ib.

Pan Treachery

General Picton


Ame Resolution

ib. Tenth Royal Hussars


ntrepidity of Lord Cochrane

ib. Sailors at Quebec.


The Restoration of Egypt

217 The Expedition to Calabria


Execution of a Criminal on board of ship

The Gallant Marine

Napoleon's Reflections on the Battle of Seeing is Believing



222 Admiral Crown

French and English Courage

223 The Capture of La Vestale


War Cries.

224 The British Battalion in Portugal


Fair Play

ib. William and Nancy; a Tale


The Expedition against Copenhagen

French Heroine


Distress and Heroic Resolution of Lady American Hospitality

Harriet Ackland

229 Military Devotion .

Admiral Hopson

231 Bonaparte's Italian Campaign

Recruiting Anecdotes

Sir Peter Parker

. 351

The Destruction of Moscow




Characteristic Anecdote of a British Sailor 239 Captain Hotham's Victory ofr Groa 353

Esprit de Corps

240 Extract from the Journal of an Officer 356

Hawke's Engagement off Cape Finisterre 241 A Practical Bull


Passage of the Berezina

243 Sir George Curtis


Harry Paulet

247 Repartee


248 The Recapture of Oporto

Napoleon's admiration of the French Troops ib. Michael O'Buckley

The Battle of Talavera .

249 Admiral Keppel


Cochrane at Basque Roads

255 Captain G. B. Westcott.


Noble Forbearance

256 The Storming of Fort Muros

Engagement off Cape de Gatt

257 Reminiscences of the American War


French Account of the Battle of Waterloo 260 Narrative of the Sufferings of Six Deserters 373

Capture of La Piedmontaise

263 Blake the Republican Admiral


The Danger of Wariness


Captain Death


The Battle of Marengo

265 The Battle of Salamanca


The Old Seaman; a Sketch from Nature 270 Sketch of a late Naval Character

Bonaparte nearly made Prisoner


The Rival Innkeepers and the Soldier

Rodney's Defeat of De Grasse

A Bagpiper of the 78th Regiment

Sir Sidney Smith's Escape from French Captain Tyrell's Victory



276 The Battle of Pavia .

The Resolute Pilot

280 Tyranny of a Naval Officer .

. 390

The Battle of Albuera

281 Cayeton Count Steinach


Admiral Boscawen

287 Spanish Barbarity, and Singular Escape 392


The Expedition to Holland


The Siege of Gibraltar

289 The Battle of Barossa


Anecdotes relating to the Siege of Gibraltar 296 Lines on the Battle of Barossa


The Retreat from Waterloo

297 Anecdotes—The Battle of Navarino-The

Description of Bonaparte's Carriage

300 Hon. John O'Bryen


“I have done my Duty;" a Tale of the last Fighting Impatience

. 408


301 The Capture of La Pique


Nautical sang froid

The Sufferings of a British Officer in Spain 411

Loss of the Apollo Frigate

305 Will Block; a true Tale

• 361


• 380
. 384

• 273

• 387

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To her navy has Great Britain been pre-eminently indebted for her place among the political nations of the earth. Her insular position, her commercial genius, and her early and long attachment to the enterprises of navigation, all point out her navy as her appropriate defence, and the peculiar bulwark of her national glory. From the day when the hopes of Rome, and the ambition of Philip, were scattered by the thunders that strewed her insulted shores with the wreck of the invincible Armada, down to the extinction of the naval power of France and Spain, at the battle of Trafalgar, her maritime records contain a series of daring and brilliant achievements, of which the world affords no previous example. British sailors only ceased to fight when they ceased to have enemies to conquernot a fleet remained in Europe to contend with them the dominion of the seas; and Nelson had the glory, in the hour of death, to see the flag of a thousand battles float in undisputed sovereignty over the ocean.

That that naval superiority, and the heroism which inspired it, ought to be cherished with peculiar care by a people who owe more to the prowess of their fleets than any other people that ever existed, none will deny. With this feeling we have placed as a frontispiece to this volume a portrait of our revered King, with a memoir of his early life and services; and long, long may it be ere it shall devolve upon the historian to give to the world a consummated history of the life of one who is, in every sense, so dear to the British people.

WILLIAM HENRY is the third son of George the Third, who at a very early age destined the prince for the naval service. His present Majesty was born on the 21st of August, 1765, and was created, in 1789, Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews, and Earl of Munster. He was, in early life, remarkable for frankness and resolution, combined with great activity, and a robust frame. His manners and personal appearance, even in childhood, were much in his favour; he was athletic, well proportioned, and possessed a very agreeable countenance; and, as the developement of his mind progressed, his humour was rich and pleasant, his temper equal, and his demeanour plain and affectionate. There was no indication of pride of birth or of prospects, and upon all occasions he exhibited a determination to act like a sailor, and to maintain that character as a distinctive feature of his life.

From the first moment that the intention of his royal father was made known, Prince William Henry manifested the strongest desire and aptitude to devote himself to the profession of the navy; and throughout his career


he never showed the slightest aberration in his course, but continued steadily attached to that profession which is so peculiarly adapted to the genius and taste of Britons.

Among the anecdotes which are told of the prince's boyhood, there is one peculiarly expressive of his character and early attachment to the sea. The three brothers, George, Frederick, and William, received a weekly stipend from the hands of their royal mother, which they were at liberty to expend agreeably to their several tastes or inclinations—a mode well calculated to illustrate the tendency of individual genius. At four years of age, Prince William purchased a ship-perhaps the first act of free-will he exercised—and for some time he scrupulously appropriated his weekly allowance to the necessary completion of the embellishment, rigging, and furnishing of his vessel. When the gallant craft was deemed sea-worthy, the prince's maiden experiment in navigation was appointed to take place in a large swimming-bath at Kew Palace, and the Prince of Wales and the Bishop of Osnaburg (afterwards Duke of York), were invited to be present. When the ship was fairly launched on the miniature waters, Prince William, with an enthusiasm natural to his zest for the exhibition, expatiated with childish fondness upon certain parts of the nautical arrangements, and a slight contention, originating in some puerile difference of opinion, gradually arose between the brothers. As the dispute increased, the Prince of Wales haughtily reminded his younger brother, that, however assured he might be of the correctness of his assertions, he should at least utter them with more temperance before his future sovereign. Well, George,” retorted the young sailor, the blood mounting to his cheeks, who knows but I may be king as well as you; I'm sure I look as like a king as Frederick does a bishop. And if I ever should become a king, I'll have a house full of ships, and no other king shall dare to take them from me!”

Mrs. Chapone, niece to Dr. Thomas, Bishop of Winchester, says, when he was a child, His conversation was surprisingly manly and clever for his age; yet, with the young Bullers, he was quite the boy, and said to John Buller, by way of encouraging him to talk, · Come, we are both boys,

The evenness of his temper and the humanity of his nature, may be traced from childhood up to the present moment.

At the age of fourteen, William Henry was entered as a midshipman on board the Prince George, a new ship of ninety-eight guns, commanded by Admiral Digby. At this period of history the war with America raged with violence; the times were momentous, and fertile in warlike action. Our royal hero was, therefore, from the beginning, entered into active service, and was brought into immediate collision with the enemies of his country.

In 1780, the Prince George joined Admiral Rodney, when the royal midshipman had the satisfaction to be present at the capture of the Caraccas fleet. The Spanish admiral was introduced to the prince; but, during the conference between the two admirals, he withdrew; and when it was intimated that Don Juan Langara wished to return to his ship, the prince appeared in his uniform, and respectfully informed the admiral that the boat was ready. The Spaniard was surprised to see the son of his Britannic Majesty acting in the capacity of an inferior officer, and emphatically observed to Admiral Digby, “Well does Great Britain merit the empire of the seas, when the humble stations in her navy are filled by princes of the blood.”

you know.'


As Admiral Digby was personally responsible for the care and well-being of his royal pupil, he naturally restrained his conversational intercourse within a certain limit; not so much as to curtail his freedom, but sufficient to preserve him from the moral dangers that frequently assail a young officer on ship-board. Some few escapades were unavoidable, and perhaps acted with a wholesome influence upon the mind of the prince. On one occasion, he and a brother middy had a quarrel upon the deck, the latter exclaiming, Only for your being a prince, I would give you a good thrashing." The former immediately tore off his jacket, which bore some distinguishing mark or ornament of lace on its collar, and replied, You give me a thrashing !” At the same moment throwing aside his jacket, he continued, “ There goes the prince—now then, try!” The combatants thereupon closed, when a few hard knocks were given and received ; but some officers, who objected to their mode of settling the argument, interfered, and separated them. Blood was lost, but no honour on either side ; and the opponents were subsequently better friends than before.

At a later period, a duel between Prince William Henry and a brother officer was prevented by the discovery that the cause of the supposed offence given by the former was, in reality, an act of generous interference with the Admiralty, to save the gentleman who challenged him from the consequences of a youthful error.

The following anecdote is characteristic of the King's reminiscences :A short time since, when the King had a dinner party, some of the company near him were speculating on the age of one of the oldest admirals on the list, who was sitting at the other end of the table. One of the company guessing him at a certain age, Oh,” said his Majesty,“ he must be more than that;” and then glancing down the table at the subject of the conversation, “ Let me see,” he continued, “it is now two-and-forty years since he mast-headed me one cold winter's night in the Channel ; and I recollect,” he added, " that I richly deserved it.”

There is no trait in the character of his present Majesty (one which has attended him through life) more conspicuous than that of humanity; which the following letter from a midshipman of the Torbay, dated April, 1783, fully illustrates :

Port Royal Harbour. “ The last time Lord Hood's fleet were here, a court-martial was held on Mr. B. Lee, midshipman, for disrespect to a superior officer, at which Lord Hood sat as president. The determination of the court was fatal to the prisoner, and he was condemned to death. Deeply affected as we all were at the dreadful sentence, we knew not how to obtain a mitigation of it, since Mr. Lee was ordered for execution, while we had not time to make an appeal to the Admiralty, and despaired of success in a petition to Admiral Rowley. However, His Royal Highness generously stepped forward, and drew up a petition, to which he first set his own name, and solicited the rest of the midshipmen to follow his example. He then himself carried the petition to Admiral Rowley, and in the most pressing and urgent manner, begged the life of our unhappy brother ; in which he succeeded, and Mr. Lee is released. We all acknowledge our warmest and most grateful thanks to our humane, our brave and worthy prince, who has so nobly exerted himself in preserving the life of his brother sailor.”

In the same year the prince, then a midshipman, was at Cape François, and the Havannah, where he again displayed the hunanity of his nature.

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