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Genesis is one of the Five Books of Moses, and contains a short account of the creation, and of the first ages of the world, to within 60 or 70 years of the birth of Moses. CHAP. I.

God saw that it was good. 11. And

God said, “ Let the earth bring forth In the beginning (a) God (6) created grass (g), the herb yielding seed, and the heaven, and the earth. 2. And the “ the fruit tree yielding fruit after his earth was without form, and void (©); - kind, whose seed is in itself

, upon the and darkness was upon the face of the “ earthı :” and it was so. 12. And the deep: and the Spirit (d) of God moved earth brought forth grass (h), and herb upon the face of the waters. 3. And yielding seed after his kind, and the God said, “ Let there be light:" and tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in there was light. 4. And God saw the itself, after his kind : and God saw that light that it was good: and God divided it was good. 13. And the evening the light from the darkness. 5. And and the morning were the third day. God called the light, Day; and the 14. And God said, " Let there be darkness he called, Night: and the “ lights in the firmament of the heaven, evening and the morning were the first “ to divide the day from the night: and day. 6. And God said, “Let there 6 let them be for signs, and for seasons, “ be a firmament (e) in the midst of the " and for days, and years.

15. And waters, and let it divide the waters " let them be for lights in the firma“from the waters.” 7. And God made “ment of the heaven, to give light upon the firmament, and divided the waters 66 the earth :" and it was so.

16. And which were under the firmament, from God made two great lights; the greater the waters which were above the firma- light to rule the day, and the lesser ment: and it was 8. And God light to rule the night: he made the called the firmament, Heaven: and stars also. 17. And God set them in the evening and the morning were the the firmament of the heaven, to give second day. 9. And God said, “ Let light upon the earth, 18. and to rule " the waters under the heaven be over the day, and over the night, and to "

: * and let the

dry land appear :" and it God saw that it was good. 19. And

10. And God called the dry the evening and the morning were the land, Earth; and the gathering toge- fourth day. 20. And God said, “ Let ther of the waters called he, Seas: and “ the waters bring forth abundantly

(a) v. 1. “ In the beginning.” B. C. of Holofernes, (A. C. 640.), says, “Let all 4004.

“ creatures serve thee, for thou spakest, (6) “ God.” The word bere, and in " and they were made ; thou didst send other parts of this chapter translated " forth thy Spirit, and it created them. "God," is a plural noun, and yet is fol- « Judith xvi. 14." See also Prov. viii. lowed by a verb singular: so that Moses 22 to 31. where Wisdom (personified) is might understand that, under the term described as having been with the Lord, "God," more than one Being was in- when he appointed the foundation of the cluded, and yet that those Beings were so earth. united, that they might properly be con- (e) v. 6, 7, 8. 14, 15. 17, 20. “ A firmasidered as only one.

ment," rather“

an expanse," (c) v. 2.“ Void," i. e. with nothing

“ space.” upon it, neither grass, herb, tree, or (g) v. 11, 12. “ Grass,” rather“


“ duce.” Herbs and trees were the things (d) “ The Spirit," i.e. (as most divines produced suppose,) “ the Holy Ghost.” Judith, in (h) v. 12. “ Grass and herb,” or “proher animated thanksgiving upon the death “ duce - herb."

was so.

an open

“ the moving creature that hath life, “ Let the earth bring forth the living “ and (i) fowl that may fly above the creature after his kind, cattle, and “ earth in the open firmament of hea- creeping thing, and beast of the 66 ven.” 21. And God created great 66 earth after his kind :" and it was so whales, and every living creature that 25. And God made the beast of the moveth, which the waters brought forth earth after his kind, and cattle after abundantly after their kind, and every their kind, and every thing that creepeth winged fowl after his kind: and God saw upon the earth after his kind: and God that it was good. 22. And God blessed saw that it was good. 26. And God them, saying, “ Be fruitful, and multi- said, “ Let us (k) make man in our “ply, and fill the waters in the seas, "image, after our likeness (1): and let " and let fowl multiply in the earth.” “ them have dominion over the fish of the 23. And the evening and the morning sea, and over the fowl of the air, and were the fifth day. 24. And God said, “ over the cattle, and over all the earth,


(i) v. 20. “ Fowl, &c." or " let there be “ fowl to fly, &c. í Newton, 96."

(k) v. 26. “ Us” and “our” in the plural number; as if the speaker were not alone, nor acting alone. So Gen. üi. 22. “ The “ Lord God said, Behold, the man is “ become as one of us." And Gen, xi, 7. the Lord said, “ let us go down, and “ confound their language :" and this text (says Waterland) has been under. stood of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, (or at least of Father and Son,) by the whole stream of Christian writers. Waterl. 69. 70. In the Epistle of St. Barnabas, and in the Apostolical Constitutions, the words are considered as addressed by God the Father to God the Son. « To the “ Son he saith, Let us make, &c. héyes "Jag lovýcquey, &c. 1 Barn. Ep. s. 6. Coteler's " Edit. p. 19." “ The Holy Scripture “' witnesseth that God said to the only “ begotten Christ, Let us make man « θεία γραφή μαργυρέι λέγονία 7ον θεόν 7 μονογενζι « Χρις, Ποιήσωμεν άνθρωπον. Apost. Con. « stitutions, Lib. 5. c. 7. p. 312.:' So, after observing that it could not have been to the angels that God spake, Justin Martyr says, “ But this progeny, really “ begotten by the Father, was with the “ Father before any of the things that i were made; and it was to him the Father “ spake, 'And 767 78 7 7o ano 18 malpos

πρόβληθεν γέννημα, πρύ πανίων 7ών ποιήμαίων «« σύνην 7 παιρί, και ledω ο πατήρ προσομίλει. • Justin M. Dial. cum Tryphone, 285.” “ And who was he," says Chrysostom, “ to whom God said, Let us make man ? “ Who but he, the Angel of the Great “ Council, the Wonderful Counsellor, the a

Mighty One, the Prince of Peace, the “ Father of the future age, the only. “ begotten Son of God, the Equal to the “ Father in essence, by whom all things

“ were made. Tis év ésłuy alos apės ir prisi

, ποιήσωμεν άνθρωπον, τις δέ άλλος, αλλ' το της μεγάλης βελής άγγελος, και θαυμαστός σύμβουλος, « ο έξεσιαστής, ο άρχων της ειρήνης, ο τατο « 73 μέλλοντος αίωνος, και μονογενής 73 θεά παις, και 74 παίρι όμοιος κατά την οσίαν, δι' και τα σάκια " Tapax tn1 Chrys. 8th Homil. on Gen. i. “ Saville's Edit. p. 47.” And again in his Discourse upon the Holy Trinity, Saville's Edit. vol. 6. p. 955. With whom did “ God take counsel ? With the angels

, “ they say: but the angels have not the “ image of God. It was then to his Co. “ worker, the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. “ God, therefore, even the Father, speaks “ to God the Son, and to God the Holy

Ghost, « let us make man after our image." He says not “my image and

yours, nor my image and thine: but the " Scripture signifying that there was one "* image of the Holy Trinity says, " and " God made man, according to the image " of God made he him.” čitè dei Ir

, usa Τίνος συμβελεύεται ο θεός και μετά τών άγγελε,

φησίν, αλλ' έκ έχεσιν οι άγγελοι Την εικόνα « 73 θεά λέγει δε προς τον συνδημιεργών Γιάν, και « 7ο άγιον πνεύμα – λέγει έν ο θεός και πατήρ τρα Toy frèy lờr 'vièv, xai feix lò tveõua id époor

, ποιήσωμεν άνθρωπος και εικόνα ήμελέραν" και να “ ειπεν εμήν και υμών, έ7ε εμήν και σήν, σημαινεσα « δε η γραφη μίαν εικόνα της άγιας Τρίαδος είναι, «« λέγει, και εποίησεν ο θεός τον άνθρωποι, και dixéra Jeê étroinger , aulòx." And St. Augus

. tin says. (De Trinitate, Lib. I. vol. 3. p.89 “ bad the Father made man without the “ Son, it would not have been written, Let us make, &c.” and again, (De Genesi

, Lib. I. vol. 3. p. 197. Paris Edit.) God

“ Let us make man after thy image, or my image, but after our image

or likeness: from which plurality who “shall dare to separate the Holy Ghost ?". (1)

" In oậr image, after our likeness,

does not say,

" and over every creeping thing that finished, and all the host of them. "creepeth upon the earth.” 27. So God 2. And on the seventh day God (n) created man in his own image; in, the ended his work which he had made : image of God created he him; male and and he rested on the seventh day from female created he them. 28. And God all his work which he had made. 3. And blessed them, and God said unto them, God blessed the seventh day, and sanc“ Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish tified it (o): because that in it he had " the earth, and subdue it: and have do- rested from all his work, which God “minion over the fish of the sea, andover created and made. 4. These are the " the fowl of the air, and over every living generations (p) of the heavens, and of

thing that moveth upon the earth. the earth, when they were created; in 29. And God said, “ Behold, I have the day that the Lord God made the “ given you every herb bearing seed, earth, and the heavens, 5. and every " which is upon the face of all the earth, plant of the field, before it was in the " and every tree, in which is the fruit of á earth, and every herb of the field before " tree yielding seed: to you it shall be it grew: for the LORD God had not " for meat (m). 30. And to every beast caused it to rain upon the earth, and " of the earth, and to every fowl of the there was not a man to till the ground. "air, and to every thing that creepeth 6. But there went up a mist from the

the earth, wherein there is life, I earth, and watered the whole face of “have given every green herb for meat:” the ground. 7. And the Lord God and it was so

31. And God saw every formed man of the dust of the ground, thing that he had made, and behold, and breathed into his nostrils the it was very good. And the evening and breath of life; and man became a living the morning were the sixth day. soul. 8. And the Lord God planted

a garden eastward in Eden; and there CHAP. II. Thus the heavens and the earth were

he put the man whom he had formed. 9. And out of the ground made the

i. e. (probably)" pure, innocent, and was most probably the case ; why other. " rational ; bearing a resemblance to God wise should Moses mention its being sanc" in the faculties of the mind. 2 Lightf. tified at this time? The reason assigned "1327." The word “ image" has this for its institution is a reason why it should sense, Col. i. 15.- ii. 10.- Rom. viii. 29. be observed in all ages, and by all people. - and 1 Hebr. iji. Bodily resemblance could Before the ten commandments were given, not here have been intended, because viz. when the Israelites first bad manna, “God is a spirit, John iv. 24.” without they were not to gather any on the seventh body or parts, (1st of the 39 articles); day, because that was “the rest of the and " no man hath seen him at any time, holy Sabbath unto the Lord. Exod. " John i. 18.” When Adam is said, (Gen. “ xvi. 23." Christians have made the first V. 3.) to have“ begat a son in his own day of the week their Sabbath instead of likeness, after his image," the meaning the seventh, because it was on the first day probably is, that that son had, naturally, that our Saviour rose from the dead; it corrupt and depraved propensities, instead was on that day in particular that the of that pure disposition in which Adam apostles used to assemble for religious was created.

purposes; and it was on that day, that the (m) v. 29. “ For meat.” This verse con- gift of the Holy Ghost was first conferred. tains no permission to eat animal food; and See Mark xvi. 9. – John xx. 19. — Acts until they had bred, the killing any female ii. 1 to 4. See 2 Lightf

. 642-9. The imanimal would have put an end to that species. portance God in later times attached to

(-) v. 2. “ Ended,” i. e. “ bad ended.” an observance of the Sabbath will appear, By the end of the sixth day every thing post. - Isaiah lvi. 2. 4. 6. and post. was made.

Isaiah lviii. 13. (o) v. 3. “ Sanctified it.” Though it is (p) v. 4. “ These are the generations, not expressly stated that the Sabbath was “ &c. i. e. “ this is an account of the observed before the time of Moses, that “ creation, &c."

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