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“ Behold, I take away from thee the " have done: ye shall not cover your “ desire of thine eyes (d) with a stroke; “ lips, nor eat the bread of men. “yet neither shalt thou mourn nor “ 23. And your tires shall be upon

weep, neither shall thy tears run your heads, and your shoes upon 6 down.

17. Forbear to cry, make no your feet: ye shall not mourn por “ mourning for the dead, bind (c) the weep; but ye shall pine away for “ tire of thine head upon thee, and put your iniquities, and mourn one to“ on thy shoes upon thy feet, and co- “ ward another. 24. Thus Ezekiel is “ ver not thy lips (g), and eat not the “ unto you a sign: according to all “ bread of men (h)..

18. So I spake " that he hath done shall ye do: and unto the people in the morning: and “ when this cometh, ye shall know that at even my wife died; and I did “ I am the Lord God. 25. Also, thou in the morning as I was commanded. son of man, shall it not be in the day 19. And the people said unto me, 66 when I take from them their (1) " Wilt thou not tell us what these strength, the joy of their glory, the things are to us, that thou doest so?“ desire of their eyes, and that where 20. Then I answered them, “ The upon they set their minds, their sons « word of the LORD came unto me, " and their daughters,

26. That he “ saying, 21. “ Speak unto the house " that escapeth (m) in that day shall “ of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; “ come unto thee to cause thee to hear “ “ Behold, I will profane my sanc- “ it with thine ears? 27. In that day

tuary (i), the excellency of your “ shall thy mouth be opened to him “ strength, the desire of your eyes, and “ which is escaped, and thou shalt " that which your soul pitieth ; and “ speak, and be no more dumb: and

your sons and your daughters whom “ thou shalt be a sign unto them; and

ye have left (k) shall fall by the they shall know that I am the Lord." 66 sword. 22. And ye shall do as I

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CHAP. III. Nebuchad

DNEZZAR the king (n) made an image of gold, whose height was three

(d) v. 16. “ The desire of thine eyes," i. e. “

thy wife.” See verse 18. (e) v. 17. “ Bind, &c.” “ adopt none “ of the signs of mourning ;" an intimation that the public distress would be such as to make them disregard all prirate causes of sorrow. Shaving the head was one of the mourning signs; going barefoot another; covering the face a third; partaking of mourning feasts prepared by relations or friends a fourth. (g) " Lips," i. e. “ thy face.”

) 6. The bread of men," i. e. “ your “ friends' mourning feasts. Park. Hebr. . “ Dict. 33."

(i) v. 21. “My sanctuary," i. e. “ the “ temple at Jerusalem;" and in less than two years the Babylonians spoiled it of its brass, and all its gold and silver utensils, and burnt the temple with fire. 2 Kings xxv. 9. & 13 to 17. and Jer. liii. 13. and 17 to 23.

score cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon

. (k) “ Left," i. e. (probably) “at Jeru. “salem:" the persons he was addressing were in Chaldea.

(?) v. 25. “ Their strength," i. e. according to verse 21. “ the temple."

(m) v. 26. “ He that escapeth, &c.". Ezekiel afterwards gives an account of his receiving the intelligence, and having his speech restored, Ezek. xxxiii. 21, 22. “ It came to pass in the twelfth year of “ our captivity, in the tenth month, in the “ fifth day of the month, that one that

escaped out of Jerusalem came unto “me saying, “ The city is smitten.” Now “ the hand of the Lord was upon me in “ the evening, afore he that was escaped

came : and when he came to me in the “morning, my mouth was opened, and I

was no longer dumb."
(n) v. 1. The king," i. e. “ of Baby-

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2. Then Nebuchadnezzar the king “ of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, sent to gather together the princes, the “ psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds governors, and the captains, the judges, 6 of music shall fall down and worship the treasurers, the counsellors, the “ the golden image: 11. And whoso sheriffs, and all the rulers of the pro- “ falleth not down and worshippeth, vinces, to come to the dedication of the " that he should be cast into the midst image, which Nebuchadnezzar the king “ of a burning fiery furnace. 12. There had set up. 3. Then the princes, the are certain Jews whom thou hast set governors, and captains, the judges, “ over the affairs of the province of the treasurers, the counsellors, the “ Babylon, Shadrach, Meshach, and sheriffs, and all the rulers of the pro- “ Abed-nego (p); these men, O king, vinces were gathered together (0) unto “ have not regarded thee; they serve the dedication of the image that Nebu- “ not thy gods, nor worship the golden chadnezzar the king had set up; and “ image which thou hast set up." they stood before the image that Nebu- 13. Then Nebuchadnezzar in his rage chadnezzar had set up. 4. Then an and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, herald cried aloud,“ To you it is Meshach, and Abed-nego; then they “commanded, 0 people, nations and brought these men before the king. 6

languages, 5. That at what time ye 14. Nebuchadnezzar spake and said unto “hear the sound of the cornet, flute, them, “ Is it true, ó Shadrach, Me“ harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and “ shach, and Abed-nego? do ye not “all kinds of music, ye fall down and serve my gods, nor worship the

worship the golden image that Ne- “ golden image which I have set up ? “ buchadnezzar the king hath set up: “ 15. Now if ye be ready that at what “ 6. And whoso falleth not down and “ time ye hear the sound of the cornet,

worshippeth, shall the same hour be “flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dul“ cast into the midst of a burning fiery “ cimer, and all kinds of music, ye fall “ furnace." 7. Therefore at that time, “ down and worship the image which when all the people heard the sound of “ I have made, well : but if ye worship the cornet, fute, harp, sackbut, psal- not, ye shall be cast the same hour tery, and all kinds of music, all the “ into the midst of a burning fiery furpeople, the nations, and the languages, nace; and who is that God that shall fell down and worshipped the golden “ deliver you out of my hands ?" image, that Nebuchadnezzar the king 16. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abedhad set up

8. Wherefore at that nego answered and said to the king, time certain Chaldeans came near and “ Nebuchadnezzar, we are not (9) accused the Jews. 9. They spake and careful to answer thee in this matter. said to the king Nebuchadnezzar, “ 17. If it be so, our God whom we “ O king, live for ever. 10. Thou, serve is able to deliver us from the “O king, hast made a decree, that “ burning fiery furnace, and he will

every man that shall hear the sound “ deliver us out of thy hand, O king.


(o) v. 3. “ Gathered together," so that “princes, children in whom was no blepersons from all quarters would witness “ mish, but well favoured, and skilful in all ihe miracle, and would afterwards circu. “wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and late an account of it in the countries “ understanding science, and such as had whence they came.

“ ability in them to stand in the king's (p) v. 12. “ Shadrach, Meshach, and “ palace, and whom they might teach the " Abed-nego." They were brought with “ learning, and the tongue of the ChalDaniel to Babylon the first year of the “deans; and amongst these were Daniel, Babylonish captivity, about 606 years be- Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. See fore Christ. Nebuchadnezzar spake to the Dan. i. 3 to 7. master of the eunuchs, “ that he should (9) v. 16. “ Not careful, &c." i. e. (per• bring certain of the children of Israel, haps) “ it required no time to deliberate, • and of the king's seed, and of the " it admits of no doubt,"

“ 18. But if not, be it known unto nezzar came near to the mouth of the “ thee, O king, that we will not serve thy burning fiery furnace, and spake, and “ gods, nor worship the golden image said, “ Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed“ which thou hast set up.” 19. Then nego, ye servants of the most high was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and “ God, come forth, and come hither." the form of his visage was changed Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abedagainst Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed- nego, came forth of the midst of the nego: therefore he spake and com

fire. 27. And the princes, governors, manded that they should heat the and captains, and the king's counselfurnace one seven times more than it lors, being gathered together, saw these was wont to be heated. 20. And he men, upon whose bodies the fire had commanded the most mighty men that no power, nor was an hair of their were in his army to bind Shadrach, head singed, neither were their coats Meshach, and Abed-nego, and to cast changed, nor the smell of fire had them into the burning fiery furnace. passed on them. 28. Then Nebuchad21. Then these men were bound in nezzar spake, and said, “ Blessed be their coats, their hosen, and their hats, " the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and and their other garments, and were cast

“ Abed-nego, who hath sent his angel

, into the midst of the burning fiery “ and delivered his servants that trustfurnace. 22. Therefore because the “eth in him, and have changed the king's commandment was urgent, and “ king's word, and yielded their bodies the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of “ that they might not serve nor worthe fire slew those men that took up “ ship any god, except their own God. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego.

6 29. Therefore I make a decree (s), 23. And these three men, Shadrach, “ That every people, nation, and lanMeshach, and Abed-nego, fell down guage, which speak any thing amiss bound into the midst of the burning against the God of Shadrach, Mefiery furnace. 24. Then Nebuchad- “shach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut nezzar the king was astonished, and “ in pieces, and their houses shall be rose up in haste, and spake and said “ made a dunghill ; because there is no unto his counsellors, “ Did not we cast 6 other God that can deliver after this “ three men bound into the midst of the sort. 30. Then the king promoted “ fire ?” They answered and said unto

“ Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, the king, " True, O king.” 25. He “ in the province of Babylon.” answered and said, “ Lo, I see four “ men loose, walking in the midst of

CHAP. VI. (4) “ the fire, and they have no hurt; and

It pleased Darius (u) to set over the (1) 66 the form of the fourth is like the kingdom an hundred and twenty ) “ Son (r) of God.” 26. Then Nebuchad-princes, which should be over the

(1) v. 25. “ The son, &c.” or rather their captivity God had an eye over their a son," i. e. "

an angel.” The definite ways; it would tend to keep them stedfast article is not in Heb. or Sept. Daniel in his worship, and would confirm their says in verse 28.

“ God had sent his expectation of ultimate deliverance, and angel ;” and angels are called “

future prosperity. So much beyond “ God, Job. i. 6. — xxxvij. 7."

the immediate occasion does an inter(s) v. 29. “ A decree, &c." So that ference of Omnipotence extend !! this miraculous display of power had one (t) The occurrence stated in this chapeffect beyond the preservation of the three ter happened after Cyrus had taken Babylives, in protecting the Jews from insult

lon, about 537 years before Christ

, when on account of their religious persuasions the seventy years fixed for the duration of and worship : but this was by no means the Babylonish captivity were drawing to the whole; it would naturally procure them a close. Daniel, therefore, who had been greater consideration from the govern- carried to Babylon at the commencement ment, and more respect from the people ; of the captivity (See ante, 697., note (p) it would satisfy themselves that even in must have been far advanced in years.


sons of

whole kingdom. 2. And over these in his chamber toward (z) Jerusalem, three presidents, (of whom Daniel was he kneeled upon his knees three first), that the princes might give ac- times a day, and prayed, and gave counts unto them, and the king should thanks before his God, as he did aforehave no damage. 3. Then this Daniel time. 11. Then these men assembled was preferred above the presidents and and found Daniel praying and making princes, because an excellent spirit supplication before his God. 12. Then was in him; and the king thought to they came near, and spake before the set him over the whole realm. 4. Then king concerning the king's decree; the presidents and princes sought to “ Hast thou not signed a decree, that find occasion against Daniel concern- every man that shall ask a petition of ing the kingdom, but they could find “ any god or man, within thirty days, none occasion nor fault: forasmuch as save of thee, O king, shall be cast he was faithful, neither was there any “ into the den of lions ?” The king error or fault found in him. 5. Then answered and said, “The thing is true, said these men,

“ We shall not find “according to the law of the Medes "any occasion against this Daniel, ex- " and Persians, which altereth not.”

cept we find it against him concern- 13. Then answered they and said be“ ing the law of his God.” 6. Then fore the king, “ That Daniel, which is these presidents and princes assembled 6 of the children of the captivity of together to the king, and said thus “ Judah, regardeth not thee, o king, unto him, “ King Darius, live for ever. “ nor the decree that thou hast signed, “ 7. All the presidents of the kingdom, « but maketh his petition three times a “ the governors, and the princes, the “ day.” 14. Then the king when he “ counsellors and the captains have heard these words, was sore displeased “ consulted together to establish a with himself, and set his heart on “royal statute, and to make a firm Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured “ decree, that whosoever shall ask a till the going down of the sun to deli“petition of any god or man for thirty ver him. 15. Then these men assem“ days, save of thee, O king, he shall bled unto the king, and said unto the “ be cast into the den of lions. 8. Now, king, “ Know, o king, that the law “O king, establish the decree, and “ of the Medes and Persians is, that “sign the writing; that it be not

decree statute which the changed, according to the law of the “ king establisheth, may be changed.” “ Medes and Persians, which altereth 16. Then the king commanded, and

9. Wherefore king Darius they brought Daniel, and cast him into signed the writing and the decree. the den of lions. Nor the king spake 10. Now when Daniel knew that the and said unto Daniel, “ Thy God, writing was signed, he went into his “ whom thou servest continually, he house; and his windows being open

“ will deliver thee.” 17. And a stone

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6 not."

(u) v. 1. “ Darius," also called “ Cy of the temple, 1 Kings viii. 46. 48. “ If axares,

;' the uncle and father-in-law of “ thy people sin against thee, and thou Cyrus.

“ deliver them to the enemy, so that they (1) “ The kingdom," i.e.“ or Darius." “ carry them away captives, and they re

(y) An hundred and twenty;" ac- “ turn unto thee with all their heart and cording to the number of the provinces, “ with all their soul, and pray unto thee a prince over each province. In about toward their land which thou gavest sixteen years afterwards, in the time of “ unto their fathers, then hear thou their Ahasuerus (i. e. Artaxerxes Longimanus, “ prayer, &c." See also verse 30. 35. 38. 1 Prideaux, 253.), the empire contained 42. 44. of the same chapter, where for127 provinces. See Esther i. 1.- Esther giveness is intreated upon prayer toward viii. 9. - 1 Esdras iii. 2.

the temple, or toward Jerusalem. See (z) v. 10. “ Toward Jerusalem.” Agree- also Ps. v. 7. -Jon. Ïi. 4. ably to Solomon's prayer at the dedication

was brought, and laid upon the mouth Daniel was taken up out of the den, of the den, and the king sealed it with and no manner of hurt (a) was found his own signet, and with the signet of upon him, because he believed in his lords; that the purpose might his God. 24. And the king connot be changed concerning Daniel. manded (6), and they brought those 18. Then the king went to his palace, men which had accused Daniel, and and passed the night fasting: neither they cast them into the den of lionis

, were instruments of music brought be- them, their children, and their wives; fore him, and his sleep went from him. and the lions had the mastery of them, 19. Then the king arose very early in and brake all their bones in pieces

, or the morning, and went in haste unto ever they came at the bottom of the the den of lions. 20. And when he den. 25. Then king Darius wrote came to the den, he cried with a la- unto all people, nations and lanmentable voice unto Daniel, and the guages that dwell in all the earth, king spake and said to Daniel, “O « Peace be multiplied unto you. 26. I “ Daniel, servant of the living God, is “ make a decree, that in every dominion

thy God whom thou servest contin- “ of my kingdom, men tremble and 6 ually, able to deliver thee from the “ fear before the God of Daniel: for 6 lions ? 21. Then said Daniel unto “ he is the living God, and stedfast for the king, “O king, live for ever. “ever, and his kingdom that which “ 22. My God hath sent his angel, “ shall not be destroyed, and his do 6 and hath shut the lions' mouths that “ minion shall be even unto the end. “ they have not hurt me: forasmuch " 27. He delivereth and rescueth, and “ as before him innocency was found “ he worketh signs and wonders in “ in me: and also before thee, Oking, “ heaven and in earth, who hath de6 have I done no hurt.” 23. Then “ livered Daniel from the power of the was the king exceeding glad for him, “ lions.” 28. So this Daniel prospered and commanded that they should in the reign of Darius, and in the reign take Daniel up out of the den: so of Cyrus the Persian.


CHAP. II. (c)

“ sound an alarm in my holy mountain: Blow

ye the trumpet in Zion, and “ let all the inhabitants of the land

(a) v. 23. “ No manner of hurt, &c." “ Jerusalem. Ezra i. I to 4." The pas This miraculous deliverance had most im. sages Isaiah xliv. 28. ante, 653. and Isaiah portant consequences. Is there indeed xlv. 1. 13. are supposed to be referred to any of God's interpositions which has in this proclamation; and who so likely a not? It naturally increased Daniel's in- Daniel to have shewn them to Cyrus, and fluence, and would induce Cyrus to listen to have induced him to act upon them? the more readily to any application he (6) v. 24. “Commanded, &c." Josepbus might make; we find accordingly that in says, that these nobles pretended, that the first year of his reign, Cyrus issued a Daniel's safety was not owing to God's written proclamation, in which he took | interposition, but because the lions' bellies notice that “the Lord God of heaven were full, and this their unbelief so exas“ had given him all the kingdoms of the perated Darius, that he first ordered the “ earth, and had charged him to build him lions to be supplied with as much meat as “ a house at Jerusalem ;” and he therefore they could eat, and then ordered the gave the Jews leave to go up to Jerusalem, nobles, &c. to be cast in. Jos. Antiq. and ordered the men of the place where B. 10. c. 12. each Jew sojourned to “ help him with (c) The time when Joel lived is uncer“ silver, and with gold, and with a free- tain: probably at the same time with Isaiah, “ will offering for the house of God in Hosea, Amos, Micah, and Zephaniah

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