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London. The Architect, the Rev. Dr. Aldrich, formerly Dean of Christ-Church.
St. Peter's in the East, near Queen's-College, built by St. Grymbald, is 830 Years Old; and was the first Church of Stone in this part of the Kingdom. It was formerly the University Church; and the University still go to it every Sunday in the Afternoon during Lent. This Parish has more to boast of, perhaps, than any one in Europe besides : For it contains five Colleges ; viz. University, Queens, New-College, Magdalen, and Hertford Colleges ; three Halls; viz. St. Édmund, Magdalen and Alban Halls; Two Peals of Ten Bells, and one of Six; and three Organs : Two of which belong to College Chapels, where Cathedral Service is performed twice a Day; and the other to the ParishChurch. · The last Church which deserves Attention, is that of St. John's, which is a handsome Gothic Building: But for further Particulars, we refer our Reader to Merton College to which it belongs.
· PUBLICK BUILDINGS of the UNIVERSITY.
The PUBLIC SCHOOLS, with one Side of the Library on the West, form within a spacious Square of 105 Feet. The principal Front of the Schools on the Outside çis. about 175 Feet in Length, in the Middle whereof is a great Gate, with a magnificent Tower over it, in which is Sir Haury Saville's Library;, and the highest Apartments of the Tower are used for Astronomical Observations, and some Experiments in Philosophy; and from thence called the Observatory. Three Sides of the upper
Storeyp ICT portraits Cabineten died as
Story of the Schools are one entire Room, called the PICTURE GALLERY. It is furnished with the Portraits of many learned and famous Men, several large Cabinets of Medals, and some Cases of Books; being intended as a Continuation of the Bodleian Library. Dr. Tanner, the late Bishop of St. Asaph, bequeathed his valuable Collection of Manuscripts to the University, together with a Sum of Money to erect proper Cases for them; they are here deposited, near the Entrance into the Gallery; and Mr. Willis's and other Collections of Books and Coins are in a small Room adjoining.
Dr. Edward Butler, late President of Magdalene College, gave 2001. to carry on the WainScoting of the Gallery; Which the late Duke of · BEAUFORT, in the Year 1749. approving, ordered it to be completely finished at his Expence, as a Testimony of his Affection for the Place where his Grace received his Education. This being now done, and the Pictures cleaned and repaired by Mr. Crawford, they are more advantageously disposed than heretofore ; and their Number greatly increased by late Benefactions.
The UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, usually called the Bodleian, from Sir Thomas Bodley, its principal Founder, is a large, lofty Structure, in the Form of a Roman H, and is said to contain the greatest Number of Books of any Library in Europe, (except that of the Vatican) a Catalogue whereof is printed, in two Folio Volumes.
According to Campden, « The Ground on which the Divinity School was built was pur'chased by the University in the Year 1427, and
upon several Contributions that Structure was • soon after begun, but intermitted, till, by the
it intermitted, this
• Piety of Humphrey Duke of Glocester, it was carOried on and compleated.' This is esteemed a most elegant Piece of Gothic Architecture, surpassing every thing of the Kind in the University ; being well proportioned, and finished in the highest
Tafte ; especially its Roof. The fame Duke, ' over the Divinity School, erected this Library, which he furnished with many choice Volumes he procured from Italy in the Year 1440; and in the
Year 1443 a much greater Number, besides con< fiderable Additions at his Death, three Years af
In the Year 1597 Sir Thomas Bodley repaired the old Library of Humphrey Duke of Glocefter, and in 1599 fitted it for the Reception of Books. An ada ditional Eastern Gallery was begun by him in the Year 1610, and another Gallery, projected by him, was erected afterwards. He furnished the Li : brary with the best Books he could procure from all Parts of the World. In Memory of which Benefaction, the Earl of Dorset caused the Buft of Sir Thomas to be erected in the Library.
Sir Thomas Bodley died Jan. 28. 1612, having provided Salaries for the Officers, and keeping the Library in Repair. He also left Statutes for the Government of it, which were confirmed in Convocation; and he was declared by the University to be the Founder.
This Original Library has been prodigiously increased by many large and valuable Collections of Greek and Oriental Manuscripts as well as Choice and useful Books; the Principal Benefactors to which have been the Earl of Pembroke, Archbishop Laud (to whom alone it is indebted for its inestimable Oriental Manuscripts) Sir Thomas Roe, Sir Kenelm.
Digby, General Fairfax, Dr. Marshall, Dr. Barlow, Dr. Rawlinson, Mr. Saint Amand, Mr. Godwyn, &c. which enrichments intitle it to preservation and Improvement.
This Library, and the Picture Gallery, may be seen from Eight to Eleven in the Morning, and in the afternoon from Two to Five. In the Winter only 'till four in the Afternoon.
The ARUNDEL MARBLES are now placed to Advantage in a large Apartment on the North Side of the Schools.
In the Logick and Moral Philofophy School is the Collection of Marbles, Statues, Bustos, &c. which were many Years at Easton, the Seat of the Earl of Pomfret, and were presented to the Univerfity by the late Countess of Pomfret.
A Catalogue of the POMFRET STATUES,
Busto's, MARBLES, &c. as they land
Numbred in their present Repository. I A Statue of a Grecian Lady, 7 Feet high, wants
A Arms. 2 A ditto of Archimedes, 7 Feet 2 Inches high, wants
an Arm. 3 A ditto of a Roman Emperor, 7 Feet high, wante
one Arm and the Nose. Perhaps modern. 4. A ditto of Minerva, 9 Feet high. Ś A ditto of a Roman Emperor, 7 Feet high, wants
one Arm. Perbaps modern. 6 A ditto of Cicero in the proper habit, 6 Feet 9 Inches
high. - The Drapery very masterly. He has the Sudarium in the right, and the Scroll in the left band. The chara&ter of the countenance Setted Indignation, in which be secms preparing to speak.
7 A ditto of a Grecian Lady, 7 Feet high, wants
Arms.---The Drapery filling over the right leg
is finely conducted.... 8 A Column from the Temple of Apollo at Delphos,
with the Capital and Bale; and an Apollo placed
at the Top, 24 Feet 6 Inches high. O A Statue of Subina, 6 Feet 9 Inches high.. 10 A Venus de Medicis. . IL A square Roman Altar. i F. 6 Inches, by i F. 3. 12 Terminus of Pan, 5 F. 7 Inches high, wants an Arm. 13 A Statue of Minerva, 5 Feet high, wants an Arm
and the Nose. , 14. A Circular Roman Altar, 2 Feet 4 Inches high. 15 A Statue of a Woman, 6 Feet high, wants Arms,
i and Part of the Nose... 16 A Venus cloathed. . 17 A Circular Roman Altar, 2 Feet 6 Inches high. 18 A Statue of Clio fitting, 4 Feet 6 Inches high, wants
one Arin and Hand. 19 A Circular Roman Altar, 2 Feet 4 Inches high. 20 A Statue of a young Dacian, 4 Feet 3 Inches high
- Perhaps Paris. It is of Great Antiquity. 21 A Roman Alcar, 2 Feet 4 Inches high. 22 A Statue of Antinous, 5 Feet 6 Inches high, wants
a finger of the Right Hand. 23. A Grecian Lady, 4 Feet 8 Inches high, wants an Arm. 24 A Statue of Jupiter and Leda, 3 Feet 10 Inches high,
wants Arms. ... 25 An Antique Capital, 1 Foot 6 Inches, by 2 Feet,
wants a Corner. 26 A Circular Pedestal finely ornamented with Heads
and Feftoons of Fruit, 3 F. by 1 F. 31. Diameter. 27 A Statue of Scipio Africanus, or Demofthenes, 7 Feet
high.- be Drapery in a very bold Style. It is . probably of Some Orator ; the right band being laid
on the breast, in a purjuafive posture. 28 A ditto of a Woman cloathed, 3 Feet 8 Inches, wants a Head.