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Page 99 Oriel College Oxford, its Scarlet and Habit Days
151 , its Academical Terms
, its Distance from considerable Places
129 , its State Apartments
Temple of British Worthies
XFORD, distinguished by its illustrious
ty, was called by the Romans, Bellofitum. We learn, that before their Conquests, the Britains consecrated it to the Muses. When the place was first fortified does not appear : But the Walls now remaining were probably raised upon some former Foundation about the Time of the Conquest. Robert D’Oilie erected the Castle, at the Command of the Conqueror in 1071. its massy Ruins Thew its Strength and Extent.
King Henry I. built a Royal Palace on Beaumont, near Gloucester-Green, the Ruins of which are still visible, where King Richard I. surnamed Coeur de Lion, was born. Many fabulous Accounts have been collected relating to the Origin of the UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD ; but Archbishop Usher in
forms forms us, that in King Henry the Third's Time, 30,000 Students resided here; and Rishanger (who lived in the fame Reign) says, that notwithstanding the Civil Wars had so much disturbed the Peace and Quiet of this venerable Seat of Learning, there were remaining 15,000 Students. John Balliol (Fa-, ther of Balliol, King of Scots) built a College, now called by his Name, in 1263: And Walter de Merton Bishop of Rochester Incorporated by Royal Charter that which is now called Merton College in
1274; and these were the first endowed Colleges in . Christendom.
In the City and it's Environs were several Monasteries, the most remarkable of which were St. Fridefwide's, and Ofeney Abbey.
The Bishoprick, which was heretofore part of the See of Lincoln, was erected by King Henry VIII. and placed first at Ofeney in 1542
The situation is on an Eminence, rising gradually from its Extremities to the Center. It is encompassed by Meadows and Corn Fields. The Meadows, which are chiefly to the South and West, are about a Mile in extent; beyond which are Hills of a moderate Height, bounding the Prospect.
The Eastern Prospect is likewise bounded by Hills at a little Distance; the Valley growing considerably narrower towards the South : But the North is open to Corn-fields and Enclosures for many Miles together, without an Hill to intercept the free Current of Air, which purifies it from all noxious Vapours. It is washed by a Number of Streams: On the East, by the different Branches of the Cherwell; on the South and West, by those of the Thames; all which meet and join a little below the City, forming one beautiful River. The