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was finished in 1682. under the Conduct of Sir Christopher Wren, and is inferior to none in Symmetry and Elegance. The Eastern Portico is highly finished in the Corinthian Order, and adorned with Variety of Characteristical Embellishments.
Mr. Ashmole presented to the University a valuable Collection of Natural Curiosities, Coins and MSS, together with three Gold Chains he had received as honorary Presents from the King of Denmark and other Princes on Occasion of his Book on the Order of the Garter.
This Repository has been greatly enriched by several ample and valuable Benefaction. The principal Natural Curiosities are the Collection of Bodies, Horns, Bones, &c. of Animals preserved dry, or in Spirits; curious and numerous Specimens of Metals and Minerals : Dr. Lifter's Collection of Shells, Ores, Fossils, &c. most of which are published in his Synopsis Conchyliorum, and in the Philosophical Transactions.
It's two first Keepers were Dr. Robert Plott and Mr. Edward Lhwyd, the former of which deposited here all his Natural Bodies mentioned in his Histories of Staffordshire and Oxfordshire; and the latter his Collections in his Travels thro’ England, Wales and Ireland, as may be seen in his Book intitled Lithophylacii Britanici Ichnographia. Mr. Borlace, Author of the Natural History of Cornwall, presented to this Museum the Specimens of Chrystals, Mundicks, 'Coppers, Tins, &c. described in that Work.
The large Magnet, given by the Countess of Westmorland, is of an oval Shape, 18 Inches long, 12 wide, and supports a Weight of 145 Pounds.
Three curious Pieces of Art deserve particular Notice, viz, a Model of a Ship; a Picture of our
ries Collection as mayici Ichinosy of Corchryft
going to his Crucifixion, composed of the most beautiful lively Feathers; and an ancient Piece of St. Cuthbert, made by order of King Alfred, and worn as is related by that Monarch.
Among the Paintings are a few very good ones : a Dead Chrift, by Hannibal Carrache. Thomas Earl of Arundel, and the Duke of Norfolk, his Son, by Vandyke. Christ's Descent into Hell by Brugell.
In this Building are three small Libraries; the first, called Anmole's Study, contains his printed Books and Manuscripts relating to Heraldry and Antiquity, and the Manuscripts of Sir William Dugdale, Author of the Monafticon Anglicanum :-The Second contains Dr. Lister's Library, and the Copper Plates of his celebrated Book of Shells ; The third that of Mr. Anthony à Wood, with his laborious and learned Collections relating chiefly to this University and City.
On the first Floor the Proffeffor reads Lectures in Experimental Philosophy; and, in proper Apartments underneath is an Elaboratory for Courses of Chemistry and Anatomy.
On the other Side of the Theatre, and North of the Schools, stands the Clarendon PRINTINGHOUSE, built in the Year 1711, with the Profits arising from the Sale of Lord Clarendon's History; the Copy of which was given to the University by the Lords Clarendon and Rochester, Sons of that noble Lord. It is a grand Edifice, 115 Feet in Length; and consists of two lofty Stories. Towards the Street, is a magnificent Portico in the Doric Order; the height of the Columns being equal to the two Stories. This is answered on the opposite Side, next the Schools, by a Frontispiece
supported by Three-Quarter Columns of the same Dimensions; and the Doric Entablature encompasses the whole Building. On the Top, are Sta- , tues of the Nine Muses; and over the Entrance on the South Side a Statue of the Earl of Clarendon.. As we enter on this Side, on the Right-Hand, are, the Apartments where Bibles and Common Prayer Books are printed, under the Privilege and Apoin- . pointment of the University. On the Left is the University Press. Besides the Apartments assigned for the Press-Men, Compositors, &c. there is one with a Lobby or Ante-Chamber, where the Heads of Houses and Delegates meet, which is well proportioned and finely finished : In this Room is a very good Picture of Queen Anne by Sir Godfrey
Southward of the Schools, in the Center of a . beautiful Area, adorned with a considerable Number of Obelisks and Lamps, stands the new public Library; for the building whereof, that celebrated Physician Dr. John Radcliffe bequeathed the Sum of 40,000 1. He fixed the Sallary of the Librarian at 150 l. per Annum; appropriated 100 l. per Annum to buy Books, and 100 l. per. Annum to keep the Library in Repair. .
The Rustic Basement, which is 100 Feet in Diameter from Outside to Outside, is a double Octagon or 16 Square ; either of which Squares are distinguished by their Projection, and having over : each a Pediment or Frontispiece which forms thend, into Gate-ways.
The Superstructure, raised upon this Basement, is perfectly Cylindrical, and adorned with ThreeQuarter Columns of the Corinthian Order; which