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are ranged, not at equal Distances, but in Couplets. Between these, there is an Alternacy of Windows and Niches all round: over the latter, next to the Architrave, are beautiful Feftoons of Fruits and Flowers. The Entablature is much enriched with Carving; and over it is a Balluftrade surrounding the whole, finished with Vafes on the Piers perpendicular to the Columns. Above which is a Cupola, 60 Feet high. Seven of the Gateways abovementioned are Entrances into the Portico or Arcade ; in the Center of which within the Piers is a wide spreading Dome; and without them, a Cloyster almost encircling it. Over each of the Entrances is a Dome of smaller Dimensions, curiously wrought with variety of Mosaic. The Eighth Gate-way is appropriated to the Stair-Cafe, the Well of which is Oval; the Steps, which are of Stone, easy of Afcent, adhering to the Wall at one End, but seem rather to be upheld by the Iron Rail that is upon them, than supported underneath at the other : This is deemed a curious Piece of Masonary. The Awe we are struck with at entering into the Grand Area of the Library, we leave to the Experience of those who feel it, as it is not easily described. · The Pavement is of different coloured Stone, brought from Harts Forest in Germany. The Piers or Butments of the Arches are adorned with Pilasters of the Ionic Order.
The Dome, which is 46 Feet high from the Pavement, is wrought in curious Compartments in Stucco. It is chiefly lighted by Windows in the Cylindric Part thereof; between which are Treffes of Fruits and Flowers. In the circular Part, without the Piers, are the Book-Cases and Reading-Tables : This part is lighted by the small
square Windows; which are thus proportioned and disposed, to admit of a Gallery above, which would otherwise have been too high. This Gallery is appropriated to the same Uses as the circular Part beneath. Over the Door is a very good Statue of the Founder by Ryfbrac: The best point to view it from, is, directly opposite to it, in the Gallery, Over the entrance of one of the Galleries is a Buft of Gibbs, the Architect. The first Stone of this fuperb Building was laid May 17, A. D. 1737 : and being compleatly finished, it was opened on Thurfday, April 13, 1749; when the Duke of Beaufort, one of the Trustees, delivered the Keys into the Hands of the then Vice-Chancellor, who, in the Name of the University, returned Thanks to the Trustees for their faithful Discharge of the Trust reposed in them. It was at this Celebrity that the late Dr. King delivered his famous Oration in the Theatre,
The Librarian is appointed by the Great Officers of State.
The Publick are indebted to Dr. Radcliffe's Truftees for the Building and compleatly furnishing the PUBLICK INFIRMARY at the North Side of the City,which is maintained and supported by voluntary Contributions from every Part of the Kingdom, and is distinguished by the Stile of The President and Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary, for the Relief of the Sick and Lame Poor, from what ever County recommended. An Institution which in this place must be productive of very extensive Benefits, as, while it relieves the Poor, it serves for a School for the Students who Study the Healing Art.
After the public Buildings, a Description of the Physic GARDEN properly follows. It is situated on the South of Magdalene College. This was the Donation of Henry D'Anvers, Earl of Danby, who purchased the Ground (containing five Acres) of Magdalene College, surrounded it with a lofty Wall, and erected, next to the Street, a parapet with Iron Palifades thereon. The Piers which support these and the other Iron-work, being properlyornamented with Vales of Fruits and Flowers of various Kinds, serving as a Fence to the Green-Court, through which we pass to the Gate-way.
This Gate-way is justly esteemed an elegant Piece of Architecture. The Design is ascribed te Inigo Jones ; nor is it unworthy of that Architect. The Manner of it is thus : It is of the Doric Proportion, but without Triglyphs. The Columns and other parts of the Building are curiously wrought with Ruftic. The Frontispiece consists of two small Pediments, and one of larger Dimension; which, at its Extremities, partly covers the other two. In the Center over the Arch is a Buft of the Foun. der, Lord Danby. On the Left-hand of the Entrance is a Statue of CHARLES
I. and on the Righthand, one of CHARLES II. The Niches in which these stand are finished by the two small Pediments abovementioned. On the Face of the Corona and the Frize is the following Inscription ; viz. Gloria Dei optimi maximi Honori Caroli I. Regis in Ufum Academiæ & Reipublicæ Henricus Comes Danby, Anno 1632. This Inscription is likewise on the Garden Front.
The Garden is divided into four Quarters, with a broad Walk down the Middle, a cross Walk, and one all round. Near the Entrance, are two
elegant and useful Green-Houses, one on the Rights the other on the Left, built by the University for Exotics; of which there is a considerable Collection. In the Quarters, within the Yew Hedges, is thegreatest Variety of such Plants as require no artificial Heat to nourish them, all ranged in the proper Classes, and numbered.
At the lower End of the middle Walk, near the Iron Gates, are two magnificent Yew-Trees, cut in the Form of Pedestals, with a Flower-Pot on the Top, and a plant, as it were, growing out of it.
Eastward of the Garden, without the Walls, is an Excellent Hot-House; where tender Plants, such whose native Soil lies between the Tropics, are raifed and brought to great Perfection ; viz, the Anana or Pine-Apple, the Plantain, the Coffee Shrub, the Caper. Tree, the Cinnamon, the Creeping Cereus,
many others. These Pine-Apples have nearly the same Flavour as those raised in warmer Climates; the Caper and the Coffee Shrub also bear well.
This useful Foundation has been much improved by the late Dr. Sherard, who brought from Symrna a valuable Collection of Plants. He built the Library adjoining to the Garden, and furnished it with a curious Collection of Botanical Books, and a valuable Hortus Siccus, The East End of this Building is the Apartment for the Professor, whoso Salary is paid out of the Interest of 3000 l. given by Dr. Sherard for that Purpose. The Affiftant to the Professor is provided by the Univerfity.
We proceed next to describe and give some Account of the several Colleges; and as Magdalene College is the nearest to the Place we last mentioned, and the first we meet with in the Road from London, it may not be improper to begin with that.
HE College of St. Mary Magdalene is situated
upon the River Cherwell, near the Physic-Garden. The first Thing worthy the Attention of a curious Observer, is the West Entrance into the Chapel; over which are five small historical Figures, of elegant Sculpture. That on the Right, in a kneeling Pofture, represents the Founder ; the next, William of Wickham the Founder of the two St Mary Winton Colleges; that in the Middle, St, Mary Magdalene, to whom the College is dedigated; the next, in a kneeling Posture, King Her
III. who founded the Hospital which was con. verted into this College; and that on the Left, St, John the Baptist, to whom the said Hospital was dedicated.
The Building on the Left-Hand is the Presi. dent's Lodgings ; adjoining to which is a magnificent Gothic Gate-way (formerly the Grand-Entrance into the College) adorned with Statues as large as the Life, of four of the above Persons, viz. the Founder, St. Mary Magdalene, King Henry III. and St. John the Baptif.
Between the Chapel and the above Gate-way we enter the Cloyster; near this Entrance is the Chapel, which is a well-proportioned Edifice in form of a Roman T inverted. The Ante-Chapel is remarkable for it's elegant Monuments ; particularly one, on the Left-Hand of the Organ-Loft, erected to the Memory of two Brothers of the Name of Lyttleton, who were drowned in the River Cherwell, one by endeavouring to save the other. The whole