« PreviousContinue »
abject Flattery, and Cawardice, are not to be coun.. « tenanced within these hallowed Retirements. " And let it be your Endeavour to avoid Pride and “ Contention, the Parents of Faction, and, in your “Situation, the worst and moft unnatural of all “ Factions, the Faction of a Cloyster. And lastly,
you will complete the Collegiate Character, if you. “crown all your other Acquirements with the un
fpotted Purity, and Chastity, of your Lives and. “ Conversation.
We hope, by this Time, the Reader is con-. vinced, that so exact a System of Morals, could. not easily have been produced from the licentious. Inventions of the Mason.'
From the Cloyster we go through a narrow Pasfage in the North-Side, into the Court where the new Building stands. This Edifice is 300 Feet in Length, and confifts of three Stories above the Cela lars, beside the Garrets. This front is fupported by an Arcade, which forms a beautiful Cloyster The whole is built of Heddington Stone, and is juste, ly deemed an elegant Structure. It has confiderably the Advantage of some other modern Buildings: For whereas the upper Story of those is commonly an Attic, and consequently the Rooms lower than those of the middle Stary; the Rooms in the upper Story here are exactly of the same Dimension with those below; and command a better Prospect.
Three other Sides were intended to be added i but probably since the Effect of that beautiful Opening to the Meadow has been seen, * the Society may think proper, in some Respect, to alter their Defign.
* See the Perspective View annexed,
One unparalleled Beauty belonging to this Cole lege is the extensive Out-let. The Grove seems perfectly adapted to indulge Contemplation; be ing a pleasant Kind of Solitude, laid out in Walks, and well planted with Trees. It has in it about forty Head of Deer.
Befide the Walks which are in the Grove thera is a very delightful, and much frequented One, round a Meadow containing about thirteen Acres, surrounded by the several Branches of the Cherwell from whence it is called the Water-Walks; which yields all the Variety that could be wilhed: Some Parts of it running in ftraight Lines, with the Trees formerly more regularly cut than at present; others winding, and the Trees growing little otherwise than as Nature directs : There is plenty of Water as well as Verdure, and an agreeable View of the Country adjacent.
This College was founded by William Patten, called WILLIAM of WAINFLEET, from a Village of that Name in Lincolnshire, where he was born. He was educated at Winchester School, and was afterwards Fellow of New College in Oxford. Having taken the Degree of Batchelor of Divinity, he was appointed chief Master of Winchester School, where he continued 12 Years, and then was made School. master, and soon after Provoft of Eton College by King Henry VI. who preferred him to the Bishopric of Winchester in the Year 1447, and in 1449 he was constituted Lord High Chancellor of England.
He first founded a Hall in Oxford without the East-Gate, which he dedicated to the Honour of St. Mary Magdalene, and in the Year 1456 obtained Leave of King Henry VI. to convert St. John's Hof, pital, situated further Eastward, into a College. It
consists of a President, forty Fellows, thirty Demies, a Divinity Lecturer, School-Master and Usher, four Chaplains, an Organist, eight Clerks, and fixteen Choristers. The whole Number of Students in. cluding Gentlemen Commoners, is about 120.
It was customary on St.John Baptist's Day to have the University Sermon preached in the Stone Pulpit at the South-East Corner of the first Court within the College Gate ; which on that Occasion was decked with Boughs and Rushes, alluding to St. John's preaching in the Wilderness.
The last Thing we shall take Notice of, is the Tower. This was erected by the College under the Direction of Cardinal Wolsey, who was Fellow and (at that Time) Bursar of this College. It is about 150 Feet high, and by its solid and substantial Basis, number of Set-offs, and gradual Diminution, is calculated for Strength and Duration.
The most advantageous View of it, is from the Phyfic Garden. We must not oniit mentioning that this Tower contains a very musical Peal of Ten Bells; and that on May Day Morning the Clerks and Choristers assemble on the Top of it, and instead of a Mass of Requiem for King Henry VII. fing chearful Songs and Catches.
Visitor, The Bifhop of Winchester.
QUEEN's COLLEGE. O
N the North Side of the High Street, opposite
University College, is Queen's College. The whole Area, on which this fine College is built, is an oblong Square, of 300 Feet in Length,