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and 220 in Breadth, which being divided by the Hall and Chapel forms two spacious Courts.
The South End, which is the grand Front, abuts upon the High-street, in the Middle whereof is a magnificent Gate, and over it the Statue of Queen Caroline, under a Cupola supported by Pillars; the reft of the Front being adorned with Niches; but no Chambers on this Side, except at each End,
The first, or South Court, is a handsome Quadrangle, 140 Feet long, and 130 broad, having a lofty Cloister, supported by square Pillars, on the West, South, and East. Over the West Cloister are two Stories, consisting of the Chambers of the Fellows and Students, an elegant Gallery and common Room; and in that Cloister is the Apartment of the Provost. Over the East Cloister are also Chambers for the Fellows and Students, and some for those of the late Benefaction of Mr. Michell. The second, or North Court, has the Library over it' on the West, and Chambers for the Fellows and Students on the North, East, and South.
The Chapel is 100 Feet long, and 30 broad. In the arched Roof is a piece of Painting by Sir James Thornhill
. The Windows are admirably painted ; the Subject of that over the Altar, by Mr. Price in 1717, is the Nativity of our Saviour. The Side Windows were removed thither from the old Cha. pal: two on the North Side are the last Judgment, and two others on the South, the Afcenfion. The rest are all of old Glass, remarkable for the Liveliness of the Colours.
There is a Paffage between the Chapel and the Hall from the South to the North Court, the Walls of which carry a handsome Cupola with eight Ionic Columns, and all the proper Ornaments of that
Order. The Outside of the whole is a Doric Building, and the Inside of the Hall beautified with the fame Order : But the inside of the Chapel is entirely Corinthian, the Ceiling of which being Fretwork is not inferior to the rest.
The Hall is 60 Feet long, and 30 broad, with an arched Roof of a suitable Height. It is furnished with Portraits of the Founder and principal Benefactors; to which has lately been added a good Picture of her present Majesty Queen Charlotte. It is extremely well illuminated, and has a ChimneyPiece of Beautiful Marble; and there is an Opening from the Gallery over the West Cloister, which seems designed for Music; and hither Strangers are frequently brought, who desire to see the Society at Dinner,
The Library on the West Side of the North Court, about 123 Feet in length, is a noble Building of the Corinthian Order, with a spacious Cloister to the East, and the Statue of the Founder, and principal Benefactors to the College in Niches to the West, and is adorned with Stucco Work by the late Mr. Roberts. It has beautiful Classes, and is furnished with a valuable Collection of Books and Manuscripts in most Languages and Sciences. Robert Egglesfield, a Native
of Cumberland, Confeffor to Queen Philippa, and Batchelor of Divinity in this University, having purchased several Tenęments in the Parish of St. Peter's in the East, erected there a Collegiate Hall, at the Instance (and, probably by the Encouragement) of Queen Philippa, Confort of King Edward III. giving it the Name of Aula Scholarium Reginæ de Oxon; and on the 18th of January 1340, obtained the Royal Charter for
incorporating the Society of this Hall or College; by virtue whereof he constituted a Provost and twelve Fellows, ordering, that the Provost should be chosen out of the Fellows, and be in Holy Orders; and that for the future the Fellows should be elected out of the Counties of Cumberland and Weftmorland.
The principal Benefactors, besides the Founder, were King Edward III. and his Queen Philippa ; King Charles I. who gave this College three Rectories and three Vicarages in Hampshire; Sir Joseph Williamson, Knight, sometime Fellow, who rebuilt part of the College, and left 6000 l. towards the finishing, of it, besides a most valuable Library of Books ;
Dr. Barlow, Bishop of Lincoln ; Dr. Lancafter, the Provost of this College, and Dr. Timothy Halton, were great Benefactors. And of late seve ral very considerable Exhibitions have been given by Sir Francis Bridgman, Lady Elizabeth Hastings, and Mr. Michell of Richmond.
The Members in this College are one Provost, fixteen Fellows, two Chaplains, eight Taberdars ( so called from Taberdum, a short gown which they formerly wore) 16 Scholars, two Clerks, and forty Exhibitioners ; Mr. Michell's eight Fellows, and four Scholars ; besides a great Number of Mafters, Batchelors, Gentlemen Commoners, Commoners, and other Students; in all about 110.
A Custom here is, that they are call'd to Dinner and Supper by Sound of the Trumpet, and when the Fellows, as the Founder's Statutes direct, have placed themselves on the further Side of the Table, the Taberdars kneel before them on the opposite side of the Table, and on Sundays and Holidays dispute on some of the most controverted