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Questions in Divinity; and on other Days render fome Parts of Aristotle's Rhetorick, Poeticks, or Ethicks.
Another Custom is, that the Bursar of the College on New-Year's Day gives each Member a Needle and Thread, saying, Take this, and be thrifty, as a Rebus on the Founder's Name (Aiguille) in French, fignifying a Needle, and Fil, a Thread, Egglesfield.
Another is, having a Boar's Head on Christmas Day, usher'd in very solemnly with a celebrated Monkish Song.
Visitor. The Archbishop of York.
PPOSITE Queen's, on the South Side of the
High Street, Itands University College. The magnificent Front extends 260 Feet. In it, at proper Distances, are two Portals, with a Tower over each. That on the West leads into the old Court, which is a handsome Gothick Quadrangle, of 100 Feet square. Over the Gate, at our entrance, on the outside, is a Statue of Queen Anne, and within another of James II. Over the Eastern Entrance, on the outside, is a Statue of Queen Mary, wife of William III. On the South of the Western Quadrangle are the Chapel and Hall. The Statue of St. Cuthbert is over the Gate of the Chapel, the Altar Window was given by Dr. Radcliffe, as appear by its Inscription, A.D. 1687. the other Windows are of fine old Painted Glass,
well worthy Attention. The Roof of the Chapel is a well-wrought Frame of Norway Oak. The Hall, at the Entrance of which is a Statue of King Alfred, has been lately fitted up in a very beautiful Gothic Style, at the Expence of many generous Contributions, and is a moft complete Room of the kind.
From this Court, through a narrow Passage on the East, we are led into another Area of three Sides, 80 Feet either Way. It is opened to a Garden on the South. The East, and Part of the North Side is taken up by the Lodgings of the Master, which are Comodious and extenfive. 1.1 a Nich over the Gate on the North, is a Statue of Dr. Radcliffe.
King Alfred in the Year 872. erected certain Halls in Oxford, near, or on the Spot where this College stands ; and gave the Students in them certain Pensions issuing from the Exchequer. But it is certain that these Halls were soon alienated to the Citizens, and that their Pensions were suppressed about the Reign of the Conqueror. The Founder of this College appears to be William Archdeacon of Durham, who purchasing, A. D. 1219, one of the Halls which had been originally erected by Alfred, and very probably stiled University Hall, of the Citizens, endowed it with Lands. A fociety being thus established, many other Benefactors im proved the Revenues and Buildings. Of these the most considerable are Walter Skirlow, Bishop of Durham, who founded three Fellowships. Henry Pierry Earl of Northumberland, A. D. 1443, added the same number. Sir Simon Bennet, in the Reign of Charles I. established four Fellowships, and four Scholarships.
As to the Buildings, the present spacious and uniform Structure began to be erected, A. D. 1634, by the Benefaction of Charles Greenwood, formerly Fellow, and was foon carried on by Sir Simon Bennet abovementioned. Nor were succeeding Patrons wanting to continue so noble a work ; 'till it was finally compleated by Dr. John Radcliffe, who erected the whole Eastern Quadrangle at his own Expence. He fettled on the College 600 l. per Annum, for two travelling Fellowships, Students in Physick, to improve themselves in the Medical Art.
The present Society consists of a Master, twelve Fellows, seventeen Scholars, with many other Students, amounting in the whole, to above 70.
Visitor. The KING.
and consists chiefly of two Courts. 1. The old Court is about 124 Feet in Length, and 72 in Breadth, having the High-Street on the South, and the Chapel at the North End of it. In this old Quadrangle is a Dial, contrived by that ingenious Architect Sir Christopher Wren, when Fellow of the College, which, by the help of two Half Rays, and one whole one for every Hour, shews to a Minute what is the Time, the Minutes being mark'd on the sides of the Rays, fifteen on each Side, and divided in five by a different Character.
2. Their grand Court, situated behind the former, is a spacious and beautiful Quadrangle, having the Library on the North, the Hall and Chapel on the South, the Cloifter on the West, and the Common Room, with other handsome Apartments, on the East, adorned with two beautiful Gothic Towers. This Court is in Length from North to South about 172 Feet, and in Breadth 155. The Chapel of this College is about 70 Feet long, and 30 broad; the Ante-Chapel of the same Dimensions; the AltarPiece is of a beautiful clouded Marble, and over it a fine Assumption-Piece of the Founder, painted by Sir James Thornhill. Here are also two elegant Vases, one on each side of the Altar, by the fame Hand; the Bas-Relief of which represents the Institution of the two Sacraments.
The Roof of the Chapel is divided into Compartments, carved and gilded. The Screen, which divides the Chapel from the Ante-Chapel, is a neat : Piece of Architecture by Sir Christopher Wren. In the Ante-Chapel are several Monuments worthy of Notice, particularly those of the Hon. Doddington Greville and Dr. George Clarke.
The New Library is a magnificent Gallery, 200 Feet long, and 30 broad, and about 40 Feet high, built of white hewn Stone, and finished at a great Expence. The outside is Gothic, in conformity with the rest of the Quadrangle. The Inside consists of two grand ranges of Bookcases, one above the other, fupported by Pilasters of the Doric and Ionic Orders. The Cieling, and Piers between the Windows, are adorned with moft beautiful StuccoWork, by the late Mr. Roberts of this place. Over the Bookcases are placed interchangeably Vases and Buftoes of many eminent Persons, formerly Fellows of the Society.
The following is an exact List of the Bufts, beginning
on the South Side of the Weft Window, viz. 1. Sir Anthony Sherley, Knight, A. B. Count of the Empire, and Embaffador from Schach Abbas Emperor of Perfia, to the Christian Princes; in the Reign of James I. admitted Fellow 1582.
2. Sir William Petre, Knight, LL. D. Secretary of State to Henry VIII, and Edward VI. and Privy Councellor to Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, 1523
3. George Clarke, LL. D. Secretary of War, and afterwards, in the Reign of Queen Anne, one of the Lords of the Admiralty, Secretary to Prince George of Denmark, and in five Parliaments Burgess for the University, 1680.
4. Sir Daniel Dunn, Knight, LL. D. Dean of the Arches, and one of the firft Burgesses in Parliament for the University, 1567:
5. Henry Coventry, Efq; LL, B. Embassador at Paris, and Secretary of State in the Reign of Charles II. 1634
6. Sir Robert Weston, Knight, LL. D. Dean of the Arches, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 1536.
7. Sir William Trumbul, Knight, LL. D. Embaffador to the French and Turkish Courts, in the Reign of James II. Secretary of State to King William III. and Burgess of the University. 1657.
8. Charles Talbot, LL. D. Baron of Henfol, and Lord High Chancellor of England, 1704.
9. Sir Christopher Wren, Knight, the famous Architect, LL. D. and Savilian Profeffor of Aftronomy, 1653
10 Richard Steward, LL. D. Dean of St." Paul's Provoft of Eton, Clerk of the Closet to Charles I. and Commissioner for Eccleciastical Afairs at the Treaty at Uxbridge, 1613.