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Latin words. Stems. English words. junctus, joined


adjunct, conjunction juro, I swear


con jure, ad jure jus (juris), rigld, law juris, juri jurisdiction, juridical jutus, assisted


adjutant, coadjutor juvénis, a youth

juveni jurenile jacer, torn


lacerate Jaedo, I strike


collide laesus, struci:

collision lapis (lapidis), a stone lapid

lapidary, dilapid ste latus, carried


elate, translation latus, wide

lat, lati latitude, dilate latus (latéris), a side later

lateral, equilateral legatus, an ambassador legat legate, delegation legatio*, a gift

legacy, lega:ee lego, I gather, reach ley, lect collect, legible, lectare lenis, gentle

leni, len lenity, lenient, relent levis, light

levi, lief, liev levity, relief, relieve levo, I lift up


lever, elevate lex (legis), a law

leg, legis legal, legislator liber (libri), a book


library libellus, a little boule libel

libellous liber, free


liberty, liberal, libertine licet, it is lawful


illicit lignum, wood


ligneous, pyrolignous ligo, I bind

lig, liga

ligament, oblige, religion linquo, I leave

relinquish lictus (relictus), left lict

relict liqueo, I melt

lique, liqui liquid, liquefaction lis (litis), strife, law-suit liti

litigation, litigious litera, a letter


literal, literature locus, a place

loc, loco locality, locomotion longus, long

long, longi longitude, oblong loqui, to speak

I loqui, loquy colloquial, obloquy,

loqu, locu loquacity, elocution venter (ventris), the belly ventri ventriloquist ludo, I play

ludi, lud delude, ludicrous lusus, played

delusion, illusion lumen (luminis), light lumin

luminary, illumination luna, the moon


lunatic, sublunary lux (lucis), light


lucid, pellucid macies, leanness


emaciate . macula, a spot


immaculate magnus, great

magni magnify male, wickedly

male, mal malevolent, malversation volo (volens), I wish volen

benevolent verto (versus), I turn vert, vers convert, converse, versatile mando, I entrust or bid mand

mandate, command maneo, I stay

man, main

permanent, remain mansio, a staying


mans?, mansion mano, I flovo


emanate manus, a hand

inanu, mani manual, manipulation mare, the sea


marine, mari ime Mars (Martis), Mars, the

martial mater (matris), a mother mater, matri maternal, motricide

mart Roman god of war

Legatio is a Latin word of the middle ages,


The word progenitors has for its corresponding Saxon term fore. falhers ; the term ancestors is used in nearly the same sense, only the latter simply points out those who have gone before us, our predecessors ; the former includes the idea of descent; they of old were our progenitors, we are their offspring; they were our forefathers, we are their children or descendants.

The word degenerate denotes that which has lost the qualities of the kind (genus, generis) or race.

“ The which thing declareth that men which have caste down their minds from the dignity of their nature, are so degenerat, and growen out of kinde, that thei seeme ytterly to be brute beastes."'-Caluine, • Foure Godlye Sermons."

To graduate is to take a degree or step in learning in one of the aniversities. On entering a university, a young man is said to ma. triculate (mater, a mother), because he becomes the child or pupil of the institution, which in regard to knowledge and discipline is his mother. After passing through a course of instruction, he, on proving fit and worthy by examination, takes a degree,- that is, by receiving certain tokens, as the privilege of putting after his name B.A. or M.A., which is the same as calling himself, in the one case, Bachelor of Arts, or, in the other case, Master of Arts, he is declared and made known as having made proficiency in a greater or less degree in university learning :

“ Invest me with a graduate's gown,

Midst shouts of all beholders,
My head with ample square-cap crown,
And deck with hood my shoulders.”

Smart. Egregious (from e, out of; and grex, a flock or crowd) denotes a person who is out of, that is, does not belong to, the multitude, one who is extraordinary and distinguished. Egregious is generally employed in a bad sense :

“ Thus have I adventured to expose the egregious folly, and to un mask the extreme corruption of heart, which assume the buffoon or the philosopher indifferently, to laugh at misery and death, and make a mockery both of law and religion.”-Marburton.

Religion is here given as from ligo, I bind. This seems the best etymology. Viewed in this light religion is the source of obligatión. Religion, placing man in immediate connexion with the Creator, deduces from that connexion men's obligations : first, to God, from whom they are ; and next, to each other, whom for God's will, and God's sake, they are to love and serve.

Delusion and illusion though much alike both in derivation and import, yet differ somewhat. The common idea is that of mislead. ing. By delusions others mislead and cheat us; hy illusions we mislead and cheat ourselves. Delusions are substantial shows, presented in order to mislead ; illusions are creams and fancies which arise in an ill-regulated mind; the former are mostly dishonest, the latter are always weak; the former are preconcerted, the latter are spontaneous,

PARSING AND COMPOSITION. For your exercise in parsing and composition take the ensaing letter of Mrs. Barbauld's. Give an account of every part of it as Well as you can. Convert it into simple sentences. And having studied it carefully, close the book and write dowa from memory all you recollect of it. Then correct your copy by the original. Having done so, write a letter to a friend, if possible, on similar topics :

" July 28, 1803.' "I am glad to find that you have spent the spring so pleasantly. But when you say you made the excursion instead of coming to London, you forget that you might have passed the latter end of a London winter in town, after enjoying the natural spring in the coun'ry. We have been spending a week at Richmond, in the delightful shades of Ham walks and Twickenham meadows. I never saw so many flower

flowering limes and weeping willows as in that neighbourhood; ihey say, you know, that Pope's famous willow was the first in the country; and it seems to corroborate it, that there are so many in the vicinity. Under the shade of the trees we read Southey's Amadis,' which I suppose you are also reading. As all

shmen are now to turn knights-errant, and fight against the great giant and monster, Buonaparte, the publication seems very reasonable. Pray are you an alarmist? One hardly knows whether to be frightened or diverted, on seeing people assembled at a dinner-table, appearing to enjoy extremely the fare and the company, and saying all the while, with a most smiling and placid countenance, that the French are to land in a fortnight, and that London is to be“ sacked and plundered for three days,--and then they talk of going to watering places. I am sure we do not believe in the danger we pretend to believe in; and I am sure that none of us can even form an idea how we should feel if we were forced to believe it. I wish I could lose, in the quiet walks of literature, all thoughts of the present state of the p litical horizon. My brother is going to publish ‘Letters to a Young Lady or English Poetry ;' he is indefatigable. 'I wish you were half as diligent!' say you. "Amen !' say I. Love to Eliza and Laura, and thank the former for her note. I shall always be glad to hear from either of them. Ilow delightful must be the soft beatings of a heart entering into the world for the first time, every surrounding object new, fresh, and fair-all smiling within and without! Long may every sweet illusi n continue that promotes happiness, and ill befall the rough hand that would destroy them.”

LATIN STEMS. LANGUAGE, in one point of view, is a silent record of human errors. If we believed language, we should have still to believe that the sun rises and sets ; that upwards and downwards denote fixed relations, and that heaven is upwards alike at midnight and mid-day; that good humour and bad humour are the offspring of certain liquids (humr Lat., moisture) in the material frame; that temper and distemper were the results of the due or undue ming. ling of these diverse liquids; that a jovial man was born under the planet Jupiter (Jovis), the emblem of a jolly god; that a man of saturnine disposition owed his dull moroseness to his evil

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genius, Salurn; and that a mercurial fillox jumped about and frisked away, because he had in him too much of the pagan god Mercury, the swift-footed messenger of Olympus. However, men sufferdisasters (dis, not, bad; astron, a star) without imputing the blame to their stars; though many are still under the vulgar delusions that our lot here depends on good luck and bad luck. Portents and prodigies in the skies and on the earth are words which sbow how men were once alarmed by any unusual phenomenon. Even so late as the reign of Charles II., Englishmen had faith in portents. During the plague, the vision of a flaming sword, reaching from Westminster to the Tower of London, seemed nightly to be present to the excited fancy of many of the residents in the metropolis, like the meteor-sword that hung over Jerusalem during the siege. The appearance of a comet, some months before, had caused superstitious feelings of alarm in the weak-minded, by whom it was regarded with scarcely less terror than that with which the Anglo-Saxons had beheld the comet which visited our heinisphere in the year 1066, on the eve of the Norman invasion.

However, these false fears and vulgar errors are rapidly disappearing. Lunacy is preserved amongst us in the close embrace of Westminster-hall, but we hence cease to believe that mental alienation is caused by the moon (luna, Lat. moon), and if we still in good Saxon speak of the moon-stricken, we do so as we speak of star-gazers, without ascribing any influence to the heavenly bodies. Even Lancashire-witches, though they charm and enchant us, can no longer affect our reason or shorten our lives..

Latin wordt.

Stems. English words. mel (mellis), honey

mellifluous melior, better

melior meliorate, amelioration memor, mindful

memor memorable, memorial mens (menti:), the intellect ment mental, dementate mergo, I plunge


immerge, emerge mersus, plunged


immersion, emersion metior, I measure


mete, meter, meteyard mensus, measured


commensurate, mensuration mille, a thousand


millenium, millenary miror, I gaze, wonder mir

mirror, admire miser, wretched

miser miserable, a miser mitis, mild


mitigate mitto, I send


remit, commit, permit missus, sent


missionary, missive modus, a measure


mode, modify mola, a millstone

emolument, molar moles, a mass


demolish, a mole molestus, troublesome molest molestation mollis, soft


mollify, emollient moneo, I warn


admonish monitus, warned

monit monitor mors (mortis), death prorti mort mortify. immortal




Latin Words. Slems. English Tords. mos (moris), a manner mor

moral, moralist multus, many


multiform, multitude izunítus, fortified

munit munition, ammunition munus (muneris), a gift muner

remunerate murus, a wall


immure, mural muto, I change


mutable, commute natus, born


native, natal navis, a ship


naval, navigate ago, I do ive


· agile, agitate necto, I tie, bind

connect, disconnect nexus, a bond


annex, connexion nego, I deny


negative, negation nihil, nothing


annihilate, nihility nomen (nominis), a name nonin nominal, denominate non, not


nonentity, nonage norma, a rule


enormous, normal novus, new


novice, innovate nox (noctis), night nox, noct equinox, nociurnal nubo, I mairy


connubial nuptus, married


nuptials nudus, naked


nudity, denude nugae, trifles


nugatory numerus, a number

пипе numeraiion, innumerable nuncio, I tell

nunci, nounc annunciation, renounce nutrio, I nourish


nutriment, nutritious octo, eight


cctagon, cctave oculus, an eye


oculist, ocular oleo, I smelt


olfactory, redolent omnis, all


omnipresent, omnibus onus (onēris), a burden oner

onerous, exonerate opto, I wish


adopt, option opus (opěris), work


operose, operation orbis, a circle

orbicular, orbit orno, I deck


ornament, adorn oro, I beg


oration, orator os (oris), the mouth

oral, adoration, orifice os (ossis), a bone


ossify, osseous otium, ease


otiose, negotiate ovum, an egg

oval, oviform pactus, having agreed

compact, pact, paction pando, I spread

pand, pans expand, expanse pansus (passus), spread pass

com pass, to pass par, equal

parity, im parity pareo, I appear

appa pareo, I bring forth

parent, vivi parous vivus (vivi), alive


vivify, vivid paro, I prepare

par, pair reparation, repair pastus, fed,


repast, pasty pater, a father

S pater, patri paternal, patrimony
pary i

parricide patior, I suffer


patient, impatient passus, suffered

passive, passion pauci, few

paucity pax (pacis), peace


pacify, pacific pecco, I sin


im peccable, peccadill



OU pact

par par par

pass pauci

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