Sicily and the Unification of Italy : Liberal Policy and Local Power, 1859-1866: Liberal Policy and Local Power, 1859-1866
Clarendon Press, Mar 12, 1998 - 264 pages
This is the first in-depth analysis of the impact of Italian unification on the hitherto isolated communities of rural Sicily. Traditional explanations of Sicily's instability depict a society trapped by a feudal past. Lucy Riall finds instead that many areas of the island were experiencing a period of rapid modernization, as local government increased their organizational efforts. Beginning with the period prior to the revolution of 1860, Dr Riall shows why successive attempts at political reform failed, and analyses the effects of this failure. She describes the bitter and violent conflict between rival elites and the mounting tide of peasant unrest which together threatened the status quo within the isolated communities of the Sicilian interior. Through an examination of the problems of local government - tax collection, conscription, the organization of policing - and of attempts to suppress peasant disturbances and control crime, she shows that the modernization of the Sicilian countryside both undermined the control of the central government and made the countryside itself more unstable.
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ACSR administrative Affari Alcamo Archivio arrest autonomists avvenimenti Badia Bagheria bandits Biancavilla Bologna Bourbon Bourbon government Brancato Cadorna Caltanissetta campaign carabinieri Catania Cavour central government conflict countryside criminal Crispi ASP d'ltalia democrats draft-evaders economic elites Francesco Francesco Crispi Garibaldi Giarrizzo Girgenti Giuseppe government's governor Govone Gramsci grazia e giustizia Gualterio Ibid Interdonato interior Interno Italy J. A. Davis land landowners latifondo law and order Lercara Lercara Friddi letter Luog luogotenente Mack Smith mafia Medici ment Messina Mezzogiorno Mezzojuso Milan military courts Minister Misilmeri moderate liberals Mordini Naples National Guard Nicolosi nobility parliament Partinico peasant Pezzino Piedmont Piedmontese political Polizia popular pref prefect of Palermo problems province of Palermo pubblica sicurezza public order reforms republican revolution revolutionary Ricasoli Risorgimento Risorgimento in Sicilia Rome Romeo Scichilone Sicilian Sicily Sicily's siege social South Southern Stato Storia Termini Trapani troops Turin undermined unification unrest wrote