Wuhan, 1938: War, Refugees, and the Making of Modern China
During the spring of 1938, a flood of Chinese refugees displaced by the Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945) converged on the central Yangzi valley tricity complex of Wuhan. For ten remarkable months, in a highly charged atmosphere of carnage, heroism, and desperation, Wuhan held out against the Japanese in what would become a turning point in the war--and one that attracted international attention. In a kaleidoscopic, interwoven series of chapters, Stephen MacKinnon for the first time tells the full story of Wuhan's defense and of how the refugee experience surrounding it led to new directions in the history of modern Chinese culture, society, and politics. His narrative balances portrayals of the sweeping changes that took place in the social and cultural life of Wuhan's refugee population, including toleration of political diversity and a free press, with accounts of the extraordinary military developments that made it all possible. The book features photographs taken at that time, including a selection by renowned photojournalist Robert Capa, who was among the prominent writers and artists who came to witness events in Wuhan during its short, vibrant reign as China's wartime capital.
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1 WUHAN BEFORE THE WAR
MILITARY LEADERSHIP AND STRATEGY
3 THE BATTLE FOR XUZHOU AND THE DEFENSE OF WUHAN
4 WUHANS REFUGEE CRISIS
5 CULTURE AND THE PRESS
6 MOBILIZING YOUTH
THE INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION
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Anti-Japanese Army Bai Chongxi Baoding became Beijing bombing campaign central Yangzi Changsha Chen Cheng Chen Lifu chengshi Chiang Kaishek Chinese Chongqing civilian commanders Communist cultural Dagong bao defense of Wuhan Dong effort Feng Yuxiang fighting forces foreign Fuju government’s Guangxi Guo Moruo Guomindang Hankou Hanyang Hubei hundred thousand intellectuals Japan Japanese Jiang Baili jiaoyu Jinan Jiujiang journalists Kang Kangri zhanzheng kangzhan shiqi leaders leadership Li Zongren Madang major Mao Dun March military movement Nanjing nese organized party People’s Pi Mingxiu political popular population propaganda provinces Qing qingnian railway rallies refugee reports ribao River ROBERT CAPA Shanghai Shen Shenghuo Shi Liang strategy Taierzhuang Tang Enbo Tianjin tongsu tricity troops United Front Wang Ming wartime wenshi ziliao wenyi Whampoa Wuchang Wuhan huizhan Xi’an xinwen Xue Yue Yan’an Yangzi valley Zhang Zhanshi Zhongguo Zhou Enlai Zongren Zou Taofen