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val) revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD (or of Jehovah.) 1 Sam. iii. 21.
It pities one to see such inattention to the proper meaning of scripture-language. Our author here again builds the doctrine of Christ being the word, and consequently, in his idea, the most high God, upon a pure idiom of the hebrew language ; which, you may truly say, just as much Horne as Christ to be the most high God; i. e. it is applicable to neither. For the repetition of the noun itself in the same fentence, instead of using the pronoun, is very frequent in the sacred writings. Gen. xix. 24. Thus the Lord rained upon Sodom brimjtone and fire, from the Lord out of heaven. See Exod. xvi. 7. xvii. 16, &c. &c. And so the LORD revealed himself to Samuel by the word of the Lord, i.e. by himself, in a more particular extraordinary manner than to others since the time of Moses: which is bishop Patrick's explanation, without any such mysterious meaning as Dr. Horne would make out of it.
Another great mistake of Dr. Horne's, respecting the Old Testament, is, where he says, p. 198. 'that our Saviour is stiled Je“ hovah, a name appropriated to the deity.' Such an affirmation ought not surely to have been made without some proof of it given or referred to. But lest you should imagine there is something in it, as coming from a person of so great reputation as a divine, I shall produce and examine the palsages of the Old Testament, usually brought to prove Christ to be Jehovah, the selfexistent, eternal God.
Jeremiah xxiii. 6. In his days Judah Mall be saved, and Israel Mall dwell Jafely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord (or Jehovah) our righteousness.
But the words of the prophet are falsely translated in our english version, as a learned man hath observed, whose remarks will be recited at length, in the last part of this work; and we should read them thus : and this is the name by which fehovah Mall call him, our righteoufress.
The late bishop Lowth's father, who adopts this opinion, has this note upon the passage. .
• He (Christ) shall really be what the title
imports; he shall be JEHOVAH, or the • true God. The title of Jehovah, adds • Mr. Lowth, is elsewhere given to the • Messias by the prophets. See Isaiah xl. 10. • xlviii. 17. Hof. i. 7. Zech. ii. 10, 11. « Malachi ii. i.' Of these we shall take a brief view' to see what they yield. lfa. xl. 10.
Behold the LORD (or Jehovah) God will come with a strong band. It is an usual expression, that the Almighty is said to come to men, when he sends his prophets. And at the first preaching of the gospel, to which Isaiah here refers, Jehovah did come by Jesus the prophet of Nazareth, his chosen messenger to men. So that the passage affords no proof that Christ was Jehovah, but only his prophet.
xlviii. '17. Thus faith the Lord, (Jehovah) thy redeemer, the holy one of Israel ; I am the LORD, (Jehovah) thy God. There is nothing here that belongs The titles of saviour, and redecmer, at all times belong primarily to God; and to Christ only in a subordinate fenie.
Hosea i. 7. But I will have mercy on the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God. i. e. will save them by myself: the noun repeated, as above, instead of the pronoun. Christ is not at all concerned here.
Zechariah ii. 10, 11. Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion : for lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, faith the LORD, (Jehovah) and
nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and fall be my people, and I will dwell in the midst of them, and thou Malt know that the Lord of hosts haib sent me unto thee.
The former part of this passage, if it be spoken of the times of the gospel, relates to the extraordinary divine powers given to Christ and his apostles : but the last seem to be the words of the angel, mentioned in the begining of the chapter, declaring, that they should be fully convinced, that the extraordinary hand of divine providence was concerned in bringing about those events. Mr. Lowth, I suppose, would have them to signify, that one Jehovah, one eternal God had sent another eternal God,
Malachi iii. i. Behold I will send my meffenger, and he Mall prepare the way before me ; (and the Lord, whom y'e seek, pall suddenly come to his temple) even the messenger of the covenant whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, faith Lord of hoffs.
Here is a description of Christ's coming, but no proof of his being Jehovah. The Lord here spoken of, Adın, is almighty God himself, whose alone the temple was ; and which Christ calls (Matth. xii. 4.) the house of God, and John ii. 16.) my Father's boufe.
You hence learn, how little you can depend upon the best commentators, and most learned men. That accomplished scholar, and son of this worthy commentator, bishop Lowth, lately deceased, has given into an almost incredible weakness, in his valuable new version of, and commentary on Isaiah, as I have pointed out in (c) another place ; in making the threefold repetition of the word boly, in the hymn of the angelic beings, Ifa. vi. 3. to be a demonstration of the myflery
(c) Examination of Mr. Robinson of Cambridge's plea for the divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ. p. 98.