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here; and so, to avoid a harsh ambiguity to common readers, it would be better to translate it. If you want to have this explained, the apostle goes on to do it for you. The word, says he, or wisdom was made, or was (flesh). a man, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the wellbelosed of the father, full of grace and truth: i. e. The divine wisdom was in the man Christ Jesus, and by him dwelt among us ; being communicated to him in a degree never before communicated to mortals : and we (his apostles) saw his glory, were witnesses of the extraordinary gifts of a divine power bellowed upon him ; the glory as of the well-beloved of the Father; i.e. such high divine communications as bespoke him to be most highly approved by; and beloved of the supreme Father of all.


In the same discourse, p. 204, Dr. Horne says; • The apostle to the hebrews, writing 'on the subject of the incarnation, thus

expresseth himself, be taketh not hold of angels, but he taketh bold of the feed of

Abraham ;

Abraham; i. e. he took or assumed the ( manhood into God.'

One is concerned to fee such an intire want of attention to the real meaning of the scripture, and right interpretation of it. For so far is the apostle from writing here upon the subject of the incarnation, that there is nothing that indicates that he had ever any idea of such a thing in his mind here, or any where. What may be supposed to have led Dr. Horne into such a mistake, is his implicitly following our very wrong english translation of this and the foregoing verse, which a scholar and one that undertakes to teach truth to others should not have done. I have put our common english and the true version in the margin (w) in opposite columns; from

X 4.



(w) Heb. ii. 14. Common Version

True Version. Forasmuch then as the chil- Forasmuch then as the child dren are partakers of flesh and dren are partakers of flesh and, bliod, he also himself likewise blood, he also himjij in like took part of the same. manner was a partaker of the

fame. For verily he took not on For verily he helpeth not him the nature of angels ; but angels; but he helpech the feed he took on him the feed of of Abraham. Abraham.

which you will perceive that the apostle is so far from treating of what Dr. Horne calls the incarnation, that he in express words asserts, that Jesus was a human creature, like all the rest of us. I have also subjoined (x) Hardy's notes on the two verses, to the same purpose, because he generally favours the divinity of Christ in his interpretations, and therefore will be the less suspected of partiality.

S SECTION XV, of Dr. Horne's commentary on the psalms. Dificulty of the prophetic writings. A caution concerning them. Dr. Horne's

wrong method of interpretation.. Various instances of it. Remarks on them.

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Our author's other work, on which I am to make some observations, seems to have been a very popular one, from its have ing come to a third edition. But although composed by him with a good design, it is liable to vast objections, from his very wrong method of interpreting the scriptures, and from his drawing aside and misleading his readers, from the worship of the true God. It is intituled ; • A commentary on the book of psalms.'


* (x) Ver. 14. Ipfe fimiliter particeps factus est eorundem, i. e. mortalis homo, et miseriis obnoxius. Ver. 16. depo Garobar proprie aliquem manu apprehendere, significat, et hinc ad opitulationem fignificandum commode transfertur.

In which their literal or historical sense, as they relate to king David, and the people of Israel, is illustrated; and their application to Messiah, to the church, and to individuals, as members thereof, is pointed out; with a view to render the use of the psalter, pleasing and profitable to all orders and degrees of christians, By George Horne, D.D. &c.'

It is assuredly a most becoming employment for a divine, and doing a real service to christianity, to endeavour to illustrate such of these sacred hymns as contain prophecies of Christ, and really relate to him. But too much caution cannot be used upon a subject, where there is fo great danger of being deluded by a warm imagination. And therefore in the interpretation of this part


of the facred writings, as indeed of all others whatsoever, we should take it as a thing certain, that no writer has any more than one subject in his thoughts at a time to discuss, and one sense to be fixed to his words ; (unless he himself, or some one properly authorized indicate the contrary :) and this one sense, which his words plainly convey we are to find out by the help of just criticism, and adhere to and rest in it.

This is acting in agreement with that golden rule of interpretation, as Mosheim well files it, vol. iv. p. 21. inculcated by Luther; viz. that there is no more than one sense annexed to the words of scripture, throughout all the books of the Old and New Testa


But Dr. Horne forsaking these wise cautions and directions from the first, and

paying little regard to the plain and literal meaning of the psalms, employs himself in exhibiting their secret meaning and reference to Christ, intirely as it should seem from the fund of his own imagination : for he gives no proof that any such mystic sense. was intended by their respective writers. In this way

of interpreta

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