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ESSAY ON MAN;
H. ST. JOHN, LORD BOLINGBROKE
TO WHICH IS ADDED,
The Universal - Prayer.
BY ALEXANDER POPE, Ese
PUBLISHED BY HENRY BENTON
Having proposed to write some pieces on human life and manners, such as (to use my Lord Bacon's expression) come home to men's business and bosoms,' I thought it more satisfactory to begin with considering Man in the abstract, his nature and his state ; since, to prove any moral duty, to enforce any moral precept, or to examine the perfection or imperfection of any creature whatsoever, it is necessary first to know what condition and relation it is placed in, and what is the proper end and purpose of its being.
The science of human nature is, like all other sciences, reduced to a few clear points : There are not many certain truths in this world. It is therefore in the anatomy of the mind, as in that of the body, more good wil accuero-mankind by attending to the large, open, and perceptible parts, than by studying too much such nej nerves and vessels, the conformation and uses of which will for ever escape our observation. The disputes are all apor these lagt; and I will venture to say, they tave leayshervened the wits than the hearts of men against each other, and have diminished the practice, more than advanced the theory, of morality. If I could flatter myself that this Essay has any merit, it is in steering betwixt the extremes of doctrines seemingly opposite, in passing over terms utterly unintelligible, and
in forming a temperate, yet not inconsistent, and a short, yet not imperfect, system of ethics.
This I might have done in prose; but I chose verse, and even rhyme, for two reasons. The one will appear obvious ; that principles, maxims, or precepts, so written, both strike the reader more strongly at first, and are more easily retained by him afterward. The other may seem odd, but it is true; I found I could express them moro shortly this way than in prose itself! and nothing is more certain than that much of the force, as well as grace of arguments or instructions, depends on their conciseness. I was unable to treat this part of my subject more in detail, without becoming dry and tedious ; or more poetically, without sacrificing perspicuity to ornament, without wandering from the precision, or breaking the chain of reasoning. If any man can unite all these without dimination of any of them, I freely confess he will compass a thing above my capacity.
What is now published, is only to be considered as a general Map of Man, warking put no more than the greater partz, their extent their:limits, and their connexion ; but leaving the particular to be more fully delineated in the charts which are to follow. Consequently, these Epistles in their progress" (if I have health and leisure to make any.progress, wilt be less dry, and more susceptible of poeticaľ ornament. I em here only opening the fountains and clearing the passage: to deduce the rivers, to follow them in their course, and to observe their effects, may be a task more agreeable,