An Account of the Mining Districts of Alston Moor, Weardale and Teesdale in Cumberland and Durham: Comprising Descriptive Sketches of the Scenery, Antiquities, Geology and Mining Operations in the Upper Dales of the Rivers Tyne, Wear and Tees
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An Account of the Mining Districts of Alston Moor, Weardale and Teesdale in ...
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adjoining afford Allenheads Alston Moor appearance Barnard-Castle basalt beautiful bing bridge called castle Cauldron Snout cavern chiefly cloud coal Coalcleugh colour considerable cross veins Crossfell curious dales distance dreary Durham earth extensive famp bed fathoms feet Fell flats formation four-fathom limestone frequently Garrigill geology Greenwich Hospital grey beds Hartleyburn hazel helm helm wind Hexham hills Hudgill Burn inches land Langley Castle layers lead lead-mines length less lime lofty manor Middle Fell miles mineral veins mining districts mountain nearly Nentforce Level Nenthead Newcastle numerous observed Penine Chain plate bed portion present produce prospect Rampgill rich rise river river Tees rivers Tyne road rocks romantic scar limestone scenery shaft side sometimes steep stone strata stratum stream sublime subterranean summit surface tain Tees Teesdale thence thickness thin tion tourist town of Alston Tyne Tyne-Bottom Tynehead vale varies various waggons Weardale weather whin sill wind Yadmoss yards
Page 158 - ... Through glowing orchards forth they peep, Each from its nook of leaves, And fearless there the lowly sleep, As the bird beneath their eaves. The free, fair Homes of England ! Long, long, in hut and hall, May hearts of native proof be reared To guard each hallowed wall! And green for ever be the groves, And bright the flowery sod, Where first the child's glad spirit loves Its country and its God !* THE SICILIAN CAPTIVE.
Page 171 - Hutchinson, describing the castle as it was in his day, and prior to the late alteration, says, " Within the works is a spacious area, which you enter from the north by a gate with a portcullis, and defended by two square towers. The area is of no regular figure, and the works which surround it, though very strong, have no distinguishing marks, by which a conjecture can be formed as to their age.
Page 170 - Neville's cross in one square,, and the bull's head in the next, so in the same reciprocal order about the boss. On the top of the boss, was a stalk of stone (being a cross a little higher than the rest), whereon was cut, on both sides of the stalk, the picture of our Saviour Christ, crucified ; the picture of the blessed Virgin on one side, and St. John the evangelist on the other, both standing on the top of the boss : all which pictures were most artificially wrought together, and finely carved...
Page 171 - The pleasure of the castelle is in the 2 court, and entering into it by a great toure, I saw in schochin, in the fronte of it a lion rampaunt. On the southe west part of the castelle cummith doune a little bek out o' the rokkes and hilles not far of.
Page 170 - ... which socket was fastened to a large square stone ; the sole, or bottom stone, being of a great thickness, viz. a yard and a half every way, this stone was the eighth step. The stalk of the cross was in length three yards and a half, up to the boss, having eight sides, all of one piece ; from the socket it was fixed into the above boss, into which boss the stalk was deeply soldered with lead.
Page 59 - Bar is parallel to that part of the main cloud or collection of vapour that is tinged with white by being struck with the sun's rays ; the Bar appears in continual agitation as boiling or struggling with contrary blasts ; while the Helm all this time keeps a motionless station. When the Bar is dispersed, the winds that issue from the Helm are sometimes extremely violent ; but that force seems to be in proportion to the real current of the winds which blow at a distance from the mountains, and which...
Page 21 - The usual method of historians is to begin with the creation, wherein I might tell you that when God breathed upon the face of the waters, that was a putrifying * breath, and that such waters as were quiet and calm turned into plains or levelled earth, and the bolster...
Page 23 - ... the Privy Council was urged to encourage private lead mining, on the ground that " all lead ore in England and Wales has silver in it although not to the proportion of a royal mine ",5 and Pettus in 1670 held that this proportion was not reached "where the Oar . . . digged . . . doth not yield ... so much Gold or Silver, as that the value thereof doth exceed the charge of Refining...
Page 171 - On the southe west part of the castelle cummith doune a litle bek out o the rokkes and hilles not far of. The castelle of Branspeth is stronly set and buildid, and hath 2 courtes of high building. There is a litle mote that hemmith a great peice of the first court. In this courte be 3 toures of logging, and 3 smaule ad ornamentum.
Page 172 - From the gate on the west, the wall is high, the parapet in many parts hanging on corbies: where the wall forms angles, it is furnished with small square turrets, on the area side supported by an arch ; and in the floor of each is a square aperture, to receive materials from persons below, whereby the guard should annoy those who assailed the wall.