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sufficient to make accomplished readers and | violence, and the vivid pictures in which the social circles. The first I shall notice, is a sospeakers ? That it disproves the utility of voice may clothe the magic of poetry, pomposi- cial circle of visiters, -as being peculiarly
science? We answer, that we require no ty, -if his energies are bounded by the con- adapted to the habits of the gentler sex. The - stronger evidence to prove the advantages of fined limits of his own narrow and selfish sphere designed for their action, affords them the science of Elocution, than that which these schemes,-if money and not wisdom is the ob- the opportunity of manifesting a greater denatural readers exhibit. What is the object of ject of his worship-the goal of his avarice gree of sociability in the circle of visiters, than this science? To form a correct ear, o ren- and ambition,-if he has yet to hear and never is afforded to the other sex in theirs. The quesder it capable of distinguishing the most pleas- to learn, that the great accomplishments in art lion to be decided is, how can a musical educaing impressions of sound, -of selecting them and science, have not been more indebted to tion affect this species of circles? I will ask iwo from discordant intonations on the theatre of untiring industry than to the efforts of passion, or three questions, which will enable the readhuman existence,—to mould, purify, and adapt -if such be the constitution of his mind, he er to decide for himself. Before introducing them to the purposes of vocal harmony in may probably become the leader in the circum- | them, however, I wish the reader to let his mind speech,--to render the organs obedient to the scribed circle of his own associates, but will go back and fix itself upon the children of some command of the will and the regulation of the never reach the higher aims of Elocution. particular neighborhood, and follow them step ear. These are the objects of the Elocutionist; Feeling is certainly a requisite: We would by step in their acquisition of a musical eduand the result of his labors corresponds with distinguish, however, between its strong and cation: First, to the infant school, where their the intonations of the naturally accomplished and delicate conditions. It is unfortunate that, little voices are first raised in singing such speakers, above alluded to. What does this
while the man of strong feeling and great self- hymns as I quoted in my second essay, where fact prove? That Science analyzes Nature, esteem, figures on the stage as the Herod or their juvenile hearts are first brought into conand produces before the view of her votaries, | Buffoon of his day,—the man of delicate men- tact with the sentiments of truth and love, and the elements of which she is composed. These tal organization, with capabilities to measure brought to bear most powerfully upon their natural readers are scien:ific by nature: She all the nice distinctions of intonation,—to se- feelings through the medium of the innocent has given them an instinctive knowledge which lect, arrange and combine them for the most songs prepared expressly for the purpose. others must acquire, and will acquire if they exalted purposes of Elocution,-retires from Follow them from one degree of attainment to are obedient to that power which holds within the busy haunts of man, to bury, in the walks another, till their education is completed. See its grasp the torch of philosophy, to guide them of retirement, powers which might have cre- the growing loveliness of their tempers and disthrough the secret labyrinths of nature. ated a well deserved same for their possessor positions,—the gentleness of spirit manifested
We have frequently heard teachers of read- and enriched the intellectual temple of modern one toward another. Keep your eye upon ing desire their pupils to enter into the feeling eloquence.
them after their introduction into society. Supand spirit of what they read, as a guide to a The power to measure the time and other pose them invited by one of the number to correct delivery. Such instruction might, per- elements of intonation, known by the term spend the afternoon at her house. Follow them haps, do better than none, and in some instances musical ear, seems essential to the finished Elo- there. Here you see them in the social circle. might serve the purpose for which it was given. cutionist. There are few ears, however, so I am now ready to ask my questions, which, I But how will it apply to the higher species of obtuse as to be insensible to cultivation. We trust, will enable the reader to make the decomposition,—to Milton's 'Satan,' for in- recollect our friend, professor Ives, the cele- cision,-how a musical education can affect stance ? It would be no pleasing circumstance brated musical teacher in Philadelphia, stating the social circle of visiters. And first,-- In view to be identified in feeling and spirit, with his to us, some years since, that he never inquired of the manner in which these young misses Satanic Majesty, and should we be so unfortu- whether his pupils had musical ears; if they have been educated, what would they be most nate as to accomplish this object, we know not have not, said he, I make them. We believe in likely to converse about ? Second,-Would what intonation could be, appropriately, given the truth of this philosophy, and that all we they be apt to spend the time in evil speaking, to the grim apostate.
hear about defective organization irihis par- or light and trifiing conversation ? Third, - . The rules for reading and speaking must ticular, is either a cloak for idleness, on the Would they seek to hold up every little fault grow out of the analysis of intonation, without one hand, or proceeds from defective instruc- which they had happened to discover in parreference to such futile directions as those tion, on the other. Call the organ into action, ticular individuals, to the ridicule of the com-.: above adverted to. The elements must be first rivet its powers, and you will create the highest pany? I pause for the answer. acquired, and their combination left to the taste condition of its function. What renders the I shall now ask but two more questions: And of the pupil. The imitative practice has been eye of the Indian susceptible of discerning, in first,-What does the reader suppose would be tried long enough. It has pervaded genera- the turn of a leaf, the path which his enemies the expression of their hearts one to another tions,-on the stage, - in the pulpit, - at the have taken ? Exercising its vision. Let the Second, -If their hearts have been moulded bar,-in the senate,--in public meetings and ear be subject to a corresponding tuition, and under the combined energies of a musical eduin private life. We have seen the miserable we apprehend there would be few, unmusical. cation and the sweet and melting influence of copyists of some fashionable, misnamed elo- Industry is the third grand requisite of the parental tears and prayers, accompanied with cutionist, destroying the beauties of English Elocutionist. In vain will the intellect furnish proper instruction, is it not reasonable to supspeech, and receiving applause for the absence its images of beauty, or the ear be ready to pose, that the same loveliness of character, of every thing worthy of recollection, save the act as the directer and controller of the vocal which has ever manifested itself in their own exact imitation of a defective model. The intonations, if the tongue refuses to give utter- domestic circle, will follow them wherever fine arts are essentially arts :-the high execu- ance to the conceptions thus furnished for its they go ? Much more could be said on this tion of them can alone arise from the Baconian employment. We would advise him who ex- part of my subject,--but time and space will system of inductive philosophy,—from careful pects to become an elocutionist without labor, not permit. observation,-extensive comparison, and the --without a frequent and powerful exercise of The next species of social circles which I most accurate selection of the various constitu- the tongue,—to abandon, at once, a task for shall notice, is a social circle for prayer. It is ents which enter into their composition. Elo- which nature has not, physically, formed him, truly lamentable, to witness the apparent heartcution is one of them, and so far advanced, in ere chagrin and disappointment mingle their lessness that generally prevails among a whole utility, above the rest, as it is the social bond waters in the cup of negligence and error. company of Christians, met together for social by which human society is held together, -- by But to the pupil of Industry, whether male or prayer, as the hymns of praise burst from their which the distant nations of the earth are united female, Elocution holds out a certain,-a sure lips. · While we sing the praises of our God,' and brought to worship around one common reward.
says Dr. Watts, 'we are employed in that altar, whose high priest and patriareh is God.
part of worship, which, of all others, is the Three points of essential importance to a
THE INFLUENCE OF A MUSICAL EDUCATION. nearest akin to heaven, and it is a pity that this, speaker, are activity of mind, acuteness of ear,
of all others, should be performed the worst and industry. If his mind be of that passive Mr. Editor,—The next subject before us for upon earth. To see the dull indifference, the order which is satisfied with negative excel-. consideration is, the influence of a musical edu- negligent and thoughtless air, that sits upon lence,-if his temperament be of that phleg- cation upon social CIRCLES. The reader is pro- the face of a whole assembly, while the psalm : matic character which denominates energy, bably aware, that there are various kinds of is upon their lips, might tempt even a charita«,
ble observer to suspect the fervency of inward found to cling like antiquaries, to the old style COMMUNICATION. The truth is, I feel it a duty religion; and it is much to be feared, that the of music, and look with horror upon any thing to put you in possession of my views on the minds of most of the worshippers are absent or that has the appearance of innovation. The subject I design to allude to, (as unquestionaunconcerned.' After alluding to the present 'good old tunes' 'the good old fashions,' and bly you will desire to know the pulse of the modes of preaching and prayer, he continues,- | 'the go old hymns,' must be used ; and he community,) and leave you to make up your • But of all our religious solemnities, psalmody who doubts this fact is worthy of being burnt opinion, after having patiently and dispassion. . is the most unhappily managed; that very action as a heretic.
ately heard both sides. which should elevate us to the most delighful One presers on all occasions a mournful, In your 11th No. page 85, under the head of and divine sensations, doth not only flatten our plaintive style of music, and another must Sunday Schools," a correspondent speaks of devotion, but too often awakens our regret, and have it always bold, energetic, and animating. " that corrupt and profane system, by which a touches all the springs of uneasiness within us.' There are others so puritanical as to be choir of singers are actually hired and paid for Thus says the pious Dr. Watts; and who can shocked with the exhibition of a musical in- praising God," &c.; and this sentiment (no gainsay it? There is not a minister or lay- strument in the orchestra. The pealing organ, doubt introduced with the very best motives) man in the land, that does not know and feel the viol, the flute, and even the old fashioned is what I feel anxious to draw your attention to. this to be true. And what is the cause of this pitch-pipe, all fall under the sweeping ana- I acknowledge I am not without some expestate of things? The reason is plain : And if thema. “Would you make the house of God rience on the subject, as it may be termed, in Dr. W. had discovered it and made it known, a place of mirth and revelry ! they ask,-for
a professional point of view; but not having we believe that his influence would have in- getting that in olden time, when the Almighty held any church or choir appointment for duced the churches to adopt more efficient deigned to hold converse with his fallen sub
some years, it may be supposed that I am as ineasures to remove the difficulties which now jects, the sanctuary echoed with his praise, not
unprejudiced by self-interest, at least as can be exist, and must forever exist, until they can be only from living tongues, but from harps and
e.cpected. made to see and feel what these difficulties are. timbrels, and every thing that could make glad
In the same article, the conduct of “ San F. If the parents of this generation had neglect- the soul, and warm the heart with devotion.
Neri” is given as an example to those who ed to teach their children to read, of course Occasionally a congregation is met with, would allure crowds to the chapels by the exthey would not expect to hear them read in the where a Clerk is appointed to take the lead, alted and impressive character of the sacred Bible, or any other book. They would not ex- and the whole assembly unite in the exercise. music designed to be introduced : and yet I pect them to know many of the hymns and This, however, is gradually passing out of very much question that the choirs of San psalms commonly used in the sanctuary, and date among the better informed, although not Filippo Neri and his coadjutors were precisely even the few that would be committed would long since I was a witness of the same plan in similar to what those in the U. States would contain many errors, which it is natural for the Rev. Dr. Ely's Church, Philadelphia. be, even provided every one who was corrupt persons to fall into, who are in the habit of A more impertinent, and not less injurious and profane enough to receive a salary, were learning things by rote. It is plain to perceive practice, when there is a regularly constituted banished from the sanctuary. On this branch what the effect of such a neglect would be, not choir, is the promiscuous, straggling music of the subject, indeed, I might observe, that we only upon the community, but upon the church which is sometimes heard around the room, do not find that the Levitical priesthood any of God. The very idea of learning all the destroying all harmony, melody, and
expres- more than the singers, were to officiate gratuihymns and psalms by rote so as to be able to sion. It is to be regretted that custom and pro- tously; and yet it appears to me if it be sinful sing with correctness, is absurd. So in sing- priety should not efiectually put down this ir
to pay one man, who has made music the study ing. Oh! that I could make my voice reach regular, gratuitous singing, and make it as dis
of his life, for giving the result of his labor to to every church in the land, -I would tell them tinctly the business, where there is a choir, for
the music of the church, it is equally sinful just what Dr. Watts should have told them in the choir alone to sing, as for the pastor alone to-I might say (I trust with reverence) his concluding remarks on the subject of psalm- to preach. Often a choir is silenced by this in
pay another for praying to, &c., which we do ody. He saw what the disease was, but did terruption or compelled to struggle to be heard
to those who have made theology the study of not discover the remedy, or if he did, he did in the general clamor, and in such a contest their life. But your correspondent will, pernot make it known. A person who neglects the advantage is all on the side of the irregulars, haps, say, that we must improve our amateur to qualify himself properly for this important who, wanting in taste and modesty, are not
singing. Very well;—but this, under the most part of worship, cannot be expected to join in it easily baffled by any thing that befals the har
favorable circumstances, requires time; and to his own or others' edification. mony, and seldom find ears for any music but
without professional aid—I was almost going to Let the children of this generation receive a their own. Attempt to reason with these ir
say—it would require eternity. That public musical education, and meetings for social
regulars and you are met with the knock-down opinion should exclude all persons, -first, those prayer, as well as all other social circles would argument, that every one has a right to sing who are connected with theatres, &c., &c., and assume not only a very different but a far more
in a land of freedom! And so has every one second, all persons of a dissipated character or lovely character; indeed, the whole aspect of
a right to commit a thousand other improprie- in any way of an exceptionable walk in life society would be changed. ties, if the good community will but tolerate
and conversation,—the great majority of the Thus we see what would be the influence of them,
congregations, I trust, would consider most dea musical education upon society in general,
sirable; but that an organist, and at least three one of the avowed objects which I intended to
[It will be recollected, that in a former number, we ac.
or four accomplished and steady vocalists show in these essays, when they were comknowledged the receipt of a Private Communication from
should receive compensation in the line of menced.
AMICUS. an esteemed friend, which related to hired singers, choirs, their profession, I can by no means denounce
&c., and that we also asked permission of the author to as sinful or even exceptionable. CIURCH MUSIC IN THE COUNTRY:
publish it in the Minstrel, with the view of inducing a pro-
I know it is said, “Oh! but Mrs. correspondent “N.” says: "The communication, being
has played the organ as a compliment; and, written in great haste, and without the slightest idea of you know, you would go to church at any rate, Taus much for the evils of a bad taste exist- publication, I sear must be too crude and imperfect to lay and it is only singing while you are there." ing in the performers of Sacred Music. The before your readers. But as its pretensions to literary inauditors now merit a share of our attention ; terest ought of course to be secondary to the cause of truth,
But this argument proceeds from ignorance. and, when we reflect that the province of a you are perfectly at liberty to make whatever use of it, you
For instance, --it is agreeable to me to sing, may conceive best calculated to elicit important observa.
(ad libitum,) in my pew; but the moment I singer is generally understood to be to please tions, or subserve the cause of truth and religion.” With should appear in the organ gallery, I become the hearer, we shall have some idea of a fre- this permission, we give below all the important portions of responsible for the character of the music, I quent origin of poor performances.
the communication, and invite allention to its contents. Few societies are found where some indiOur columns are open to articles on the subject.
then must sing, however my voice may be Ed.)
fatigued by teaching all the week; and with, vidual is not met with, who, setting himself up Mr. Editor, -Although as yet without the perhaps, a few half-taught Misses, and a few for an amateur in music, dictates the taste of pleasure of being personally known to you, I Clerks, who were at a party on the evening aphis neighbors, and consequently gives a pecu- am induced, by the solicitude I feel for the suc- pointed for practice, but who swagger in, pull liar character to the singing. Often they are cess of the Minstrel, to address you in a PRIVATE up their cravats, whisper to the girls, and think
ITS DIFFICULTIES AND DEFECTS.
doubt not, prove highly acceptable to our readers—whether "Original Anthems," or shorter pieces.
The communication of "E.” on the power of the Press," as connected with periodicals, is now before us. We have concluded to insert it in the first number of the second volume.
The admirably fine "Sketch” from Tennessee, mentioned in a former number, is marked for No. 1, Vol. 2.
The remarks of " An Observer,” “The Spy," and "Juslice," relating to the N. Y. Academy of Sacred Music, may be correct enough; but we think the cause of Sacred Music would not be promoted by inserting them in our columns--at the present time.
buckle on the armor of an invincible spirit, when the routine of duty will admit of procrastination. Here, then, is a chord in the human heart which may be made to vibrate in the spiritual warfare of the Lord of Hosts. It is a chord which may be struck with peculiar effect in the United States. Our habits and customs as a people, naturally beget that love of excitement of which music is one of the main springs. Let that spring put the right influences in motion, and the result must be such as every good man will delight to wit
they are condescending to do you a favor by marring the music and rendering the words unintelligible,-the anxiety becomes extreme, and the injury done to your school and your reputation as a teacher and musician, is often greater than even a compensation will compensate for,—but without some remuneration, is what no musical man in his senses, (that is, unless he is il fanatico) would think of. Mrs. A. or B., (perhaps the minister's wife,), risks nothing by assisting in the worst music; and in a few months she tires and retires, wonderfully pleased with her generosity,—and the clerks, by the time they know how to keep lime “and go together," move to the west, or have to take stock and retire also; but if you desire to have permanent good music generally in the churches, you will find it impossible to do without some assistance from those that are competent and willing to take the responsibility. Much more might be said, -but now I must conclude; once more assuring you that my opinion is unprejudiced by the account of any emolument, and also that what I have said is, I consider, for the good of music.
The reader is requested to make the following corrections with a pen or pencil, in the Anthem "By the Rivers or Babylon,'' which appeared in our 20th number, viz:
Page 153, staff 4, last bar, (or measure,) a natural (5) should be placed before the note on A. The same correction should also be made in the last bar of the accompani. ment, (staff 6.)
Page 136, staff 14, bar 3, the notes on F, with a sharp (#) before them, should read F natural.
Page 157, staves 11 and 14, bar 3, a natural should be placed before each note on C; and also a natural before the note on F, in the last bar,
Page 153, staves 2, 5, and 6, a natural should be placed before all the notes on G.
Same page, staves 4 and 7, bar 1, a natural should be placed before the notes on C.
Same page, the words “If I forget not," betwcen the 8th and 9th staves, should read "Il profer not."
Same page, slaves 12 and 13, bars 2 and 3, a natural should be placed before the notes on G,
Page 139, star 11, last bar, the following notes for the Second Violin, should be added, thus:
THE MOURNER. Where shall the wretched mourner find repose ? Where cease to weep o'er all her cares and woes? Where bid adieu to scenes that once were bright? But now, alas! are clothed in endless night. In Heaven! faith whispers, you shall be at rest, Whilst leaning sweetly on a Saviour's breas:; There sorrows, pain and anguish ever cease, And all around breathes an eternal peace.
NATIONAL CHURCH HARMONY, designed for public and private derotion, in two parts. Music arranged for the Organ and Piano-forte, by introducing small notes. Edited by N. D. GOULD. Fourth edition, with a Supplement. Boston: Lincoln, Eumands & Co. 1835.
From having been mislaid, and consequently forgotten, this work has been many weeks in our possession, though but just come under our view. It consists of about 350 pages, beautifully printed, the first twenty being devoted to
Introductory Rules," “ Practical Observations,” &c., by the able and experienced editor of the work. Had we room in the present number, we would gladly insert some of his valuable observations for the benefit of vocalists generally,-perhaps we may fulfil our design at a future day. The Music in this collection has been selected and arranged with the view of accommodating all parties,-the old tunes are published in the form most familiar to the public, and the new ones (of which there are a large number) appear in the dress most approved of at the present day. Many pages are occupied by choice and useful Anthems, Set Pieces, &c., suitable for a variety of occasions. We have extracted one of them (“The Battle is the Lord's,) for the present number of the Minstrel. It cannot fail to please, when well performed. This is one only of a like excellent character, which may be found in the “National Church Harmony." We believe, that the work can be procured of our publishers, Messrs. Van Nostrand and Dwight, 146, Nassau-street.
We understand that Mr. Gould has lately removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. where he intends to follow his profession.-that of a teacher of Music. Success attend his labors.
THE MINSTRE L.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 15, 1835.
The 230 and 24th numbers of the Minstrel, (the last of the present volume,) will be published together,-in about two weeks.
Agents and subscribers (who may be in arrears,) are hereby reminded of their obligations to us. It is absolutely necessary that we should immediately have a settlement with all of them.
It will be recollected, that, agreeably to our terms, $3 will be expected of all who have not hitherto paid for the work.
REMARKS.-We presume, that the author is not more mortified at the occurrence of these errors in his Anthem, than we are at having our pages disfigured by them. It is our uniform practice, before we admit a new piece of Music into our work, to examine it, and re-examine it critically, and then is we have any doubts concerning its correctness, &c., we consult those who are abundantly competent to "unriddle the whole mystery." But in the present instance, we did not take these precautionary steps,-because we supposed, from the well known reputation of the author, and by the representations of the gentleman who handed us the MS., that three of the first professors in Boston, had examined it, and pronounced it "good," and correctly har. monized. We assure the respected author, that the proof sheets of the whole Anthem, were deposited in our Postoffice, for him; but, it is probable he never received all of them; or, if he did, they were never returned to us. So the blame must rest on the late “Great Fires in this city, by which our Post-office was thrown into utter confusion for a few days.
A Vermont correspondent asks the question, -"Will some one, through the Minstrel, give us a review of 'Mr. Molt's New and Original Method for the Piano-forte' ?" We hope so.
Cor r e spondence.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Many thanks are due “R. L. C." of Virginia, for his vahuable essays, “on the causes of musical declension in our churches." This subject, so important to the best interests of Christ's kingdom, has already received considerable attention in our work, and we shall always take pleasure in giving circulation to any articles of a similar character. "R. L. CP.s" essays are filed for the second volume of the Minstrel, when they will be published regularly, so long as the writer conceives it proper to benefit the Christian com. munity, by the labors of his pen.
Besides several "sparkling gems," from various writers, our second volume will be enriched by the beautiful melodies of "S. C.,” recently sent us from the “far West." And we also indulge the hope, that we shall be enabled to lay before our readers many valuable contributions on musical subjects, from the same gifted writer.
We have received from Pennsylvania, several original Hymn Tunes, arranged generally for three voices, with original words adapted to them by the same author. Most of the Music is of a plaintive character,-partaking very strongly or the style of Billings, Swan, and others of their day. or his poetry we would say, that it does him inore credit than his music; and still some of this is respectable. We shall endeavor to find room for some of the pieces, in our subsequent numbers.
We acknowledge the receipt of a beautiful piece of Music, entitled “He left his radiant throne on high." We like it wuch, and it shall make its appearance in the Minstrel, at an early day. Any contribution from “D. C.” will, we
NATIONAL There is much meaning in the motto of the Minstrel. It is allied to some of the noblest principles of civilized man. The equal freedom and the equal rights of all respond to its utterance. Who has not felt his heart bound at the call of Bruce to his countrymen in arms? Who has not started up with still prouder exultation as the notes of “Hail Columbia” have been rung in the chambers of his soul ?
Such martial allusions, (although we do not wish to be considered as justifiers of war,) have ever produced more effect than the most labored appeals. Men obey the laws from a sense of duty, or from a fear of their penalties. They obey the impulses of patriotism, set on the flood by the patriotic strains of poesy, from a sense of feeling paramount to duty while entwined with it. It is their pleasure-their will to rise up at the trumpet-call of song, and to
Extract from a letter of a gentleman residing in
Oneida County, New York. Sir,--I have taken much satisfaction in rcading the num. bers of the Minstrel which have come to hand, and could 1, by any influence which I might exert upon the public inind in this region, assist you in the circulation of the work, I shall do so with pleasure. I shall feel ease in such an undertaking, --for the work is of a character suited to the wants of this unenlightened conimunity, (I mean upon the subject of Music.) It places the science of Music on an equality, at least, with the most valued sciences. The objects which the Minstrel proposes, are of a high and im. portant character; they are such as can but meet with the approbation of all intelligent minds. Every Christian who values Music at all, will at once acknowledge the importance of executing Music properly, and in order to do this, there must be musical intelligence, and in what way can it be gained better and cheaper than by taking the “ Family Minstrel?" I know of none.