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Enter Musicians.


Go in, Nerissa ; Come, hol and wake Diana with a hymn : Give order to my servants that they take With sweetest touches pierce your mistress' ear, No note at all of our being absent hence ; And draw her home with music. (Music. Nor you, Lorenzo ;-Jessica, nor you. Jes. I am never merry when I hear sweet

[ A tucket sounds. music.

[tive : Lor. Your husband is at hand; I hear his Lor. The reason is, your spirits are atten- trumpet : For do but note a wild and wanton herd, We are no tell-tales, madam ; fear you not Or race of youthful and unhandled colts, Por. This night methinks is but the day. Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neigh-It looks a little paler : 'tis a day, [light sick ; ing loud,

Such as the day is when the sun is hid. Which is the hot condition of their blood ; Enter Bassanio, Antonio, Gratiano, and their If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound,

followers. Or any air of music touch their ears,

Bass. We should hold day with the Antipo You shall perceive them make a mutual stand, des, Their savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze, If you would walk in absence of the sun. By the sweet power of music: therefore the poet Por. Let me give light, but let me not le Did seign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and light; floods ;

For a light wife doth make a heavy husband, Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of rage, And never be Bassanio so for me : [lord. But music for the time doth change his nature. But God sort all !---You are welcome home, my The man that hath no music in himself,

Bass. I thank you, madam : give welcome Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, to my friend ; Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils ; This is the man, this is Antonio, The motions of his spirit are dull as night, To whom I am so infinitely bound. And his affections dark as Erebus :

Por. You should in all sense be much Let no such man be trusted.-Mark the music, bound to him,

Enter Portia and Nerissa, at a distance. For, as I hear, he was much bound for you.

Por. That light we see is burning in my hall. Ant. No more than I am well acquitted of. How far that little candle throws his beams! Por. Sir, you are very welcome to our house: So shines a good deed in a naughty world. It must appear in other ways than words, Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see Therefore I scant this breathing courtesy. the candle.

Gra. [To Nerissa.] By yonder moon I swear Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less : you do ine wrong : A substitute shines brightly as a king, In faith, I gave it to the judge's clerk: Until a king be by ; and then his state Would he were gelt that had it, for my part, Empties itself, as doth an inland brook Since you do take it, love, so much at heart. Into the main of waters.-Music ! hark ! Por. A quarrel, ho, already! what's the

Ner. It is your music, madam, of the house. matter?

Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect: Gra. About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring Methinks it sounds much sweeter than by day. That she did give me ; whose posy was Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, For all the world like cutlers' poetry madam.

[lark, Upon a knife, " Love me, and leave me not." Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the Ner. What talk you of the posy, or the When neither is attended ; and I think

value? The nightingale, if she should sing by day, You swore to me, when I did give it you, When every goose is cackling. would be thought That you would wear it till your hour of death; No better a musician than the wren.

And that it should lie with you in your grive: How many things by season season'd are Though not for me, yet for your vehemenivaths, To their right praise and true perfection !- You should have been respective, and have Peace, ho ! the moon sleeps with Endymion,

kept it. And would not be awak'd ! [Music ceases. Gave it a judge's clerk! no, God's my judge, Lor.

That is the voice, | The clerk will ne'er wear hair on's face that Or I am much deceiv'd, of Portia.

had it. Por. He knows me, as the blind man knows Gra. He will, an if he live to be a man. By the bad voice.

(the cuckoo, Aer. Ay, if a woman live to be a man. Lor.

Dear lady, welcome home. Gra. Now, by this hand, I gave it to a Por. We have been praying for our hus- youth, bands' welfare,

A kind of boy; a little scrubbed boy, Which speed, we hope, the better for our words. No higher than thyself, the judge's clerk, Are they return'd?

A prating boy, that beggʻd it as a fee : Lor.

Madam, they are not yet ; I could not for my heart deny it liiin. But there is come a messenger before,

Por. You were to blame, -I must be plain To signify their coming.

with you,

To part so slightly with your wife's first gift; Por. Let not that doctor e'er come near my A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger,

house : And so riveted with faith unto your flesh. Since he hath got the jewel that I lov'd, I gave my love a ring, and made him swear And that which you did swear to keep for me, Nerer to part with it; and here he stands, I will become as liberal as you ; I dare be sworn for him, he would not leave it, I'll not deny him anything I have, Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wealth No, not my body, nor my husband's bed : That the world masters. Now, in faith, Know him I shall, I am well sure of it : Gratiano,

Lie not a night from home; watch me like You give your wife too unkind a cause of grief: If you do not, if I be left alone, [Argus : Ân twere to me, I should be mad at it. Now by mine honour, which is yet mine own, Bass. Aside.) Why, I were best to cut my I'll have that doctor for my bedfellow. (vis'd left hand off,

Ner. And I his clerk ; therefore be well adAnd swear I lost the ring defending it. How you do leave me to mine own protection.

Gra. My lord Bassanio gave his ring away Gra. Well, do you so : let me not take him, Unto the judge that begg'd it, and indeed

then ; Deservd it 100; and then the boy, bis clerk, For if I do, I'll mar the young clerk's pen. Tunt took some pains in writing, he begg'd Ant. I am th' unhappy subject of these mine :


(notwithstanding. And neither man nor master would take aught Por. Sir, grieve not you ; you are welcome But the two rings.

Bass. Portia, forgive me this enforced wrong; Por.

What ring gave you, my lord? And, in the hearing of these many friends, Not that, I hope, that you receiv'd of me. I swear to thee, even by thine own fair eyes,

Bass. If I could add a lie unto a fault, Wherein I see myself, — I would deny it; but you see, my finger Por.

Mark you but that! Hath not the ring upon it, -it is gone. In both my eyes he doubly sees himself ;

Por. Even so void is your false heart of truth. In each eye, one :-swear by your double self,
By heaven, I will ne'er come in your bed And there's an oath of credit.
Until I see the ring.


Nay, but hear me: Ver. Nor I in yours,

Pardon this fault, and by my soul I swear, Till I again see mine.

I never more will break an oath with thee. Bass. Sweet Portia,

Ant. I once did lend my body for his wealth; If you did know to whom I gave the ring. Which, but for him that had your husband's If you did know for whom I

the ring,

ring, And would conceive for what I gave the ring, Had quite miscarried : I dare be bound again, And how unwillingly I left the ring,

My soul upon the forfeit, that your lord When nought would be accepted but the ring, Will never more break faith advisedly. You would abate the strength of your displea- Por. Then you shall be his surety. Give

him this; Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring, And bid him keep it better than the other. Or half her worthiness mat gave the ring, Ant. Here, lord Bassanio ; swear to keep Or your own honour to contain the ring,

this ring.

(doctor! You would not then have parted with the ring. Bass. By heaven ! it is the same I gave the What man is there so much unreasonable, Por. I had it of him : pardon me, Bassanio; If you had pleas'd to have defended it For, by this ring, the doctor lay with me. With any terms of zeal, wanted the modesty Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano; To urge the thing held as a ceremony? For that same scrubbed boy, the doctor's clerk, Nerissa teaches me what to believe :

In lieu of this, last night did lie with me. l'l die for't, but some woman had the ring. Gra. Why, this is like the mending of

Bass. No, by mine honour, madam, by my highways
No woman had it, but a civil doctor, (soul, In summer, when the ways are fair enough :
Which did refuse three thousand ducats of me, What, are we cuckolds, ere we have deserv'd it?
And begg'd the ring; the which I did deny him, Por. Speak not so grossly.—You are all
And suffer'd him to go displeas'd away ;

amaz'd :
Even he that had held up the very life Here is a letter, read it at your leisure ;
Of my dear friend. What should I say, sweet It comes from Padua, from Bellario :

[tor; I was enforc'd to send it after him : slady? There you shall find that Portia was the docI was beset with shame and courtesy ; Nerissa, there, her clerk : Lorenzo, here, My honour would not let ingratitude

Shall witness I set forth as soon as you, So much besmear it. Pardon me, good lady; And even but now return'd; I have not yet For, by these blessed candles of the night, Enter'd my house.-Antonio, you are welcome; Had you been there, I think you would have And I have better news in stare for you begg'a

Than you expect : unseal this letter soon ; The ring of me to give the worthy doctor. There you shall find, three of your argosies


Are richly come to harbour suddenly : There do I give to you and Jessica,
You shall not know by what strange accident From the rich Jew, a special' deed of gift,
I chanced on this letter.

After his death, of all he dies possess'd of. Ant.

I am dumb.

Lor. Fair ladies, you drop manna in the way Bass. Were you the doctor, and I knew you Of starved people. not? (cuckold? Por.

It is almost morning, Gra. Were you the clerk that is to make me And yet I am sure you are not satisfied Ner. Ay, but the clerk that never means to Of these events at full. Let us go in ; Unless he live until he be a man. (do it. And charge us there upon inter'gatories, Bass. Sweet doctor, you shall be my bed- And we will answer all things faithfully. fellow :

Gra. Let it be so: the first inter'gatory When I am absent, then, lie with my wife. That my Nerissa shall be sworn on, is, Ant. Sweet lady, you have given me life Whether till the next night she had rather stay, and living ;

Or go to bed now, being two hours to day : For here I read for certain that my ships But were the day come, I should wish it dark, Are safely come to road.

That I were couching with the doctor's clerk. Por.

How now, Lorenzo! Well, while I live, I'll fear no other thing My clerk hath some good comforts, too, for you. So sore, as keeping safe Nerissa's ring. Ner. Ay, and I'll give them him without a

(Exeunt. fee,


DRAMATIS PERSONÆ. Duke, Senior, living in exile.

Touchstone, a Cloon. Frederick, his Brother, usurper of his do- Sir Oliver Mar-text, a Vicar. minions.

Corin, Amiens, Lords attending upon the banished Silvius,

Shepherds. Jaques, ) Duke.

William, a Country Fellow, in love with Le Beau, a Courtier, attending upon Frederick. Audrey. Charles, a Wrestler.

A person representing Hymen. Oliver,

Rosalind, daughter to the banished Duke.
Jaques, Sons of Sir Rowland de Bois. Celia, daughter to Frederick.

Phebe, a Shepherdess.
Servants to Oliver.

Audrey, a Country Wench.

Lords, Pages, Foresters, and Attendants. SCENE,First, near Oliver's House; afterwards, partly in the Usurper's Court, and partly

in the Forest of Arden.


his animals on his dunghills are as much

bound to him as I. Scene I.-An Orchard near Oliver's House. he so plentifully gives me, the something that

Besides this nothing that Enter Orlando and Adam.

nature gave me, his countenance seems to take Orl. As I remember, Adam, it was upon from me: he lets me feed with bis hinds, bars this fashion, - bequeathed me by will but me the place of a brother, and, as much as in poor a thousand crowns, and, as thou say'st, him lies, mines my gentility with my educacharged my brother, on his blessing, to breedtion. This is it, Adam, that grieves me ; and me well : and there begins my sadness. My the spirit of my father, which I think is within brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report me, begins to mutiny against this servitude : speaks goldenly of his profit : for my part, he I will no longer endure it, though yet I know keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak no wise remedy how to avoid it. (brother. more properly, stays me here at home unkept ; Adam. Yonder comes my master, your for call you that keeping for a gentleman of Ori. Go apart, Adam, and thou shalt hear my birth, that differs not from the stalling of how he will shake me up. an ox? His horses are bred better; for, be

Enter Oliver. sides that they are fair with their feeding, they Oli. Now, sir ! what make you here? are taught their manage, and to that end Ori. Nothing : I am not taught to make riders dearly hired : but I, his brother, gain Oli. What mar you then, sir ? (anything. nothing under him but growth; for the which Orl. Marry, sir, I am helping you to mar


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that which God made, a poor unworthy a good way; and to-morrow the wrestling is.

la brother of yours, with idleness.

Enter Charles. Oii. Marry, sir, be better employed, and Cha. Good-morrow to your worship. be nought awhile.

Oli. Good monsieur Charles, what's the Orl Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks new news at the new court ? with them? What prodigal portion have I Cha. There's no news at the court, sir, but spent, that I should come to such penury? the old news : that is, the old duke is banished

Oli. Know you were you are, sir? by his younger brother the new duke ; and Orl. O, sir, very well : here in your orchard. three or four loving lords have put themselves Oli. Know you before whom, sir? into voluntary exile with him, whose lands and Orl. Ay, better than he I am before knows revenues enrich the new duke ; therefore he

I know you are my eldest brother; and, gives them good leave to wander. in the gentle condition of blood, you should Oli. Can you tell if Rosalind, the duke's so know me. The courtesy of nations allows daughter, be banished with her father? you my better, in that you are the first-born ; Cha. O, no; for the duke's daughter, her but the same tradition takes not away my cousin, so loves her,-being ever from their blood, were there twenty brothers betwixt us : cradles bred together,--that she would have I have as much of my father in me, as you ; followed her exile, or have died to stay behind albeit, I confess, your coming before me is her. She is at the court, and no less beloved Dearer to his reverence.

of her uncle than his own daughter; and never Oli. What, boy!

(young in this. iwo ladies loved as they do. Orl. Come, come, elder brother, you are too Oli. Where will the old duke live? Oli. Wilt thou lay hands on me, villain? Cha. They say, he is already in the forest

Orl. I am no villain: I am the youngest of Arden, and a many merry men with him ; son of Sir Rowland de Bois: he was my father; and there they live like the old Robin Hood and he is thrice a villain that says such a father of England : they say, many young gentlemen begot villains. Wert thou not my brother, 1 flock to him every day, and fleet the time would not take this hand from thý throat, till carelessly, as they did in the golden world. this other had pulled out thy tongue for saying Oli. What, you wrestle to-morrow before 50 : thou hast railed on thyself.

the new duke? Adam. Sweet masters, be patient : for your Cha. Marry, do I, sir ; and I came to acfather's remembrance, be at accord.

quaint you with a matter. I am given, sir, Oli. Let me go,


secretly to understand that your younger Onl. I will not, till I please : you shall hear brother, Orlando, hath a disposition to coine me. My father charged you in his will to give in disguised against me to try a fali. To-morme good education: you have trained me like row, sir, I wrestle for my credit ; and he that a peasant, obscuring and hiding from me all escapes me without some broken limb shali gentleman-like qualities. The spirit of my acquit him well. Your brother is but young father grows strong in me, and I will no and tender; and, for your love, I would be longer endure it: therefore allow me such loth to foil him, as I must, for my own honour, Exercises as may become a gentleman, or give if he come in: therefore, out of my love to me the poor allottery my father left me by you, I came hither to acquaint you withal ; testament; with that I will go buy my fortunes. that either you might stay him from his in

Olt. And what wilt thou do? beg, when tendment, or brook such disgrace well as he that is spent? Well, sir, get you in : I will shall run into ; in that it is a thing of his own not long be troubled with you; you shall have search, and altogether against my will. some part of your will : I pray you, leave me. Oli. Charles, I thank thee for thy love to

Orl. I will no farther offend you than be- me, which, thou shalt find, I will most kindly comes me for my good.

requite. I had myself notice of my brother's Oli. Get you with him, you old dog. purpose herein, and have by underhand means Adam. Is old dog my reward? Most true, laboured to dissuade him from it; but he is I have lost my teeth in your service.—God be resolute. I'll tell thee, Charles ; it is the stubwith my old master! he would not have spoke bornest young fellow of France; full of ambisuch a word.

(Exeunt Orlando and Adam. tion, an envious emulator of every man's good Oli. Is it even so ? begin you to grow upon parts, a secret and villainous contriver against me? I will physic your rankness, and vet give me his natural brother : therefore use thy disDo thousand crowns neither.--Hola, Dennis ! cretion : I had as lief thou didst break his neck Enter Dennis.

as his finger: and thou wert best look to't ; Der. Cails your worship?

for if thou dost him any slight disgrace, or if Oli. Was not Charles the duke's wrestler he do not mightily grace himself on thee, he here to speak with me?

will practise against thee by poison, entrap Den. So please you, he is here at the door, thee by some treacherous device, and never and importunes access to you.

leave thee till he hath ta'en thy life by some Oli. Call him in. [Exit Dennis.]—'Twill bel indirect means or other ; for, I assure thee, – your father.

and almost with tears I speak it,--there is not Ros. I would we could do so ; for her beneone so young and so villainous this day living. fits are mightily misplaced ; and the bountiful I speak but brotherly of him ; but should I blind woman doth most inistake in her gifts to anatomize him to thee as he is, I must blush women. and weep, and thou must look pale and won- Cel. 'Tis true ; for those that she makes der.

fair, she scarce makes honest; and those that Cha. I am heartily glad I came hither to she makes honest, she makes very ill-favouryou ; if he come to-morrow, I'll give him his edly. paynient : if ever he go alone again, I'll never Řos. Nay, now thou goest from Fortune's wrestle for prize more : and so, God keep your office to Nature's : Fortune reigns in gifts of worship!

the world, not in the lineaments of Nature. Oli. Farewell, good Charles. · [Exit Cel. No? when Nature hath made a fair Charles.] Now will I stir this gamester : I creature, may she not by Fortune fall into the hope I shall see an end of him ; for my soul, fire ?-[Enter Touchstone.) Though Nature yet I know not why, hates nothing more than hath given us wit to flout at Fortune, hath he: yet he's gentle ; never schooled, and yet not Fortune sent in this fool to cut off the arlearned ; full of noble device ; of all sorts en- gument? chantingly beloved ; and, indeed, so much in Ros. Indeed, there is Fortune too hard for the heart of the world, and especially of my Nature, when Fortune makes Nature's natural own people, who best know him, that I am the cutter off of Nature's wit. altogether misprised : but it shall not be so Cel. Peradventure this is not Fortune's work long; this wrestler shall clear all: nothing re- neither, but Nature's; who, perceiving our mains but that I kindle the boy thither ; which natural wits too dull to reason of such godnow I'll go about.

[Exit. desses, hath sent this natural for our whetstone:

for always the dulness of the fool is the whetSCENE II.-A Lawn before the Duke's Palace.

stone of the wits.—How now, wit! whither Enter Rosalind and Celia.

wander you? Cel. I pray thee, Rosalind, sweet my coz, Touch. Mistress, you must come away to be merry:

Ros. Dear Celia, I show more mirth than I Col. Were you made the messenger ? am mistress of; and would you yet I were Touch. No, by mine honour; but I was bid merrier? Unless you could teach me to forget to come for you. a banished father, you must not learn me how Ros. Where learned you that oath, fool ? to remember any extraordinary pleasure. Touch. Of a certain knight, that swore by

Cel. Herein, I see, thou lovest me not with his honour they were good pancakes, and the full weight that I love thee. If my uncle, swore by his honour the mustard was naught; thy banished father, had banished thy uncle, now, I'll stand to it, the pancakes were the duke my father, so thou hadst been still naught, and the mustard was good ; and yet with me, I could have taught my love to take was not the knight forsworn. thy father for mine : so wouldst thou, if the Cel. How prove you that, in the great heap truth of thy love to me were so righteously of your knowledge ? tempered as mine is to thee.

Ros. Ay, marry, now unmuzzle your wisdom. k'os. Well, I will forget the condition of my Touch. Stand you both forth now : stroke estate, to rejoice in yours.

your chins, and swear by your beards that I Cel. You know my father hath no child but am a knave.

(art. I, nor none is like to have : and, truly, when Cel. By our beards, if we had them, thou he dies, thou shalt be his heir ; for what he Touch. By my knavery, if I had it, then I hath taken away from thy father perforce, I were ; but if you swear by that that is not, you will render thee again in affection ; by mine are not forsworn : no more was this knight, honour, I will; and when I break that oath, swearing by his honour, for he never had any ; let me turn monster: therefore, my sweet or if he had, he had sworn it away before ever Rose, my dear Rose, be merry.

he saw those pancakes or that mustard. Ros. From henceforth I will, coz, and devise Cel. Pr'ythee, who is't that thou meanest? sports. Let me see ; what think you of falling Touch. One that old Frederick, your father, in love?

loves. Cel. Marry, I pr'ythee, do, to make sport Cel. My father's love is enough to honour withal : but love no man in good earnest ; nor him enough : speak no more of him ; you'll no further in sport neither, than with safety of be whipped for taxation one of these days. a pure blush thou mayst in honour come off Touch. The more pity, that fools may not again.

speak wisely, what wise men do foolishly. Ros. What shall be our sport, then ?

Cel. By my troth, thou sayest true; for Cel. Let us sit and mock the good house- since the little wit that fools have was silenced, wife Fortune from her wheel, that her gifts the little foolery that wise men have makes a may henceforth be bestowed equally. great show.-Here comes Monsieur Le Beau.

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