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But thy unkindness shall his death draw out Thou bear'st thy heavy riches but a journey.
To lingering sufferance. Answer meto-morrow, And death unloads thee. Friend hast thou
Or, by the affection that now guides me most, none;
I'll prove a tyrant to him. As for you, For thine own bowels, which do call thee sire,
Say what you can, my false o'erweighs your The mere effusion of thy proper loins,
true.

(Exit. Do curse the gout, serpigo, and the rheum, Isab. To whom should I complain? Did 1 For ending thee no sooner. Thou hast nor tell this,

youth nor age; Who would believe me? O perilous mouths ! But, as it were, an after-dinner's sleep, That bear in them one and the self-same tongue, Dreaming on both; for all thy blessed youth Either of condemnation or approof;

Becomes as aged, and doth beg the alms Bidding the law make court'sy to their will; Of palsied eld : and when thou art old and Hooking both right and wrong to th' appetite, rich,

(beauty, To follow as it draws. I'll to my brother: Thou hast neither heat, affection, limb, nor 'Though he hath fallen by prompture of the To make thy riches pleasant. What's yet in this blood,

That bears the name of life? Yet in this life Yet hath he in him such a mind of honour, Lie hid more thousand deaths : yet death we That, had he twenty heads to tender down That makes these odds all even. (fear, On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up, Claud.

I humbly thank you, Before his sister should her body stoop To sue to live, I find I seek to die ; To such abhorr'd pollution.

And, seeking death, find life : let it come on, Then, Isabel, live chaste, and, brother, die :

Enter Isabella. More than our brother is our chastity.

Isab. What ho! Peace here; grace and I'll tell him yet of Angelo's request,

good company! And fit his mind to death, for his soul's rest. Prou. Who's there? come in : the wish de

[Exit serves a welcome.

Duke. Dear sir, ere long I'll visit you again.

Claud. Most holy sir, I thank you.
ACT III.

Isab. My business is a word or two with
SCENE I.-A Room in the Prison.

Claudio.

(here's your sister.

Prov. And very welcome. -Look, signior ; Enter Duke, disguised as before, Claudio, Duke. Provost, a word with you. and Provost.

Prov. As many as you please. Duke. So then, you hope of pardon from Duke. Bring me to hear them speak, where

Claud. The miserable have (Lord Angelo? I may be conceal'd. No other medicine, but only hope :

[Excunt Duke and Provost. I have hope to live, and am prepared to die. Claud. Now, sister, what's the comfort ? Duke. Be absolute for death; either death Isab.

Why, (with life :- As all comforts are ; most good, most good Shall thereby be the sweeter. Řeason thus Lord Angelo, having affairs to heaven, (indeed: If I do lose thee, I do lose a thing [art, Intends you for his swift ambassador, That none but fools would keep: a breath thou Where you shall be an everlasting leiger : Servile to all the skyey influences,

Therefore, your best appointment make with That dost this habitation, where thou keep'st, To-morrow you set on.

[speed ; Hourly afflict : merely, thou art death's fool; Claud.

Is there no remedy? For him thou labour'st by thy flight to shun, Isab. None, but such remedy, as, to save a And yet run'st toward him still. Thou art To cleave a heart in twain.

(head, not noble :

Claud.

But is there any? For all th' accommodations that thou bear'st Isab. Yes, brother, you may live : Are nurs'd by baseness. Thou art by no means There is a devilish mercy in the judge, valiant ;

If you'll implore it, that will free your life, For thou dost fear the soft and tender fork But fetter you till death. Of a poor worm. Thy best of rest is sleep, Claud.

Perpetual durance? And that thou oft provok'st; yet grossly fear'st Isað. Ay, just; perpetual durance,-a reThy death, which is no more. Thou art not straint, thyself ;

Though all the world's vastidity you had, For thou exist'st on many a thousand grains To a determin'd scope. That issue out of dust. Happy thou art not ; Claud.

But in what nature ? For what thou hast not, still thou striv'st to Isab. In such a one as (you consenting to't) get,

(certain ; Would bark your honour from that trunk you And what thou hast, forget'st. Thou art not And leave you naked.

[bear, For thy complexion shifts to strange effects, Claud.

Let me know the point. After the moon. If thou art rich, thou'rt poor; Isab. O! I do fear thee, Claudio; and I quake, For, like an ass, whose back with ingots bows, Lest thou a feverous life shouldst entertain,

or life

And six or seven winters more respect, Can lay on nature, is a paradise
Than a perpetual honour. - Dar'st thou die? To what we fear of death.
The sense of death is most in apprehension; Isab. Alas, alas !
And the poor beetle, that we tread upon, Claud.

Sweet sister, let me live :
In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great What sin you do to save a brother's life,
As when a giant dies.

Nature dispenses with the deed so far,
Claud. Why give you me this shame? That it becomes a virtue. ,,
Think you I can a resolution fetch

Isab.

you beast ! From flowery tenderness. If I must die, O faithless coward ! O dishonest wretch ! I will encounter darkness as a bride,

Wilt thou be made a man out of my vice? And hug it in my arms. (father's grave Is't not a kind of incest to take life [I think?

Isab. There spake my brother: there my From thine own sister's shame? What should
Did utter forth a voice! Yes, thou must die : Heaven shield, my mother play'd my father
Thou art too noble to conserve a life (deputy- For such a warped slip of wilderness [fair!
In base appliances. This outward-sainted Ne'er issu'd from his blood. Take my defiance;
Whose settled visage and deliberate word Die, perish! might but my bending down
Nips youth i' the head, and follies doth enmew Reprieve thee from thy fate, it should proceed:
As falcon doth the fowl-is yet a devil ; I'll pray a thousand prayers for thy death,-
His filth within being cast, he would appear No word to save thee.
A pond as deep as hell.

Claud. Nay, hear me, Isabel.
Claud.
The princely Angelo? Isab.

O, fie, fie, fie !
Isab. O, 'tis the cunning livery of hell, Thy sin's not accidental, but a trade.
The damned'st body to invest and cover Mercy to thee would prove itself a bawd :
In princely guards! Dost thou think, "Tis best that thou diest quickly. [Going.
If I would yield him by virginity, Claudio,- Claud.

O, hear me, Isabella. Thou mightst be freed.

Re-enter Duke. Claud.

O heavens! it cannot be. Duke. Vouchsafe a word, young sister ; but Isab. Yes, he would give't thee, from this Isab. What is your will? (one word. rank offence,

Duke. Might you dispense with your leisure, So to offend him still.' This night's the time I would by and by have some speech with That I should do what I abhor to name, you : the satisfaction I would require, is likeOr else thou diest to-morrow.

wise your own benefit. Claud.

Thou shalt not do't. Isab. I have no superfluous leisure : my Isab. O! were it but my life,

stay must be stolen out of other affairs; but I I'd throw it down for your deliverance will attend you a while. As frankly as a pin.

Duke. [Aside to Claudio.] Son, I have Claud.

Thanks, dear Isabel. overheard what hath passed between you and Isab. Be ready, Claudio, for your death to- your sister. Angelo had never the purpose to morrow.

corrupt her; only he hath made an assay of Claud. Yes.-Has he affections in him, her virtue, to practise his judgment with the That thus can make him bite the law by the disposition of natures : she, having the truth nose,

of honour in her, hath made him that gracious When he would force it?-Sure, it is no sin ; denial which he is most glad to receive. I am Or of the deadly seven, it is the least. confessor to Angelo, and I know this to be /sub. Which is the least?

[wise, true; therefore prepare yourself to death. Claad. If it were damnable, he being so Do not satisfy your resolution with hopes that Why would he for the momentary trick are fallible : to-morrow you must die; go to Be perdurably find ?-O Isabe!!

your knees, and make ready. isab. What says my brother?

Claud. Let me ask my sister pardon. I am Claud.

Death is a fearful thing. so out of love with life, that I will sue to be rid Isa). And shamed life a hateful. [where ; Duke. Hold you there : farewell. [of it. Claud. Ay, but to die, and go we know not

(Exit Claudio. To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot;

Re-enter Provost.
This sensible warm motion to become Provost, a word with you.
A kneaded clod; and the delighted spirit Prov. What's your will, father?
To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside

Duke. That now you are come, you will be
In thrilling region of thick-ribbed ice ; gone. Leave me a while with the maid: my
To be imprison'd in the viewless winds, mind promises with my habit no loss shall
And blown with restless violence round about touch her by my company.
The pendent world; or to be worse than worst Prov. In good time.

[Frit. Of those that lawless and incertain thoughts Duke. The hand that hath made you fair Imagine howling !-'tis too horrible ! hath made you good : the goodness that is The weariest and most loathed worldly life cheap in beauty, makes beauty brief in goodThat age, ache, penury, and imprisonment ness; but grace, being the soul of your coin

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plexion, shall keep the body of it ever fair. her the continuance of her first affection : his The assault that Angelo hath made to you, unjust unkindness, that in all reason should fortune hath conveyed to my understanding : have quenched her love, bath, like an impediand, but that frailty hath examples for his fall- ment in the current, made it more violent and ing, I should wonder at Angelo. How would unruly. Go you to Angelo; answer his reyou do to content this substitute, and to save quiring with a plausible obedience ; agree with your brother?

his demands to the point; only refer yourself Isaó. I am now going to resolve him ; I had to this advantage, -first, that your stay with rather my brother die by the law, than my son him may not be long; that the time may have should be unlawfully born. But O, how much all shadow and silence in it; and the place is the good duke deceived in Angelo! If ever answer to convenience: this being granted in he return, and I can speak to him, I will open course, now follows all. We shall advise this my lips in vain, or discover his government. wronged maid to stead up your appointment,

Duke. That shall not be much amiss : yet, go in your place : if the encounter acknowas the matter now stands, he will avoid your ledge itself hereafter, it may compel him to her accusation ;--" he made trial of you only." recompense: and here, by this, is your brother Therefore, fasten your ear on my advisings : saved, your honour untainted, the poor Marito the love I have in doing good, a remedy ana advantaged, and the corrupt deputy scaled. presents itself. I do make myself believe, The maid will I frame, and make fit for his that you may most uprighteously do a poor attempt. If you think well to carry this, as wronged lady a merited benefit; redeem your you may, the doubleness of the benefii defends brother from the angry law; do no stain to the deceit for reproof. What think you of it? your own gracious person; and much please Isab. The image of it gives me content althe absent duke, if peradventure he shall ever ready; and I trust it will grow to a most proreturn to have hearing of this business. sperous perfection.

Isab. Let me hear you speak further ; I Duke. It lies much in your holding up. have spirit to do anything that appears not Haste you speedily to Angelo : if for this foul in the truth of my spirit.

night he entreat you to his bed, give him proDuke. Virtue is bold, and goodness never mise of satisfaction. I will presently to St. fearful. Have you not heard speak of Mariana, Luke's: there, at the moated grange, resides the sister of Frederick, the great soldier who this dejected Mariana. At that place call miscarried at sea ?

upon me ; and despatch with Angelo, that it Isab. I have heard of the lady, and good may be quickly. words went with her name.

Isab. I thank you for this comfort. Fare Duke. She should this Angelo have married; you well, good father.

(Exeunt. was affianced to her by oath, and the nuptial

SCENE II.- The Street before the Prison. appointed : between which time of the contract, and limit of the solemnity, her brother Enter Duke, as a friar; to him Elbow, and Frederick was wrecked at sea, having in that

Officers, with Clown. perished vessel the dowry of his sister. But Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but mark how heavily this befell to the poor gentle that you will needs buy and sell men and wowoman : there she lost a noble and renowned men like beasts, we shall have all the world brother, in his love toward her ever most kind drink brown and white bastard. and natural ; with him, the portion and sinew Duke. O heavens! what stuff is here? of her fortune, her marriage-dowry; with both, Clo. 'Twas never merry world, since, of two her combinate husband, this well-seeming usuries, the merriest was put down, and the Angelo.

(her? worser allowed by order of law a furred gown Isab. Can this be so? Did Angelo so leave to keep him warm ; and furred with fox and

Duke. Left her in her tears, and dried not lamb skins too, to signify, that craft, being one of them with his comfort; swallowed his richer than innocency, stands for the facing. Vows whole, pretending, in her, discoveries of Elb. Come your way, sir.-Bless you, good dishonour: in few, bestowed her on her own father friar. lamentation, which she yet wears for his sake ; Duke. And you, good brother father. What and he, a marble to her tears, is washed with offence hath this man made you, sir? them, but relents not.

Elb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law : Isab. What a merit were it in death to take and, sir, we take him to be a thief too, sir; this poor maid from the world! What cor- for we have found upon him, sir, a strange ruption in this life, that it will let this man pick-lock, which we have sent to the deputy. live !--But how out of this can she avail? Duke. Fie, sirrah ! a bawd, a wicked bawd!

Duke. It is a rupture that you may easily The evil that thou causest to be done, heal; and the cure of it not only saves your That is thy means to live. Do thou but think brother, but keeps you from dishonour in What 'tis to cram a maw, or clothe a back,

Isab. Show me how, good father. [doing it. From such a filthy vice : say to thyself, Duke. This fore-named maid haih yet in From their abominable and beastly touches

:

I drink, I eat, array myself, and live.

Lucio, Then, Pompey? nor now.--What Canst thou believe thy living is a life, news abroad, friar? What news? So suinkingly depending ? Go mend, go mend. Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come.

Clo. Indeed, it does stink in some sort, sir ; Lucio. Go-to kennel, Pompey, go. but yet, sir, I would prove

[Exeunt Elbow, and Officers, with Clown. Duke. Nay, if the devil have given thee What news, friar, of the duke? (any? proofs for sin,

[officer : Duke. I know none. Can you tell me of Thou wilt prove his.-Take him to prison, Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of Correction and instruction must both work, Russia ; other some, he is in Rome : but Ere this rude beast will profit.

where is he, think you? I wish him well. Elb. He must before the deputy, sir ; he has Duke. I know not where ; but wheresoever, given him warning. The deputy cannot abide Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him a whore-master : if he be a whoremonger, and to steal from the state, and usurp the beggary comes before him, he were as good go a mile he was never born to. Lord Angelo dukes it on his errand.

(seem to be, well in his absence; he puts transgression to't. Duke. That we were all, as some would Duke. He does well in't. From our faults, as faults from seeming, free! Lucio. A little more lenity to lechery would

El. His neck will come to your waist,-a do no harm in him : something too crabbed cord, sir.

that way, friar.

(must cure it. Clo. I spy comfort : I cry, Bail. Here's a Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity gentleman, and a friend of mine.

Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a Enter Lucio.

great kindred ; it is well allied : but it is imLucio. How now, noble Pompey! What, possible to extirp it quite, friar, till eating and at the wheels of Cæsar! Art thou led in tri- drinking be put down. They say, this Angelo umph? What--is there none of Pygmalion's was not made by man and woman, after the images, newly made woman, to be had now, downright way of creation : is it true, think you? for putting the hand in the pocket and ex- Duke. How should he be made, then? tracting it clutched ? What reply? ha? Lucio. Some report, a sea-maid spawn'd What say'st thou to this tune, matter, and him ; some, that he was begot between two method Is't not drowned ï the last rain, ha? stock-fishes. But it is certain, that when he What sayest thou to't? Is the world as it was, makes water, his urine is congealed ice ; that man? Which is the way? Is it sad, and few I know to be true : and he is a motion unwords? or how? The trick of it?

generative ; that's infallible.

[apace. Duke. Still thus, and thus ! still worse ! Duke. You are pleasant, sir, and speak

Lucio. How doth my dear morsel, thy mis- Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this tress? Procures she still, ha ?

in him, for the rebellion of a cod-piece to take Clo. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her away the life of a man! Would the duke that beef, and she is herself in the tub.

is absent have done this? Ere he would have Lacio. Why, 'tis good ; it is the right of it ; hanged a man for the getting a hundred basit must be só : ever your fresh whore, and tards, he would have paid for the nursing a your powdered bawd: an unshunned conse- thousand : he had some feeling of the sport ; quence; it must be so. Art going to prison, he knew the service, and that instructed him Pompey?

Clo. Yes, faith, sir. to mercy, Lucis. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey. Fare- Duke. I never heard the absent duke much well. Go, say I sent thee thither. For debt, detected for women ; he was not inclined that Pompey? or how ?

Lucio. O, sir, you are deceived. (way. Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd. Duke. "Tis not possible. Lacio. Well, then, imprison him. If im- Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your begprisonment be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his gar of fifty; and his use was, to put a ducat right: bawd is he, doubtless, and of antiquity, in her clack-dish: the duke had crotchets in too; bawd-born.-Farewell, good Pompey : him ; he would be drunk too; that let me incommend me to the prison, Pompey. You form you. will turn good husband, now, Pompey ; you

Duke. You do him wrong, surely. will keep the house.

(my bail.

Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his. A shy Çlo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be fellow was the duke: and, I believe, I know Lucio. No, indeed will I not, Pompey; it is the cause of his withdrawing. noi the wear. I will pray, Pompey, to in- Duke. What, I prythee, might be the cause? crease your bondage: if you take it not Lucio. No,--pardon ;--'tis a secret must be patiently, why, your mettle is the more. Adieu, locked within the teeth and the lips ; but this trusty Pompey. -Bless you, friar.

I can let you understand, -the greater file of

[ha ? the subject held the duke to be wise. Lucis. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey, Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come.

Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, uriClo. You will not bail me, then, sir? weighing fellow.

Duke. And you.

Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or Prov. A bawd of eleven years' continuance, mistaking: the very stream of his life, and the may it please your honour. business he hath helmed, must, upon a war- Mrs. Ov. My lord, this is one Lucio's inranted need, give him a better proclamation. formation against me. Mistress Kate KeepLet him be but testimonied in his own bring-down was with child by him in the duke's ings forth, and he shall appear to the envious, time; he promised her marriage : his child a scholar, a statesman, and a soldier. There- is a year and a quarter old, come Philip and fore, you speak unskilfully : or, if your know- Jacob : I have kept it myself ; and see how ledge be more, it is much darkened in your he goes about to abuse me! malice.

Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much liLucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. cence :--let him be called before us.-Away

Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, with her to prison I-Go to; no more words. and knowledge with dearer love.

[Exeunt Officers with Mrs. Overdone.] ProLucio. Come, sir, I know what I know. vost, my brother Angelo will not be altered,

Duke. I can hardly believe that, since Claudio must die to-morrow : let him be furyou know not what you speak. But, if ever nished with divines, and have all charitable the duke return, (as our prayers are he may,) preparation ; if my brother wrought by my let me desire you to make your answer pity, it should not be so with him. before him : if it be honest you have spoke, Prov. So please you, this friar hath been you have courage to maintaini it: I am bound with him, and advised him for the entertainto call upon you ; and, I pray you, your ment of death. name?

[to the duke. Escal. Good even, good father. Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio ; well known Duke. Bliss and goodness on you !

Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I Escal. Of whence are you? may live to report you.

Duke. Not of this country, though my Lucio. I fear you not.

chance is now Duke. O, you hope the duke will return no To use it for my time : I am a brother more ; or you imagine me too unhurtful an Of gracious order, late come from the See, opposite. But, indeed, I can do. you little in special business from his Holiness. harm : you'll forswear this again.

Escal. What news abroad i' the world? Lucio. I'll be hanged first : thou art de- Duke. None, but there is so great a fever ceived in me, friar. But no more of this. on goodness, that the dissolution of it must Canst thou tell, if Claudio die to-morrow, or cure it: novelty is only in request; and it is as no? Duke. Why should he die, sir ? dangerous to be aged in any kind of course,

Lucio. Why, for filling a bottle with a tun- as it is virtuous to be constant in any underdish. I would the duke we talk of were re- taking : there is scarce truth enough alive to turned again : this ungenitured agent will un-make societies secure; but security enough to people the province with continency; sparrows make fellowships accursed :-much upon this must not build in his house-eaves, because they riddle runs the wisdom of the world. This are lecherous. The duke yet would have news is old enough, yet it is every day's news. dark deeds darkly answered ; he would never I pray you, sir, of what disposition was the bring them to light : would he were returned ! duke ? Marry, this Claudio is condemned for untruss- Escal. One that, above all other strifes, ing. Farewell, good friar; I pr'ythee, pray contended especially to know himself. for me.

The duke, I say to thee again, would Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? eat mutton on Fridays. He's now past it : Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another yet, and I say to thee, he would mouth with a merry, than merry at anything which probeggar, though she smelt brown bread and fessed to make him rejoice: a gentleman of garlic : say that I said so. Farewell. [Exit. all temperance. But leave we him to his

Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality events, with a prayer they may prove prosperCan censure 'scape : back-wounding calumny ous : and let me desire to know how you find The whitest virtue strikes. What king so Claudio prepared. I am made to understand, strong,

that you have lent him visitation. Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue? Duke. He professes to have received no But who comes here?

sinister measure from his judge, but most willEnter Escalus, Provost, and Officers with ingly humbles himself to the determination of Mrs. Overdone.

justice : yet had he framed to himself, by the Escal. Go; away with her to prison ! instruction of his frailty, many deceiving pro

Mrs. Ov. Good my lord, be good to me : mises of life ; which I, by my good leisure, have your honour is accounted a merciful man; discredited to him, and now is he resolved good my lord.

to die. Escal. Double and treble admonition, and Escal. You have paid the heavens your still forfeit in the same kind? This would function and the prisoner the very debt of your make mercy swear, and play the tyrant. calling. I have laboured for the poor gentle.

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