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man to the extremest shore of my modesty ; me here to-day? much upon this time have I but my brother justice have I found so severe, promised here to meet. that he hath forced me to tell him, he is in- Mari. You have not been inquired after: I deed-justice.

have sat here all day. Duke. If his own life answer the straitness Duke. I do constantly believe you.--The of his proceeding, it shall become him well; time is come, even now.

I shall crave your wherein if he chance to fail, he hath sentenced forbearance a little : may be, I will call upon himself.

you anon, for some advantage to yourself. Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner. Mari. I am always bound to you. [Exit. Fare you well. Duke. Peace be with you !

Enter Isabella. [Exeunt Escalus and Provost. Duke. Very well met, and welcome. He, who the sword of heaven will bear, What is the news from this good deputy? Should be as holy as severe ;

Isab. He hath a garden circummurd with Pattern in himself to know,

brick, Grace to stand, and virtue go ;

Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; More nor less to others paying,

And to that vineyard is a planched gate, Than by self-offences weighing.

That makes his opening with this bigger key : Shame to him, whose cruel striking

This other doth command a little door, Kills for faults of his own liking !

Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; Twice treble shame on Angelo,

There have I made my promise on the heavy To weed my vice, and let his grow !

Middle of the night to call upon him. O, what may man within him hide,

Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find Though angel on the outward side!

this way?

[it: How may likeness, made in crimes,

Isab. I havé ta'en a due and wary note upon Making practice on the times,

With whispering and most guilty diligence, To draw with idle spiders' strings

In action all of precept, he did show me
Most pond'rous and substantial things ! The way twice o'er.
Craft against vice I must apply.


Are there no other tokens With Angelo to-night shall lie

Between you 'greed, concerning her observHis old betrothed, but despis'd :


[dark ; So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,

Isab. No, none, but only a repairs the Pay with falsehood false exacting,

And that I have possess'd him my most stay And perform an old contracting. [Exit. Can be but brief : for I have made him know,

I have a servant comes with me along,

That stays upon me ; whose persuasion is,

I come about my brother.

"Tis well borne up. SCENE I.-Before the moated Grange.

I have not yet made known to Mariana Mariana discovered sitting; a Boy singing. A word of this.-What ho! within! come forth.

Re-enter Mariana.
Take, O, take those lips away,

I pray you, be acquainted with this maid ;
That so sweetly were for sworn;

She comes to do you good.

I do desire the like, And those eyes, the break of day,

Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I Lights that do mislead the morn : But kisses bring again,

respect you? my

Mari. Good friar, I know you do, and have bring again;

found it. Seals of love, but scald in vain,

Duke. Take, then, this your companion by seal'd in vain.

the hand, Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee Who hath a story ready for your ear. quick away :

I shall attend your leisure : but make haste ; Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice The vaporous night approaches. Hath often stilld my brawling discontent.- Mari. Will't please you walk aside ?

[Exit Boy.

[Excunt Mariana and Isabella. Enter Duke.

Duke. O place and greatness ! millions of I cry you mercy, sir ; and well could wish You had not found me here so musical : Are stuck upon thee. Volumes of report Let me excuse me, and believe me so,- Run with these false and most contrarious My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my quests woe.

Upon thy doings ! thousand 'scapes of wit Duke. 'Tis good; though music oft hath Make thee the father of their idle dream, such a charm

[harm.- And rack thee in their fancies ! To make bad good, and good provoke to Re-enter Mariana and Isabella. I pray you, tell me, hath anybody inquired for

Welcome ! How agreed ?

false eyes

Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, Abhor. Every true man's apparel fits your If you advise it.

(father, thiefDuke. It is not my consent,

Clo. If it be too little for your thief, your But my entreaty too.

true man thinks it big enough ; if it be too Isab.

Little have you to say, big for your thief, your thief thinks it little When you depart from him, but, soft and low, enough : so, every true man's apparel fits your " Remember now my brother."

thief. Mari.

Fear me not.

Re-enter Provost. Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at Prov. Are you agreed ? He is your husband on a pre-contract : (all. Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin, your hangman is a more penitent trade than Sith that the justice of your title to him your bawd, --he doth often ask forgiveness. Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go : Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's to sow. your axe to-morrow, four o'clock.

[Excunt. Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct

thee in my trade ; follow. SCENE II.-A Room in the Prison. Clo. I do desire to learn, sir ; and, I hope,

if you have occasion to use me for your own Enter Provost and Clown.

turn, you shall find me yare ; for, truly, sir, Prov. Come hither, sirrah. Can you cut for your kindness I owe you a good turn. off a man's head?

Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio : Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can ;

[Exeunt Clown and Abhorson. but if he be a married man, he is his wife's Th' one has my pity ; not a jot the other, head, and I can never cut off a woman's head. Being a murderer, though he were my brother. Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches,

Enter Claudio. and yield me a direct answer. To-morrow Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy morning are to die Claudio and Barnardine. death :

[row Here is in our prison a common executioner. 'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morwho in his office lacks a helper : if you will Thou must be made immortal. Where's take it on you to assist him, it shall redeem you Barnardine?

(less labour, from your gyves; if not, you shall have your Claud, As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltfull time of imprisonment, and your deliver- When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones : ance with an unpitied whipping, for you have He will not wake. been a notorious bawd.


Who can do good on him? Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, Well, go, prepare yourself. [Knocking within.] time out of mind ; but yet I will be content to But hark, what noise ?be a lawful hangman. I would be glad to re- Heaven give your spirits comfort !-(Exit ceive some instruction from my fellow-partner. Claudio.] By and by !

Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Ab- I hope it some pardon, or reprieve, horson, there?

For the most gentle Claudio.-
Enter Abhorson.

Enter Duke.
Abhor. Do you call, sir ?

Welcome, father. Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you Duke. The best and wholesom'st spirits of to-morrow in your execution. If you think it

the night

(of late? meet, compound with him by the year, and let Envelop you, good provost! Who call'd here him abide here with you; if not, use him for Prov. None, since the curfew rung. the present, and dismiss him; he cannot plead Duke.

Not Isabel? his estimation with you ; he hath been a bawd. Prov. No.

Abhor. A bawd, sir? Fie upon him ! he Duke. They will, then, ere't be long. will discredit our mystery.

Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally; a Duke.

There's some in hope. feather will turn the scale.

(Exit. Prov. It is a bitter deputy. Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour,-for Duke. Not so, not so ; his life is paralleld surely, sir, a good favour you have, but that Even with the stroke and line of his great you have a hanging look, -do you call, sir, justice : your occupation a mystery ?

He doth with holy abstinence subdue Abhor. Ay, sir ; a mystery.

That in himself, which he spurs on his power Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a To qualify in others: were he meal'd with that mystery ; and your whores, sir, being members which he corrects, then were he tyrannous ; of my occupation, using painting, do prove But this being so, he's just.-[K'nocking withmy occupation a mystery : but what mystery in.] Now are they come. (Exit Provost. there should be in hanging, if I should be This is a gentle provost : seldom, when hanged, I cannot imagine.

The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery. Clo. Proof?1


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almost day.

How now! What noise? That spirit's pos- Duke. Is it now apparent?
Sess'd with haste,

(strokes. Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by That wounds th' unsisting postern with these himself. Re-enter Provost, speaking to one at the door. Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in

Prov. There he must stay until the officer prison? How seems he to be touched ? Arise to let him in : he is call'd up.

Prov. A man that apprehends death no Duke. Have you no countermand for more dreadfully but as a drunken sleep ; careBut he must die to-morrow? Claudio yet, less, reckless, and fearless of what's past, preProv.

None, sir, none. sent, or to come ; insensible of mortality, and Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is, desperately mortal. Duke. He wants advice. You shall hear more ere morning.

Prov. He will hear none : he hath evermore Prov.

Happily, had the liberty of the prison ; give him leave You something know; yet, I believe, there to escape hence, he would not : drunk many comes

times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. No countermand ; no such example have we : We have very oft awaked him, as if to carry Besides, upon the very siege of justice, him to execution, and showed him a seeming Lord Angelo hath to the public ear

warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all. Profess d the contrary,

Duke. More of him anon. There is written Enter a Messenger.

in your brow, provost, honesty and constancy : This is his lordship's man. if I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles Duke. And here comes Claudio's pardon. me ; but, in the boldness of my cunning, I will

Mes. [Giving a paper.) My lord hath sent lay myself in hazard. Claudio, whom here you this note; and by me this farther charge, you have warrant to execute, is no greater --that you swerve not from the smallest article forfeit to the law than Angelo who hath senof it, neither in time, matter, or other circum- tenced him. To make you understand this in stance. Good-morrow ; for, as I take it, it is a manifested effect, I crave but four days' re

spite; for the which you are to do me both a Prov. I shall obey him. (Exit Messenger. present and a dangerous courtesy. Duke. (Aside.] This is his pardon, pur- Prov. Pray, sir, in what? chased by such sin

Duke. In the delaying death. For which the pardoner himself is in.

Prov. Alack ! how may I do it, -having the Hence hath offence his quick celerity, hour limited, and an express command, under When it is borne in high authority :

penalty, to deliver his head in the view of When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, Angelo. I may make my case as Claudio's to That for the fault's love is th' offender cross this in the smallest. Now, sir, what news?

(friended. Duke. By the vow of mine order I warrant Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, belike you, if my instructions may be your guide. thinking me remiss in mine office, awakens me Let this Barnardine be this morning executed, with this unwonted putting on; methinks and his head borne to Angelo. strangely, for he hath not used it before. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

discover the favour. Prov. [Reads.)

Duke, O, death's a great disguiser; and you "Whatsoever you may hear to the contrary, may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the let Claudio de executed by four of the clock ; beard ; and say it was the desire of the penitent and, in the afternoon, Barnardine. For my to be so bared before his death : you know better satisfaction, let me have Claudio's head the course is common. If anything fall to sent me ty five. Let this be duly performed ; you upon this, more than thanks and good with a thought that more depends on it than fortune, by the saint whom I profess, I will we must yet deliver. Thus fail not to do your plead against it with my life. opace, as you will answer it at your peril." Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is What say you to this, sir?

against my oath. Duke. What is that Barnardine who is to Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to be executed this afternoon ?

the deputy ? Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. up and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years Duke. You will think you have made no old.

offence, if the duke avouch the justice of your Duke. How came it that the absent duke dealing? had not either delivered him to his liberty, or Prov. But what likelihood is in that? Ciecuted him ? I have heard it was ever his Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. manner to do so.

Yet since I see you fearful, that neither my Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for coat, integrity, nor persuasion, can with ease him : and, indeed, his fact, till now in the attempt you, I will go farther than I meant, government of Lord Angelo, came not to an to pluck all fears out of you.

Look you, sir, undoubtful proof.

There is the hand and seal of the duke : you

know the character, I doubt not; and the Abhor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah ? signet is not strange to you.

Clo. Very ready, sir. Prov. I know them both.

Enter Barnardine. Duke. The contents of this is the return of Barnar. How now, Abhorson ! what's the the duke : you shall anon over-read it at your news with you ? pleasure ; where you shall find, within these Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to two days he will be here. This is a thing clap into your prayers; for, look you, the that Angelo knows not; for he this very day warrant's come. receives letters of strange tenor; perchance, of Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking the duke's death ; perchance, entering into all night ; I am not fitted for't. some monastery; but, by chance, nothing of Clo. O, the better, sir; for he that drinks what is writ. Look, the unfolding star calls all night, and is hang'd betimes in the mornup the shepherd. Put not yourself into ing, may sleep the sounder all the next day. amazement how these things should be: all Abhor. Look you, sir ; here comes your difficulties are but easy when they are known. ghostly father: do we jest now, think you ? Call your executioner, and off with Barnar- Enter Duke, disguised as before. dine's head: I will give him a present shrift, Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearand advise him for a better place. Yet you are ing how hastily you are to depart, I am come amazed; but this shall absolutely resolve you. to advise you, comfort you, and pray with you. Come away; it is almost clear dawn.

Barnar. Friar, not I : I have been drinking

[Exeunt. hard all night, and I will have more time to SCENE III.-Another Room in the Prison,

prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains

with billets : I will not consent to die this day, Enter Clown. that's certain.

[beseech you, Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was Duke. O, sir, you must: and therefore, I in our house of profession: one would think Look forward on the journey you shall go. it were mistress Overdone's own house ; for Barnar. I swear I will not die to-day for here be many of her old customers. First, any man's persuasion. here's young master Rash; he's in for a com- Duke. But hear you, modity of brown paper and old ginger, nine- Barnar. Not a word : if you have anything score and seventeen pounds; of which he made to say to me, come to my ward ; for thence five marks ready money: marry, then ginger will not I to-day.

(Exil. was not much in request, for the old women Duke. Unfit to live, or die. O, gravel were all dead. Then is there here one master heart ! Caper, at the suit of master Threepile the After him, fellows ; bring him to the block. mercer, for some four suits of peach-colour'd

[Excunt Abhorson and Clown. satin, which now peaches him a beggar. Then

Enter Provost. have we young Dizzy, and young master Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the Deepvow, and master Copper-spur, and master prisoner ?

(death ; Starve-lackey, the rapier and dagger-man, and Duke. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for young Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Pudding, and And, to transport him in the mind he is, master Forthright, the tilter, and brave master Were damnable. Shoe-tie the great traveller, and wild Halfcan Prov.

Here in the prison, father, that stabbed Pots, and, I think, forty more ; There died this morning of a cruel fever all great doers in our trade, and are now for One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate, the Lord's sake.

A man of Claudio's years; his beard and head Enter Abhorson.

Just of his colour. What if we do omit Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. This reprobate till he were well inclin'd;

Çlo. Master Barnardine ! you must rise and And satisfy the deputy with the visage be hanged, master Barnardine.

Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ? (vides ! Abhor. What ho! Barnardine !

Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven proBarnar. [Within.] A pox o' your throats ! Despatch it presently : the hour draws on Who makes that noise there? What are you? Prefix'd by Angelo ; see this be done,

Clo. Your friend, sir; the hangman. You And sent according to command, whiles I must be so good, sir, to rise and be put to Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die. death.

[I am sleepy: Prov. This shall be done, good father, Barnar. [Within.] Away, you rogue, away! presently.

Abhor. Tell him he must awake, and that But Barnardine must die this afternoon : quickly too.

And how shall we continue Claudio, Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you To save me from the danger that might come, are executed, and sleep afterwards.

If he were known alive?

(holds, Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. Duke. Let this be done ;-put them in secret

Clo. He is coming, sir, he is coming; I hear Both Barnardine and Claudio : ere twice his straw rustle.

The sun hath made his journal greeting to

The under generation, you shall find And general honour.
Your safety manifested.


I am directed by you. Prov. I am your free dependant.

Duke. This letter, then, to friar Peter give; Duke. Quick, despatch, and send the head "Tis that he sent me of the duke's return : to Angelo.

(Exit Provost. Say, by this token, I desire his company Now will I write letters to Angelo,-- At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause, and The provost, he shall bear them,-whose yours, contents

I'll perfect him withal : and he shall bring you Shall witness to him I am near at home, Before the duke ; and to the head of Angelo And that, by great injunctions, I am bound Accuse him home and home. For my poor self, To enter publicly : him I'll desire

I am combined by a sacred vow,
To meet me at the consecrated fount, And shall be absent. Wend you with this letter.
A league below the city; and from thence, Command these fretting waters from your eyes
By cold gradation, and weal-balanc'd form, With a light heart : trust not my holy order,
We shall proceed with Angelo.

If I pervert your course.--Who's here?
Re-enter Provost.

Enter Lucio.
Prov. Here is the head ; I'll carry it myself. Lucio.

Good even ! Duke. Convenient is it. Make a swift re- Friar, where is the provost ? turn;


Not within, sir? For I would commune with you of such things, Lucio. O pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine That want no ear but yours.

heart to see thine eyes so red : thou must be Prov.

I'll make all speed. patient. I am fain to dine and sup with water

[Exit. and bran; I dare not for my head fill my Isab. (Within.) Peace, ho, be here ! belly ; one fruitful meal would set me to't. Duke. The tongue of Isabel. She's come But they say, the duke will be here to-morrow. to know

By my troth, Isabel, I loved thy brother : if If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : the old fantastical duke of dark corners had But I will keep her ignorant of her good, been at home, he had lived. [Erit Isabella. To make her heav'nly comforts of despair, Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beWhen it is least expected.

holden to your reports; but the best is, he Enter Isabel.

lives not in them. Isab. Ho, by your leave.

Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so Duke. Good morning to you, fair and well as I do: he's a better woodman than gracious daughter.

(man. thou takest him for. Isas. The better, given me by so holy a Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? Fare ye well. Duke. He bath releas'd' him, Isabel, from Lucio. Nay, tarry : I'll go along with thee : the world :

I can tell thee pretty tales of the duke. His head is off, and sent to Angelo.

Duke. You have told me too many of him Isab. Nay, but it is not so.

already, sir, if they be true : if not true, none Duke.

It is no other: were enough. Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close Lucio. I was once before him for getting a patience.

[eyes ! wench with child. isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his Duke. Did you such a thing ? Duke. You shall not be admitted to his Lucio. Yes, marry, did I : but I was fain to sight.

forswear it ; they would else have married me Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! to the rotten medlar. Injurious world! Most damned Angelo ! Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you honest. Rest you well. a jot :

Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the Forbear it therefore ; give your cause to heaven. lane's end : is bawdy talk offend you, we'll Mark what I say, which you shall find have very little of it. Nay, friar, I am a kind By every syllable a faithful verity :

of burr ; I shall stick.

(Exeunt. The duke comes home to-morrow ;-nay, dry

SCENE IV.--A Room in Angelo's House. your eyes : One of our convent, and his confessor,

Enter Angelo and Escalus. Gives me this instance : already he hath car- Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disNotice to Escalus and Angelo;

[ried vouched other. Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, Ang. In most uneven and distracted manThere to give up their power. If you can, ner. His actions show much like to madness : pace your wisdom

pray heaven his wisdom be not tainted! And In that good path that I would wish it go ; why meet him at the gates, and redeliver our And you shall have your bosom on this wretch, authorities there? Escal. I guess not. Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an

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