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Mr. M. does not go with the Romanist in denying the distinction of National Churches, and maintains also that the Church is a spiritual body, holding a spiritual Head: yet he leans so far over towards Rome, that, if in Rome, he might easily do as Rome does. We ourselves love unity and hate sectarianism, but the unity we love, is the unity of the Spirit ; not a unity resting on external forms and services, but on a living faith in the heart, prompting holiness in the life.
Whilst, therefore, we should fear the tendency of some of Mr. M.'s principles, and cannot sympathize with him in all of his sentiments, we can commend the spirit in which the book is written, as doing honor to his heart.
14.-The Scripture Doctrine of Christian Perfection stated and
defended ; with a Criticaland Historical Examination of the Controversy, both Ancient and Modern. By Rev. George Peck, D. D. New-York: G. Lane & P. P. Sandford.
1842. pp. 474. This work, by Dr. Peck, will be appreciated on all hands. It will be regarded by his own denomination as an accurate history and a good defence of the doctrine of perfection as held by them: and it enables others to know definitely what the Methodists of the present day mean by it.
For ourselves, we feel obliged to Dr. Þeck for presenting the subject with so much ability and wisdom of research : and, although we should not be disposed to adopt the views, we can readily see that, with certain explanations, it may not be so very heterodox, and would certainly be far preferable to some other species of perfectionism, which have been recently broached in this land.
15.-Psychology, or Elements of a New System of Mental Philo
sophy, on the Basis of Consciousness and Common Sense.
New-York: Harper & Brothers. 1843. pp. 329. The first edition of this work was favorably reviewed in the Repository by Dr. Krauth, and also noticed by the editor. It will, therefore, be unnecessary for us to repeat our estimate of the work at length. It has our hearty approbation as a suitable text book on psychology, especially as now enlarged on some topics of interest omitted in the former edition, such as, -"the classification of the different entities in the Universe ; the subject of mnemonics; the processes of perception and sensation, and the theories for their explanation ; the different classes of feeling; the nature of analytic reasoning, and laws of human belief; imagination ; and the operations of conscience.”
Without these additions, the system was incomplete ; with them, it embraces all that is needful as an outline, to be filled up and extended by the living teacher.
The philosophy will not, of course, be sufficiently ideal and transcendental for some minds; yet even such will confess that Dr. Schmucker has investigated the science of mind with more than ordinary attention.
16.— The Simple Cobler of Aggawam in America. By Rev.
Nathaniel Ward. Edited by David Pulsifer. Boston:
James Monroe & Co. 1843. pp. 96. This “Simple Cobler of Aggawam” was the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, born at Haverhill, England, in 1590. In 1631, he was summoned before the Bishop to answer for nonconformity, and was forbidden to preach. Having a warm friendship for the pilgrims, he embarked for New England in 1634, and was soon settled as pastor of the church at Aggawam or ]pswich. He had much to do in framing the laws of the infant Commonwealth, and in drawing up a Body of Liberties. In 1615 he wrote the “Simple Cobler," and published it in 1647, after his return to England.
Fuller, in his " Worthies of England,” says of him: “Following the counsel of the poet,
Ridentem dicere verum,
Quis vetat ? He hath in a jesting way, delivered much smar: truth of the present times.” Increase Mather thus writes: “An hundred witty speeches of our celebrated Ward, who called himself the Simple Cobler of Aggawam, (and over whose Mantel-piece in his House, by the way, I have seen those three words engraved, Sobrie, Juste, Pie, and a Fourth added, which was LÆTE,) have been reported; but he had one Godly Speech, that was worth 'em all; which was, I have only Two Comforts to Live upon ; The one is in the Perfections of Christ; The other is in the Imperfections of Christians."
This same "Simple Cobler" has written some sharp things, and withal some very true things, in this little volume. Among SECOND SERIES, VOL. X. NO. I.
others, this: “Every singular opinion, hath a singular opin. ion of itself; and he that holds it a singular opinion of himself, and a simple opinion of all contra-sentients: he that confutes them, must confute all these at once, or else he does nothing." And this:
“ No king can king it right,
Nor rightly sway his rod ;
And truly fears not God.
As lands should ruled been,
By a ruling Roman Queen."
17.—The History of the Christian Religion and Church, during
the three first Centuries. By Dr. Augustus Neander. Translated from the German, by Henry John Rose, B. D. Philadelphia : James M. Campbell & Co. New York:
Saxton & Miles. We have received from Messrs. Saxton & Miles, two parts of this valuable work. The whole will be completed in five numbers of the Biblical Cabinet, each containing ninety-six pages 8vo., in double columns, long primer type. Neander is chiefly known as an ecelesiastical historian, although his labors are not restricted to this department. He is deemed impartial, thorough in his researches, and desirous of exhibiting the truth. His spirit is good, and his aim high, and he is ranked among the friends of the truth in opposition to rationalism. And although we should differ with him in some of his principles and interpretations, we rejoice in his labors as tending
to counteract the spirit of infidelity in his own country. The History before us will be read with interest and advantage, by those who would know more of the state of things in the primitive church.
18.-The Keyes of the Kingdom of Heaven, and the Power there
of, according to the Word of God. By that Learned and Judicious Divine, Mr. John Cotton, Teacher of the Church at Boston, in New England : tending to reconcile some present differences about Discipline. London: Henry Over
ton. Boston: Tappan & Dennet. 1843. pp. 108. This is a reprint of an old work of John Cotton, that learn. ed and judicious divine, who was summoned before the Court of High Commission for not kneeling at the sacrament. He fled, however, and came to this country in 1633; and so great was his influence in New-England, that he has been called her Patriarch. The present volume was prepared as an antidote to the disorders originated by Ann Hutchinson and others, and also as a defence of Congregationalism.
The old style of the book, in spelling, punctuation, etc., has been preserved, rendering it quite a curiosity. Should the plan be encouraged, other similar works will be issued. 19.—The Remains of the Rev. James Marsh, D. D. late Presi
dent and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, in the University of Vermont ; with a Memoir of his Life.
Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 1843. pp. 642. Dr. Marsh was undoubtedly one of the finest scholars of our country, and his Memoir and Remains must be sought after by the intelligent public. Through Messrs. Leavitt & Trow, we received the work, but at so late a date, that we can only notice it very briefly. It is an octavo volume, printed with large type and on good paper, making a beautiful book. It contains an interesting memoir, by Professor Torrey, to whom Dr. Marsh intrusted his manuscripts before his death, and by whom they have been arranged, as we find them in the volume before us. From the glance which we have been able to take at the work, we presume there will be found in it food for the mind-suggestive topics for reflection. We have a systematic arrangement of the Departments of Knowledge, with a view to their Organic Relations to each other in a General System-Remarks on some points connected with Physiology,-Remarks on Psychology,-Three Discourses on the Nature, Ground, and Origin of Sin, with several Tracts, etc. 20.—Church Psalmist; or Psalms and Hymns for the Public,
Social, and Private Use of Evangelical Christians. New
York: Mark H. Newman. 1843. Psalmody is to the church a subject of the highest interest; a good collection of psalms and hymns one of her best pos. sessions. What delightful and useful sentiments are impressed on our hearts by the hymns of the sanctuary, in which we united in our youth. What a treasure would they be on some solitary isle of the ocean. How precious in old age, and on the bed of death.
The church should look well to her psalms and hymns. They are earliest learned and longest remembered. How important that they should be good and true. The verse too, in
which they are expressed, is of no trifling importance. The songs of the sanctuary may be made a by-word and a reproach to Zion, if dressed in too homely and vulgar a garb. Every thing about them ought to be chaste, classic, dignified, appropriate to the worship of Him, who is supreme excellence.
We have weighed the “Church Psalmist, and it is not found wanting. The classification is philosophical, the selections choice, the poetry good, the variety sufficient, the senti. mients scripturally orthodox. Having said thus much, it is scarcely needful io add, that we think churches about to make a change could scarcely do better than to adopt this collection.
It would be pleasant to have entire uniformity throughout the Presbyterian and Congregational churches, in the use of a book of psalms and hymns, so that wherever we might go, we should find our own psalm-book; but this is perhaps scarcely to be expected.
21.-Dominici Diodati, J. C. Neapolitani, de Christo græce lo
quente Exercitatio ; qva ostenditur græcam sive hellenisticam lingvam cum Jvdæis omnibvs, tum ipsi adeo Christo Domino, et apostolis nativum, ac vernaculam fvisse. Neapoli, M. D. CC. LXVII. Edited with a preface, by ORLANDO T. Dobbin, LL. B. Trinity College, Dublin. London: John Gladding. Dublin : Curry & Co. New York: Wi
ley & Putnam. 1843. pp. 187. We have here a reprint-of course in Latin-of a very rare work, which, when it appeared, excited universal attention, and secured for its author many tokens of the high estimation in which his labor was held. It became so scarce, at length, that neither Pfannkuche nor Hug was able to find a copy of it, even at Naples. The copy, however, from which the preseni volume has been reprinted, was purchased there in 1823. Fabricy and Wiseman both had access to it in the libraries of Rome, and Ernesti, in 1771, published an analysis of it, having probably found it at Leipsic.
The author undertakes to prove, in the three sections of his book, 1, that the Greek had become the national language of Palestine in the time of Christ, 2, that Christ, his Apostles and the Jews generally spoke Greek, 3, that the basis, on which the opposite opinion rests, will not support it.
Although we are not yet ready, with the editor, to adopt the opinion of Diodati, believing only, with Ernesti, Hug and others, that the Greek language had become almost, if not quite