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able according actions adapted afford analogy animals animals and vegetables appear applicable ascribe attribute bear become body brute called cause character circumstances connected consequence consider constitute contend Continued corresponding creation curious definition depend destitute different species direct doubt economy effects endued equally Essay evident exciting exertion existence experiment faculty flowers furnished give greater hand Hence human idea impressions independently individuals infer injury instances instinct irritability kind least leaves less light likewise limited living locomotive mals matter means memory mind mode motion muscle muscular nature necessarily necessary nerves nervous occasion operations opinion organs particular perform perhaps plants possess power of motion presence principle probable produce propagating Providence qualities rational reason refer render require respect seed sensation sense similar situation sleep species structure suppose thing tion various vary vegetables Vide Additional Observations volition whole
Page 79 - The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed today, Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? Pleased to the last, he crops the flowery food, And licks the hand just raised to shed his blood.
Page 96 - But if thy deaden'd sense and listless thought More glaring evidence demand ; behold, Where yon pellucid populous hive presents A yet uncopied model to the world ! There Machiavel in the reflecting glass May read himself a fool. The chemist there May with astonishment invidious view His toils outdone by each plebeian bee, Who, at the royal mandate, on the wing From various herbs and from discordant flow'rs A perfect harmony of sweets compounds.
Page 15 - This power which the mind has thus to order the consideration of any idea, or the forbearing to consider it; or to prefer the motion of any part of the body to its rest, and vice versa, in any particular instance: is that which we call the will. The actual exercise of that power, by directing any particular action, or its forbearance, is that which we call volition or willing.
Page 30 - that as the sleep of animals consists in the suspension of voluntary motion, and as vegetables are likewise subject to sleep, — there is reason to conclude that the various acts of opening and closing their petals and foliage may be justly ascribed to a voluntary power ; for without the faculty of volition, sleep would not have been necessary to them...
Page 24 - About four o'clock in the afternoon the expanded flowers close, and the foot-stalk lies down either upon or under the water. It is erected every day until the flower has been fully impregnated, when it once more sinks under water, and there remains to ripen its seeds, which at a proper time escape from the fruit, and give birth to new individuals. This is asserted by Linnasus and various other naturalists ; and, though controverted by some, has been recently confirmed by the observations of Dr.
Page 116 - Vegetables are endowed with sensation. As they possess life, irritability and motion, spontaneously directing their organs to what is natural, and beneficial to them, and flourishing according to their success in satisfying their wants, may not the exercise of their vital functions be attended with some degree of sensation, however low, and some consequent share of happiness...
Page 47 - But several later botanists have endeavoured to demonstrate the probability that vegetables also feel. Thus, Mr. JP Tupper : 'Iftensalion be imputed to plants, it may with propriety be asked whether they are furnished with organs similar to those which are the seat of sensation in animals? Perhaps this would not be easily proved by ocular demonstration ; nor, indeed, is it necessary that the sentient organs of vegetables should have the same structure, seeing that all those other parts which they...
Page 24 - Linnasus and various other naturalists ; and, though controverted by some, has been recently confirmed by the observations of Dr. Smith, who authorizes me to use his name on this occasion. In cold or shady weather this phenomenon is less evident, and is explained by the writer last named as entirely owing to the stimulus of light. Bat yet, I presume, it is also in part referable tQ OF VEGETABLE INSTINCT. 87 instinct, and that light operates only as an auxiliary to that phenomenon.
Page 63 - The sense of death is most in apprehension ; And the poor beetle that we tread upon, In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great As when a giant dies.
Page 96 - And unexampled housewifry, she forms, Then to the field she hies, and on her back, Burden immense! she bears the cumbrous corn. Then many a weary step, and many a strain, And many a grievous groan subdued, at length Up the huge hill she hardly heaves it home: Nor rests she here her providence, but nips With subtle tooth the grain, lest from her garner In mischievous fertility it steal, And back to day-light vegetate its way.