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J. Compton, Printer, Miðjle Street,

Cloth Fair, London.

OUTLINES OF ORYCTOLOGY.

AN

INTRODUCTION

TO

THE STUDY

OF

FOSSIL ORGANIC REMAINS;

ESPECIALLY OF THOSE FOUND IN

The British Strata :

INTENDED TO AID

THE STUDENT IN HIS ENQUIRIES

RESPECTING

The Nature of Fossils,

AND

THEIR CONNECTION

WITH

THE FORMATION OF THE EARTH.

WITH ILLUSTRATIVE PLATES,

BY JAMES PARKINSON,

Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Member of the Geological Society
of London, the Wernerian society of Edinburgh, and of

the Cæsarean Society of Moscow.

London:
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR;

AND SOLD BY

SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES, PATERNOSTER ROW;

W. PHILLIPS, GEORGE YARD, LOMBARD STREET.

and

PRETACE.

THE following pages are dedicated to the service of those Admirers of Fossils who have not yet entered into a strict examination of the distinctive characters of these interesting substances.

An attempt is made, in this slight but comprehensive sketch, to show the difference of forms and structure in the numerous organised beings with which the earth was peopled before the creation of man; to mark the several circumstances in which they agreed with, or differed from, the inhabitants of the present world; and to point out, from the strata in which they exist, the order in which they probably were formed. The limits of this publication will not always allow a full statement of those minute distinctions which are the objects of research of the more advanced enquirer; bat sufficient, it is hoped, will be introduced to enable the student to detect the more decided and more important characters of these substances, and to place them under their appropriate genera.

It may, it is hoped, thus become a useful vademecum for the intelligent traveller who may not yet

have attended to these enquiries. At

present, disappointment frequently occurs, from the too limited accounts of the fossil remains which offer themselves for examination in different parts of the world : the obiserver is perhaps satisfied, for instance, with stating that the rocks were found to contain the remains of shells, and that these remains were chiefly of bivalves or of univalves, when, by a little farther investigation of even the fragments of these fossils, aided by reference to a manual of this kind, their genera miglat have been ascertained, and such marks noted, as, by subsequent comparison with the more correct and elaborate labonrs of Lamarck, Sowerby, &c., would admit of their species being ascertained, and of important information being yielded on points which, at present, are the subjects of controversy.

The student, already delighted with the contemplation of surrounding creation, will be hereby led into another field of observation, where he will perceive decided traces of the vast changes which this planet has sustained ; and will see the remains of those beings with which it was inhabited previous to the creation of man. Circumstances will be observed, apparently contradictory to the Mosaic account, but which, it is presumed, serve to establish it as the revealed history of creation.

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