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when he found he had arrived in England from his tour. Lord North accordingly gave him an appointment in India. If Lord Barrington had had the most distant idea that Sir Philip Francis was in any way concerned in the authorship of the letters, would he thus generously have recommended him to the notice of Lord North ?
The family of Sir Philip Francis lived on intimate terms with David Garrick, for whom they entertained the highest esteem. The tenor of the correspondence between Junius and Mr. Woodfall, proves that Junius had no regard for Mr. Garrick whatever.
There was nothing extraordinary in Sir Philip Francis taking a tour to France after his dismissal from the War Office, where he had been so closely confined to business. He had no other employment to attend to, and having never been in France before, it was a novelty. Whereas Junius, expressly states a circumstance which he saw with his own eyes, before Sir Philip was born, viz.-" The Jesuitical books burnt in Paris by the common hangman.”
Sir Philip Francis was an Irishman. It is proved by incontrovertible evidence that Junius was an Englishman.
Sir Philip Francis wrote to Sir Richard Phillips, stating, that it was a “malignant falsehood” to attribute the authorship of the letters
to him. What language could be stronger or more to the point? Upon the receipt of this communication, Sir Richard Phillips immediately abandoned
any further enquiry, perceiving the theory was built on an erroneous supposition. It would have been well for the reputation of other literary critics, had they followed so wise an example.
To return from our digression : respecting Lord Barrington, Junius further adds—" those who know but little of his history may perhaps be inclined to pity him: but he and I have been old acquaintance, and, considering the size of his understanding, I believe I shall be able to prove that no man in the kingdom ever sold himself and his services to better advantage than Lord Barrington. Let us take a review of him from his political birth.
“On his entrance into the House of Commons he declared himself a patriot; but he soon found means to dispose of his patriotism for a seat at the Admiralty-board. This worthy man, before he obtained his price, was as deeply engaged in opposition to government, as any member of the Fountain Club, to which he belonged. He then thought it no sin torun down Sir Robert Walpole, though now he has altered his tone.”—Miscel. Letter cxii. 12 May, 1772.
Sir Robert Walpole, Lord George Sackville,
and Lord Barrington, were members of the House of Commons in the same session of parliament. A recollection of the political squabbles of that day induces Junius to exclaim in another letter“I remember the great Walpolean battles.”
Let us now proceed to the most striking object of Junius's attack, the Marquis of Granby, who received the thanks of Prince Ferdinand, the thanks of the King, was promoted to the station of commander-in-chief, master-general of the ordnance, a member of the privy council, a' governor of Christ's Hospital, with other important places, previously held by Lord George Sackville himself.
In his first letter he says, “ It has lately been a fashion to pay a compliment to the bravery and generosity of the commander-in-chief, at the expense
of his understanding." Would any one, I ask, who had no personal enmity against the Marquis, make use of so frivolous a pretext for introducing his name, and stating to the public what is totally contrary to sense and reason? This was so pointed that a gentleman under the signature of Titus, who endeavoured to exculpate his friend's character, says
“ It is true, his talents as commander-in-chief have never been tried in the field: but if we may be allowed to judge from the whole of his con
duct in Germany during the late war, when the execution of many important enterprises were entrusted to him by one of the greatest generals, and one of the best judges of military merit in Europe, we may form great expectations with the highest probability of not being disappointed. He knows how to obey : he knows that a good soldier never disputes the commands of his supe
This evidently alludes to Lord George, whom he suspected was the author of the attack in question, and concludes an able letter by saying
_“It matters not whether the malicious dart be pointed from the closet of a disgraced soldier,” &c.
Sir William Draper also suspected him, although he makes no personal allusions in his answers—but plainly calls upon him to follow his example by laying his name before the public. Junius knew better. He had a rod in reserve for so many others, that his object would have been frustrated. Sir William's answer only added fuel to the flame. Junius replies with all the jealousy a discarded officer would naturally feel at the recollection of the places he had formerly held, and which were now transferred to the Marquis.
« Without disputing Lord Granby’s courage,” says he; “ we are yet to learn in what articles of military knowledge Nature has been so very li
beral to his mind. If you have served with him [as much as to say I have], you ought to have pointed out some instance of able disposition and well concerted enterprise, which might fairly be attributed to his capacity as a general. It is you, Sir William, who make
appear ridiculous, by giving him a laced suit of tawdry qualifications, which Nature never intended him
You say he has acquired nothing but honour in the field. Is the ordnance nothing? Are the Blues nothing? Is the command of the army, with all the patronage annexed to it, nothing? Where he got these nothings, I know not: but you at least ought to have told us where he deserved them."
Other personal allusions to the Marquis may be found on a careful perusal of Junius; for instance, “You may give us a commander-in-chief [the Marquis of Granby], and a secretary at war [Lord Barrington], seeming to pull at two ends of a rope; while a slip-knot in the middle, may really strangle three fourths of the army."
Again, May 6, 1769:
6 TO THE MARQUIS OF GRANBY., “You were once the favourite of the public. As a brave man you were admired by the army: as a generous man you were beloved. The scene is altered, and even your immediate dependants,