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The Speaker was adored by the mob; they worshipped him under the name of Roger. They made bonfires of reproach before the door of the primate ; they stopped coaches, and made them declare for England or Ireland. The hackney chairmen distinguished their patriotism by refusing to carry any fare to the Castle. A Dr. Andrews of the Castle faction, reproaching a Mr. Lambert at the door of the House of Commons, with forfeiting a promise of bringing him into parliament, and proceeding to a challenge, Lambert said, I will first go into the house and vote against that rascal Neville Jones.' Dr. Andrews repeating the insult, Lambert went in and complained, and Andrews was ordered into custody; Carter, Master of the Rolls, saying, • What! would that man force himself into a seat here! And for what? Only to prostitute his vote to a man [Lord George Sackville) the known enemy of this country!!”

It was in allusion to this era, that a political writer in Miscellaneous Letter vir. 22 Oct. 1767 (erroneously attributed to Junius), says

“ I believe the best thing I can do will be to consult with

my Lord George Sackville. His character is known and respected in Ireland as much as it is here."

March 1754, Vol. I. p. 338, Lord Orford continues :

“ The castle wore so little a spirit of pacifica

tion, that the Duke of Dorset wrote to press the disgrace of the Speaker : but the English ministry would have conjured down the storm by pressing the Earl of Hertford to go lord deputy, when the Duke of Dorset should return, which would have avoided the ungracious removal of the primate's share in the regency. But this was a most unwelcome measure, not to that prelate only; Lord George Sackville foresaw that Mr. Conway, a kind of cotemporary rival, and brother of Lord Hertford, would necessarily share the popular merit of restoring tranquillity; and accordingly, as was supposed, instigated the Irish chancellor to write to England, that, if he was to carry the seals before Lord Hertford, he should desire to come to England during that period. Not content with this, the Duke himself wrote to prevent having Lord Hertford for deputy.”

I have already mentioned in what manner Ju. nius speaks of Mr. Conway and Lord Hertford, which the reader must observe will equally apply in the instance before us.

Feb. 1755, Vol. 1. p. 374. “ The Chancellor and Newcastle acquainted the Duke of Dorset that he was to return no more to Ireland. He bore the notification ill, and produced a letter from the primate, which announced a calmer posture of affairs, and mentioned a meeting of the opposition, at which no offensive healths had been

suffered. Lord George Sackville, who was present, had more command of himself, and owned that one temperate meeting did not afford suf. ficient grounds to say that animosities were composed; and he agreed to the prudential measure of their not going over again.”

This result was strictly adhered to: the family never went over afterwards. The Duke retired with a pension of 3000l. a year, added to his wardenship of the Cinque Ports. Lord George Sackville retained the sinecure in Ireland, of Deputy Ranger of the Phenix Park, which was afterwards taken from him, with many other emoluments, and given to the Duke of Bedford, with whom the family were on bad terms. See vol. II. 415.

1755, Vol. I. p. 489. Lord Orford, on a retrospection of the parliamentary orators of that day, observes, “ Lord George Sackville informed and convinced ; he spoke, because he knew that others misled, or were misled; with a frankness in his speech, there was a mystery in his conduct. which was far from inviting.” 1756, Vol. II. p. 57.

“ In the Antelope, a little cargo


courage, as it was called, were sent at the same time Lord Tyrawley and Lord Panmure, to supersede General Fowke, and take the government of Gibraltar."

Lord George was friendly to General Fowke,

who was afterwards tried by a court martial, p. 69, and broken by the king. In allusion to this circumstance, Junius says, in Miscellaneous Letter cvii. 17 Feb. 1772, to Lord Barrington (sixteen years after the event took place) After ruining that brave and worthy man, General Fowke, under the auspices of the Duke of Newcastle, who saved you from destruction, you deserted to Mr. Pitt, the moment he came into power.'

Lord George's friendship for General Fowke drew him into a squabble with Lord Tyrawley afterwards, whom he roundly censured for extravagance on his station, in dissipating the public money.

1758, Vol. 11. p. 290. “Lord George Sackville was now rising to a principal figure. His abilities in the House of Commons, and his interest with Pitt gave him great weight in government, and every thing seemed to promise him the first rank in the army, where, since the depression of Conway, he stood without a rival. The Duke [of Cumberland] who hated him, was removed ; Marshal Ligonier was very old, and was governed by him; and by his seat in the Ordnance, and his own address, he began to balance Fox in the direction of the Duke of Marlbofough. But his imperious temper was not to be restrained ; and at this very period, he wantonly

started an enemy, under whose lash he had reason afterwards to wish he had not fallen. · A considerable officer was Lord Tyrawley, too old to give jealousy to Lord George, and who, haying been neglected by the Duke of Newcastle, had treated the latter with a contempt, which, beside attaching himself to Fox, had assured an entire stop to his own farther advancement. Lord Tyrawley had a thorough knowledge of the world, though less of his own country than of others; he had long been minister in Portugal, where he grew into such favour, that the late king, to keep him there, would have appointed him his general. He had a great deal of humour and occasional good breeding, but not to the prejudice of his natural temper, which was imperiously blunt, haughty and contemptuous, with an undaunted portion of spirit. Accustomed to the despotism of Portugal, Muscovy, and the army, he had little reverence for parliaments, and always spoke of them as the French do of the long robe; he even affectednot to know where the House of Commons was. He was just returned from Gibraltar, where he had ordered great additions to the works, with no more economy than governors are apt to do who think themselves above being responsible. Lord George Sackville caught at this dissipation, and privately instigated Sir John Philipps to censure

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