Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Front Cover
University of California Press, 2001 - Art - 385 pages
Throughout much of European history, Jews have been strongly associated with commerce and the money trade, rendered both visible and vulnerable, like Shakespeare's Shylock, by their economic distinctiveness. Shylock's Children tells the story of Jewish perceptions of this economic difference and its effects on modern Jewish identity. Derek Penslar explains how Jews in modern Europe developed the notion of a distinct Jewish economic man, an image that grew ever more complex and nuanced between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries.
 

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Contents

Jews Paupers and Other Savages The Economic Image of the Jew in Western Europe 16481848
9
Economic Antisemitism in Historical Perspective
11
Moralism Mercantilism and Cameralism
21
The Jew as Pauper
27
The Jew as Savage
28
The Jew as Master
32
The Origins of Jewish Political Economy 16481848
40
Judaism and Economics
42
Burghers of the Mosaic Persuasion
126
Economics and Jewish Historiography
135
Solving the Jewish Problem Jewish Social Policy 18601933
148
From Philanthropy to Social Welfare
150
and Bourgeois Social Reform
159
Jewish Immigration Policy
171
Apologetic Romantic or Realistic?
171
Social Policy and Jewish Social Science
174

Mercantilism and Jewish Mcxiernity
49
Economics in the German Haskalah
58
Economics in the Eastern European Haskalah
71
Political Economy in German Jewish Social Thought 18151848
74
The Origins of Modern Jewish Philanthropy 17891860
80
Rationality Morality and Philanthropy
82
The Theory and Practice of Jewish Productivization
89
Homo economicus judaicus and the Spirit of Capitalism 18481914
106
Economic Mobility
108
Abnormality and Distinctiveness
116
Gentile Visions of Homo eamomicus judaicus
120
The Birth of Sociological Judaism
177
From Social Policy to Social Engineering 18701933
181
Zionism as a Form of International Jewish Politics
183
Jewish Social Policy in Palestine
190
Colonization as Social Engineering
194
Epilogue
205
Notes
213
Bibliography
261
Index
285
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Derek J. Penslar is Samuel Zacks Associate Professor of Jewish History at the University of Toronto and author of Zionism and Technocracy: The Engineering of Jewish Settlement in Palestine 1870-1918 (1991). He coedited In Search of Jewish Community: Jewish Identities in Germany and Austria, 1918-1933 (1998).

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