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No. 1. The Legend of Pope Gregory.--Six leaves. Imperfect No. 10. A Miracle of the Virgin.-Wants the beginning. One both at beginning and end. This article is on the top of the page leaf.marked as No. 6; from which we find that five preceding poems
" From heren into the clerke'a bour, have been lost. St. Gregory's story is moro horrible than that
Right doun biforn his boddes fet, of Edipus. He is the offspring of an incestuous connexion
The angel alight with gret honour,
And wel fair he gun him gret." betwixt a brother and a sister; and is afterwards unwittingly married to his own mother. The fragment begins, --
No. 11, A Moralization upon certain Latin texts. Nine leares ; " Th'erl him graunted his will Y wis,
wants the end. It is written in a different and larger hand than That the knight him haud yroll,
the preceding and following articles.The barouns that were of niche priis,
“Herkneth alle to my speche,
And hele of soule I may ou teche.”
No. 12. Amis and Amelion.-A beautiful romance of chivalry;
of which, see an account in the Notes. The beginning and end That mani siyeing for him had sold."
are torn out. It occupies thirteen folios, and beginsNo. 2 The King of Tars.--Seven leaves, including two which
" That riche Douke his fest gan hold, have been misplaced by the binder, and may be found in the mid
With erls and with barouns bold, dle of the preceding legend. Imperfect, wanting the end.
As ye may listen and lithe.
Fourtes-night, as me was told,
With erls und with barouns bold,
To glad tho bernes blithe.”
No. 13. Legend of Marie Mauielein.--Four leaves ; wants the
beginning. The author concludesOf Darnes the Soudan."
* Ich biseche yog alle than han y-herd, This romance is published by Mr. Ritson.
Of the Mandelain hou it ferd,
That ye liseche al for him, No. 3. The History of Adam and his Descendants,--follows
That this stori in Inglisse rim, the misplaced leaves of the King of Tars, and concludes upon
Out of Latin hath y-wrought, the page where No. 4 begins. The beginning is wanting. It is a
For alle men Latin no conne nought," &c. work, according to the poet, of high antiquity and authority, being No. 14. The Legend of Joachim, our Leuedie's Moder.-Four written by Seth.
leaves. Incomplete, not from mutilation, as usual, but because * Tho Seth harde writen Adame's liif,
the author or transcriber had tired of his task-
“Al that the prophetes schewed whilom
In her prophecie,
Al it was of our Lord, Seth left the MS. in Adam's oratory, where it remained till the
And of his moder Marie; time of Solomon, who discovered, but could not decipher it with
Both Moyses and Abraham,
Jonan and Helye, out supernatural assistance. It ends. -
David and Daniel,
And the holy Geromie."
No. 15. On the Seven Deadly Sins.-Complete. Two leaves. -
" Jeru, that for ua wolde die,
And was boren of Maiden Marie,
Forghive us, Louer, our mislede,
And help us at oure moste nede !" half. Perfect, saving a few lines cut out with the illumination. No. 16. The Pater-noster, undo on Englisch.-One leaf : It is a more modern version of the legend published by Hickes, in wants the end.the Thesaurus Linguarum Septentrionalium, and begins,
" Alle that ever gon and riden,
That willez Gode's merci abiden;
Lewede men, that ne bez no clerkes,
Tho that leven on Gode's werkes,
Listen and ye schollen here, I wis,
What youre pater-poster is.'
No. 17. The Assumption of the Virgin.--Five leaves ; wants
the beginning; concludes thus :
" Now habbe ye bend the resoun No. 5. Legend of Seynt Katerine. - Three and a half leaves ;
Of the swete assumpsioun wants the end, and some lines, where the illumination has been
Of Oure Leuedi hende. cut out.
Jesu, that is here swete sone,
Give ous grece for to wone,
In joie that nevere schal ende.”
No. 19. Sir Degare.--Seven leaves ; wants the end, and also
some lines near the beginning. This beautiful romance is anaHerken, and Y you wil lelle The liif of an holv virgine,
lyzed by Warton, in the History of Poetry, vol. i. p. 180.That treuli trowed in Jesu Crist;
“Knightles Hir name was hoten Kalerine."
Ferli fele wolde fende No. 7. The Legend of Romance of Onoain Miles,-occupies
And, sechen auentres by night and dai,
Hou yhe mighte here strengthe, asai seven leaves. The beginning is wanting. It contains the adven
So desde a knight, Sire Degairee. tures of Sir Owain, a Northumbrian knight, in St. Patrick's pur
Ich wille you telle wat man was he." gatory in Ireland, where he saw hell, purgatory, and the celestial
No. 19. The Seven Wise Masters.--Fifteen leaves; wants the regions. The last verses are
beginning and end. This celebrated romance, or rather tissue of " And when he deyd he went, Y wis,
stories, seems to be derived from the Cahlah u Damnah of the Into the heighe joie of Paradis, Thurch help of Gotle's grace.
Orientals. See Tyrwhitt's Notes on Chaucer's Canterbury
Tales. The first paragraph begins, -
" Dioclitian, the maistre's herde,
He strok his berd, and schoke his yerde,
And on hem made milde chere,
And wpak that hi alle mighte ihere." betwixt the body and soul of a dead warrior, who continue to No. 20. Florice and Blanche flour.--Five leaves; beginning upbraid each other with their sinful life, until they are both car torn out. Tressan has analyzed this beautiful tale in his Corps ried to the infernal regions
d'Extraits des Romans. It concludes,"A Y lay in a winter's night,
"Nou is this tale browt to th' ende, In a droupening bifor the day,
of Florice and of his lemin a hende,
Hou after bale hem com bote,
So wil our Louerde, that us mote.
Amen sigges al so,
And Ich schal helpe you therto."
No. 21. A Satirical Poem, -apparently referring to the reign of
Edward II. Perfect in one page. The introduction is in alterNo. 9. The Descent of our Saviour into 11, -to redeem the nate French and English, and begins thus :souls of the prophets, supposed to have been confined there from
" Len puet fere e defere, com fait il trop suent ; the Fall to the Crucifixion. As this legend is in the shape of a
It nja nouthier wel ne faire, therefore Engelond is shent : dialogue, it is probably an edition of the favourite mystery, called
Nostre prince de Engletere, per le consail de sa gent, the Harrowing af Hell. It wants beginning and end and occu At Westminster after the feire, made a gret parlement," &e pies one entire leaf, and a fragment of another.
At this parliament Seven Wise Men deliver their opinions on “ DOMINUS AIT.
the causes of the national distress, in the following jingling meaHard gates have Y gon,
"The fersta sride, I understonde,
Ne may no king wel ben in londe
Under God Almihte. In Bibl. MS. Harl. 2253, is poem on the barrowing of hell, be
But he kunne bimself racle ginning
Ha he chal in londe lade
Our manwid riht,
For miht is riht,
Liht is niht,
And Aht i, fibt.
Thus thonked Gode grace
Alth that opeke with tongi
To Otuel also yern,
That was a Sarrazin stern,
Ful sone this word sprong." No.2 A List of Names of Norman Barons, -occupying four pages, beginning with Aumarle, Bertram, Brehuse, Bardoll, &c. No. 32. Otuel, a Knight. --This is the history of a Saracen Some are familiar in history, as Percy, Audely, Warayne, and the champion, who is converted to Christianity, and becomes a follike; others seem romantic epithets, as Oylle-de-buff, Front-de lower of Charlemagne. It is a very spirited romance, occupies buffe, Longespee, &c. There is no hint of the purpose of this ten folios, and wants the end. list, which is perfect.
“Herkneth both yinge and old,
That wellen heren of battailles bold, No. 23. Gy of Warwike, -thirty-nine folios ; wants the begin
And ye wolle a while Joelle, ning, and a leaf or two in the middle. It concludes with his
Of bold battailles Ich wol you telle." slaying a dragon in Northumberland, previous to his marriage, with
No. 33. Two leaves, containing a fraginent of the great RoFelice.
mance of Alerander. It concludes, -
"Thus it farth in the midlerd,
Among the lewed and leri,
When that heun is y-lalle,
Acombre i beth the membres alle.
Thus enleth Alisagreter the King,
Gode ous grunt his blisseing." No. 24. Continuation of Gy's History,--in a different stanza, containing his marriage, his adventures in the Holy Land, his
No. 34. The Throstle-Cock and Nightingale,-a fragment dael with Colbrond the Danish champion, and his death. Com
on half a page. They dispute upon the female character. plete, twenty folios,
" With blosyne and with bridder roun,
The notes of the hazel springeth,
The dewe derken in the dale,
The notes of the nightingale,
This foules miri singeth.
This fragment is printed in Leyden's Introduction to the ComNo. 5. Rembrun's Gy's Sone of Warroike. This may also
playmt of Scotland, p. 159. It seems to be a translation of a lay in the Digby Ms.,
' beginning. “Ly commence le cuntent par be considered as a continuation of the foregoing popular romance.
entre le Mavis et Rossignole.' It occupies nine folios, and wants the end. Jaso, that ert of mighte most,
No. 35. One column, containing a Religious Fragment, which Father, and Sone, and Holy Gost,
concludes, leb bide the abone.
" Jesu Crist ous above, As thou ert Lord of our ginning,
Thou graunt ous for thi moder love,
At our lives enkle,
When we han righies of the prest,
And the deth be at our bret, No *. Sir Bedes of Hamtoun.-Twenty-five folios, com
The soule got to heuen wende." plete, beginning
No. 36. David the King. -A poetical paraphrase of texts from * Lerdingea hearkneth to mi tale,
the Psalms, complete in a page and a half.
" Miarrere mei Deus, &c.
Lord Gol, to the we calle,
That thou have merci on ous alle," &c.
No. 37. The Romance of Tristrem, published in this volume, Having used this stanza for about three leaves, the author occupies nineteen leaves, and wants the conclusion. exchanges it for thyrning couplets.
No. 38. King Orpheo. This is the story of Orpheus and Eury. * Saber, Bevis to his hous hadele,
dice converted into a romance of Faéry. Mr. Ritson has pubMecbe of that ladye hun dradde," &c.
lished this romance in his Collection, but from a copy widely difNo. 27. Of Arthour and of Merlin.-This long and curious ro- ferent, and, in some respects, interior to this of which we are mance may be, perhaps, the Gret Gest of Arthour, ascribed, by treating. Large extracts from the latter may be found in the Winton, 10 Hutchcon of the Awle Royale. It contains all the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border. It is nearly complete in three earlier history of King Arthur, and the chivalry of the Round leaves and a half, and begins, Talte, but is left unconcluded by the author, or transcriber. The
"Orfeo was a king Ms. is complete in fifty-six folios, beginning,
In Inglonde, an heighe londing, * Jesu Chriet, heven king,
Antalworth man and hardi bo,
Large and curteys he was also;
His fauler was comen of King Pluto,
And his moder of King Juno,
That sam time were as goles y hol!,
For auentours that thai dele and wide." in balí a coluinn, but totally defaced.
It is avowed, in the conclusion, to be a lady of BretagneNo. 8 Hou a Merchant did his Wife betray. This tale is
Harpours in Bretaine after than
Herr how this mervaile bigan. published by Mr. Ritson in his Ancient Pieces of Popular Poetry. In our Ms. it wants the beginning, occupies two folios, and con
And made her of a lay of gode liking,
And neinpoed it after the king.
That lay Orfeo is y-hote,
Gode is the lay, "wete is the note :
Thuecom Sir Orfeo out of hie care,
God grauut ous alle wele to fare."
"The eiker Bothe who so sayes,
With dwl dreye we our dayes, No. 29. Hmo our Leucdi Saute (paalter) was ferst founde.
And walk mani wil wayes, A caracle of the Virgin, complete in about one leaf and a half.
As wandlund wightes." "Leteli svete and mikle,
No. 40. Liber Regum Anglia.- A chronicle of the Kings of For lose of thine childe,
England, from Brutus downward, complete in thirteen leaves
and a half. The rubric runs thus--
“Here may men rede, who so can,
Hou Inglond first bigan,
Men mow it finde in Englische,
As the Brout it telleth Y win." orgun. The introductory verses are nearly the same with those The work beginsof the romance of Sir Orpheo, printed by Mr. Ritson in his Col
"Herkeneth hiderward lordinges, lection of Metrical Romances.
Ye that wil here of kinges,
Ichil you tellen as Y can,
Hou Inglond first bigan."
The author dwel upon the remote and fabulous parts of the
English history, but glides swiftly over the later reigns. He apTwo leaves ; wants the conclusion.
pears to have concluded his history during the minority of Edward No. 81. Roland and Ferragus.—This account of the duel be- III., and probably about the time when the Auchinleck MS. was twixt these two celebrated champions, the Orlando and Ferrau written. The concluding paragraph beginsof Baiardo and Ariosto. is versified from a chapter in the Pseudo
"Now Jeau Crict and seyn Richard, Turpin; op five leaves, complete. From the concluding stanza,
Save the yong King Elward, it would seem that the following romance of Otuel was by the
And yil him grace his len! to yeme,
That it be Jeu Crist to queme" &c. mame author,
Explicit Liber Regnum Anglia
No. 41. Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild.-Six leaves and a
half; wants the conclusion. This poem, as well as a more anAnd yede a procesioun,
cient edition, is published by Mr. Ritson in his Metrical Ro With croice and goinfaynoun,
mances. And solve miri song,
"Mi leue frende dere, Both wilowe and wil in place
Herken and ye may hare,
And ye wil anderstoode,
by which preferment was obtained. He then mentions the de Stories ye may lere
generacy of the knights, who had become “lions in ball, and Of our elders that were Whilom in this land.”
hares in the field.” Of the squire, he observes
"And nu nis no squier of pris in this middel erd, No. 42. A Fragment in Praise of Women.-Upon two folios
But if that he bear a babel and a long berd, truns posed; wants the beginning.
And swere Goles soule, amul vowe to God an hote
But should be for eure fals ath lese kirtel or kote,
He sholde stonde start naked twyke o day or eue.
Goles soule is al day sworn, the knif stant astrout,
And thouh the botes be torn, yit wole he maken hit stout.
The hod hangeth on his brest, as he wolde spewe the inde. No. 43. The beginning of the Romance of Richard Cæur de
Ac schorteliche al his contreraiture is colour of sinne
And bost. Lion, on two leaves, all the rest destroyed. -
To wraththe the God and paien the fend hit serveth aller-mnost." "Lord Jesu, king or glorie,
The beard and the hood will remind my readers of the rhyme
made by the Scottish during the reign of Edward II.-
" Long bearda heartlesse,
Painted ho do witlesie,
Gay coutes graceless,
Make Englande thriftlesse. " ing the conclusion. It is a larger, and, apparently, somewhat an The author also alludes to the hardness of the seasons, and to older hand than the Auchinleck MS.; the head of the Saxon the dreadful famine which occurred in 1315; to the disease among character, expressing th, being prolonged above the line, whereas, the borned cattle, which followed in 1316; to the mortality which in the rest of the volume, it is on a level with it. From circum. took place about the same time; and, finally, to the bloody civil stances of internal evidence, the poem inay be ascribed to the reign wars betwixt Edward II. and his barons, in which was spilt the ot' Edward II. It alludes to the degraded state of the national cha noblest blood of England. racter, to the famine, and murrain among the cattle, all of which afflicted the reign of that miserable prince. The satire begins
" Whij we're and wrake in londe, and mandauht is icorne, Whii hungger and derthe ou torthe, the pore heth undernome,
Such are the contents of the Auchinleck MS. I once meditated Whib sie ben thus storve, whii com hath ben so dere,
to have given interest to the Catalogue, by a more detailed at Ye that wolen abide, listleth and ye muwen here,
count of some of the romances which it contains ; but the attrapt The skile.
is rendered unnecessary by the lately published Collection of spe I nelle lighen for no man, herkne whoso wile."
cimens selected from the English Metrical Romances, by Mr. The author laments the corruption of the church, and the arts Ellis, the elegant historian of our early poetry.
A METRICAL ROMANCE OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY.
he does not discover his nephew in the young huntsman. 50.- Tristrem partakes of the royal feast, the liberal abundance of which
is described con amore. 51. 52. --The introduction of a minstrel, ARGUMENT.
after the feast, gives Tristrem an opportunity of displaying his
skill on the harp, in which the Cornish musician yields hin the Stenza 1-The narrator announces, that he is about to relate palm. He becomes a favourite of Mark, und is muntuined at the birth and adventures of Sir TrISTREM, as they had been his court in splendour. 63.54.--The tale retuma to Rohand, who, Bommunicated to him by THOMAS of Erceldenine. 2.--He be desperate at the lo- of his foster-son, searches for him over vaEu the degeneracy of his ago, which he likens to the change nous countries, without even renewing his tattered garments, which the approactung winter must protluce upon the appearance until he meets with one of the palmers who conducted Tristrim of be ficlits and groves. 2. 3. 4. 5.-There is introduced, sorre to the court of Comwull. 55. 56. -The palmer tells Rohand the what a niptly, an acrount of a war betwixt two feudal chiefs, the favour which Tristrem had atlained in the court of Comwall, and, De Morgan, and Rouland Rise, Lord of Ermonie, in which the at Rohund's request, becomes his guide thither. 57. 58. 59. kaller is victorious. 6.- A truce having taken place for seven When Rohand arrives at the court. he is refused entrance, first paars Rouland repairs to the court of Mark, King of Cornwall. by the porter, and afterwards by the usher, on acrount of his 1.- A tournament is held at the court of Cornwall, in which niean dress. These obstacles he overcomes by liberal bribes, Raani naine the victory, and, at the same time, win the heart and is at length introduced to Tristrem, who is unable to recog. of the PrincezElaunche Flour, sister to King Mark. 8.-The nise him. 60. 61. 62: --All explanation takes place, and Tristrem, Pas discovers her passion to her preceptors. 9 - The praise greatly shocked at his mistake, introduces Rohund to King Mark, of Rulant Rise, with an obscure account of bs being wounded as his father, telling hun, at the same time, the cause of their in batik, and of the consequent distress of Blaunche Flour. separation. 63. 61. 65.--Rohand, being refreshed with the bath, 19. -The Princess repair in private to the chamber of the wound and richly attired, hy order of King Mark, the whole court is sur ed kraight, and SIR TRISTREM Owes luis birth to this stolen in prised at his majestic appearance. He is placed by the King's
11. 12-Rouland is intormed by a trusty roseal called side, to partake of the royal banquet. Read, that Duke Morgan has invaded lus dominions in breach Santus 66. 67.---Rohand relates to the King the secret of Triseftre 18 14. 15.---The Princess elones with her lover, who re trom's birth, and produces the token of the ring, bequeathed by tatis
to the defence of his country; they arrive safely at a castle his mother on her death-bed. Mark receives Tristrem as his nebelor ging to Rohand, where, it would seem, they are inarried. phew. 68. -Tristrem having received the congratulations of the 14-Dake Morgan comes against Rouland with a great army. courtiers, becomes urgent to learn the particulars of his father's
Stanze17. 18. 19.- A druantul batlle, in which Rouland has at death. 69.-Rohand relates the tragical fate of both his parents, first the advantage; but the Duke, being re-enforced, defeats and through the treachery of Duke Morgan. 70.- Tristrem announces skaya barn by trachery, after he has achieved prodigies of valour. to the King his intention to go to Ermonic, lo avenge his father's 22. 12. - Blaunche Floar, then in the pains of child birth, death. 71. 72. 73.- Mark dissuades his nephew from so danger. learn the death of her husband. Under these distressing circiim. ous an attempt, but at length gives his consent: he bestows upon
arcas Tristrem is bom; and his mother, after recommending Tristrem the honour of knighthood, and a chosen band of a him to the care of Ruhand, and bequeathing him a ring, as a to thousand men, with whom the hero sets Bail, and garrisons the hea of his prouinuity to King Mark, expires amid the lamenta castle of Rohand. 74. 75.--Sir Tristrem, tired of remaining in tors of ber attendants. 23 - Rohand, to secure the safety of his active in the fortress, resolves to go in disguise to the court of wind, basses liina for his own child, under the inverted appellation Duke Morgan, where he arrives while they are at table, at the of Tramins24. 25.-Morgan attains the absolute dominion of head of fifteen knights, cach of whom carries a boar's head as a Emp, aod Rohand pays him constrained and dissembled present. 76. ---Rohand, anxious for the safety of his foster-son, bumare. $. -The education of Tristrem, during the first follows him at the head of the Cornish forces, and his own vastranspare of his life. His skill in minstrelsy, in the mysteries puls, 77. 78. 79.-An ambiguous sulutation from Sir Tristrem of the base, and in all koightly gamer, 28.-A Norwegian veg. leads Morgan to demand his name and business. Sir Tristrem Sle, freighted with banks and with treasure. Tristrem declares himself, and, at the conclusion of an angry parley, the khai the captain had challenged any one to play at chess, Duke strikes him with his fist. $0.- Tristrem draws his sword, tur a stake of twenty shillings. 29. 30. 31 - Roland and bis sons, and, at that instant, Rohand arrives with his army. 81. 82. $3.***b Tii-trim, go on board the Norwegian vessel. Tristrem An engagement ensues, in which Morgan is klain, and his followass with the master at chess, and wins from himn six hawks, ers routed. Sir Tristrem recovers his paternal dominions, which and we hundredi pounds. Rohand goes on shore, leaving Tris he confers upon Roland, to be held of himself as liege lord. tn till engaged at chese, under the charge of his preceptor. 84.-Our hero takes leave of Sir Rohand, and returns to Cornwall. 2 3-The master, to avoid paying what he had lost, puts to Stanza 85. -On Tristrem's arrival in Cornwall, he finds the 1 with Tristrem, and gives the preceptor a boat to go on shore land in dismay, on account of a tribute demanded from Mark by
the King of England. 16. --The nature of the tributo is explained, Bianzos 34. 35. 36. --The vexrel is sorely tempest-tost, which being the yearly payment of three hundred pounds of gold, as the manners impute to the injustice of which they have been inany of coined silver, and as many of tin, and every fourth Ety, under this imprissjon, thy pay Tristrim his winnings, year, of three hundred children. 87. 88. 89.-- Voraunt, the Irish ar pat tum ashore in an unknown country. Tristrem prays to ambassador, a celebrated knight and champion, is engaged in beated for protecton. 37. -The narrator again brepeaks the demanding the tribute, when Tristrem arrives froin Emonic. attention of his hearers, on account of the authenticity of the Mark explains to his nephew the cause of his distress, and pro farts, as ascertained by the accurate research of his author, tests that the demand of tribute is utterly unjust. Tristrem reTX 39. 40.- Tristram's dress in described-u robe of solves to oppose the claim. 90. 91. --The malter is discussed in dirard brown. Hasina refreshed himself with some food, which the council of the nation, where Tristrem undertakes, upon bis w i lin by the Norwegians, be traverses a forest, in which knighthood, to defend the freedom of Comwall, which proposal birls tw) paliners, who, in reply to his inquiries, inform him is reluctantly assented to by the couril. 92. - Tristrem delivers that tel in England. He offers the palmers a reward of ten in person to Moraunt, a declaration that no tribute was due. MoLlites, if they will guide him to the court of the King of the ruunt retorts, by giving Tristrein the lie; and they exchange Obuttry, wuch they willingly undertake to do. 41. 42. 43. -They gauges of battle. 93.---They sail to a small island, to decide the
2arty of hunter. Tristrem is scandalized at the awk- combat. Tristrem tums his boat adnitt, saying, that one would Wannsraet in whirli they break up the stings which they have be sufficient to bring back the victor. stai, and expsulates with thero. A sercant replies, that they Slanzas 94, 95. 96. --The encouuter of the champions is deliku the nodr alware practise in their country, but that they seribert Moraunt's horse is slain. 97. 98.---Triktrem alights, and We willing to look on and be instructed, if he would be pleased the battle is renewed on foot. - Tristrem is desperately wounded to care a buck for their information 41. 45. 46. 47. -A minute in the thigh. 99.-- Tristrem cleaves Moraunt's skull, and, hvis ano at of the scirntific mode in which Triatrem broke up the sword breaking, a piece of the blade rernains in the wood. 100.staz, ard how he bell the mort, or tukening. The new science | Tristrem exults in having slain the mirror of Ireland. The attendcmirated to Mark, (for all this happens in Cozuwall.) who ints of Moraunt_remove his busily, and Tristrem returns to is biely delighed with so joportant a discovery. 43. - More of Cornwall. 101. - Tristrem presents his sword at the altar. He the care of hunting, with a moral retlection on the duty of in is appointed heir of Cornwall, and successor of his uncle. 102 erirting the intueant.
Tristrem's wound, having been intijcted by an envenomed weaStanza 13.- Tristrem is brought before Mark, to whom he gives pon, becomes worse and worse. All attempts to cure it are un an arount of his education ; but, as the name of Rohand, our availing, and the stench of the gangrene drives every one from beto's supposed
father, was unknown to the King of Comwall, I his person, except his faithful servant, Gouvernayl.
with frisktiewe mani fond hende.
Bi yere :
And foren til Inglond,
Markes King thai
To Marke the King thai went,
With knightes proude in pres ;
And teld him to th'ende, As thair elders ware,
His auentours as it wes :
He preyd hem as his frende,
To duelle with him in pes :
The knightes thai were hende,
And dede with outen les,
A turnament thai ches,
With knightes stithe on stede.
Glad a man was he Y wis and nought atwene ;
The turnament dede crie,
That maidens might him se,
And ouer the walles to lye :
Thai asked who was fre,
To win the maistrie;
Thai seyd that best was he,
The child of Ermonie,ll
In tour :
Forthi chosen was he,
To maiden Blaunche Flour.
The maiden of heighe kinne
She cald her maisters thre;
"Bot yiue it be thurch ginne,
A selly man is he;.
Thurch min hert with inne,
Y wounded hath he me,
Of bale bot he me blinne,
Mine liif days ben al done."'-
He was gode and hende,
Stalworth, wise, and wight;
In to this londes ende,
Y not non better knight;
Trewer non to frende,
And Rouland Riis he hight;
To batayl gan he wende,
Was wounded in that fight,
Ful felle :
Blaunche Flour the bright,
The tale than herd sche telle.
Sche seyd wayleway,
When hye herd it was so ;
To hir maistresse sche gan say,
That hye was boun to go,
To the knight ther he lay,**
Sche swouned and hir was wo; * There is a blank, where the word Erceldoune is inserted, oc
The gestours doa of hem gestes, casioned by cutting out the illumination ; but fortunately the
At mangeres and at great leastea, whole line is written at the bottoin of the preceding page, by way
Her detes ben in remembrance of catch-word, and runs thus:
In many fair romance." "Y was at Ertheldonn."
9 It is difficult to ascertain what country or district is bere The faint vestiges of the text, as well as probability, dictated meant. Armenia, considering the age of Thomas of Erceldoune, the spelling, which, however, ought not to be adopted without Beems here out of the question ; although in the later romance of acknowledgment.
Sir Bevis, that kingdom appears to be the Ermonie to which he is * An ancient poem preserved in the Cotton Library, opens with transported. The British words, Ar-mon, may be interpreted a similar piece of morality :-
"the country opposite to Mona," as Ar morica signifies the " Winter wakeneth nl my care,
country by the sea." According to this derivation, Ermonie may Now this leve# wareth bare.
be another name for Caemarvon, which is also interpreted "the Oft Y sike an mourne sare, When hit cometh in my thohl,
land opposite to Mona." But it is likewise possible that the of this worklis joie hou hit goth all to nouhl
Roman way, called anciently Erming-street, may have taken that Now hitis, ani now hit nis,
name from, or given it to, the country which it traversed, and Als tho hit ner Y wis."
Ermonie may therefore have lain in the midland countics. It is Either greues, or grenes : perhaps a mistake for groues. no objection to either of these suppositions, that, in stanza T3, Ś The names of these two chiefs sufficiently denote their Bri seven days' voyage is said to bring Tristrein from England to Er tish origin, and are still common in Wales. Rowland Riis, with monic: for, in another place, the hero takes nine weeks to pass his son Tristrem, are enumerated among the heroes of romance from Cornwall to Ireland. In truth, nothing can be more varie by a translator of Guido de Colonna, whose work is preserved in than the geography of the minstrels, even when trenting of their the Bodleian Library.
own country. In the French Fragment, Kahardin sails from "Many spekyn of men that romaunces rede,
London to Bretagne, by the way of Bordeaux and Ushant !
T Two lines of this stanza are omitted in the MS.
** The visit of Blaunche Flour to Rouland Rüs, was by no Of King Richarland Owayne,
means unprecedented in the annals of romance in the days Of Triatre ant Perey vayle, of Rouland Ris and Agiavaule,
when ladies were the most successful practitioners of medicine Of Archeroun any of Octavian,
and surgery, their intercourse with the preui cheraliers, who or Charles and of Carballan,
had been wounded in maintaining the purity of their bonour, or Or Kevelocke, Horne, and of Wade,
the superiority of their beauty, was charitable and meritorious, lu romances that of bem be made;
although exceeding the intimacy permitted by modern decorunn.