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-"No out no cometh it nought,

LXVIII.
With outen yistes fre."-

Swiche song he gan sing,

That hir was swithe wo,
LXV.
Mark sevd-"Lat me se,

Her com swiche loue longing,

Hir hert brast neighe a-to :
Harpi hou thou can,

Th’ Erl to hir gan spring
And what thou askest me,

With knightes mani mo,
Yiue Y schal the than.'

And seyd—“Mi swete thing,
"Blethely,”-seyd he;

Whi farestow so,
A miri lay he bigan,

Y pray ?"-
Sir King, of yiftes fre,

Y sonde to lond most go,
Herwith Ysonde Yuan,

Er sche went oway.
Bidone,
Y proue the for fals man,

LXIX.
Or Y schal haue thi Quen.'

"Within a stounde of the day,

Y schal ben hole and sounde;
LXVI.

Ych here a menstrel 10 say;
Mark to conseyl yede;

Of Tristrem he hath a soun.'
And asked rede of tho to,

Th’Erl seyd, -"Dathet him ay,
_" Lesen Y mot mi manhed,

Of Tristrem yif this stounde,
Or yeld Y sonde me fro."-

That minstrel for his lay,
Mark was ful of drede,

Schal haue an hundred pounde,
Y sonde lete he go:

Of me.
Tristrem in that nede,

Yif he wil with ous founde,
At wode was dere to slo,

Lef, for thou louest his gle."'-
That day :

LXX.
Tristrem com right tho,

His gle al for to here,
As Y sonde was oway.

The leuedi was sett on land:
LXVII.

To play bi the riuere,.
Tho was Tristrem in ten,

Th' Érl ladde hir bi hand;
And chidde with the King,

Tristrem trewe fere, -“Yfstow gleweller) thi Quen,

Miri notes he fand
Hastow no nother thing?”–

Opon his rote of yuere,
His rote with outen wen,

As thai were on the strand,
He raught bi the ring, t.

That stounde;

Thurch that semly sand,
Tho folwed Tristrem the ken,
To schip ther thai hir bring,

Ysonde was hole and sounde.
So blithe;

LXXI.
Tristrem bigan to sing,

Hole sche was and sounde,
And Y sonde bigan to lithe.

Thurch vertu of his gle; . God faith was the very corner stone of chivalry. Whenever was due to him from the Earl of Armagnac, he answered, “Maa kriett's word was pledged, it mattered not how rashly, it was dame, from a poor knight, as I am, the gift I have offered should to be deemed at any price

Hence the sacred obligation of the suffice." And when the princess explaing her request, he could dan catrone, or boon granted, by a knight to his suppliant. In not be prevailed on to remit more than 60,000 out of 250,000 stances without number occur in romance, in which a knight, by franks, to which the debt amounted. -- FROISSART, vol. ii. cap. ratis grantias an indefinite boon was obliged to do, or suffer, xxi. The abatement of heraldry assigned to the unworthy knighi Boretbing extremely to his prejudice. King Lisvart, in Amadis who revoked a boon, was, I believe, a plain base. Le Gach was placed in such a predicament by a false old man, The romantic sanctity of the boon plodred" gecms to have to when he had promised a gift, and who demanded that the been acknowledged by the Celtic tribes. In the Death of Cuchokmorarea's daughter, the lovely Oriana, should be delivered up to !in, when the hero advances for the last time uguinee the foe, he

is met by Cuculeasg, the chief hard of the enemy, attended by his " He nought amazed, or veiling well his grief,

twenty-seven pupils. The hero alighted from his chariot, and Rosenlue mail, itin steru fraude relief;

bade them welcome. "I require a gift," said the chief bard. “It Deaf the voice of his in liguant peers,

is thine," said Cuchollin. 'It is thy spear I ask," said the insiRezariless the maid's or ibother's tears,

dious Cuculeasg. "And what is to become of me," said the warThen to his sur reired, to vent apart The secret grief that tore his manly beart."

rior, " thus disarmed, and the champions of the four provinces

Rose's Anadis, Book ii. ready to uttack me? But it is thine; wilt thou have it given theo In the same romance, a wily damsel claimed of Galaor, as a by the handle or the point?"-" Neither," said the chief bard; bove, that he should say Amadis ; and one or both brothers must

"deliver it to me athwart." Upon this, the warrior cast the base allen in the contest, had not a courteous knight annulled spear at him in the manner he required, with such force, that it the elization, by cutting off the damsel's bcad. In the com laid Cuculeasg and all his pupils dead upon the earth. Alas!" orneta nt of the prose Tristran, there is a long history of a cer cried Cuchollin, "the completion of my misfortunes is near at tain Chemde, who, always sorrowing and always submissive, hand, for I have slain a chief hard, and that by the very gift he pesers through the alternate possession of a score of husbands required of me; hasten, therefore, the chariot towards the eneand laters. She is lwgged from Pellias, her husband de facto, in my, that I may at least have vengeance in my death."-" Not," virtue of a boon which he had granted to Sadoc, her husband de said Laogh, 'till I have taken up the spear"_" That thou shalt jute, and Pellias delivers her up. “Puis entre en sa chambre, et not," said Cuchollin, " for I never took back what I had bestowLuettel druil que emble qu'il se doy ve mourir de la doleur qu'il ed.” Similar instances occur in this curious poem, for the peru. 2" Fusillet is. Not to multiply examples of the sacred right of sal of which I am indebted to a lady of distinguished rank und a boca Tantel, the hardest sacrifice which could be demanded of accomplishments. a kagerrant was exacted from Sir Gawain, who was enjoined + The rote was an ancient musical instrument, managed by a to beha e like a cowaru and recreant during the whole of a cele-wheel, from which it derived its name. Tyrwhitt seems to think brated tournament. See the Sangreal.

that it resembled the ancient peultery, but altered in its shape, But it is not in romance alone that we find such singular in- and with an additional number of strings. Ritson says, it is ihe stances of adherence to an indefinite promise. In 1342, when modern mandolin, or hurdy gurdy, of the strolling Savoyards. Charles of Blois, then claiming the dukedom of Bretagne, was ly. A particular species of song was probably adapted to it; for, ing before Heon tonne, a boon was requested of hin by Don when Khedin, (the Ganbardin of Thomas) became poetical in his Lupus of Spain When granted and explained, it proved to be the passion, "Il fait noter, chansons, rotnanches, chantz, et des bead. of two English barons, then captives of Sir Charles, which chantz, tout pour la Royne Yseult."-Tristan, fueil. 113. These tb apniani deranded, in revenge of a defeat he had sustained are called roreicanses by William of Waddington, who wrote in batting against their countrymen. Sir Charles, however un about the middle of the thirteenth century. See the Abbde la willing to comply with a request derogatory to his honour, and Rue's Disserlation on Anglo-Norman Pocts. They are also contrary to humanity, was obliged to keep his faith, at the risk of mentioned by Wace, in his translation of Geoffrey of Monhe shield being dishonoured by a point campion, the abatement mouth :due to him who slew his prisoner. The captives were on the fa

“Mult poissez oir chancops, tal scafiold when they were rescued by a sally from the garrison,

Rotuengea, et voialx eons, beaded by the renowned Sir Walter Manny. FROISSART, vol. i.

Villeura, lais et notez, clan. luxxvii. The Earl of Foix is the only person I have found

Laiz de vieles, laiz de rotez, Prereded, who, on such an occasion, limited his generosity within

Laiz de harpez, luiz de ficlealx."

Elhas Specimens, vol i. p. 18. the bounds of prudence. Being a-ked a boon by no less a personare than the wife of the black prince, " Madame," he replied, "I : Perhaps this is the very passage parodied in the rhyme of Sir ain but a meane inan, therefore I can give no great gifts. But i Thopas :will cant you with glad cheer, a gitt not exceeding threescore

" Sir Thopas fell in love longing, thousand franks." The princess essayed again to procure from

All when he heard the throatel sing," hun an unlimited boon; but the Earl was sage and prudent, for, I have found no passage in the English romance coming so near suspecting she would ask him to forgive the immense debt which I to the burlesque of the ancient bard of Woodstock.

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For thi th’ Erl that stounde,

LXXVI.
Glad a man was he:

Meriadok, with his might,
Of penis 10 hundred pounde,

Aros vp al bidene;
He yaf Tristrem the fre;

The way he went right,
To schip than gun thai founde,

Til he com to the Quen;
In Yrlond wald thai be,

The bord he fond of tvight
Ful fain;

To wite, and nought at wene.
Th' Erl and knightes thre,

Or Tristrem kertel, the knight,
With Ysonde and Bringwain.

He fond a pece grene,

Of tore;
LXII.

Meriadok, the kene,
Tristrem tok his stede,

Wondred ther fore.
And lepe ther on to ride;

LXXVII.
The Quen bad him here lede,
To schip him biside;

A-morwe he tolde the King,
Tristrem dede as hye bede;

Al that he seighe with sight;
In wode he gan hir hide;

-"Lord, with outen lesing, To th' Erl he seyd in that nede,

With Ysonde lay Tristrem to-night;
-"Thou hast y-tent thi pride,

Thou shalt do swiche a thing,
Thou dote :

Aske who her yeme might;

The croice to Ierusalem bring, S
With thine harp, thou woune hir that tide,
Thou tint hir with mi rote." --*

Say thou hast y-hight,

Yif thou may;
LXXIII.

Tristrem the noble knight,
Tristrem with Ysonde rade,

The Quen hir self will say."
In to the wode oway;

LXXVIII.
A loghe thai founden made,
Was ful of gamen and play;

The King told the Quen,

And bed tho thai ware;
Her blis was ful brade,
And jojeful was that may;

"Dame, with outen wene,

To lerusalem Y mot fare:
Seuen night thai thare abad,

Loke now ous bituene,
And seththen to court com thai;
-" Sir King,"

Who may the kepe fram care ?"
Tristrem gan to say,

-"For al other, bidene,

Tristrem," sche seyd thare, -"Yif minstrels other thing."

For than,

Y loue him wele the mare;
LXXIV.
Meriadok t was a man,

He is thi kindseman.”-
That Tristrem trowed ay;

LXXIX.
Miche gode he him an,

Al that Mark hir told,
In o chaumber thai lay;

A-morwe hye told Bringwain;
Tristrem to Y sonde wan,

-"Of lond wil this bold, Anight with hir to play;

Now we may be ful fain;
As man that miche kan,

Tristrem the court schal hold,
A bord he tok oway,

Till he com oghain ;''-
Of her bour;

Brengwain answere yolde,
Er he went to say,

Your dedes han ben sain,
Of snowe was fallen a schour.

With sight;

Mark thi self schai frain,
LXXV.

Al other loker to night.-
A schour ther was y-falle,
That al the way was white;

LXXX.
Tristrem was wo with alle,

Wite thou wele his wille;
With dwl and sorwe site;

To wende with him thou say ;
Bitven the bour and the halle,

And yif he loueth the stille,
The way was naru and lite:I

Thou do Tristrem oway;
Swiche cas him was bifalle,

Biseche him he se ther tille,
As we finde in scrite,

Tbi fo is Tristrem ay;
Ful sket ;

Thou dredest he wil the spille,
A siue he fond tite,

Yif he the maistrie may,
And bond ynder his fete.

Aboue : * The story of the harper, togсther with this very expresion, spend a few happy days in the Lodgo of the Forest, before re occurs in Mr. Douce's MS. Sec p. 334. But in the prose folio a turning to the court of Cornwall. different turn is given to the adventure: Ysonde, repentant of The spy, by whom the loves of Tristrem and Ysonde are so her cruelty to Brengwain, is in de pair for her loss, when that often discovered and betrayed, is in the folio termed Andivet, a faithful attendant is presented to her by Palamedes. This knight nephew of King Mark, and as felonious and cowardly as bits had rescued her when exposed in the forest, (nee note on stanza uncle. 60,) and he demands a boon from Ysonde, and King Mark, in The state of the domestic arts, intimated by this passage, rereturn for this good service. The boon being granted, he requests fers to a remote period of society. The bedchamber of the Queen that the Queen may be delivered up to him. Ot'the whole court was constricted of wooden boards or shingles, of which one of Cornwall, only one knight attempts her rescue, and he is mor: could easily be removed. It was called a bower, probably from tally wounded. The rest, respecting the King's word, and per. its resemblance to an arbour. The hall, in which the courtiers haps the well-known valour ot' Palumedes, suffer him to carry off lay promiscuously, formed a separate bwikling; for the art of par. his prize in triumph. Tristrem returns from hunting, and lenrn litions was probably unknown. If we suppose that these and other ing what had happened, goes in pursuit of the ravisher. Having huts, necessary for the royal accommodation were surrounded overtaken him, a desperale combat ensues, which lasts with un with a palisade and ditch, we shall have the picture of a British certain success, till Ysonde, anxious for her lover, throws herself fortress, as described by Casar. The Saxons did not greatly im. betwixt their swords, and demands a boon of Palamedes. The prove on this model. On the contrary, the houres crected by the infatuated knight having granted her request, “Go," said she, Romans were suffered to go to ruin, while the thanes delighted to "to the court of King Arthur, and tell Queen Guenever, from spend their large revenues in rude hospitality, under shelter of the me, that there exist on earth but two knights and two ladies, she wooden halls, which were common to all the northern Dations. and I, her friend and mine; and, moreover, do thou henceforward in the Sagan of Gunlangi, there is a description and plan of never appear before me in Britain," Painmedes, caught in his such an apartment, own snare, relires in mortal sorrow," while Tristrem and Ysonde $ In the French folio, this deceit is practised, not upon Ysonde,

but Tristrem Mark, having been ordered by the Pope to go to • Palameles, after this mortifying repuls, attached himself to the quest, or

the Holy Land, offers to liberate Tristrem, then imprisoned, proporant, of retain animal, called, in the romance, Lr Bete Glotyssante

vided he will go in his stead. He even falsifies the superscrip What puuenlar rason he haul fur following this beast is uncertain; but the

tion of the bulle, that 'Tristrem may suppose the addressed to monster was in if a kirange monster. I had the feet and legs of a stag, the tail of a lon, en the head of a berpent, and made a noite ne if a pack of twenty himself

. But it is all in vain. Whatever sins Tristrem had to repent hounds had genel at once. It seem to have suggestel to Spenser the idea of the refused to expiate them by a crusade. - Tristan, sec. partia hie Blatan! Beast

fueil. lvii.

Thou louedest him neuer a day,

-"Mi leuedy me sent the tille,
Bot for thin emes loue.".

For icham priue,
LXXXI.

And praieth the, with wille,

That thou wost hir se,
Y sonde the nexst night,
Crid," Mark thin ore :

With sight;

Mark is in other cuntre,
Mi fo thou hast me hight;
On me thou sinnes sore;

Priue it schal be dight.”-
Gode yif thou hadde me hight,

LXXXVIII.
Of lond with the to fare;

Tristrem him bi thought,
And sle Tristrem the knight,

Maister, thank haue ye:
Yif loue of the no ware,

For thou me this bode brought,
This day;

Mi robe yiue Y the;
For mani man seyt ay whare,

That thou no lete it nought,
That Tristrem bi me lay.” —

Say that leuedy fre;
LXXXII.

Hir wordes dere Y bought,
Mark is blithe and glad,

To Marke hye bileighie me,

That may;
For al that trowed he;
He that him other tald,

To morwe Y schal hir se,
He ne couthe him bot maugre:

At chirche for sothe to say.
Meriadok him answere yald,

LXXXIX.
-"In toun thou do him be;

The ducrwe toke the gate,
Her loue-laike thou bihald,

And Mark he told bidene;
For the loue of me,

"Bi this robe, Y wate,
Nought wene:

That michel he loueth the Quen
Bi resoun thou schalt se,

Y-saine we nought no sat;
That loue is hem bitvene.

He douteth me bitvene,
LXXXIII.

It semeth bi his lat,

As he bir neuer had sene,
Mark departed hem to,
And dede Tristrem oway;

With sight;

Y wot with outen wcne,
Nas neuer Ysonde so wo,
No Tristrem, sothe to say ;

He cometh to hir to-night.”-
Y sonde her self wald slo;

XC.
For sorwe Tristrem lay ;

Sir Mark sat in the tre;
Y sonde moined so,

Ther metten thai to :
And Tristrem night and day,

The schadowe Tristrem gan se,
For dede;

And loude spac he tho,
Ich man it se may,

That Y sonde schuld Mark se,
What liif for loue thai lede.

And calle Tristrem hir fo:
LXXXIV.

" Thou no aughtest nought heren to be Tristrem was in toun;

Thou no hast nought here to go,
In boure Ysonde was don;

No thing;
Bi water he sent adoun,

With right men schuld the slo,
Light linden spon;

Durst Y for the King.".
He wrot hem al with roun,

XCI.
Y sonde hem knewe wel sone,

-"Ysonde, thou art mi fo, Bi that Tristrem was boun,

Thou sinnesi, leuedi, on me;
Y sonde wist his bone,

Thou gabbest on me so,
To abide;

Min em nil me nought se;
Er a-morwe none,

He threteneth me to slo,
Her aither was other biside.

More menske were it to the,
LXXXV.

Better for to do,

Bi God in trinite,
Quath Meriadok, -"Y rede,

This tide;
Thine hunters thou bid ride,

Or Y this lond schal fle,
Fourten night, at this nede,
To se thine forestes wide;

In to Wales wide." -
Tristrem thou hem bede,

XCII.
Thi self thou here abide:

- -“ Tristrem, for sothe to say, And right at her dede,

Y wold the litel gode;
Thou schalt hem take that tide,

Ac Y the wraied neuer day,
In the tre;

Y swere bi Godes rode;
Here thou schalt abide,

Men said thou bi me lay,
Her semblaunt thou schalt se."-

Thine em so vnder stode;

Wende forth in thi way,
LXXXVI.
In orchard mett thai inne,

It seems astow were wode

To wede;
Tristrem and Y sonde fre;

Y loued neuer man with mode,
Ay when thai might awinne;
Ther playd Y sonde and he;

Bot him that hadde mi maiden hede."
The duerwe y-seighe her ginne,

XCIII.
Ther he sat in the tre;

Swete Y sonde thin are,
Mark of riche kinne,

Thou preye the King for me;
He bight to don bim se,

Yif it thi wille ware.
With sight;

Of sake he make me fre;
And seyd, -"Sir, siker ye be,

Of lond ichil elles fare,
Thi self schal se that righi.”

Schal he me neuer se.
LXXXVII.

Markes hert was sare,
His falsnesse for to fille,

Ther he sat in the tre; Forth tho went he;

And thought, To Tristrem he com with ille,

“Vn giltles er ye, Frarn Y son de the fre;

In swiche a sclaunder brought."It would appear, as has been hinted in the Argument, that By an error in transcribing, the word make is twice repeatea this Stanza should precede the 85th.

in the MS.

2

XCIP.

XCVIII. -"Thou seyst Y gan the wrie,

Blod leten was the King,
Men seis thou bi me lay;

Tristrem, and the Quene :S
Ac thei ich wende to dye,

At hir blod leteing,
Thine erand Y schal say:

The flore was swopen clene;
Marke thin cm his heighe,

Meriadok dede floure bring,
Anough he the yine may ;

And strewed it bitvene;
No reche Y what Y lighe,

That go no might no thing,
So that thou be

Bot yif it were sene,

With eight;
Marke tho thought ay,

Thritti fet bi dene
"Yete he schal duelle stille."-

Tristrem lepe that night.
XCV.

XCIX.
Tristrem oway went so;

Now Tristrem willes is,
Y sonde to boure Y wis,

With Y sonde for to play ;
Nas neuer Mark so wo,

He no may hir com to kisse.
Him self he herd al this;

So ful of floure it lay;
Al sori Mark gan go,

Tristrem lep Y wis,
Til he mighi Tristrem kisse;

Thritti feie, soth to say;
And dedely hated he tho,

As Tristrem dede this,
Him that seyd amiss,

His blod-bende brast oway,
Al newe :

And bled ;
Ther was joie and blis,

And seththen oghain the day,
And welcom Tristrem trewe.

He lepe fram hir bedde.
XCVI.

C.
Now hath Ysonde her wille,

Thritti fete bitvene,
Tristrem constable is heighe;*

He lepe with outen les;
Thre yere he playd stille,

Sore him greued his vene,
With Y sonde bright só beighe;

As it no wonder nes;
Her loue might no man fellet

Mark her bed hadde sene,
So were thai bothe sleighe;

And al blodi it wes:
Meriadok, with ille,

He told tho Brengwain,
Waited 'hem ful neighe,

Tristrem hadde broken his pes,
Of her dede:

Bitvene :
Yif he might hen spille

Anon of lond he ches,
Fain he wald spede.

Out of Markes eighe-sene.
XCVII.

CI.
Meriadok wrayeth ay,

Tristrem was fled oway,
To the King thus seyd he;

To wite, and nought to wene; -" Her folies vsen thai ay;

At Londen on a day,
Wel yore Y seyd it the :

Mark wald spourge the Quen ;
Loke now on a day,

Men seyd sche brak the lay;
And blod lat you thre;

A bischop yede bitvene,
Do as Y the say,

With hot yren to say,
And tokening ihou schalt se,

Sche thought to make hir clene,
Ful sone;

Of sake;l
Her bed schal blodi [be,]1

Ysonde said bidene,
Ar he his wille haue down.".

That dome sche wald take. * In the prose work, Tristrem is placed in the still more confi manifest the guilt or innocence of the accused. The game train dential offices of steward and Chamberlain. The preceding inci- of ideas, so congenial to the human mind, has established some dents are also different. There is no mention in the folio, of the similar mode of proof (being nearly the most absurd possible) in Jovers conveying intelligence by the chips of wood Boating down almost every country, however distinct in manners and religion. the stream. Neither does tho story of the dwarf and the tree | The Ceylonese and the Gentoos have their ordeals, as well as occur in the folio, although such an ambassador is employed du our ancient Cells and Guths: and all looked with equal appro ring Tristrern and Mark's original rivalship for the good graces of bation, and undoubting faith, upon the execution of a criminal, the wife of Segurades. Both these incidents are alluded to in whose skin had been sensible to the impression of red hot iron, the French Metrical Fragments. See pages 330, 333, 334.

or boiling oil. On the other hand, he who could hold out his Here "felle' is taken for feel, or perceire, as in a passage of arms, in the sign of the cross, for a certain space, or accomplish Chaucer pointed out to me by Mr. Finlay of Glasgow:

the more familiar task of swallowing a portion of consecrated "And if that he may felen out of crede,

bread and cheese, without liquor or mastication, was cleansed That ye me touch in love of villanie.""

whiter than snow. One of the most whimsical experiments to Second Nonnes Tale.

which superstition has subjected its vicums, is detailed in the 1 In the MS. “bene.'

account of Sierre Leone, lately published by Dr. Winterbottom. Instead of this surgical experiment, which occurs, with little A dose of medicine is administered to the accused, and its effects difference in the Fragments, p. 334, Mark is, in the French folio, are sedulously watched by the judges. If it acts as an emetic, made to place by the bed of his sponge, a sort of mantrap com the prisoner is acquitted, amidst the acclamations of his tribe posed of scythe blades ; by which (we grieve to tell it) not only but if it takes a more natural direction, the same applauses attend

he legs of Sir Tristrem, but those of the lovely. Youndo, are sore the execution, by which he is doomed to expiate guilt so satistacly wounded. By this treason and felonie," as the romance torily established. terms it, and by hurts received from Mark's attendants, Tristrem Our Saxon ancestors had various modes of bringing forth the is supposed to be mortally wounded. The uncle then relents, and truth of an accusation. The walking over burning plough shares, makes a long lamentation over him; Sir Tristrem joins him. pro- with eyes blindfolded, was one of the most noted. The story of blably with more sincerity, until he suddenly reflects, that Alsa. Queen Emma, moulier of Edward the Confessor, is remarkable lom died, and also Samson and Solomon, Achilles too, so highly among the legends of this nature ; but modern incredulity has prized for chivalry, and the sage Merlin; wherefore he argues, blemished the renown of her exploit. It is not, indeed, menit will be to him great honour to join the society of so many de. tioned by William of Malmesbury, or our earlier writers, Brom parted worthies. In the romance of Lancelot Du Lac, (Paris, ton and Knighton being the first by whom it is recorded, but it 1533.) there is a similar adventure, turning upon a bloody couch. was very early matter of poetical tradition : for the songs of Col Sir Lancelot had passed a night with Queen Gucnever, at the brond, the Danish champion slain by Gy of Warwick, and of expense of wrenching out the iron bars of her window : his hands Queen Emma's deliverance from the ordeal, were sung before being much wounded, traces of blood were next morning dis- | Adam de Orleton, Bishop of Winchester, when he visited the covered in the royal bed. Meleagant, a rejected lover of the convent of St. Swithen in that city.-- WARTON. And the latter Queen, misled by these appearances, impeached her of adultery tale was chosen with great propriety; for the principal crime of with Kay the seneschal, who lay next her chamber, and who was which Emma stood accused, was adultery with the Lisbop of at that time wounded. But Sir Lancelot offered to defend the Winchester, and St. Swithen had stood her friend upon bier tiety Queen by single combat, and having manfully, and indeed imly, trial. This appears from the following extract from Trevesa's sworn that the blood upon her couch was not that of Kay, he translation of the Polychronicon :obtained victory, in his appeal to the trial by duel,

The King had accused his mother of adultery with Alwia, I The ordeal or urthiel, in which the cause of a criminal was Bishop of Winchester. Both were imprisoneri. ** But Emma supposed to be referred to the judgment of Goul, depended upon was kept easily and somdele at her large, and w rotte to the & miracle, expected to interrupt the course of nature, and to l byschops of England, in the which she had inust of friendshyp

CJI.
Men sett the merkes there,

At Westeminster ful right;
Hot yren to bere,

For Sir Tristrem the knight;
In pouer wede to were,

Tristrem coin that night;
Of alle the knightes here,
No knewe him non bi sight;

Bidene ;.
To swete Y sonde bright,
As forward was hem bitvene.

CIII.
Ouer Temes sche schuld ride,

That is an arm of the se:
_" To the schip side,
This man schal bere me."-
Tristrem bir bar that tide,

And on the Quen fel he,
Next her naked side
That mani man might y-se,

San schewe;
Hir queynt abouen hir kne,
Naked the kniglates knewe.

CV.
Gold thai youen him thare :

The constori thai bigan;
Swete Y sonde sware,

Sche was giltles woman;
-“Bot on to schip me bare,

The knightes seighe wele than;
What so his wille ware,
Ferli neighe he wan,

Sothe thing :
So neighe com neuer man,
Bot mi lord the King."-

CVI.

.
Swete Ysonde hath sworn,

Hir clene,* that miri may
To hir thai had ycorn,

Hot yren Y say;
The knightes were biforn;

For hir iho praiden thai :
The yren sché hadde y-born,
Ac Mark forghave that day,

And dede;
Meriadok held thai,
For fole in his falshede.

CIV.

CVII.
In water thai wald him sink,

Y sonde is graunted clene,
And wers yif thai may;

Meriadok maugre his;
-"Ye quite him iuel his swink ;"-

Neuer er nas the Quene,
The Quene seyd to hem ay;

So wele with Mark Y wis;
-" It semeth mete, no drink,

Tristrem with outen wene,
Hadde he nought mani a day :

In to Wales he is ;
For pouerte me thenk,

In bataile he hath ben,
He fel for sothe to say,

And fast he fraines this,
And nede;

Right thare :
Yeyeth him gold, Y pray,

For he ne may Y sonde kisse,
He may bidde God me spede."-

Fight he soughi ay whare. and sayde, that it grieved her more the despyte that the byschopThe bishop dropped his plea, rather than himself become a party had, ben her own shame ; and sayde she was redye, by Godys in so hazardous a trial. Yet the clergy, to whom the custody of owne dome, and by assaye of fyre hot yron that the byschop was the person accused was usually intrusted, for a certain time beWonifully defans Then the byschops came togyder to the fore the trial, did bably posse s some secret for indurating the km, and should have had of the kinge all that they preged, no skin against the immediate effects of the iron. We are left, at bad be Robert, Archbyeshop of Canterbury, splike agaynst them. least, to choose betwixt fraud or miracle ; for there are well.at My breth in bysshops,' said Robert, .bow dare ye defend her tested instances of pious men and virtuous women, the righteoustba! is a vle beeste, and not a woman? She hath defamed her

ness of whoxe rause was manifested by their passing uninjured 097 2ode, the kinge, and nempned her lecherous leman, Goddis through the ordeal. In the year of God 1143, the Count of Hirscho De Cryst But yt it be that the woman wolde purge the byschop, bergh was sinful or impolitic enough to dispute with the monasbu! * shal purge the wanan that is accused, that she was tery of Gerove the property of three fams. One of the pious Heftynge to the deth of her sone Egelred, and procured venym

monke undertook to prove the convent's right to the disputed to the joysonynge of Edwarile. But bo it that she had auctoryie lands, by submitting to the fiery ordeal. The ceremony was perand power, upon the condicyon of properte of kinde, of malo formed at Erzfurt, in presence of Anselın, bishop of Stavelberg, ollar female ; yet yf she wolde go barefoote for herself four steps, with many abbots, and other servants of God, all of whom attest and for the byschop fyve steps contynuelly, upon ix talowe shares, the miracle by their signature. The heated iron was solemnly branaying and fyre hote: then if she escape harmless over all blessed in the convent of St. Peter and St. Paul; and, when those steppes, he sall be quite and aksoylled of ther chalenge.' bome by the monk, was so far from injuring his hands, that it And the day of the adaye of this purgacyon was appointed. even rendered them more strong and vigorous than before.* Tyl) that day came, the hyngo and all the lordes were there, out

* It seems sirunge that our ancestors, believing the judgment Lake Robert alone But the nyght before the day of this puro by ordeal to be a solemn appeal to heaven, should suppose that racyon, the woman was in her prayers, at Winchester, at St. Omniscience could be biassed or deceived' by an equivocal oath Swythu'x tunbe, and was comforted there. Then on the mor of purgation. Nevertheless, repeated instances occur in romance, 1947 het eren were hyude, and she pasurd the fyre in hot falowe of such wretched attempts to escape the miraculous penalties shares, and escaped harmkred. Then the kynge began to grone, supposed to attend actual perjury. We have alreuy noticed one, dud mercie, and was dyscyplined of ayther byschops, and of which occurs in the history of Lancelot du Lac (see note on stanhas ochora! ."'-RANDAL HIGDEN's Chronicle, translated by

za xcvii..) and the curious romance of Amis and Amelion turns TUVISA, lib. vi, c. 23. Emma is said to have given to the abbey on a similar stratagem. These two warriors were brethren in of st Swin nine manora, in memory of the nine ploughshares. arms, remarkable for their astonishing similarity in person, and It is difficult to suppose that this fact would have been so posi. union in friendship Amis being in the service of a certain duke, tively aserred, without some foundation.

is impeached by the strward as having seduced the daughter of Te trial undertaken by Ysonde was, in some respects, moro his liche lord Hin boldly denies the charge, and undertakes to dili ult than that of Queen Elina, as it consisted not merely in prove its falschool by single combat. But in the interval, conwalking anong lniming ploughshares, but in actually carrying a

scious that they cannot, without perjury, deny the truth of the ac. piece of red bot iron, in the naked hand, from the choir to the cucation, he is recourse to his friend Amelion. This generous altu thrusl the whole length of a Gothic cathedral. It was knight ottins bims. If to fight the steward, disguised in the armour apparinted by the canon law : "Si quis fidelis libertate nobilitatis, of sir Amis while it is agreed that the latter, by means of their tanto talorie crimin publicetur, ut erininosus a populo suspice undialingwshable rigemblance in person, shall maintain Amelion's buar, per ignern. rundente ferro, cautè examinetur." According character, with his wife and dependlants, during his absence. Sir to the degree of crime imputed to the accused, he carried an iron, Amelion, accordingly, travels to the duke's court, and appears called loy the Saxons, the single or uiple laga (lond or burden.)

upon the appointed day, in the arnour of Sir Amis. On the way, The latur, acording to the laws of King Athelstan, weighed he is warned by a voice from heaven, that, if he proceeds in his sirty shillings, ie. thrpa pounds. This mode of proof applied to purpose, he shall be reduced to the lowest degree of misery. Sir al arensations, in which other testimony was detective, from Amelion hesitates, but at length forms his resolution :petrlareeny rohich treason. Nay, it was found ettectual to es.

"He thought, gif I be known by name, tablish the purity of parent ; for Inka, mother to Haco, King of

Thrnchal mi brother go to shame, Norway, underwent the ordeal of hot-iron, and successfully estate

With wrwe they shalle bim spille. bished the questionable nobility of her son: and a young man

(ertes, he yell, forre le of care, ofit pr 1, by the same evidence, to prove himself the son of Riis ap

To hold mi trewihe Rehal Y nought spare : Gre, a Welsh princa, inclined to deny the relationship. GIR.

Laie Gore done all her wille CASIB Coon. Descrip. cap. xiii. Gibbon hns recorded the inREDH cvasina of Michaul Palmologus, when pressed to undergo character.) that he had not been guilty of incontinence with the

Having taken an oath, (true in big own, but false in his argumeu te, and will holly (titor the list with my accusers : but'a lay: Lady Belisant, he enters the list, and slays the steward, himself man, a sinner like milf is not endowed with the pit of mira: being wounded with a poisoned weapon. When the combat is d. Your piety, most holy prelate, may deserve the interposi • Quod ferrum manuum portantis non solum non combgasit, sed, ut videbatue of heaven, and from your hanıls i will receive the fiery globe, tur, post modum euniorem rouldklit.-Guden, Codex Diplomaticus, tom. I. p. bire plaige of my innocence."--Roman Empire, vol. xi. p. 317. 114

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