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DESCRIPTION AND ABSTRACT OF TWO ANCIENT FRAGMENTS

OF

FRENCH METRICAL ROMANCES, ON THE SUBJECT OF SIR TRISTREM.

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(Agreeable to the promise of the Introduction, I subjoin to the

* Chastel fais fut dit a dreit, Romance of THOMAS of Erceldoune, the abstract of those

Car, dous fais li an, e perdeit.” Chois Fragments, existing in MR Douce's MS.

For the oppor

Travellers declare that, twice in every year, it became invisiwanity of empanng the style of composition which prevailed ble; once at Christmas, and once in the summer; so that even u Fraoce and in Scotland, and of illustrating, by each other, the natives of the country would be unable to find it, had POETIH untten about the same period, and on the same subject, they not previously ascertained its situation by permanent landthe reader is indebted to GEORGE ELLIS, Esq. by whom the follow marks. tak bogant precis of the French romance was transmitted to

Here Tristrem arrived ; and, inquiring news of King Mark, was the Editor)

informed, that he was then in his palace, and had but lately held one of his golein f-stivals And where is Quren Ysolt, and

her beautiful muiden Brengwain ?"-" Faith, sir, they two are here: Txe curious MS. appears to have formed part of some volume I saw the lately; but, in truth, Quern Ysolt is, as usual, pensive belonging to a monastery ; because it contains, besides the two and melancholy. At the mention of his mistress, a sigh escapes detached pieces of the story of Tristrem l'Amoureur, a long from Tristrem. He recommends himself to Providence, convinced metneal dialogue between Pride and Humility, and a proso that, without inspiration, he cannot devise the means of seeing esentation on the Cross. It is written on vellum, and consists

Y solt. The vigilant hatred of King Mark alarms him for a moof a leaves. The band writing apparently belongs to the 13th ment, but he immediately recollects himself: "And what," says he,

if my uncle should discover and put me to death? It is my du: The first of the two parts contains a regular and circumstan- ty to suffer death for the love of my mistress. Alas! I die every tal relation of the latter adventures of Sir Tristrem, and termi day that I am absent from her sight!" Reflecting on the mad. autos bs bis death, and by that of Ysolt. The other, a complete ness of his attempt, ho says, " And why not feign madness ? Vnand separate episode, begins at the second column of the same der a disguise so well suited to my present circumstances. I may, pace in which the other narrative is terminated, and contains only perhaps, escape suspicion, and enjoy the pleasure of laughing at a single adventure ; in which, however, a great part of the hero's those who are amused by my apparent folly." history is artfully recapitulated. It is therefore probable that it At the moment when this idea came across his mind, he per fiserted in the monastic volume, principally on account of ceived a fisherman, whose dress seemed admirably suited to his to presenting a short and lively summary of the preceding long, purpose. It consisted of a coarse frock formed of rug, with a 2. perhaps tedious history.

cowl or hood, and a pair of loose and tattered trousers. Tristrem Be this as it may, the two Fragments differ very considerably beckons the fisherman to him, and says, “ Friend ! shall we atbex style; the first being so verbose and diffuse as fully to change dresses ? Mine, as you see, is the better of the two, but pastify the rideule thrown on the historian of Sir Tristrem by the yours happens to strike my fancy." The fisherman, perceiving sathor of "Sire Hain and Dame Anieuse," (BARBAZAN's Fa that the exchange wag, in fact, much to his advantage, instantly kiekis

, vol in. p. 55,") while the second is concise, lively, and dra- accepts the proposal, and departs with his new wardrobe. abie The orthography

of the two is also different and it is fur. Tristrem had brought with him a pair of scissars, the gift of het to be observed, that, in the first poem, the residonce of King Ysolt ; with these he cut off' his hair, leaving only a circle round Mark is placed in London, but in the second, at the Castle of his head, and a cross on the top, so as to resemble a fool hy pro Tidlagel

fession. He had always possessed to admiration the talent of The following is a free translation of the whole of the Second assuming a counterfeit voice, and from his knowledge of herbs. Praneat, which consists of 996 verses :

he was enabled to collect such blackening juices as were proper Tastiem, living in his own country at a distance from his be to change his complexion. So complete was the metamorphosis, lored Y solt

, feels that he has been restored to life merely for tho that his dearest friend would not have suspected, in this fool, the purpose of dying a thousand deaths, from the ansiety which dai- illustrious Tristrem. Seizing a stake from a hedge, and bearing

per on his spirits." Thought," says our author. "conforts it on his shoulder like a fool's staff, he marches, with an air ofar. er kills us; and such were the thoughts of Tristrem, that he surance, straight to the castle. All who meet him, view him with would have gladly ended thern by his death, had it been possible a mixture of contempt and apprehension. The porter at the laat his fate could have been separated from that of his faithful castle.gato, meaning to banter him, erclaims, "Come, fool, make Distress." He therefore forns the desperate resolution of pass- haste! where have you staid so long? Í have been," replies og into England. It was highly important to conceal this deter. Tristrem, "at a wedding: at that of the Abbot of Munt, [1 bemitata from all the world, and particularly from Kaherdin, the lieve Mons, / a particular friend of mine. He has just married an brother of his wife. It was no less necessary that his appearance abbess, a great fat woman in a veil. There is not a priest, or abstreld be such as should secure him from discovery in a country bot, monk, or clerk, from Mons to Besancon, who is not asked bete be was so well known ; and that, for this purpose, he to the marriage ; and they all carry baubles and crosiers. I left strould not only quit the usual accoutrements of chivalry, and as them making a fine riot i frisking and dancing in the shade! I

the appearance of a poor and insignificant traveller, but wished to remain, but was obliged to come away, because it is tha: be should also disguise his features, and even his voice. my duty to serve the King at table." Tratrem resolved to neglect none of these precautions und in The porter answered him, " Come in, son of Urgan the rough! this, says the author, he acted wisely :

fat and rough art thou; and thus resemblest thou thy father." "Car souvent avient Jomage grand

The pretended madman enters by the wicket, (par le poiket,) Par dire son conseil avant,

and all the valets, squires, and pages of the court, exclaim in Qais celat, et ne le dit,

concert, "What a figure! a fool! a fool!" at the same time asle mal, ce choir, ne enousit, Pour conseil fire et decouvrire,

sailing him, on all sider, with sticks and stones. Tristrem was The reflections of a single night were sufficient to mature his 'ceiving others, and returning them with usury, he gradually found broject in the morning be assumes his disguise, hastenis to the himself at the gate of the ball, which, shouldering his hedge

part port, and, finding a merchant skip just on the point of stake, he immediately entered with an air of solemnity. Halelunuz anchor for England, requests to be admitted on board;

King Mark, scated at the high table, immediately perceived his 200 embarking with a fair wind, arrives on the second day

new visitant, and exclaimed, " Beholi a curious officer ot' my at the barwur of Tintagel, the residence of King Mark and Queen delighted with the air of pomp with which the food returned the

house holdt let him be brought into my presence." He was much Yoolt.

The castle of Tintagel was equally celebrated for its strength salutes of the courtiers, while approaching the royal spat. Wel and mamificence. It was

situated on the sea coast of Cornwill, Had ite vast square towers are said to have been the work of pants: seekost thou here?"_“I will tell you whence I come, and what They were built of quarels, i regularly and exactly squared, and

I seek," replied Tristrem. “My mother was a whale, and was

in the habit of living, like a siren, under water. I do not recollect de azur. - suppose bricks altemately red and blue, as being the exact place of my birth, but perfectly remember that my wetme or lema striped, and called quarels from their being quarrés,

nurse was a tigress, who, finding me on a rock, mi took me for squared. The gate of the castle, commanding its only approach,

one of her whelps, and suckled ine very cartily. But you must a strongly secured, and capable of being defended Crotno know that I have a sister, far more beautiful than myset: I will

give her to you, if you choose, in the room of that Ysolt, of whom brautiful meadowa, foresis abounding with gune, rivita nilad you are so fond." with fish, and warrens, (so I translato guernineries, probably

The King, laughing immoderately at this sally, answered, TeTennes : ) besides which, the walls being washed by the sea,

* What saidat thou, thou wonder of the world ?"--" I say, King," this beautiful residence of King Mark and Queen Ysolt was

replied Trintrem, "That I will give you my sister instead of Ysolt, Bestfully supplied with every article of foreign merchandise. with whom I happen to be deeply in love. Let us make a bargain! was called Tintagel, vee Chasted" fier, 'from the following let us try the exchange! a nou brauty is well worth trying. You

must be by this time, tired of Ysolt, so give her me ; amuse your

self with a new mistress, and I promise to serve you in your court † Encuer-Occasion. Solt Solc.-Lat. from pure aflection.” Fresh peals of laughler from the king, who

Becalianty

See latrolaction

was too much delighted with his new acquaintanco to drop the let us hear to an end the savings of this madman !"-Then, conversation. "But, God deliver thee! if I should give thee pos turning to Tristrem, " Fool," said he, "what is your profes session of the Queen, tell me what thou wouldst do with her, and sion}"_" I have served kings and counts."-"Do you understand whither thou wouldet carry thy bride?"-"Up there, Sir King," dogs and hawks?"-"Yes, Sir King. When I choose to hunt in answered Tristremn; "up into the air! I have a place above, made the forest, I can, by my lures, attract the cranes while flying of glass; it is hung upon a cloud, and that so artilly, that the above the clouds. With my hounds, I can catch swans and roughest wiod cannot rock it. My hull is of glass, full of sun grese as white as snow, and immense quantities of fine mustards. >> beans; and I have a bedchamber adjoining, composed of crystal Mark, and his whole court, are again extravagantly delighted by and amber." The King was now still further delighted ; and all Tristrem's answers. "And pray," says the King,

what is your the courtiers admitted, that they had never heard so eloquent a mode of chase by the river side !"-"Oh," said Tristrem," I can fool. "King," continued Tristrem, “I am niuch in love with catch all that I find. I take, with my larger falcons, the wolves your wife, and you ought to give her up to me, because you see of the wood, and the gigantic bears ; with my ger falcons, I take huw melancholy she is. I am Tramiris, who always loved her, wild boars ; with my small falcons, the doe and the roe-buck and shall love her for evermore."

with my sparrow-bawk, foxes ; with my emerillian (merlin) and Ysoit, starting at his well-known name, exclaims, "Fool! thou with my hobby (hobel,l hares and lekueet le beore.)When I reart not Trantris! thou art a vile liar!" Tristrem, who had care turn home, I amuse myself with skirmishing with my hedge stake. fully watched the countenance of his mistress, saw, with infinite and few can shield themselves so well as not to get a rap from pleasure, the indignation which flushed her cheek, and sparkled me. I know how to deal my blows, with great exactness, among in her eye; but, preserving his assumed character, coolly continued the squires and pages. Besides these talents, I can play upon the as follows:

harp, and rote, and can sing lapres la note) frotu scored music. "Queen Ysolt, I am Tramtrig. You must remember how dan. I know how to charm the affections of a queen; an art in which gerously I was wounded, during my combat with the Morhout, no lover is my equal. I know how to cut shavings of wood, and, who demanded a tribute from this country, I fought him succesg by throwing them into a stream, to convey, by this device, iny fully : I killed him, but I was most dangerously wounded, because intentions to my mistress. Besides this, I am no bad minstrel; he fought with a poisoned sword. He had wounded me in the and you shall now see what a tune I can play upon a simple hip : so powerful was the venom, that all my blood was inflamed; hedge-stake." the bone was blackened ; and the pain, which was excruciating, At these words, he began to brandish his weapon, exclaiming. could not be appeased by all the skill of my physicians. Iem: ** Avaunt, scoundrels! why do you press upon the King? get barked in search of advice, and my pains increased so fast, that home directly! Have you not dined sufficiently? What do you I wished to be relieved by death, when a sudden tempest drove

stay for?" me on the coast of Ireland. I was forced to disembark, in the The King, who did not feel the blows that fell on the shoulders very country which I had the most reason to apprehend, after of his courtiers, was so much pleased with the fool, that he gave, having killed the Morhout. He was your uncle, Queen Ysolt! with regret, and at a later hour than usual, his orders to his had every thing to apprehend; but I was wounded and wretched. equerries to saddle his horse, that he might go, according to I landed with nothing but my harp, which had long been my custom, to bunt in the forest. While his attendants were hastedonly consolation. Soon you heard of my skill on that instrument, ing to share his amusement, “Excuse me, site," said Ysolt, “I and I was sent for to court. The Queen, your mother, heaven am very sick; my head aches dreadfully : permit me to avoid this reward her for it! healed my wounds. In return, I taught you the scene of tumult, and to retire to my chamber till your return." sweetest lays on the harp ; British lays-lays of your own country." The King having granted this permission with a good grace, (I suppose he means her present country.) “ You must remember, she retired to her room, and abandoned herself to grief. Throwlady, the circumstances of my cure. The name I look in Ireland ing herself on her bed, she exclaimed, “ Alas, that ever I was was Trumtris; am not I the person whom you saw there?" boru! Brengwain! my dear Brengwain! the evil star, which pre

" Most certainly not!" exclaimed Ysolt. "He was all beauty vailed at my birth, continues to persecute me. This day has and elegance ; you, who assume his name, are coarse, unman brought upon me a new misfortune. A fool, for such he appears nerly, and hideous! Now, begone, and make me no more the sub by his shaven crown, or rather a conjurer in that disguise, w or ject of your discourse. Your pleasantry is no less disagreeable to rived at count for my torment. He knows exactly evers, even me than your appearance."

the most hidden, circumstance of my life. Who could have disTristrem, turning suddenly round, and applying his bedge-stake covered to him such parts of my life, as were only known to you, in all directions, drives all the couruers before him to the other to myself, and to Tristrem? It is impossible! he must be indebte end of the hall; exclaiming, as he deals his blows around, to sorcery for a knowledge so minute and particular !"_"1, 1 "Fools : fools! get out of the room, and leave Ysolt and me to the contrary," replied Brengwain, am persuaded this pretended enjoy our private conversation!" The King was transported with tool is no other than Tristrom."-"No! no!" replied Ysvit; delight at this new piece of wit ; Ysolt blushed, and was silent. " this man is hideous and deformed. Tristrem is so beautiful

Mark, enjoying her confusion, asks Triatrem, Fool! come, be Tristrem is the flower of chivalry; nnd his courage and beauty sincero,;, not Ysolt thy mistress?"- "Certainly,replied Tris are not more remarkable than his wit and eloquence. The fooi. trem;

'I do not mean to deny it."-"Most certainly," exclaimed whom God confound ! is the reverse of all this ; accursed be the Ysolt, "thou art the most impudent of liars; hence with this tool country from whence he came ; accursed the vessel that brought that I may be no more importuned with him."

him! Oh! that the seas had swallowed him before he landed in Tristrem, only laughing at her rage, continues his questions : this country for my persecution !"

Do you not remember, Queen Ysolt, when the King wished to “Silence! lady," said Breugwain. * Where did you learn to send me (as, indeed, ho afterwards did) for you, whom ho has demean yourself with such violenco rou swear like any rirale!" since married, that I returned to Ireland, in the disguise of a My dear Brengwain, you would forgive me if you had heard merchant ? This disguise was necessary; for bis majesty, who him! never did man utter such vexatious truths !" now sits by your side, was no favourite of your countrymen, and " As St. John shall bless me," said Brangwain, "I am per I was detested by them on account of the Morhout. But I was, at suaded that he is, if not your lover, at least a meesenger from that time, careless of danger: a true knight. Such wus my con Tristrem." fidence in my strength and skill, that there was not a man from " Alas! I know not who or what he is; but, for Heaven's sake, Scotland to Rome, whom I should have dreaded to encounter." go, and see him yourself; and, if possible, return with some in

"A fine story, indeed!" exclaimed Ysolt. "You a knight! formation respecting him.". Fool, fool, you are ridiculous enough, but you are too hasty and The courteous Brengwain immediately executed her corumje. violent. So pray be gone, and God go with you."

sjun, and descended into the hall, where she found Tristrem Tristrem laughs again, and continues : "Lady! Queen ! do you alone; the rest of the company having disappeared soon after not remember the serpent, the dreadful serpent, who filled your the King's departure. Brengwain surveyed him with an air of court with constemation? I killed bim ; I cut off his head, I took distance and anxiety; but Tristrem, throwing away his stake as out his forked tongue : I concealed it in my boot, and the conse soon as he saw her, exclaimed." Brengwain ! fair and generous quence was, that I received a poisoned wound in my leg. ! Brengwain! in the name of God, pity and assist me!" thought I must have died. Unable to reach your court, I fainted Assist thee!" replied Brengwajn ; "how can I assist thee by the way-side. There your mother and you saw me, and, by Alas! I am Tristrem! who live in sorrow and disappoint. your joint care, recovered me. Do you not remember the bath in ment; I am Tristrem, who suffer endless misery for the love of which you placed me, and where, in a moment of indignation, Ysolt!"-" That you most certainly are not," replied Brengwain, you determined to kill me? Do you not recollect, that, from an or my eyes deceive me strangely," impulse of curiosity, you drew my sword, and finding it broken at “Yes, Brengwain! I am the real Tristrem. Do you not rethe point, concluded, very justly, that I was the author of the member how we sailed together from Ireland ? you were then Morhout's death? that you opened the cabinet in which the point, intrusted to my protection : you, as well as Ysoli, who now re since your uncle's death, had been preserved, and found that it fuses to acknowledge me. The Queen held you in her right hand; exactly fitted my sword? How courageously did you resolve to she consigned you over to me; she requcsted me to take care of assauli me with my own sword, while I lay, naked and wounded, you, no less anxiously than she recommended her daughter Ysolt. in the bath where you had placed me! such is the rage of women! You must remember this, fair Brengwain! At the same time whe The Queen came to us, alarned at the noise. You must remem

delivered into your charge a little tlagon, and told you to preserve per that I made my peace with you : I obtained my pardon, and it most carefully, if you wished to retain

her affection. When I deserved it by protecting you against the violence of a man we got out to sea, the weather became insutlerably hot ; so hot, whom you hated.' le not this true ? did I not thus defend you ?" that I, though dressed only in a light mantle, was near fainting

"Noi it is not true! it is all a lie! it is a dream--the dream of with weakness and thirst. I asked for drink A servant, who a drunkard."" of a drunkard, Ysolt --yes, I am drunk, and was at my feet, got up, and searching for liquor, found the fiegon, with a potion, from whose effects I shall never recover! Do you which he emptied into a silver cup. I eagerly carried the bever not remember, when your father and mother consigned you over age to my lips, and then offered it to Ysolt, who was egasily to me; when I embarked with you, being charged to conduct you thirsty. We drank; we both drank ; and have owed to that to the King, your present husband! I will relate to you the cir beverage all the misery of our lives. Do you not remember this, cumstances of our passage. One day, when the sea was calm, fair Brengwain ?". and the weather beautiful, but extremely hot, you complained of "Not a word of it," replied Brengwain. thirst. Do you not remember this, daughter of the King of Ire Brengwain! since that day I have never ceased to love Ysolt; land? we then both drank from one cup. I have been drunk ever but I have concealed my passion from all mankind. You have since, and a fatal drunkenness have I found it."

seen us; you have heard our mutual protestations ; you have When Ysolt hoard these words, she suddenly enveloped her consented to aid our passion. What I tell you is known to us face in her mantle, and attempted to retire ; but the King, who three, and to us only." was delighted with the scene, caught her by ber robe, and drawing Brengwain, at these words, turns round in silence, and hastens her back to her seat said, "Bear with bim, Ysolt, my dear, and to her mistress. Tristrem follows, adjuring her to assist loir :

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and they arrive together at the chamber. Breng wain enters , dain and reaerve. In this dissimulation? I have seen the day, smding; but Ysolt changes colour at the sight of this unwel. fair lady, when you not only felt, but were proud to avow, your Come vbitant, and complains of a sudden and violent indisjosi passion. When King Mark banished us both from court, you tion. Her attendants, trained to diseretion, quit the room. Tris readily gave me your hand. We left the court together, and went trem uns eagerly up to his mistress, and attempts to embrace together to the forest. What a charming retreat did we find far; she showers with apunhension, and starts froin hiin. Tris; there! it was a cave, formed by nature in the rock : its entrance tren enjoying her confusion, suddenly recollects his assumed was narrow, and scarcely visible ; but within, spacious, vaulted, character, and stationing himself near the door, proceeds, in his and variegated, as if it had been painted by art. That vaulled leignad voice, as follows:

cave was the scene of our pleasures during the time of our banish* Alas! never did I expect, fair Ysolt! such a reception from ment. My dog, my favourite Flodain, watched us in silence. you, and from the amiable Brengwain. I have lived much too With my dog and my falcon we were at no loss for amusements. bong, since I ain become an object of horror and disgust to those Laily! you remember how we were afterwards discovered. The I love. Oh Ysolt! Oh my love? true affection has a more retentive King himself found out our retreat, by the assistance of the dwarf, memory. A fountain is beautiful object; but when it ceases bis constant conductor. But the eye of Heaven watched over to rise into the air, and throw its refreshing waters around; when us. The King found us asleep; but my drawn sword lay between it does up in summer, at loses all its value. Such, it seems, is us, and that removed all his jealousy. He drew off his glove, and Jer love!"

laid it gently on your face, observing, that your lovely complexion "Friend," replied Ysolt," thy discourse astonisheg me! I see was tanned and bumed by the sun. His whole kindness returned ; and hear you, but neither my eyes nor my enrs show me, in you, and he immediately recalled us to his court. Ysolt, you must the siglatest resemblance of Tristrum." Tristrem answers : remember this. I gave you my favourite dog ; I gave you Ho** Yet, my love! 1 an--indeed I am your Tristrem. Do you dainwhere is he? call him to me." pot remember the geneschal who betrayed you to the King? He I have him still," replied Ysolt; and you shall see him prewas my companion; we were of the same age, and logged in the sently. Brengwain, huste to fetch the dog, but bring him with his same house. One night when I rose to visit you, he followed me. chain and collar." Colortunately, it had spowed, and the traces of my feet betrayed Brengwain obtyed the request of her mistress, and instantly me. He followed my steps in secret; he saw me enter your returned with the dog, bounding before her. "Come here, Hochamber; and next day accused me before the King. He was, dain !" said Tristrem ; "thou wert onco mine, and I now reI think, the first person who awakened the jealousy of your hus: claim thee." band. Next, you cannot but remember the treacherous dwarf, Hodain saw, and instantly recognised his master. Never did our must malignant enemy, whom you so violently and so justly animal express such transports of joy He howled, he sprang hated. He was placed by King Mark as a spy on your actions, upon him, he rubbed his face against him, he struck the ground and his temper was well suited to such a vile commission. He with his fore-seet, and expressed his affection with a warmth, Fachad you night and day. Once, however, we had the art to which could not but affect all beholders. Ysolt's astonishout wit bin. Such is the inexhaustible invention of lovers, that ment redoubled. The fierce and terrible Hodain, whom none but thay will arrive at last, by dint of stratagems, at the completion herself and Brengwain dared to approach since the departure of of their wishes. The dwarf had employed a notable artitice to his master, was suddenly changed in his nature, by a voice to eleck our secret meetings, by strewing flour over your room; but which her car was quito unaccustomed. She blushed, and became I perceived the trick, and, at one jump, sprang from my bed into more and more confused. Tristrem, returning the caresses of fuirs

. But I received, accidentally, a scratch on my am ; your Hodain, said to her, “ Ysolt! he, whom I once fed and caressed, dwxts were stained with blood, as were my own, when I leapt has not forgotten his master, though you forget the long affection back into iny bed. King Mark did not fail to observe this unlucky and tried constancy of your lover!" trascidence, and, consequently, banished me from court. Do you

"Mult parait en chen* grant franchise, pot remetsbar, my love, a present I once made you? a little dog,

E en femme grant feintise!” of uncommon beauty, your favourite Cru? Do you not remember an earlier anti more important incident of your life, when my au Ysolt changed colour, and shuddered with apprehension and

os rival, the celebrated harper, came to your father's court, anxiety: he continued- "Lady! you once were loyal and conand so charmed his ears, that he obtained you as a scholar, and stant! Do you remember the time. when, in the orchard, we 2 on the point of carrying you off as his mistress? he had were found asleep by your husband, who, in a transport of rage, Farlsberde you off to his ship; but I overheard the declaration determined to put an end to your life? but it was the will of be made to you; and, mounting my horse with a role in my hand, Providence that I should awake : I overheard his resolution, and grertzuk, and wrested you from him. He obtained you by his advertised you in time of your danger. On that occasion, you baru: 1 recovered you by my rote. Queen! you must remember, presented to me your ring. It was of gold, beautifully enamelled. that cace, when I was in disgrace with the King, and most I received it with transport and retired." andus to converse with you, I came into the orchard, where we ** True!" exclaimed Ysolt. Such was my pledge of faith to had before had frequent interviews, and, sitting under a thorn, Tristrem! You have the ring, then? if so, show it me." began to cut chips of wood, which were the well-known signal Tristrem, drawing the ring out, presented it to her. She examcelup between us.

A fountain, which rose in the orchard, ined it with attention, clasped her hands together, and exclaimed, dowed under your windows ; I threw the chips into the water, with a flood of tears, "Al last! at last, I have lost him! If Tristot by the sight of them, you knew that I should come to you trem were still alive, no other man could possess this ring. Oh! al might An enemy chanced to see me, and hastened to convey he is dead! he is dead! Wretch that I am i all my hopes of comthe setet to King Mark The King came at night to the garden, fort are dead with him!” and concealed himself under the thorn. I arrived soon after, un Tristrem was not proof against the tears of his beloved mis

Me lots of his presence; but I luckily preceived his shadow, tress. Overcome with compassion and admiration, he exclaimed and mean the story. I saw you coming; and was grievously in his natural voice, “Lady! Queen! from henceforward, I canalarmed, lest your eagerness in approaching me should betray you. not doubt that your constancy, like your beauty, is unaltered!” But Heaven protected us. You loo observed the second shadow, Ysolt, at the first accents of his voice, threw herself into his and tum d back

I addressed you aloud, requesting your inter arms, and kissed his face and his eyes. Tristrem having requested posetion to reconeile me to the King, whoso favour í had unjustly Brengwain to bring him some water, washed a way the die which kost: ot to procure from him the payment of my salary, with had so completely changed his complexion, while Ysolt, unable leave to quit the kingdom. By this fortunate accident we were to speak, or to loosen her embrace, observed in silence the revival saved, and I was reconciled to your husband. Yoolt! do you re of his features. Her joy was extreme. She will never more part meuber the lao lie. trial, orical] that you underwent for my with him. He shall have the best palace, and the best bed, in make! When you came out of the boat, I held you softly in my her husband's dominions. Tristrem, however, wishes only for the ame. I was perfectly disguised, according to your instructions,

Queen. Ysolt was beautiful! Tristrem is full of joy and trang. and my face discoloured. You ordered me to fall with you in my port, and his fair hostess receives full proof of it. The concluding betweca them. The whole people were witness of this apetaI did so, very gently : you opened your arms to me : I felt lines are singularly pretty.

* Ysolt entre les bras le tin, parent accident, by which, I believe, you were acquitted of your

Tele joi en al de su ani 0h, and of the law (ordeal] which you had proinised, before the

K'ele ad etant de juste li cuir, t) submit to."

K'ole ne sait cuncnt cuntenir The Queen listened to him, marked every word, looked at him,

Ne le l'erat anuit mea partir! siched, but was unable to answer. What could she think? not a

Dit, k'il avrat bel ostel, feature in his face, not a tone in his voice seemed to resemble

E kane lit, ben fait et bel;
Tristrem. Yet all' he said was correct and true.

Tristran autre chose ne quiert
Tristrem,

Hors la Reine. Yeolt bele ere! wytwo observed every change in her countenance, thus con

Tristran en est joius et ler:

Mult met ben ki il herbiger."
Lady! Queen! Your disposition was formerly very different!
You then loved me frankly and freely;
you are now full of dis-

• Chen-Chien.

timed:

ABSTRACT OF ANOTHER FRAGMENT

IN MR. DOUCE'S MS.

This begins, as it appears, in the middle of a ferocious speech, porter, tells luim his story, is received into the lodge, finds a good in which Brengwain reproaches Ysolt-"Accurred be the hour, supper and a warm bed, and despatches the friendly porter with says she," when I first knew you, and Tristrem your lover! For a message to Brengwain. But neither Tristrem's inessage, por you I abandoned my country,

the porter's clouence, had any effect on the enraged confidante.
Et puis, put votre fol curage,

Ysolt, however, knowing where her lover is lodged. sees a ray of
Perfia, daine, mou pucelage 1

hope, employs every topic of flattery, and humbles herself so
To'l fis, certes, por votre amur;

lectually, that Brengwain at length consents to go and hear Vus me promistes grant honur ;'" &c.

Tristrem's justification ; convinced, at the same time, that it This long winded quarrel, which occupies 341 lines, originated,

must prove unsatisfactory. Tristrim, however, who was really as it appears, in a mistake. Yoolt and Tristrem bad persuaded nnocent, exculpates himself completely; promises to punish Brengwain to accept the hand of kaherdin, brother to Ysolt aux

Cariados for his intumous calumny, and at length is secretly conBlanches Mains, the wife of Tristrein: and Tristrem and Kaher lucted by Brengwain to the chamber of Yeolt, where he lies till din, having, soon after this, secretly departed for some reason or

near moming, when he takes his leave, returns to the sea-side, other, Cariados, a boasting and cowardly knight, declares that meets Kaherdin, passes into Brittany, and finds Ysolt an Blanhe has driven them both out of the country. Poor Brengwain,

hes Mains distracted with jealousy at the strange conduct of her extremely offended at the supposed cowardice of her husband, susband, but hitherto ignorant of her rival. quarrels with Ysolt for inaking the match, and, in a fury, denoun.

Tristrem being departed, Queen Y-olt, recollecting that her ces ber friend to King Mark.

over had purchased one short night of happiness by much fatigue Mark listens very patiently to her string of accusations, which, and anxiety, besides a long swoon, which may possibly have into do them justice, might have perplexed a better head ihan bis, ured his health, thinks it right to do, on her part, some penance, and urges her to explain herself a little more intelligibly, promis

in return for all that he had suffered for her sake. Never was ing her inviolable secrecy. He had concluded, that Tristrem had here a more perfect model of female constancy and fidelity! lately been found, according to custom, in the embraces of Ysolt;

She determined to wear, next her skin, a shift of hair cloth, which but he hears, with astonishment, that Ysolt is now passionately in she never quitted night or day, Fors quand couchoit a son seiglove with Cariados. This intelligence, which had no foundation Pour;" and she furthermore made a vow to wear it constandy but in the anger of the confidante, perplexes hin more than ever ;

ill she should hear news of Tristrem. Aner much suffering of but he ends, by desiring Brengwain to take complete charge mind and body, she called to her a minstrel (un vicicur,) to of her mistress, and to preserve her, if possible, exclusively for whom she explained, much in detail, her whole anxiety, and his embraces.

altimately gave instructions to communicate this information While Ysolt thus found her former friend and confidante con. to her lover. Tristrem, on the receipt of this intelligence, be verted into an intlexible duenna; while Mark was more than comes extremely anxious to see his Ysolt in her state of peniever a prey to jealousy ; while Cariados found his passion for tence; he has an interview with Kahendin, and the two friends Ysolt less likely than ever to become successful, Tristrem and agree to pass over, in disguise, !o Comwall. They take new Kaberdin were proceeding on their journey. It al length, though devices and armour, and set off in disguise for the court of King rather late, occurred to the former, that they had quitted the ob: Mark, where they arrive just before a great festival, and are, as jects of their affection somewhat hastily; and he determined, no foreign knights, honourably received. The multitude assembled at less hastily, to return to court; to obtain a sight of Ysolt, and to this festival was prodigious, and the games exhibited were ud explain to her the motives of his departure. He therefore quits usually splendid and various. Skirmishing (wrestling )his companion, assumes the dress of a poor man, and, by means

"Et pnis firent un stuz Waleis, of herbs, disfigures his face so as to appear like a leper. Не

Et uns qu'apelent Wanelis, blackens his face and hands, and, taking an alms cup, (hanap de

Et puis se parterent cemtals, marre, a luper's cup,) which Ysolt had given him during the

Et lancerent ad coseala, first year of their passion, he put it into a clapper of box, and thus

ou gavelco et od spices: converted it into a beggar's ratile. He then repaired to court,

Sur tus i fat Tristram prises." stationed himself near the hall door, and endeavoured to procure, In the middle of the tournament, in which the two friends by repeated questions to all whom he met, some account of his greatly distinguished themselves, Tristrem was fortunately recor: mistress. His endeavours, however, were all ineflectual. At nised by one of his best friends, who, alarmed for his enfety and length, on a great holyday, he saw the King and Queen proceed that of Kaherdin, and foreseeing that their valour would expose ing to the cathedral to hear mass. Tristrem attached bimself to them to great danger, furnished them with two excellent horses, the Queen, and rattled so loudly, in the hopes of attracting her the fleetest of the whole country: This valuable present was reattention, calling on her by name, for some charitable donation, ceived just in time. Tristrem and Kaherdin had slain two knights, that the sergeants, offended at his pressing so close to her, 1hought the most powerful and popular of the court, one of whom was it necessary, by blows and menaces, to drive him out of the Canados, and were obliged to save themselves by flight from a crowd. Tristrem bears all, but constantly returns to the charge. whole army of assailants. There, however, were Cornish assailHe follows Ysolt into thu chapel of the cathedral, still rattling, ants, and not very anxious to overtake such formidable chanand crying for charity, ull his importunity first raised her indigna pions as the two friends, who arrived on the sea coast unhurt, and tion, and then her wonder and curiosity. She casts her eyes on returned quietly to Brittany. (Here occurs the digression on the the tankard, and immediately recognises her lover; and, blushing subject of Thomas, quoted at length in the Introduction) with alarm and surprise, draws a gold ring from ber finger, which Tristrem and Kaherdin, the former of whom seems to have she endeavours to throw into the tankard. Unfortunately, the suddenly forgotten the hair cloth shirt of Ysolt, passed some time watchful eyes of Brungwain had already made the same discove in Brittany, in amusements of different kinds, in feasting, huntry as those of Ysolt. She calls Tristrem a sturdy beggar ; scolds ing, secking adventures on the frontiers, and, when they were the sergeants for permitting him to come so near the Queen, more at leisure, in going

aux images."* and, addressing herself to Ysolt,“ How long have you been so

" As images se delitoient, charitable as to make such magnificent prevents to lazars and

Pur les dames que tant amoient." common beggurs? You wish, then, to give him a gold ring? but fortunately I have the power to prevent you from purchasing re

One day it happened after a chasc, when the two friends, pentanco so dearly." Tristrem, finding himself buffeted, and being separated from the rest of the party, were returning to the turned out of church, by order of Brengwain, learns, for the first rendezvous, they discovered, riding towards them, a Breton knight time, that he has excited her indignation ; and, reduced to utter

on a gray borse. He was splendidly armed. His shield was of despair, and bowailing his misery, knows not which way to direct gold, froited with vair: and so were the longe (coat-armour,) the his steps. There was, in the outer court of the palace, near the Hag of his spear, and his crest. The vent gualos, (covering of porter's lodge, a remnant of a ruined staircase. On this be throws his shield.) which was closely shut, was of the same suit. Не himself, overpowered by fatigue and anxiety, and falls into a swoon.

was tall, stout, and well-proportioned. The friends stopped. In the meantime, the service being ended, the king and Queen re

and waited his arrival. On his approach, be saluted them cour turned from the cathedral to dinner: after which the evening was teously, which they returned, and then inquired bis name, and the devoted to amusements, in which poorYoolt, solely occupied by her object of his journey, own distress, and that of her lover, was unable to take a part.

* Sir," said the unknown knight, " can you teach me the way At night, it so happened, that the porter, finding himself very cold to the castle of Tristrem l'Amoureux?"-"What do you want with in his lodge, directed his wife to go and get some wood for the him ?"' returned Tristrem;" who are you? what is your name? fire. "Some dry logs, my dear Marian ; and some fagots im.

You need go no further, for I am Tristrem. Now explain your mediately !". His wife, unwilling to go to the wood-jule, recol wishes."--Tam rejoiced to find you, replied the stranger; lects some bundles of fagots lying on the old staircase. She

'my name is Tristrem le Nain: I am of the Marches of Bnttany. goes thither in the dark, seizes, instead of the fagots she expected on the right hand, towards the sca of Spain. I had a castle-I to find, the shaggy and tattered cloak of Tristrem, screams with hnd, 100, a mistron ; but I have unfortunately lost her. "The fright, and rushes to her husband, with the assurance of her hay night before last she was torn from me. Estuit l'Orgucilleux, of ing found the devil. Her husband takes a light, examines all the Castle-ter has torn her away luy force, and own keeps bercontined objects found him, and proceeding with grent caution to the nin

in his castle. In this extremity of distress, Lapply to you, as the ed staircase, finds a human figure cold and insensiblo. Tristrem. • This seems to ailule to the images of Ysolt noul Brengwain in the Castle of however, awakes from his swoon, recognises his tried friend the Beliagog. -See p. 291.

(302)

4

most valiant knight in the world, for assistance: and I know that

U$S marcheans Crestiens vient;

Li huine i sunt de grant engin. Il the bravest of men is also the most amorous, and most able to

Venu i est Dan Kaberdin appreciate the misery of my situation. Should you succeed in

Ove sea drapa, a ser visels, recovering my mistress, I pruinise you, for life, homago and ser

Dunt il ad de bons et de bels; vie."-"I will assist you, my friend," replied Tristrem ; " but

En bun pung'' prent un grant ostrur, 111 for the present, let us return to my castle. To-morrow wo will set

Et un drap d'estrange culur, 111 off on this adventure."

Et un cupe ben tureesss The other will not hear of this delay. "Tristrem l'Amoureux,"

Entaille, 111 et nerlee;**•• says he, "if he heard me, would either deny, or give me his aid

Al Rei Markes en fait present,

Et li dit niipalement, imx lately! as a lover, he would feel compassion for my in

Qu'od sun aver vont en sa terre, ftit patience. Tritle with me no longer, sirs, but show me to him !"

Pur altre ganir 0111 et conquerre; "I acquiesce," replied Tristrem; It is my duty to accompany

Pais le donist en sa regiuo, you now. Only suffer me to send for my arins."

Que pris n'iwit a achaisun, As soon as he is eruipped, they set ofiupon the expedition, and,

Ne domage n'i ad, ni hunte, after some time, arrive at Castle-fer. They stop before the

Par chamberlains, ne par Vescunte. walls at the evigo of the forest, Estuit l'Orgueilleux was a most

Li rei li dune fermi pais $S$$. olable koight, and had six brothers, knights also, and of ap

Oiant tus iceus del palais 1111 ptured valour, though inferior to him in might. Two of these

A la reine vait parler,

De ses avers li volt mustrer, brothers were just returning from a tournament with their atten.

Un aficail.***. ovre de or fin, dants, and falling in with Tristrem's party, commenced a combat,

Li port en a main Kaherdin, in which they were both slain. The noise of this encounter

Ne quide qu'un secle 11111 Ineliear meit; speedily reaching the castle, the proud Estuit sallied forth with his

Present a la reine en fait : gasoll, and a fresh and more obstinate conflict ensued, in which,

Lions 1111 est mult buns, ce dit after prodigies of valour, he and his four remaining brothers lost

Unques Yaolt meliur ne vil.” their lives. But Tristrern le Nain was also killed, and Tristrem

Thus introduced to Ysolt, Kaherdin shows her the well-known bimself wounded in the loin by a poisoned lance, after slaying the ring of Tristrem, under pretence of comparing the gold, of which perron whu bore it. With great difficulty he is carried to his cas.

it is made, with that of the seal, or clasp, which he offers to her tle, where every effort of medicine is in vain exerted for the cure of his wound. spite of all the salves and cataplasms, which and takes the supposed merchant aside, under pretence of chaf

acceptance. The Queen of Comwall instantly changes colour, Were liberally applied, and the draughts, which were as unsparing fering for the ring. Kaherdin delivers his message in ahout fifty by administered, the gangrene becomes worse, and it is at length lines of commonplace tautology. Ysolt takes the advice of Breng. evident, that no one can cure it save Ysolt of Comwall. But it wain, and communicates to her the whole circumstances of this was impossible that Tristrem, in his reduced state, could under distressing case. Here occurs another scene of weeping and sob take a voyage to England, and apparently, it was as difficult for bing, betwixt the Queen and her confidante. Al length the former Ysoit to come to Brittany. In this distress, Tristrem resolves to adopts the resolution of going, at all risky, to the aid of her lover. tinboscom himself to Kaherdinin private, and directs the chamberto She escapes from the palace by a postern gate

communicating be cleared. His wife conceals herself to hear their conference, with the Thames, and embarking in the vessel of Kaherdin, they SES imug that Tristrem, with whose abstinence she was but too instantly set sail. The Minstrel describes the agonizing expecta well acquainted, was about to renounce the world, and become a

tion with which Tristrem waited the approach of every vessel, and nunk She learns, however, a differnt and find more morty then returns to the voyagers, whose bárk is, assailed by a temi latnentation, bemoans his absence from Yoolt of Cornwall, and con

language; and the sobs and tears of Ysolt are, as usual, accomchudes by bowling and sobbing so bitterly, as to melt the tender panied by those of the sympathetic Kaherdin. The former de. beart of Kaherdin, who, laying aside all respect for his sister's intetest , offers to serve his friend in whatever he should command. being wrecked on so interesting an expedition ; and is only com

claims, with the poet's usual tautology, upon the hardship of Tristrem, in a second harangue, requests him to go to England in his forted by the reflection, that she will be drowned, and that Trisfew ship, and there to deliver to the Queen of Cornwall an exceed trem, on bearing the tidings, will assuredly drown himself also, ing long message entreating her to come to his relict. He also de and that, perudventure, the stomach of the sume fish may serve um lan to fumush himself with two sets of sails, one white and one

as a tomb to them both. black; the former to be displayed in his return, it'his embassy proved

" Qua sernel O iterum congrediamur, ajt!" metes-ful, the latter, should it be otherwise; and, finally, he pives him his ring, to be presented to Y solt, as a token from her Brittany, and the white sails are displayed, as signal of the suc

The storm, however, being appeased, they gain the coast of lover. To Tristrer's wife, Kaherdin is charged only to say, in

cess of Kaherdin's embassy. A dead calm prevents their gaining general, that he goes to England for a celebrated leach (mire) harbour, and occasiony Yoolt nearly as much veration as thu to cure her husband's wound. Thus instructed, Kaherdin, after a

former tempest. Meanwhile, her vengeful rival apprizes Tristrem boor indulgence of social grief with his friend, departs for of the return of the long-expected vessel. He eagerly inquires England. Meanwhile, Ysole of Brittany has heard all the se the colour of the sails she displays; and his wifi declaring that cret of her husband's love, with the rage of a slighted woman.

the sails are black, he turns his face to the wall, implores tho On this subject the minstrel becomes sententious :

mercy of God upon Ysolt and himself, and exclaims, that, though "Ire de ferme ext a duter,

she has refused to come to his aid, he dies for her sake. He re. Malt a’eu deit chascun ganler!

peats her name thrice, and dies in the fourth invocation.
Carla u plus ame aura

"Amie Ysolt!' trei fez$$$$$ dit,
Illac pluwt se vengera!
Cum de leger vunt lur anar,

A la quarte rend l'esprit;

Idune plurent par la maisun,
De leger vunt lar hair,

Li chevalur, li cumpaingnun;
E: plus dure lur enemiste,

Li cria est halt, la plainte est grant ;
Quant vent, ne que lur amiste

Saitlient chevaler et serjant,
Warur ne savent amesurer,
Et la hajir nent atemprer."

Et portent li bors de son lit;

Pues le chuchent sur un samit, These severe remarks upon female passion the poet cuts short,

Covre le d' plaie roie.'11111 reecdlerting that the ladies will not be disposed to profit by his During this gad scene, Ysolt lands, and demands of an old man facrality, and proceeds to tell how Ysolt of Brittany, though the meaning of the lamentations which resound through every nwardly resolved on vengeance, showed every external mark of

street. "Fair dame," answered he, "never was so great causo affection for her husband, inquiring often when Kaherdin would for mourning. Dead is Tristrem, the free, the valorous, the prop return with the skilful physician, to seek whom he had gone to of his liege men, the reliever of the distressed.” When Ysolt Ladand. Kaherdin, meanwhile, pursues his way to London. heard him, she could not for grief answer a word, but went The following description of that city, and of the Breton's

arrival, silently through the crowds, who marvelled at her beauty, till discused as a merchant, in the court of King Mark, is a good spe- she reached the castle-hall, where the body of her lover was euren of the language and manner of the French minstrel :

displayed ; then threw herself upon the bier, and died in a last Landres est molt riche cite;

embrace :Melior n'ad en Cristiente

"Si se turne vers Orient,
Par vaillance, ne melx lise,

Par li prie pileusement :
Melx gafarnie, de grant prise ;

Amis Tristao, quant mort vus vel,
Maltament largesse et honur,

Par raison vivre puis ne dei!
Canteinent ei par grant baldur; 1

Mort estes pur la mei amur,
Le recorrers est de Engleterre

Et lo muns, amnis, de tendrur,
Avant d'loo ne estaet querre

Quant a tens ne poi venir!
Al pe 1 del mur li corti Tanise;

De juste li va dune greir
Par li septfi la marchandis,

Embrasse le, ai s'ctendit,
Den totes les qui sunt,11

Sun espirit a tant rendist.” Meiz sarisa-Mieux assise, situee. - Gararnio-Guarni, provided. 111 Estrange culur,Perhaps strange meang precious, as in the Italian pela Certerent, &c.—Ils (les habitans de Londre) e contiennent (maintien-grino.Cupo, &c. -Une coupe bien touree ; well turned upon the lathe. fert) avec grand courage. Recorrer-Rallying point, or bulwark. - Entaille Engraved. Neeler-Annealed, or perhaps naile, 1.4-24, Sc.-Pfore the existence of London, England had no place of in allusion to the custom of fixing nails, or pins, into drinking verls.Real Debutes, &c. -Des toutes les (terres) qui existent. -8 U-1-:111 Ganim Gagner.Thish, ot rallying point — Pe-Pied" Curi-Court-1 Vent-111t Qu'od, &c. - That'he was come into the country with his property (avoir)

S$99 Pais-Peace, or protection against the DI 'Engin-Ingine, genius. - Oce--Avec-Pung-Poing. exactions of the officers of the royal household 1 'Oinnt, &c.-This may

111 Perur-Axtur, Laun-a gos-hawk. Every person of rank carrier a bazike upon his fist. It appears from Barclay's Ship of Fool, that they even

mean, in the hearing of all those of the palace, or perhaps oiant is derivel fron trosglad the falcons into church:

the old English ayense, against - 111T Area- Avoir, goods. -"**"AN.

cail seems to mean a clasp, from afficher, -11t Secle- A scal, from * Another cu his fist, a sparhaste or fawcone,

sigillum; it seems to be used synonymously with a ficail.-11111 Li ors-Or ele alcokon, and wasting his shone,

L'or SSSSS. Trei fez-Trois fois - Chuchen!--CouchentBefore the anltars he to and fro doth wander,

19977 Pric Toie-Tapeswerie raie. Plaie, which is derived from plagæ, plaWith even as great devotiou as a gauder."

garum, seems to be the etyion of the Scottish plaid.

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