« PreviousContinue »
APPENDIX TO INTRODUCTION.
the next daye, I think thare is lost above viij c horses, and all
with foly for lak of not lying within the camp. I dare not write LETTER FROM
the wondres that my Lord Dacre, and all his company, doo THE EARL OF SURREY, TO HENRY VIII
kaye theye sawe that nyght, vj tyms of spirits and fereful sights.
And unyversally all their company saye playnly, the devil was GIVING AN ACCOUNT
that nyght among theym vi tymys; which mysfortune hath
blemyshed the best journey that was made in Scotland many OF THE STORM OF JEDBURGH.
yeres. I assure your grace I found the Scottes, at this tyme, the
boldest meu and the hotest, that ever I sawe any nation ; and Cott. MSS. Calig. B. III. Fol. 29.
all the journey, upon all parts of th' armye, kepte us with soo
continuall skyrmyshe, that I never saw the like. If they might PLEISTI it your grace to be advertised, that upon Fridaye, assemble xl Magood men as I nowe sawe xv c or ij M, it wold at a clok at orght, I retourned to this towne and all the gar: be a hard encountre to mete theym. Pitie it is of my Lord by 009 to their places assigned, the bushopricke men, my Lorde Dacres losse of the horses of his company; he brought with ef Westmoreland, and my Lorde Dacro, in likewise, every man hym above inlj M men, and came and lodged one night in Scotbome with their companys, without loss of any men, thanked land, in his moost mortal enemy's contre. There is noo herdy. be God; saving viii or x slayne, and dyvers hurt, at skyrmyshis er, ner bettir knight, but often tyme he doth not use the most and caults of the town of Gedwurth, and the fortereissis; which
suro order, which he hath nowe payd derely for. Written at to ne is soo surely brent that no garnysons ner none other shal Berwike the xxvij of September. tre lodged there, unto the time it bee newe buylded; the bren
"Your most bownden, Qyng whereof I comytted to twoo sure men, Sir William Bul.
"T. SURREY." ner, and Thomas Tempesle. The towne was much better than I went (le ween'd) it had been, for there was twoo tymys moo hocars therein then in Berwicke, and well buylded, with many bonest and fair houses therein, sufficiente to have lodged M
NO. IL. borsten in gamyson, and six good towres therein ; which terse and towres be clenely destroyed, brent, and throwen
HISTORY OF GEORDIE BOURNE. *). Codoubtedly there was noo journey made into Scot. lapde, in noo manys day levying, with soo fewe a nombre, that IN the following passage, extracted from the Memoirs of Sir is recounted to be soo high an enterprise as this, bothe with Robert Carey, then deputy of his father, Lord Hunsdon, War. thers contremen, and Scottishmen, nor of truthe so much hurte den of the East Marches, afterwards Earl of Monmouth, the
But in th' ende a great mysfortune ded fal, onely by reader will find a lively illustration of the sketch of Border foly, that such ordre, as was commanded by me to be kepte, manners in the preceding Introduction. was cot observed, the manner whereof hereaftir shall conue. "Having thus ended with my brother, I then beganne to Bufore myn entred into Scotland, I appointed Sir William Bul. thinke of the charge I had taken upon mee, which was the go. Der and Sir William Evers too be marshallis of th' army ; Sir vernment of the East March in my father's absence. I wrote to Wiliam Bulmer for the vanguard, and Sir William Evers for the Sir Robert Kerr,* who was my opposite warden, a brave active terruant. In the vanguard I appointed my Lord of Westmore young man, and desired him that hee would appoint a day, land, as chier, with all the bushopricke, Sir William Bulmer, when hee and myselfe might privately meet in some part of tho Sr William Esers, my Lord Dacre, with all his company; and Border, to take some good order for the quieting the Borders, with the remayned all the rest of the gamy sons, and the North till my retourne from London, which journey I was shortly of umberland men. I was of counsall with the marshallis at th' necessity to take. Hee stayed my man all night, and wrote to ordening of our lodging, and our campe was soo well envirowned mee back, that hee was glad to have the happinesse to be acwith ordynance, carts, and dikes, that hard it was to entre or quainted with mee, and did not doubt but the country would be joue bat at certain places appointed for that purpos, and assign better governed by our good agreements. I wrote to him on ed the mooste commodious place of the said campie for my Lord the Monday, and the Thursday after hee appointed the place Dacre his company, next the water, and next my Lord of West and hour of meeting. moreland And at suche tyme as my Lord Dacre came into the "After hee had tilled my man with drinke, and put him to felde, I being at the sault of th' abby, which contynued unto bed, lee, and some balf a score with him, got to horse, and twoo houres within nyght, my seid Lord Dacre wolde in no came into England to a little village. There hee broke up a vir bee contente to ly within the campe, whiche was made house, and tooke out a poor fellow, who (hee pretended) had right sure, but lodged himself without, wherewith, at my re done him some wrong, and before the doore cruelly murthered ture, I was not contente, but then it was too late to remove; him, and so came quietly home, and went to bed. The next the text daye I sente my seid Lord Dacre to a stronghold, called morning hee delivered my man a letter in answer to mine, and Fernherste, the lord whereof was his mortal enemy; and wyth retourned him to mee. It pleased me well at the reading of his him, Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Mammaduke Constable, with viiicof kinde letter; but when I heard what a brave hee had put upon their men, one cortoute, and dyvers other good peces of ordy. me, I quickly resolved what to do, which was never to have to ence for the feld (the seid Fernherste stode marvelous strong. do with him till I was righted for the grete wrong hee had done ly, within a grete woode:) the seid twoo knights, with the mee. Upon this resolution, the day I should have mett with most part of their men, and Strickland, your grace's servaunte, him, I tooke post, and with all the haste I could, rode to with m; Kendall men, went into the woode on fote, with th' London, leaving him to attend my coming to him as was apordybanee, where the said Kendall men were so handled, that pointed. There hee stayed from one till five, but heard no they found hardy men, that went noo foote back for theym; the news of mee. Finding by this that I had neglected him, hee other two knightes were also soo sharply axsayled, that they retourned home to his house, and so things rested (with greate were enforced to call for moo of their men; and yet could not dislike the one of the other) till I came back, which was with bring the ordynance to the fortrees, unto the tyme my Lord all the speede I could, my businesse being ended. The first Dacre, with part of his horsemen, lighted on fote; and marve. thing I did after my retourne, was to ask justice for the wrong Jously hardly handled himself, and fynally, with long skirmysh-hee had done mee; but I could get none. 'i'he Borderers, seeing ink, and moche difficultie, gat forthe th' ordynance within the our disagreement, they thought the time wished for of them house, and threwe down the same. At which skyrmyshe, my was come. The winter being begunne, their was roades made seid Lord Dacre, and his brother, Sir Cristofer, Sir Arthure, and out of Scotland into the East March, and goods were taken Su Marmaduke, and many other gentilmen, did marvellously three or four times a weeke. I had no other mennes left to hardly; and found the best resistance that hath been seen with quiet them, but still sent out of the garrison horsemen of Barmy coming to their parties, and above xxxii Scottis sleyne, wicke, to watch in the fittest places for them, and it was their and not passing in Englishmen, but above xl hurt. Aftir that, good hap many times to light upon them, with the stolen goods my said lord returnyng to the camp, wold in no wine bee lodged driving before them. They were no sooner brought before mee, in the same, but where he lay the furst nyght. And he being but a jury went upon them, and being found guilty, they were with me at souper, about vilj a clok, the horses of his company presently hanged; a course which hath been seldom used, but brak love, and sodenly ran out of his feld, in such nombre, I had no way to keep the country quiet but so to do; for when that it caused a marvellous alarome in our feld; and our stand the Scotch theeves found what a sharp course I tooke with ing watche being set, the horses cam ronnyng nlong the campe, them that were found with the bloody hand, I had in a short at whome were shot above one hundred shief of arrokes, and time the country more quiet. All this while wee were but in dsvets zonnys, thinking they had been Scots, that wold have jest, as it were, but now beganne the great quarrell betweene us. Saulted the campe: fynally, the horges were no madde, that " There was a favourite of his, a greate thiefe, called Geordio they man like wild dere into the seld, above xv cat the leest, in Bourne. This pallant, with some of his associates, would, in a dy vera companys; and, in one place, above L felle downe a bravery, come and take goods in the East March,' I had that gte te tok, and wlew theymecli, and above ij o ran into the townie night some of the garrison abroad. They met with this Georbeing on fire, and by the women taken, and carried awaye right evill brent, and many were taken agayne. But, finally, by that Sir Robert Kerr of Cessford, Warden of the Middie Murches, and I can extcine by the nombre of theym that I saw goo on foote l ancestor of the bouse of Roxburghe.
die and his fellows, driving of cattle before them. The garrison answered, that by my command they were all in the castle. set upon them, and with a shott killed Geordie Bourne's unckle. After they had searched all the house, and found none, they and heo himselfe, bravely resisting till hee was sore hurt in the reared they were betrayed, and, with all the speede they could, head, was taken. After hee was taken, his pride was such, as made haste homewards again. Thus God blessed me from this hee asked, who it was that durst avow that nightes work? but bloody tragedy. when he heard it was the garrison, hee was then more quet. “ All the whole March expected nightly some hurt to be done ; But so powerfull and so awfull was this Sir Robert Kerr, and but God so blessed mee and the government I held, as, for all his favourites, as there was not a gentleman in all the East his fury, hee never drew drop of blood in all my March, neither March that durst offend them Presently after he was taken, I durst his theeves trouble it much with stealing, for fear of hang. had most of the gentlemen of the March come to mee, and told ing, if they were taken. Thus wee continued a yeare, and then mee, that nowo I had the ball at my foote, and misht bring Sir God sent a meanos to bring things to better quiet by this occaRobert Kerr to what conditions I pleased; for that this man'ssion. life was so neere and deare unto him, as I should have all that "There had been commissioners in Barwicke, chosen by the my heart could desire, for the good and quiet of the country Queene and King of Scottes, for the better quieting of our Borand myselfe, if upon any condition I would give him his life. ders. By their industry they found a great number of malefacI heard them and their reasons; notwithstanding, I called a jury tors guilty, both in England and Scotland; and they tooke the next morning, and he was found guilty of MARCH THEA order, that the others of Scotland should deliver such offendSON. Then they feared that I would cause him to be executed ers, as were found guilty in their jurisdictions, to the opposite that afternoone, which made them come flocking to mee, hum. officers in England, to be detained prisoners, ull they had made bly entreating mee, that I would spare his life till the next day, satisfaction for the goods they had taken out of England The and if Sir Robert Kerr came not himselfe to mee, and made me like order was taken with the Wardens of England, and days not such proffere, as I could not but accept, that then I should prefixed for the delivery of them all. And in case any of the do with him what I pleased. And further, they told mee plain officers, on either side, should omit their duties, in not deliver. ly, that if I should execute him before I had heard from Sir ing the prisoners at the dayes and places appointed, that then Robert Kerr, they must be forced to quit their houses, and fly there should a course be inken by the sovernignes, that what the country; for his fury would be such, against mec and the chiefe officer soever should offend herein, hee himself should March I commanded, as hee would use all his power and be delivered and detained, till hee had made good what the strength to the utter destruction of the East March. They were commissioners had agreed upon. so earnest with mee, that I gave them my word hee should not " The English officers did punctually, at the day and place, dye that day. There was post upon post sent to Sir Robert deliver their prisoners, and so did most of the officers of scotKerr, and some of them rode to him themselves, to advertise land; only the Lord of Bocleuch and Sir Robert Kerr were him in what danger Geordie Bourne was; how hee was con faultie. They were complained of, and new dayes appointed for demned, and should have been executed that afternoone, but, the delivery of their prisoners. Bocleuch was the first that by their humble suit, I gave them my wond, that hee should not should deliver; and live failing, entered himself prisoner into dye that day; and therefore besought him that hee would send Barwicke, there to remaine till those officers under his charge to mee, with all the speede hee could, to let mee know that hee were delivered to free him. Hee chose for his guardian Sir would be the next day with mee to offer mee good conditions William Selby, master of the ordnance at Barwicke. When for the safety of his life.
Sir Robert Kerr's day of delivery came, hee failed too, and my "When all things were quiet, and the watch set at night, Lord Hume, by the king's command, was to deliver him prisonafter supper, about ten of the clock, I tooke one of my men's er into Barwicke upon the like terms, which was performed. liveryes, and put it about mee, and tooke two other of my ser Sir Robert Kort (contrary to all men's expectation) chose mee vants with mee in their liveryes, and we three, as the warden's for his guardian, and home I brought him to my own house, men, came to the provost marshall's, where Bourne was, and after he was delivered to mee. Ulodged him as well as I could, were lett into his chamber. Wee sate down by him, and told and tooke order for his diet, and men to attend on him, and him that wee were desirous to see him, because we heard hee sent him word that (although by his harsh carriage towards was stout and valiant, and true to his friend ; and that wee meo, ever since I had that charge, he could not expect any fawere sorry our master could not be moved to save his life. He
vour, yet hearing so much goodness of him, that hee never voluntarily of himselfe said that hee had lived long enough to broke his worde, if hee would give mee his hand and credit to do so many villainies as hee had done ; and withal told us that be a true prisoner, hee would have no guard sett upon him, but he had layne with about forty men's wives, what in England, have free liberty for his friends in Scoiland to have ingress and and what in Scotland ; and that hee had killed seven English: regress to him as oft as he pleased. Hee tooke this very kindly men with his own hands, cruelly murthering them ; that hee at my handes, accepted of my offer, and sent mee thankes. had spent his whole life in whoring, drinking, stealing, and ta "Some four days passed; all which time his friends came king denp revenge for wlight offences. He seemed to be very into him, and hee kept his chamber. Then hee sent to mee, and penitent, and much desired a minister for the comforte of his desired mee, I would come and speake with him, which I did; soule. Wee promised him to lett our master know his desire, and after a long discourse, charging and re-charging one anowho, wee knew, would presently grant it. Wee took our leaves of ther with wrong and injuries, ai last, before our parting, wee him, and presently I tooke order, that Mr. Selby, a very worthy became good friends, with greate protestations, on his side, honest preacher, should go to him, and not stirre from him till never to give mec occasion of unkindnesse again. After our his execution the next morning; for, after I had heard his own reconciliation, hee kept his chamber no longer, but dined and confession, I was resolved no conditions should save his life : sunt with mee. I tooke him abroad with mee al the least thrice and so tooke order, that at the gates opening the next morning, & werke, a hunting, and every day wee grew better friends. Bo. hee should be carried to execution, which accordingly was per cleuch, in a few days after bad his pledges delivered, and was formed The next morning I had one from Sir Robert Kerr for set at liberty. But Sir Robert Kerr could not get his, so that I a parley, who was within two miles staying for me, I sent him was commanded to carry him to Yorke, and there to deliver word, 'I would meet him where hee pleased, but I would first Dim prisoner to the archbishop, which accordingly I did. At our know upon what terms and conditions. Before his man was re. parling, bee professed greate love unto mee for the kind usage turned, hee had heard, that in the morning, very early, Geordie I had shown him, and that I would rind the effects of it upon Bourne had been executed. Many vowes he made of cruell re his delivery, which hee hoped would be shortly. venge, and returned home full of grief and disdiame, and from "Thus wee parted; and, not long after his pledges were gott, that time forward still plotted revenge Hee knew the gentle and brought to Yorke, and hee sett at liberty. After his retourne men of the country were altogether sachleuse, and to make open bome, I found him as good as his word. Wee met oft at dayes road upon the March would but show his malice, and lay him of truce, and I had as good justice as I could desire; and so wee open to the punishment due to such offences. But his practice continued very kinde and good friends, all the tyme that I stayed was how to be revenced on me, or some of mine.
in that March, which was not long." “It was not long after, that my brother and I had intelligence that there was a great match made at footeball, and the chiefe ryders were to be there. The place they were to meet at was held sy, and that day wee heard it was the day for the meeting. Wee
NO. NI. prenently called a counsaile, and after much dispute, it was concluded, that the likeliest place he was to come to, was to kill the scoutes. And it was the more suspected, for that my bro
MAITLAND'S COMPLAYNT, ther, before my coming to the office, for the cattaile stolte out
AGAINST of the bounds, and, as it were, from under the walles of Barwicke, being refused justice, (upon his complaint,) or at least
THE THIEVIS OF LIDDISDAIL. delaid, sent off the garrison into Liddesdale, and killed there the chief offender, which had done the wrong,
" Upon this conclusion, there was order taken, that both FROM PINKERTON'S EDITION, COLLATED WITH A MS. horse and foote should Iye in ambush in diverso parts of the OF MAITLAND'S POEMS, IN THE LIBRARY OF EDINboundes, to defend the scoutes, and to give a sound blow to Sir
BURGH COLLEGE. Robert and his company. Before the horse and foote were sett out with directions what to do, it was almost dark night, and the
OF Liddisdail the common theifisc gates ready to be lockt. Wee parted, and as I was by myselfe,
Sa peartlie stellis b now and reitis comeing to my house, God put it into my mind, that it might well
That nane may keip be, hee meni destruction to my men that I had sent out to gather
Horse, noli, nor scheip, tithes for ineeat Norham, and their rendezvous was every night
Nor gett dar fleip to lye and sup at an ale house in Norham. I presently caused
For their mischeifis. my page to take horse, and to ride as fast as his horne could carry uim, and to command my warrants (which were in all
Thay plainly throw the country rydis, eight) that presently upon his coming to them, they should all
I trows the mekil devil thame gydis! change their lodging, and go streight to the castle, there to lye
Quhair they onsett, that night in strawe and hay. Some of them were unwilling
Ay in their gait, thereto, but durnt not disobey; so altogether left their ale-house,
Thuir ia na yet and retired to the castle. They had not well settled themselves
Nor dor thame bydis. i to sleep, but they heard in the town a great alarm; for Sir Ro. bert and his company came straight to the ale-house, broko a Thieves. --b Steal.- Rob.-- Black cattlo; oxen.- Shoep. open the doors, and made inquiry for my servants. They were ! -I wot-& Way.--h Gate.-i Hinders.
Thay leif richt nocht, quhair ever thay ga ;
BOND OF ALLIANCE, OR FEUD-STANCHING, BETWIXT
THE CLANS OF SCOT AND KER: A. D. 1529.
The battle of Melrose (see Introduction, P 21) occasioned a deadly
feud belirt the names of Scoul and Ker The following indenThay theifis have neirhando herreit b hail c
ture was designed to reconcile their quarrel. But the alliance, v Ettricke forest and Lawderdail;
it erer took effect, was 1101 of long duration; for the feud again Now are they cane,
broke oul about 1553, when Sir Walter Scoll was slain by the Kers In Lawthiane;
in the streets of Edinburgh. And pains nane
" Thir indentures, made at Ancrum the 16th of March, 1529 That thay will waill.d
years, contains, purports, and bears leil and suithfast witnessing, Thas landis ar with stouth sa socht,
That it is appointed, agreed, and finally accorded, betwixt hoTo extreame povertye ar broucht,
nourable men, that is to say, Walter Ker of Cessford, Andrew
Ker of Fairpieherst, Mark Ker of Dolphinston, George Ker, luThay wicked scrowiss
tor of Cessford, and Andrew Ker of Primesideloch, for themHas laid the plowis,
selves, kin, friends, mentenants, assisters, allies, adherents, and That nane or few is
partakers, on the one part; and Walter Scot of Branxholm, That are left oucht.
knight, Robert Scot of Allanhaugh, Robert Scot, tutor of How.
paisly, John Scot of Roberton, and Walter Scot of Stirkshaws, Both commoun taking of blak mail,
for themselves, their kin, friends, mentenants, servants, assisters, They that had fewche, and breid and aill,
and adherents, on the other part; in manner, form, and effect, Now are sae wrakit,
as after follows: For staunching all discord and variance be. Made bair and nakit,
twixt them, and for furthbearing of the king's authority, and Fane to be slakit With watter caill. i
punishing trespasses, and for amending all slaughters, heritages,
and steedings, and all other pleas concerning thereto, either of Thay theifis that steillis and tursisj hame,
these parties to others, and for unitie, friendship, and concord,
to be had in time coming, 'twixt them, of our sovereign lord's Ik ane o' them has ane to-name; k
special command : that is to say, either of the said parties, be Will of the Lawis,
the tenor lereof, remits and forgives to others the rancour, haHab of the Schawis :
tred, and malice of their hearts; and the said Walter Scot of To mak bar wawis!
Branxholm shall gang, of cause gang, at the will of the party, to Thay think nae schame.
the four head pilgrimages of Scotland, and shall say a mass for
the souls of umuhile Andrew Ker of Cessford, and them that Thay spuilyen puir men of their pakis,"
were slain in his company, in the field of Melrose ; and, upon Thay leit them nocht on bed nor bakis: Baith hen and cok,
liis expense, shall cause a chaplain say a mass daily, when he is
disposed, in what place the said Waltor Ker and his friends With reil and rok, P
pleases, for the wel of the said souls, for the space of five years The Lairdis Jok,
next to come.-Mark Ker of Dolphinston, Andrew Ker of Gra. All with him takis,
den, shall gang at the will of the party, to the four head pil.
grimages of Scotland, and shall gar say a mass for the souls of They leif not spindell, spoone, nor speit;
umquhile James Scot of Eskirk, and other Scots, their friends, Bed, boster, blanket, sark," nor scheit;
slain in the field of Melrose ; and, upon their expense, shall gar Johne of the Parke
a chaplain way a mass daily, when he is disposed, for the heal Ryps" kist and ark;
of their souls, where the said Walter Scot and his friends For all sic wark
pleases, for the space of three years next to come and the said He is richt meit.
Walter Scot of Branxholm shall marry his son and heir upon one
of the said Walter Ker his sisters; he paying therefor a compeHe is weil kend, John of the Syde;
tent portion to the said Walter Ker and lis heir, at the sight A greater their did never ryde.
of the friends of baith parties. And also, baith the saids par. He never tyris
ties bind and oblige them, be the faith and truth of their bodies, For to brek byris ; u
that they abide at the decreet and deliverance of the six men Ouir muir and myris
chosen arbiters, anent'all other matters, quarrels, actiones, and Ouir guide ane gyde.
debates, wbilk either of them likes to propone against others
betwixt the saids pariies; and also the six arbiters are bound Thair is ane callet Clement's Hob
and obliged to decreet and deliver, and give forth their deliver. Fra ilk puir wyfe reifis the wob,
ance thereuntil, within the year and day after the date hereof.And all the lave,
And, attour, either of the saids parties bind and oblige them, Quhatever they haife,
by the faith and truth of their bodies, ilk ane to others, that they The devil recaive
shall be leiland true to others, and neither of them will another's Thairfoir his gob. 10
skaith, but they shall lett it at their power, and give to others
their best counsel, and it be asked ; and shall take leiland aeffald Tosic grit stouth quha eir wald trow it,
part ilk ane with others, with their kin, friends, servants, allies, Bot gif some great man it allowit?
and partakers, in all and sundry their actions, quarrels, and de Rycht sair I trew.
bales, against all that live and die (inay the allegiance of our Thocht it be rewi
sovereign lord the king allenarly be excepted.)- And for the Thair is wa few
obliging and keeping all thir preinises above written, baith the That dar avow it.
saids parties are bound and obliged, ilk ane to others, he the
faith and truth of their bodies, but fraud or guile, under the Or eum great men they have sic gait,
pain of perjury, men-swearing, defalcation, and breaking of the That redy are thame to debait,
bond of deadly. And, in witness of the whilk, ilk ane to the And will up weir
procuratory of this indenture remain with the said Walter Scot Thair stolen geir,
and his friends, the said Walter Ker of Cessford has affixed his That nane dare ateir
proper seal, with his subscription manual, and with the subThame air nor late.
scription of the said Andrew Ker of Fairnieherst, Mark Ker of
Dolphinston, George Ker, tutor of Cersford, and Andrew Ker of Qulat causis theifs us ourgang,
Primesidelock, before these witnesses, Mr. Andrew Drurie. AbBut want of justice us amang?
bot of Melrose, and George Douglas of Boon jedward, John Nane takis care,
Riddel of that ilk, and William Stewart.
WALTER KER of Cessford.
ANDREW KER of Fairnieherst.
ANDREW KER of Primesideloch."
a Theee pilgrimages were Scone, Dundee, Paisley, and MelHing on a tree
Quo' Sir R. M. of Lethington, knicht.
ANE INTERLUDE OF THE LAYING OF A GAIST. Almost- Plundered. - The whole.- Make choice of -- This burlesque poem is preserved in the Bannatyne MSS. 11 Theft - Larvæ (fig) - Ploughs - But; besides. - Broth is in the same strain with the verses concerning the Gyre Car of vecetables Pack up and carry off -- * Owing to the March Une. (Vol. II) Ag the mention of Bettokis Bowr occurs in both men being divided into large clans, bearing the same surname, pieces, and as the scene of both is laid in East Lothian, they are radividuals were usually distinguished by some epithet derived perhaps composed by the same author. The humour of these from their place of residence, personal qualities, or descent. fragments seems to have been directed against the superstitions Tu every distinguished moss-trooper had what is here called, of Rome; but it is now become very obscure. Nevertheless, a 9 342, OT nom de guerre, in addition to his family name.- the verses are worthy of preservation, for the sake of the an
Bare walls - Despoil. Pack, or wallet. - Pread - P Both cient language and allusions.
Listen, lordis, I sall you tell, atrals the webol cloth. Mouth. -- Ruth ; a pity.--y Early.
Off ane very grit marvell,
Off Lord Fergussis gaist, a
Orpheus King and Elpha Quene.88
To reid quha will this gentill geist,
Ye hard it not at Cockilby's feist.hh
&!This seems to allude to the romance of Orfeo and Heurodis. Auld storeis for to se,
(See Tale of Young Tamlane,in another part of this volume.) The Gif it appioishim to meit,
wife of Orpheus is here called Elpha, probably from her having How he sall conjure the spreit:
been abstracted by the elves, or fairies.--Ieh Alluding to a strange And I haif red mony quara,d
unintelligible poem in the Bannatyne MSS., called Cockeity's Bath the Donet, and Dominus que pars,
Sow. This has been printed lately by Mr. David Laing, of
TO COLLINS'S ODE ON THE SUPERSTITIONS OF THE
BY WILLIAM ERSRINE, ESQ. ADVOCATE.
THE Editor embraces this opportunity of presenting the read-
er with the following stanzas, intended to commemorate some The compas mon hallowit be
striking Scottish superstitions, omitted by Collins in his Ode With aspergis me Domine:
upon that subject; and which, if the Editor can judge with The haly writ schawis als
impartiality of the production of a valued friend, will be found Thair man be hung about your hals A
worthy of the sublime original. The reader must observe, that Pricket in ane woll poik i
these verses form a continuation of the address, by Collins, to of neis powderj ane grit loik.k
the author of Douglas, exhorting him to celebrate the traditions Thir thingis mon ye beir
of Scotland They were first published in the Edinburgh MeBrynt in ane doggis eir,
gazine, for April, 1789.
Thy muse may tell, how, when at evening's close,
To meet her love beneath the twilight shade,
O'er many a broom-clad brae and heathy glade,
In merry mood the village maiden goes;
There, on a streamlet's margin as she lies,
Chanting some carol till her swain appears,
With visage deadly pale, in pensive guise,
Beneath a wither'd fir his form he rears!!
Shrieking and sad, she bends her eirie flight,
When, mid dire heaths, where flits the taper blue,
The whilst the moon sheds dim a sickly light,
'The niry funeral meets her blasted view!
When, trembling, weak, she gains her cottage low,
Where maspies scatter notes of presage wide,
Some one shall tell, while tears in torrents flow,
That just when twilight dimmed the wreen hill's side,
Far in his lonely shiel her hapless shepherd died.
Let these sad strains to lighter sounds give place,
Bid thy brisk viol warble measures gay!
For, see! recall'd by thy resistless lay,
Once more the Browme showa his honest face.
Hail, from thy wanderings long, my much-loved sprite!
Thou friend, thou lover of the lowly, hail !
Tell, in what realms thou sport'st thy merry night,
Traul'nt the long mop, or whirl'st the mimic flail.
Where dost thou deck the much disorder'd hall,
While the tired damsel in Elysium sleeps,
With early voice to drowsy workman call,
Or lull the dame, while Mirth his vigils keeps ?
'Twas thus in Caledonia's domes, 'tis said,
Thou plied'st the kindly task in years of yore :
At last, in luckless bour, some erring maid
Spread in thy nightly cell of viande store :
Ne'er was thy forn beheld among their mountains more. He had a litill we leg,
Then wake (for well thou canst) that wondrous lay, And it wes cant as any cleg,
How, while around the thoughtless matrons sleep,
Soft u'er the floor the treach'rous fairies creep,
And bear the smiling infant far away:
How starts the nurse, when, for her lovely child,
She seesat dawn a gaping idiot stare !
O snatch the innocent from demons vilde,
And save the parents fond from fell despair!
In a deep case the trusty menials wait,
When from their hilly dens at midnight's hour
Forth rush the airy elves in mimic state,
And o'er the moonlight-heath with swiftness scour :
In glittering arms the little horsemen shine;
Last on a milk white steed, with targe of gold,
A fay of might appears, whose arms entwine
The lost, lamented child! the shepherds bold d
The unconscious intant tear from his unhallow'd hold. Oure fute, and Orliance.ee
a [This accomplished and most dear friend of Sir Walter Scott, Quha conjurit the litill gaist say ye?
became a judge of the Court of Session, by the title of Lord Nane but the litill Shenzje tie, f
Kinnedar, and died in August, 1822. -- ED.)
The wraith, or spectral appearance, of a person shortly to
die, is a firm article in the creed ot' Scottish superstition. Nor And sune mareit the gaist the fle,
in it unknown in our sister kingdom See the story of the beauAnd croun'd him King of Kandelie;
tiful Lady Diana Rich.- Aubrey's Miscellantes, p. 89. And they gat there betwene
See Introduction, ante.
d For an account of the Fairy superstition, see Introduction to
the Tale of Tamlane. aGhost.-Chased. - Happens.--Quires; books.-Also read in.-- Foxcs' tails-(there is an alpine herb so termed from its resemblance.)-Thereof.--Neck-iWool-pack. Nose.pow.
NO. VII. der (snuft.) --Great lots, or Jot.-IBurnt in a dog's ear.- Bluewool.-" Button.- Horse collar.-PA whirl made of metal. -- EXCOMMUNICATION OF BORDER ROBBERS. ? Window.-T Believes in. — With laying and with lore.--Ten crabs' claws.-" A small plant in marshes. ---Sign-make the
BY RICHARD FOX, sign of the cross.--10 Apparently some lines are here omitted, 1 Gad-fly-y Knife.- Whirl and whim wham. -- One-soled
BISHOP OF DURHAM, IN THE TIME OF HENRY VII. shoes. --bb Worried. _ec Clacked-dd Twist a straw about its This very curious document, (A. D. 1498.) which contains some head.-ee Overfoot and Orleans-two dancing steps.-- Span particulars highly illustrative of the state of Border manners, ish fly.
was given to the Editor by his valued friend Richard Surtees,
Es. of Mainsforth, in the bishopric of Durham, eminent gravamen. Nos igitur animarum hujusmodi malefactorum sa for his knowledge of Border antiquities,
luti providere cupientes, spoliatorum, et privatorum hujusmo
di jacturis et distendil paternali affectu compatientes, et, quan RICH, FOX, BP. TEMP. H. J.
tum in nobis est, remedium in hac parte apponere, ut tenemur MONITIO CONTRA FAMOSOS LATRONES DE TYNDALL volentes, vobis omnibus et singulis Rectoribus, Vicariis, Capel. ET RYDSDALL.
tanis, Curatis, et non Curatis pradictis tenore presentium, in
virtute sanctæ obedientiæ firmiter injungendo mandamus, qua. RICARDOs permissione divina Dunelm. Episcopus dilectis tenus proximis diebus dominicis et festivis, inter missarum et Nobis Magro, Georg. Ogle, A. M. necnon universis et singulis aliorum divinorum solemnia in ecclesiis et capellis vestris, dum ecclesiarum parochualiuin infra Tyndalle et Riddysdale nostræ major in eisdem aderit populi multitudo, omnes et singulos dioces, constitut. Rectoribus et Vicaris, necnon Capellarum et fules, latrones, raptorce, pruniones, deprædatoreb, et eos pre. Cantananim inibi Capellanis, Curatis, et non Curatis, Salutem. sertim quos famosos ct manifestos latrones, rapteres, et depræQuia tan fama quam notorietate facti referentibus ad aures datores fuisse et esse intelleximus, quorum nomina in presenti postras delatum est quod nonnulli Villas, Villulas, Hameleeras, rescripto sunt descripta, peremptorie moneatis, quos nos etiam et alia loca de Tyndale et Ryddisdalle inhabitantes, ne
tenore presentium primo, secundo, et tertio, ac peremptorio kebumana jura timentes, quibus se illaqueatos esse (quod sum monemus, ut ipsi, omnes et singuli, ab hujusmodi incursionibus, mopere dolemusintelligunt, aut saltem intelligere debent, decis furtis, latrociniis, rupinis, depradationibus de cætero se absti. den Villis Fillulia Hamelectis ad in episcopatu villas, villulas, neant et desistant, sub pæna majoris excommunicationis sen. habelectas ad et in episcopatum Dunelm. et comitatum North tentiæ, quam ex sacrorum canonum institutis incurrunt, sicq. amoriæ, aliaq. loca dictis locis de Tyndalle et Ryddisdalle con eos et eorum quemlibet incurrere volumus ipso facto. finja et adjacentia, Latronum, Rapientium ac Depradantium, Citetis insuper, seu citari faciatis peremptorie omnes et sinmoore, per diuturna tempora sæpe, 5&pius, et saepissime, publice gulos famosos et manifestos fures, latrones, raptores, et depreet nga feste, nocte dien. incurrentes, prout adhuc indies, cotidie, datores, quorum nomina sunt in dorso præsentis schedula sive p2, sepius, et sæpissime, noctu dieq. publice et manifeste, sic reseripui descripua, et eorum quemlibet, quod comparcant, wica. incurrunt, furta, latrocinia, rapinas, et deprædationes passim quilibet eorum compareat, coram nobis, aut nostro in hac parte committentes, pecora et catalla in eisdem inventa furati depræ commissario, in Galilea ? Ecclesia nostra Cathedralis Dunelm. datiq. fuerunt, et ab eisdem ad partes et territoria de Tyndall et locoq. consistoriali ejusdem, sexto die post citationem eis et Roddisdalle prædict, aliaq loca eisitem confinia, ad libitum su eorum cuilibet in hac parte factam, si juridicus fuerit, alioquin arum voluntatum asportaverunt, fugaverunt, et abigerunt, prout proximo die juridico extunc sequente, quo die nos aut commisadhae indies nulli equidem rei, quam, hujusmodi furtis, latro sarium nostrum hujusmodi ibidem ad jura reddend. hora concinis, rapinis, et deprædationibus, dediti, furantur, depredao. sueta pro tribunali sedere contigerit, certis articulis et interrotar, furant et abigunt: Et quod ipso delicto deterius est, per gatoris, meram animarum suarum salutem et correctionem contaberna, et alia loca publica, iniquitatibus, furtis, latrociniis, et cernentibus, commissario eisdem et eorum cuilibet in eorum addepra tationibus suis hujusmodi gloriantes se talia comminisse, ventu ex officio postro mero objiciendis personaliter responsuri et de exlero committere palam et publico jactari non desinant; et parituri. Moneatis insuper sic, ut præmittitur, peremptorie 1 malis non contenti, sed potius furtum furto, latrocinium omnes et singulos ministros justitiæ, calerosq. viros nobiles et latrocinio, rapinam rapinæ, deprædationem depradationi, aliaq. potentes, dictas partes et territoria de Tyndall et Ryddysdall, bala malir accumulantes, in hujusmodi furtoruin, latrociniorum, et loca vicina et circumjncentin inhabitantes, necnon omnes et et pradationum aggravationem, non solum ipsi furantur, ve singulos Capellanos, Curtos, et non Curatos, in eisdem parti. rop etiam fures et latrones et raptores quoscu. ad ipsos con bus et territoris de 'Tyndall et Ryddyrdall divina celebrantes, fuzzates, receptant, nutriunt, hospitantur, confovent et confor: quatenus ipsi justitiæ ministri et viri nobiles et potentes omnes unt. 9054. liberos, servientes, atq. famulos in hujusmodi et singulos fures et latrones, necnon raptores ei deprædatores, latracjalorum, furtorum, depra:dationum, 1 rapinarum perpe in et ad partes et territoria de Tyndall et Ryddysdall cum rebus, tratum, quod maxime detestandum est, educant, et exercitunt, pecoribus, et catallis furtive oblatis, confugientes, necnon om aorut farium, latrocinion, deprædationem, rapinam, aut rob. nes et singulos fures, Intrones, et depredatores in eisdem parti. terian bujusmodi committere, aut cidem consentire, non solum bus el tertoriis de Tyndall ei Ryddysdall commorantes et de. De rereantur, sed crassim, immo verius quasitam ignorantiam gentes, presertim famosos, publicos, notorios, et manifestoa pratadeptes, et dictas rapinas, furtum, et depradationes, tan. nullatenus foveant, nutriant, aut confortent, hospitentur,aut maa ariem, unde victum suum querant, publice et manifesto nuteneant, immo eosdem furos, latrones, et depredatores quogar fit ntes, crimen esse non agnoscunt: Sunta nonnulli viri in cunq, ab eisdem partibus et territoriis de Tyndall et Ryddysdall Barribs, pradictis, quorum quidam sunt ministri justitia ol regii amovennt, sicq. amoveri faciant et procurent, seu saltem eosdem justiciarii, qui eosdero fures, latrones, deprædatores, et raptores, fures, latrones, deprædatures, et raptores quoscunq. capiant, allim, malefactores rectificare et justificare deberent, quidam sicq. capi faciant eosdemg, rectificent et justificent. Tero sunt vini nobiles et potentes in continibus et territoris de Capellani vero, Curati, et non Curati, in eisdem partibus et Tyedaile et Ryddinualle predictis, aliisq villis eisdem convici. territoris divina celebrantes, hujusmodi fures, latrones, et deau, circuin vicipis, et adjacentibus degenteset commorantes, qui pradatorea, saltem publicos, notorios, et manifestos, ad sacra. feres, latrones, raptores, deprædatures predictos ab hujusmodi menta pænitentiar, eucharistia, sepulturæ, cæteraq. sacramenta criminibus predictis refranare et impedire possent, si suas ad id aut sacramentalia sine debita restitutione spoliatis facta, aut
pus, ut deberent, porrigerent adjutrices: Quorum omnium, sufficienti cautione de restituendo præstita, nisi in mortis artiFU. justitiæ ministrorum, et aliorum, saltem nobilium et poten culo, et tunc ad sacramenta pænitentie et eucharistiæ duntaxat, tup, in partibus et territoriis de Tyndalle et Ryddy dalle præ pon nutem ad sepulturam, sub pa:na suspensionis ab officio et dictis, aliiq. villis et locis eisdem convicinis et circunvicinis beneficio, nullatenus admittant. ad aceptium, quidam conniventi oculo, quidam cx pacto et collusione, quidam vero propter lucrum, quod cum eis participant, TESTIMONIALIS LITERA DNI. EPISCOPI SUPER ABSOLUconuallı siquidem propter amorem, favorem, familiaritatem, atti
TIONE QUORUNDAM LATRONUM, ET INJUNCTIONES. mitat:m, et sanguinis conjunctionem, necnon nominis, indemnitalem huju modi furtis, latrociniis, rapinis, et deprædationibus, RICARDUS permissione divina Dunelin. Episcopus universis aliquando tacite, interium etenim expresse, consentientes, fures et singulis Rectoribus, Vicariis, Capellanis, Curatis, et non ipo:, latrones, et depradatores per corum terras et districtus Curatis quibuscunq. curam animarum habentibus, infra territocum rebus, pecoribus, et catallis, qui furati sunt, liberum ha rium de 'Tyndall et Ryddysvall nostræ dioces. Salutern, grabere transitum, scienter tolerant et permittunt; ac nonnunquam tiam, et benedictionem. Scintis Sandy Charelton, Crysty Mileosdem cum rebus, beconibus, et catallis, raptir, deprædatis, et born, Howy Milborn, Atkin Milborn hlium Willielmi Milborn, furto ablalis, receptarunt, prout adhuc recipiunt indies, et re Laury Robeson, Davy Robeson, Sandy Robeson, Gilly Tod of ceptant non ignorantes recepta tores hujusmodi quoscunq. non ye Crake-aller of Smebemouth, George Tod, Rouly Tod, Tammy minon pena dignos quam raptores, fures, latrones, et priedones : Tod, Sandy Tod of ye Shawo, George Mershell, Sandy Hunter, Na si non esset qui foveret, reciperet, et confortaret, nullus a sententia excommunicationis, quam in eosdem, pro eorum rapidam, latrocinium, deprædationes hujusmodi committeret, contumncia, promulgavimus, pro nos absolutos esse, et commucommitterere auderet: Eodeng, delicto singulas villas, villulas, nioni hominum ac sacris ecclesian restituitos, seq. nostræ correcharnelecias dictarum partium de Tyndallet Ryddi-dall laborare tiuni humiliter submittentes, injunctiones salutaremve susceintelleximus, quod maxime abhorrendum est; nam latrones, pisse panitentiam, videlicet nt de catero rapinam, furtum, aut fures, raptores, depredatores famosos et manifestos sic, ut præ- latrocinium publice, manifeste, vel occulte non committant, nec fertur, recipiunt, hospitantur, fovent, et mutniunt, ac inter eos et aliquis eorum committat, aut talia committenti auxilium, concum eisdem in partibus praesentibus, ut vicinos suos et familia silium, vel favorem praestent, nec aliquis eorum præstet, seu taTes, habitare permittunt, et ad eadem facinora reiteranda invi. lia committentium consilium quovismodo celent seu celet, cetast, et confortant publice, palam, et manifeste: Complurese. !arive procurent seu procuret. Item quod post diem Merc. prox. capellanos, pe nominatarum partium et territoriorum de ime futurum, viz. 26 diem mensis Septembris jam instant. non inTyndalle et Ryddysdalle, publicos et manifestos concubinarios, cedant nec aliquis eor. incedat pedes aut eques inductus subici. irregulares, suspensos, excommunicatos, et interdictor, necnon nio, Anglice, a Jarke, aut galea, Anglice, a Sale: or a Knapescall, literarum penitus izvaros, adeo ut per decennium celebrantes, aut aliis armis defensis is quibusc. nec equitent aut eor. aliquis Dee ipsa quidem verba sacramentalia, uti quibusdam eorum op equitet super euo aut equa cujus valor, communi hominum Donertea experti surnus, legere sciant; nonnullos etiam non or estimatione, excedet sex solidos et octo denarios, nisi contra dinatos, sed sacerdotii effigiem duntaxat prætendentes, non Scotos vel alios regis inimicos. In jungimus praeterea quod modo in locis saeris et dedicatis, verum etiam in prophanis et postuam ingressi fuerint vel cor, aliquis ingressus fuerit cemt. interdictix ac miserabiliter ruinosis ; necnon vestimentis ruptis, terium, ecclesia vel rapellæ cujuscunque infra territorium de laceratis, et fædissimis, nec divino, immo nec humano offició | Tynedall et Riddisdall ad divina inibi audiend. rel orationes est servitio dignis, quibus, deum contemnentes, induri Divina inibi faciend. seu alia quæcunq. faciend, abjiciant seu deponant, celebrare, Sacra et Sacramentalia ministrare intelleximus. sicq, eor, quilibet abjiciat et deponat arma invasiva quæc, si Dicti præterea capellani supradictis furibus, latrooibus, depra quæ habeant, si ad longitudinem unius cubiti se extendant, et datoribus, receptatoribus, et raptoribus manifestis et famosis, quamdiu fuerint seu aliquis eor, fuerit infra eand. eclium. seu sacramenta et sacramentalia ministrant. sine debita restitutione capell, aut comiter, cjusd. cum nullo sermonem aut verbum ha. aut animo restituendi, ut ex facti evidentia constat, sicq, eos beat, nisi cum Curato aut Sacerdote illius ecclip vel capella, mine cautione de restituendo, ecclesiastica sepulture, cum ex sub pa na excomm. majoris, quam in eos et corum quemlibet acrorun canonum, et sanctorum patruin institutis, hæc facere casu quo his nostris injunctionibus aut uni eor, non paruerint, districte prohibentur, passim committunt, in animarum suarum
ve periculum, aliorumq. Christi fidelium exemplum perni The Galllee was a side chapel to which excommunicated ner. ciosum, plurimorumg, kpoliatorum et privatorum bonis, rebus, sons had liberty of repairing, while service was celebrated. The pecoribus, et catallis suis hujusmodi, damnum non modicum ei Galilec at Durham is now a school-room.