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With springalds, stanes, and gads of airn, "England's our ain by heritage ; tbl wat
Amang them fast he threw; odd

And what can us withstand,
Till mony of the Englishmen

Now we hae conquer'd fair Scotland, sto
About the wall he slew.

With buckler, bow, and brand ?" 25W
Full fifteen days that braid host lay,

Then they are on to the land o' France,
Sieging Auld Maitland keen;

Where auld King Edward lay, паbna. I
Syne they hae left him, hale and feir,

Burning baith castle, tower, and town,
Within his strength of stane.

That he met in his way. yil bo
Then fifteen barks, all gaily good, in

Until he came unto that town, andT
Met them upon a day,

Which some call Billop-Grace;t

WT Which they did lade with as much spoil

There were auld Maitland's sons, a' three, ma
As they could bear away.

Learning at school, alas! wibont 1701
station on the battlements, and affected to wipe off with her band That he to fruschyt ilk dele,
kerchief the dust raised by the stones hurled from the English ma-
elines, awaited the approach of this new engine of assault, "Be

And he, that hath persawyt weledi

That the dede wes wele ner bym till,
ware, Montague," she exclaimed, while the fragment

of a rock Bot gift he mycht fulfil thair will,
was discharged from the wall-"Beware, Montaguet for farrow
shall thy sow !** Their cover being dashed to pieces, the assail-

Thoucht that he at hys mycht wald do.

Bendyt in gret hy then wes scho, ants, with great loss and difficulty,

scrambled back to their That till the sow wes ewyn set trenches. Bs the regard of suche a ladye,' would Froissart In hy he gert draw the cleket; have said, "and by her comforting, a man ought to be worth two

And smertly swappyt owt a stane,
ben, al need." The sow was called by the French, Truie. See Ewyn our the sow the stane is gane,
HAILES Annals, vol. ii. p. 89; WYNTOWN'S Cronykil, book

And behind it a litill way

It fell: and then they cryt, Hey!"
The memory of the sou is preserved in Scotland by two trifling That war in hyr, 'Furth to the wall,
circumstances. The name given to an oblong hay-stack, is a For dredles il is ours all !
kez 1920: and this may give us a good idea of the form of the ma-
dane. Children also play at a game with cherry-stones, placing "The gynour then delenerly
a small heap on the ground, which they term a sowie, endeavour Gert bend the gyn in full gret hy :
ing to hit it, by throwing single cherry-stones, as the sow was And the stane smertly swappyt out.
formerly battered from the walls of the besieged fortress. My

It flaw out quethyr, and with a rout, companions at the High School of Edinburgh, will remember

And fell rycht ewyn befor the sow. sini was meant by herrying a sowie. It is strange to find

Thair harts than begouth to grow. trees of military antiquities in the occupation of the husband

Bot yhet than, with thair mychts all
as and the sports of children.

Thai pressyt the sow towart the wall;
The pitch and tar-barrels of Maitland were intended to con-

And has hyr set tharto gentilly,
mine the formidable machines of the English. Thus, at a fabu-
las siege of York, by Sir William Wallace, the same mode of

The gynour than gert bend in hy

The gyne, and wappytowt the stane,
defence is adopted :

That ewyn towart the lyft is gane,
The Englishmen, that cruel were and kene,

And with gret wycht syne duschyt dound
Keeped their town, and fended there full fast

Rycht be the wall in a randoun
Faggots of fire among the lost they cast,

And hyt the sow in sic maner,
Up pitch and tar on feil sowis they lent;

That it that wes the maist sowar,
Many were hurt ere they from the walls went ;

And starkast for to atynt a stark,
Stones on Springalds they did cast out 80 fast,

In sundre with that dusche it brak.
And goods of iron made many grone agast."

The men that owt in full gret hy
HENRY the MINSTREL'S History of Wallace-B. 8, c. 5.

And on the wallis thai gan cry,

That thair sow wes feryt. thar.
A more authentic illustration may be derived from Barbour's Jhon Crab, that had hys geer all yar,
Account of the siege of Berwick, by Edward II, in 1319, when a In hys fagalds has set the fyr.
sio was brought on to the attack by the English, and burned by

And our the wall syne gan thai wyr,
the sumbastibles hurled down upon it, through the device of John And brynt the sow till brunds bar.'
Crabb, a Flemish engineer, in the Scottish service.

The Bruce, book xvii. "And thai, that at the sege lay, Or it was passyt the fyft day,

The springalds, used in defence of the castle of Lauder, were Had made thaim syndry apparall,

balistæ, or large crossbows wrought by machinery, and capable To gang eft sonytill assaill.

of throwing stones, beams, and huge darts. They were numbered Off gret gests a sow thai maid,

among the heavy artillery of the age : "Than the kynge made all That stalwart heildyne aboyne it haid,

his navy to draw along, by the cost of the Downes, every ship With armyt men inew tharin,

well garnished with bombardes, cros-bowes, archers, springalls, And instruments for to myne.

and other artillare."-FROISSART. Sindry seaffalds thai maid withall,

Goads, or sharpened bars of iron, were an obvious and formiThat war wele heyar than the wall,

dable missile weapon. Thus, at the assault of Rochemiglion, And ordanyt als that, be the se,

"They within cast out great barres of iron, and pots with lyme, The town suld weill assaillyt be.

where with they hurt divers Englishmen, such as adventured them

selves too far." -FROISSART, vol. i. cap. 108. "Thai within, that saw thaim swa,

From what has been noticed, the attack and defence of Lauder Swa gret apparaill achap to ma,

castle will be found strictly conformable to the manners of the Throw Craby's cunsaill, that wes sley

age; a circumstance of great importance, in judging of the anA erane thai haiff gert dress up hey,

Liquity of the ballad. There is no mention of guns, though these Rynnand on qubeills, that thai micht bryng

became so common in the latter part of the reign of Edward III., It ruhar that nede war off helping.

that at the siege of St. Maloes, "the English had well a four And pyk, and ter, als haiff thai tane;

hondred gonnes, who shot day and night into the fortrysse, and And lynt, and herds, and brymstane;

agaynst it.”-FROISSART, vol. i. cap. 336. Barbour informs us, And dry treyis that wele wald brin,

that guns, or "crakis of wer," as he calls them, and crests for And mellyt aythir other in:

helmets, were first seen by the Scottish, in their skirmishes with And gret fagalds thairofl'thai maid,

Edward the Third's host in Northumberland, A, D, 1327.
Gyrdit with irne bands braid.

# If this be a Flemish or Scottish corruption for Ville de Grace, The fagalde weill mycht mesuryt be,

in Normandy, that town was never besieged by Edward I., whose Till a gret towrys quantite.

wars in France were confined to the province of Gascony. The The fagalds bryning in a ball,

rapid change of scene, from Scotland to France, excites a suspiWith thair cran thoucht till a wai'. ;

cion, that some verses may bave been lost in this place. The reAnd giff the sow come to the wall.

treat of the English host, lowever, may remind us of a passage To lat it brynand on her fall

in Wyntown, when, after mentioning that the Earl of Salisbury And with stark chenyeis hald it thar,

raised the siege of Dunbar, to join King Edward in France, he Quhill all war brynt up that thar war,

Upon sie maner gan thai fycht,

It was to Scotland a gud chance,
Qnhill it wes per non off the day,

That thai made thaim to werray in France,
That thai without, on gret aray.

For had thai halyly thaim tane
Pryssyt thair son towart the wall;

For to werray in Scotland alane,
And thai within sone gert call

Efter the gret mischeffis twa,
The engynour, that takyn was,

Duplyn and Hallydowne war thu,
And great menance till him mais.


guld have skaithit it too gretly.
And swour that he suld dey, bot he

Bot fourtowne, thoucht scho fald fekilly,
Prowyt on the sow sie sutelte

Will noucht at anis myscbeffis fall;

Tharefore scho set thare hartis all,
• This sort of bravado seco to have been fashionable in those times : Et
avec drapeanz, et leurs chaperons, ils torchoient les murs a l'endroit, on les

To werray Fraunce richit to be,
Pierres veulent frapper"-Notice des Mariscritu de la Bibliotheque Na-

That Scottis live in grettar le.

Cronykil, B. VIII. cap. 34. G


The eldest to the youngest said.

When they arrived before the host, “O see ye what I see?

They hover'd on the layGin a' be trew yon standard says,*

"Wilt thou lend me our king's standard, We're fatherless a' three.

To bear a little way?""For Scotland's conquer'd up and down

“Where wast thou bred? where wast thou born ? Landmen we'll never be:

Where, or in what countrie?" Now, will you go, my brethren two,

In north of England I was born :" And try some jeopardy ?"

(It needed him to lie.) Then they hae saddled twa black horse,

A knight me gat, a lady bore, Twa black horse and a gray;

I am a squire of high renowne; And they are on to King Edward's host,

well may bear't to any king;, Before the dawn of day.

That ever yet wore crowne.



* Edward had quartered the arms of Scotland with his own. range beneath them, and, if necessary, to die in their defence. In + The romantic custom of achieving, or attempting, some des

the ages of chivalry, these ensiyns were distinguished by their perate and perilous adventure, without cither necessity or cause, shape, and by the various names of banners, penons, penoncelles, was a peculiar, and perhaps the most prominent, feature of chi &c., according to the number of men who were to fight under valry: It was not merely the duty, but the pride and delight, of a them. They were displayed in the day of battle, with singular true knight, to perform such exploits, as no one but a madman solemnity, and consigned to the charge only of such as wete would have undertaken. I think it is in the old French romance of thought willing and able to defend them to the uttermost. When Erec and Eneide, that an adventure, the access to which lay the army of Edward the Black Price was drawn up against iltat through an avenue of stakes, garnished with the bloody heads of of Henry the Bastard, King of Castile, " Than Sir Johan Chanthe knights who had attempted and failed to achieve it, is called

dos brought his baner, rolled up togder, to the Prince, and sand, by the inviting title of' La joie de la Cour. To he tirat in advan.

Sir, bebold, here is my baner, I requyre you display it abrude, cing, or last in retreating to strike upon the gate of a certain and give me leave this daye to raise it; for, sir, I thanke God and fortress of the enemy; to fight blindfold, or with one arm tied up; you, I have land and heritage sufficiente to maynteyne it withal.' to carry off'a banner, or to defend one, were often the subjects of Than the Prince, and King Danıpeter (Don Pedro, toke the baa particular vow among the sons of chivalry. Until some distin per betwene their hands, and sprd it abrode, the which was of guishing exploit of this nature, a young knight was not said to

vlver, a sharp pyle gaules, and yvered it to hymn, and said, have won his spurs; and, upon some occasions, he was obliged

Sir Johan, behold here youre baner: God sende you joye and to bear, as a mark of thraldoin, a chain upon his arm, which was

honour thereof! Than Sir Johan Chandos bure his banut to his removed with great ceremony, when his merit became conspicu owne companye, and sayde, Sirs, beholde here my baner, and ous. These chains are noticed in the romance of Jchan de Santre. youres; kepe it as your owne.' And they toke it, and were right In the language of German chivalry, they were called Kelten des joyful thereof, and sayd, that by the pleasure of God, and Samt Gelubdes (fetters of duty.) Lord Herbert of Cherbury informs us, George, they would kepe and defend it to the best of their powers. that the Knights of the Bath were obliged to wear certain strings,

And so the baner abode in the bandes of a good English suyer, of silk and gold, upon their left arm, until they had achieved some

called Wilham Alery, who bare it that day, and acquaytted himnoble deed of arms. Wheu Edward III, commenced bis French selt right nobly, "-FROISSART, vol. i. ch. 237. The loss of a banwars, many of the young bachelors of England bound up one of ner was not only great dishonour, but an infinite disadvantage. At their eyes with a silk ribbon, and swore, before the peacock and the battle of Cocherel, in Normandy, the flower of the combat. the ladies, that they would not see with both eyes until they had ants, on each side, were engaged in the attack and detence of the accomplished certain deeds of arms in Frice.-FROISSART,

banner of the captall of Buche, the English leuder. It was planted cap. 28.

amid a bush of thorns, and guarded by sixty nen at arms, who A remarkable instance of this chivalrous frenzy occurred during defended it gallantly There were many rescues, and many a the expedition of Sir Robert Knowles, wbo, in 1370. marched one hurt and cast to the earth, and many feates of armex done, and through France, and laid waste the country, up to the very gates many gret strokes given, with good axes of steel, that it was of Paris. " There was a knight, in their companye, had made a

wonder to behold" The battle did not cease unul the caplall's vowe, the day before, that he wolde ryde to the walles or of standard was taken and tom to pieces. Parys, and stryke at the barryers with his speare. And, for the

We learn, from the following passage in STOWE's Chronicle, fournyshing of his vowe, he departed fro his companye, his speare

that the standard of Edward I was a golden dragon. "The King in his fyst, his shelde about his neck, arned at all pecesse, on a

entered Wales with an army, appointing the foutmen to occupie good hornse, his squyer on another, behind him, with his bassenet,

the enemies in fight, wbiles his horsemen, in a wing, set on the And whan he approached near to Parys, he toke and dyde on his rere battell: hinselle, with a power, kept his place, where he helme, and left his squyre behind hym, and dashed his spurres to pight his golden dragon, unto whiche, as to a castle, the wounded his borsse, and came gallopynge to the barryers, the whicbe az

and wearied might repair." then were opyn; and the lordes, that were there, had wened be $ Stratagems, such as that of Maitland, were frequently practised wolde have entred into the towne; but that was not his mynde; with success, in consequence of the complete arniour worn by the for when he hadde stryken at the barryers, as he had before avow

knights of the middle ages. In 1359, Edward NL entered France, ed, be towrned his reyne, and drue back agayne, and departed. to improve the success of the battle of Poictiers. Two French Then the knightes of France, that sawe hym depari, savd to hiin, knights, Sir Galahaut of Rybamont, and Sir Roger of Cologne, Go your waye ; you have rehte well acquitted yourself.' I can

rode forth, with their followers, to survey the English host, and, in nat tell you what was thys knyghtes name, nor of what contre ;

short, to seck adventures. It chanced that they met a foraging but the blazure of his armes was, goules, two tesses sable, a bor. party of Germans, retained in King Edward's service, under the der sable. Howbeit, in the subbarbes, he had a sore encontre; command of Reynold of Boulant, a knight of that nation. By tho for, as he passed on the pavement, he founde before hym a bocher, counsel of a squire of his retinue, Sir Galahan joined company a bigge man, who had well sene this knighte pass by. And he with the German knight, under the assumed character of Barthohelde in his handes a sharpe beavy are, with a long poynt; and lomew de Bonne, Reynold's countrymun and fellow-soldier in the as the knight returned agayne, and toke no hede, this bocher English service. The French knights" were a 70 men of armes, came on his ride, and gave the kuyght such a strike, betwene and Sir Renolde had not past a 30; and, whan Sir Renoldo saw the neck and the shulders, that he reversed forwarde heedlynge, theym, he displayed his baner before hym, and came solely ryto the neck of his horese, and yet he recovered agayne. And than dynge towarde theym, wenyng to bim that they had been Eng. the bocher strake hym agayne, so that the axe entered into his lyshemen. Whan be approached, he lyft up hys vyser, and sabody, so that, for payne, the knyghte fell to the earthe, and his luted Sir Galabaut, in the name of Sir Barty imewe de Bonnes. horsse ran away, and came to the squyer, who abode for bis Sir Galahaut helde himselfe styll secrete, and answered but fayntinayster at the stretes ende. And so, the squyer toke the horsse, ly, and sayd, 'Let us ryde forth ;' and so role on and hys men, and had gret marveyle what was become of his mayster; for be on the one syde, and ihe Almaygney on the other. Whan Sir hod well sene him ryde to the barryers, and stryke thercat with Renolde of Boulant saw theyr maner, and how Sir Galabaut rode his glayve, and retourne agayne. Thanne he role a lyuell forthe, sometyme by hym, and spake no word, than he begane to gusthyderwarde, and anone he saw where his mayster layne upon pecte. And he had not so ryden, the space of a quarter of an hour, the erthe, bytwene foure men, layenge on bim strokes, as thes but he stode styll, under his baner, among his men, and sayd, wolde have stryken on a stethey (anril;) and than the squyer Sir, I have doubt what knyght ye be. I thinke yo be nat Sir was so affrowed, that he durst go no farther : for he sawe well he Bartylmewe, for I knowo him well: and I see well that yt ys nat could nat help his mayster. Therefore he retourned as fast as he you. I woll ye tell me your name, or 1 ryde any farther in your myght : 80 there the gayd knyghte was slayne. And the knyghtes, company. There with Sir Galahaut lytt up, hys vyser, and rode that were at the gate, caused hymn to be buried in holy ground."' towards the knyght to have taken hym loyihe raynse of his bry -FROISSART, ch. 281.

dell, and cryed, Our Ladye of Rybamont ! Than Sir Roger of A similar instance of a military jeopardy occurs in the same Cologne said, 'Coloyme to the rescue!'* Whan Sir Renolde of author, ch. 364. It happened before the entes of Troyes." There Boulant sawo what case he was in, he was nat greatly afrayd, but was an Englyshe squyre, bome in the bishopryke of Lincoln, an drewe out his sworde; and, as Sir Galabaut wolde have taken expert man of arms; I can nat say whyder he could se or nat; hym by the brydell, Sir Reynolde put bis sworde clone through but he spurred his horse, bis speare in his hande, and his targe hym, and drue aguyne bys swore one of bim and toke his borse, about his necko; his horse came rushyng downe the waye, and with the spurres, and left Sir Galabaute sore hurt. And, whan Sir lept clene over the barres of the baryers, and so guloped to the Galahautes men sawe theyr master in that case. they were sore gate, where as the Duke of Burgoyne and the other lordes of dyspleased, and set on Sir Renoldes men; theyre were many caste France were, who reputed that dedo for a great enterprise. The to the yerth, but as sone in Sir Renolde bad given Sir Galahaut equyre thoughto to have returned, but he could nat ; for his horse that stroke, he strak his borse with the spurres, and toke the was stryken with speares, and beaten downe, and the quyr feldes. Than certayne of Galahnutes squyers chasyd hym, and, slain : wherewith the Duke of Burgoyne was right core dis whan he sawe that they followed bym so nere, that he muste pleased

other tourne agayne, or els he shamed, lyke a hardy knyghte he 1 In all ages, and in almost all countries, the military standards tourned, and abode the foremost, and gave hym such a stroke have been objects of respect to the soldiery, whose duty it is to

• The war-cries of their families.

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"He ne'er came of an Englishman,

" It ill befits," the youngest said, Had sic an ee or bree;*

A crowned king to lie; But thou art the likest Auld Maitland,

But, or that I taste meat and drink, That ever I did see.

Reproved sall he be."* But sic a gloom on ae browhead,

He went before King Edward straight, Grant I ne'er see again!

And kneel'd low on his knee; For mony of our men he slew,

"I wad hae leave, my lord,” he said, And mony put to pain.”—

"To speak a word wi' thee." When Maitland heard his father's name,

The king he turn'd him round about, An angry man was he!

And wistna what to say Tben lung up a gilt dagger,

Quo' he, “ Man, thou's hae leave to speak, Hung low down by his knee,

Though thou should speak a' day.". He stabb'd the knight the standard bore,

"Ye said, that three young lads o' France He stabb'd him cruellie;

Your standard stole away, Then caught the standard by the neuk,

Wi' a fause tale, and fauser trayne, And fast away rode he.

And mony men did slay ;"Now, is't na time, brothers," he cried,

“But we are nane the lads o' France, "Now, is't na time to flee ?"'-

Nor e'er pretend to be; “Ay, by my sooth !" they baith replied,

We are three lads o' fair Scotland, "We'll bear you company.”

Auld Maitland's sons are we; The youngest turn'd him in a path,

"Nor is there men, in a' your host, And drew a burnish'd brand,

Daur fight us three to three."And fifteen of the foremost slew,

“Now, by my sooth,” young Edward said, Till back the lavet did stand.

“Weel fitted

ye sall be ! He spurt'd the gray into the path,

"Piercy sall with the eldest fight, Tul baith his sides they bled

And Ethert Lunn wi' thee : *Gray! thou maun carry me away,

William of Lancaster the third, 01 my life lies in wad !"_

And bring your fourth to me!" The captain lookit ower the wa',

["Remember, Piercy, afl the Scot Absat the break o' day;

Has cower'd beneath thy hand :} There he beheld the three Scots lads,

For every drap of Maitland blood, Prsued along the way.

I'll gie a rig of land.”*** Poul up portcullize! down draw-brigg!

He clanked Piercy ower the head, My nephews are at hand;

A deep wound and a sair, And they sall lodge wi' me to night,

Till the best blood o' his bodie In spite of all England."

Came rinning down his hair. Whene'er they came within the yate,

"Now, I've slayne ane; slay ye the twa; They thrust their horse them frae, li

And that's gude companye ; And took three lang spears in their hands,

And if the twa suld slay ye baith, Saying, “Here sall come nae mae !"

Ye'se get na help frae me.' And they shot out, and they shot in,

But Ethert Lunn, a baited bear, Tll it was fairly day;,

Had many battles seen; Whea mony of the Englishmen

He set the youngest wonder sair, About the draw-brigg lay.

Till the eldest he grew keenThen they hae yoked carts and wains,

"I am nae king, nor nae sic thing :tt To ca their dead away,

My word it shanna stand! And shot auld dykes abune the lave,

For Ethert sall a buffet bide, In gutters where they lay.

Come he beneath my brand.” The king, at his pavilion door,

He clankit Ethert ower the head, Was heard aloud to say,

A deep wound and a sair, "Last nigh, three o' the lads o' France

Till the best blood of his bodie My standard stole away.

Came rinning ower his hair. "Wi a fause tale, disguised, they came,

"Now I've slayne twa; slaye ye the ane; And wi' a fauser trayne;

Isna that gude companye? And to regain my gaye standard,

And tho' the ane guld slaye, ye baith, These men were a' down slayne."-

Ye'se get nae help o' me.

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that he tad no more lyste to folwe him. And thus, as he rede on. so entred in therat, and than toke his speare, and turned him to be served three of theym,

that folowed bym, and wounded them defence, right valiantly." --FROIssart, vol. i. chap. 367. 2:a good axe had been in hy's hand, at every stroke he had 11 Modern, [by James Hogg.) to supply an imperfect stanza. slade a man. He dyd so muché, that he was out of danger of ** According to the laws of chivalry, laws which were also for be Freachmen, and saved himselfe without any hurte; the a long time observed in duels, when two or more persons were enbrche bos enemyes reputed for a grete prowess, and so dyd gaged on each side, he, who first conquered his immediate antaal: other that harde thereof; but hys men were nere slayne or gonist, was at liberty, if he pleased, to come to the assistance of taken, bait few that were saved. And Sir Galahaut was carved his companions. The play of the Lille French Lawyer turns from thence sore hurt to Perone ; of that hurt he was never after entirely upon this circumstance: and it may he remarked throughportretly hole ; for he was a knycht of suche courage, that, for all out the poems of Boiardo and Ariosto, particularly in the combat les barte, be would not spare hymselte : wherefore he lived not of three Christian and three Pagan champions, in the 42d canto of long after." - FROISSART, vol. 1. chap. 207.

Orlando Furioso. But doubtless a gallant knight was often un• Eve, or brow

willing, like young Maitland, to avail himself of this advantage. + Thus, Sir Walter Mauny, retreating into the fortress of Ha- Something of this kind seems to have happened in the celebrated byboote, after a successful sally, we pursued by the besiegers. combat, fought in the presence of James II. at Stirling, in 1949,

ranne after them lyke madde men; than Sir Gualtid between three French, or Flemish warriors, and three noble Scot. wide. Let me never be beloved wyth my lady, wythout I have tishmen, two of whom were of the house of Douglas. The a source with one of these followers!" and turning, with his reader will find a literal translation of Oliver de la Marche's ac. lance in the rest, be overthrew several of his pursuers, before he count of this celebrated lourney, in PINKERTON'S History, vol. i. candescended to continue his retreat.-FROISSART. : The rest

$ In pledge.

** Maitland's apology for retracting his promise to stand neuter, The Lord of Hangest (pursued by the English) came so to is as curious as his doing so is natural. The unfortunate John of the bartyrs (of Vandonne) that

were open, as his happe was, and France was wont to say, that if truth and faith were banished from

P. 429.


The twa-some they hae slayne the ane;

When Maitland saw his ain blood fa', They mauld him cruellie;*

An angry man was he!S Then hung them over the draw-brigg,

He let his weapon frae him fa', That all the host might see.

And at his throat did flee. They rade their horse, they ran their horse

And thrice about he did him swing, Then hover'd on the lee:t

Till on the grund he light, "We be three lads o' fair Scotland,

Where he has halden young Edward, That fain would fighting see.

Tho' he was great in might. This boasting when young Edward heard,

"Now let him up," King Edward cried, An angry man was he!

* And let him come to me! "I'll tak yon lad, I'll bind yon lad,

And for the deed that thou hast done, And bring him bound to thee !"

Thou shalt hae erldomes three !""Now God forbid," King Edward said,

“It's ne'er be said in France, nor c'er "That ever thou suld try!

In Scotland, when I'm hame, Three worthy leaders we hac lost,

That Edward once lay under me, il And thou the fourth wad lie.

And e'er gat up again!" 'If thou shouldet hang on yon draw-brigg, He pierced him through and through the heart,' Blythe wad I never be!''

He maul'd him cruellie; But, wi' the poll-axe in his hand,

Then hung him ower the draw-brigg, Upon the brigg sprang he..

Beside the other three. The first stroke that young Edward gae,

“Now take frae me that feather-bed, He struck wi' might and mayn;

Make me a bed o' strae ! He clove the Maitland's helmet stout,

I wish I hadna lived this day, And bit right nigh the brayn.

To mak my heart sae wae.



all the rest of the universe, they should still reside in the breast ers, and spake in his language, and sayd, 'Sir, come awaye; it and mouth of the kings,

is time for you to departe, for your cumpanye is departying lens,' This has a vulgur sound, but is actually a phrase of romance, The knyghte harde hyn well, and then gave a two or three Tani frappant et maillent ler deur vassaur l'un sur l'autre, strokes about him, and so, armedi as he was, be lept out of the que leurs hraumes, et leurs hauberte, sont tous cassez et rom barryers, and lepte upon his horse, without any hurte, bohynde puz.-La fleur des Battales.

his page, and sayd tu the Frenchmen, 'Adue, sirs! I Umnk you ;' + The sieges, during the middle ages, frequently afforded oppor- and so rode forthe to his own cumpanye. The which dede was tunity for single combul, of which the scene was usually the draw moche praysed of many folkes."--TROISSART, cap. 279. bridge, or barriers, of the town. The former, as the more des. The barriers, so often alluded to, are described, by the same perate place of battle, was frequently chosen by knights, who admirable historian, to be grated palisades, the grates being about chose to break a lance for honour and their ladies' love. In 1357, halt a foot wide. In a skimuish betore Honycourt, Sir Henry of Sir Wilbur Douglas, Lurd of Nithsdale, upon the drawbridge of Flanders ventured to that his sword so far through one of those the town of Carlisle, consisting of two beams, hardly two furt in spaces, that a sturdy abbot, who was within, seized his swordbreadth, encountered and klew, first, a single champion of Eng. arm, and drew it through the barriers, up to the shoulder. In this land, and afterwards two, who attacked him together.- Forduni awkward situation he remained for some time, being un wülling to Scotichronicon, lb. xiv, chap. 51.

disbonour hinseltby quitting his weapon. He was at length res

cued, but lost his sword; which Froissart afterwards saw pre-
" He brynt the suburbys of Carlele
And at the barris he tuucht sa wel,

served, as a relic, in the monstery of Honycourt. -Vol. I. chap.

39. For instances of single combats, at the barriers, see the same That on thar: bryg he slew a man,

author, passUN.
The wychtast that in the town wes than :

: The battle are, of which there are many kinds, was a knight-
Quhure, on a plank of twa feet brade,
He stude, and swa gude payment made,

ly weapon, much used in the midle ages, as well in single com

bat as in battle * Anri also there was a youn: bachelor, called
'That be told twa stout firbteris,

Bertrande of Gl. Suydewho, during the siege, fought with an
And but skath went all bis feres,"

Englyshman calleu Sir Nicholas Dagime; and that battayle was
WinTown's Cronykil, book ix, chap. 8.

takene thre courses tithe a speare, thre strokes with an axe,and These combats at the bamers, or palisades, which formed the thre wyth a dagger. And eche of these knyghtes bare themselves outer fortification of a town, were so freement, that the mode of so valyantly, that they departed fro the telde wythout any da. attack and defench was early taught to the future knight, and mage, and they were well regarded, bothe oftheyme wythyn, and continued long to be practised in the games of chivalry. The cus they wythout. This happened at the sjege of Rennes, by the tom, therefore, of defying the inhabitants of a besieged town to Duke of Lancaster, in 1357. FROINSART, VOL. i. c. 175. With the this sort of content, was highly tastionable in the middle ares; same weapon Godfrey of Harcourt long defended himself, when and an army could hardly appear before a place, without giving surprised and defeated by the French. ** And Sir Godfraye's men rise to a variety of combats at the barriers, which were, in gene kepte no goo array, nor lyd nat as they had promised; moost ral, conducted without any unfair advantage being taken on either part of theme fealde; whm Sir Gourave save that, he sayde to part.

hymselte, how he had rather there be slayne than be taken by the
The following striking example of this romantic custom occurs Frenchmen; then he toke kys are in hys handes, and sei fast
in Froissart. During the French wars of Eduard the Black the one loep before the other, 10 stondi the more surely; for
Prince, and in the year 1370, a body of English, and of adventur: hys one leasecas a lutell crookril, but he roas frong in the
ers retained in his service, approached the city of Noyou, then oc atmes. Ther he fought valyantly and long; none durste well
cupied by a French warrison, and arrayed themselves, with dis. abyde hysstrokes; than two Frinchmen mounted on the yr horses,
played banners, before the town, deti ing the defenders to battle and ranne both with their spears at once at hym, and so bare him
**There was a Scotty h knyghte* dyde there a gonally frate of to the forth; then other, that were a-lote, came wyth theyr
armes, for he departeil tro his companye, hys speare in hys hund, swerdes, and serke hym into the buly, under his hameys, so that
and mounted on a good horst, his page behunde hym, and so ther he was slayne." Thin chap. 172 The historian throws Sir
came betore the barriers Thys knycht was called Sir Johan As Goutrs into a striking attitude of desperation.
slon,' a haruy man and a couragrous. Whan he was before the & There is a saying, that a Scottishman tights best after seeing
barryers of Noyon, he lyghted a tote, and nayd to hy's pare, his own bloul Camerarius has contrived to lutch this foolish pro-

Holde kepe my horse, and departe nat hene;'and so wente to the verb into a national compliment ; for he quotes it as an instance
barryers. And wythn the barryers there were good knyghts; as, of the posseverina gallantry ot' bis countrymen. “Si in pugna
Sir John of Roy, Sir Lancelot of Loutys, and a xor mother, proprium effundi sanguinem ridirseni, non starim prostraro
who had grete marveyle what thys sayue knyght wolde do. Then animo concedebant, sed irato potius in hortes relui furentes
he kayde to them, 'Sir, I am come hyder to be you. If well, omnibus riribus incurrrlani."
ye wyll nat is ite out of your barryers; therefore I will entre, and Some reciters repeat it thur-
I can and well pruvr my knyghthonte nga ynet yours ; wyn me and
you can.' And therewith be laude on ruund about hyin, and

* That Englishnan lay under me."
they at hym And thus, he alone toucht nga ynst them, more which is in the true spint of Blind Harry, who makes Wallace
than an hour; and dyit hurt two or thr4 of them ; so that they say,
of the towne, on the walles and garrettes, stone till and be helde

“I better like to see the Southeron die, them, and had great pleasure to regarde his valvaminess, and dy'd

Than gold or land, that they can gie to me." him no hurte, the which they myght have done it' they hadde list to have hotte, or cast stone4 at hym. And also the French In slaying Edward. Maitland arts pitilessly, but not contrary to knyghtes charged them to let hym and them alone toevder. So

the laws of ams, which did not enjoin a kmght to show mercy long they foughte, that at last, his page came near to the barry.

to his antagonist, unul he yielded lun. " rescue or no rescue.

Thus, the Srgeur de Lavenerant came before the walls of an • By the terms of the peace brewixt England and Scotland, the Scottish Euglish garnison, in Gauty, ane denied any of the defenders to were left at liberty to take servier either with France et Enchan, at the run a course with a spear; bis challenge being uccepted by Berpl. amite Sir Robert Knolles, therefore, who commandei threptition, referred to in the trut, hat andet luis comanda hari ith spears.

trand Courant, the governor of the place, they couched their | Assuton ik * Coruption for Swinton Sir John Swindon of Swinton was

pears, like good knights, and dashed on their horses. Their Scoulish champion, notes for his courage and Cigantic stature

(Sir John

spears were broke to peers, and Languerant was overthrown. Swinton was one of Sir Walter Scott's own ancestors -EU)

and lost lus helmet among the horses Ivet. His attendants were

"If I were ance at London Tower,

field. But the Bishop of Durham approaching at the Where I was wont to be,

head of a body of fresh forces, not only checked the I never mair suld gang frae hame,

pursuit of the victors, but made prisoners of some of Till borne on a bier-tree.”

the stragglers, who had urged the chase tog far. The battle was not, however, renewed, as the

Bishop of Durham did not venture to attempt the THE BATTLE OF OTTERBOURNE. rescue of Percy. The field was fought 15th August,



The ground on which this memorable engageThe following ballad of the Battle of Otterbourne, ment took place, is now the property of John Dabeing essentially different from that which is pub- vidson, Esq. of Newcastle, and still retains the name bished in the Reliques of Ancient Poetry, vol. i., and of Battle-Cross. A cross, erroneously termed Perbeing obviously of Scottish composition, claims a cy's Cross, has been erected upon the spot where the place in the present collection. The particulars of gallant Earl of Douglas is supposed to have fallen. that noted action are related by Froissart, with the The Castle of Otterbourne, which was besieged by highest encomunis upon the valour of the combat- Douglas, with its demesne lands, is now the proants on each side. James, Earl of Douglas, with perty of James Ellis, Esq., who is also a proprietor his brother the Earl of Murray, in 1357, invaded of a neighbouring eminence called Fawdoun hill, on Northumberland at the head of 3000 men, while the which may yet be discerned the vestiges of the Earts of Fife and Strathern, sons to the King of Scotush camp, agreeing with the description of the Scotland, ravaged the Western Borders of England, ballad, “They lighted high on Otterbourn." Earl's with a sull more numerous army. Douglas pene- Meadows, containing a fine spring called Percy's true as far as Newcastle, where the renowned well, are a part of the same gentleman's grounds, Hotspur lay in garrison. In a skirmish before the and probably derive their name from the battle. The walls Percy's lance, with the pennon, or guidon, at- camp on Fawdoun hill is a mile distant from Baltached to it, was taken by Douglas-as most au- tle-Cross; but it must be remembered that the vathors affirm, in a personal encounter betwixt the rious changes of position and of fortune during so two heroes. The Earl shook the pennon aloft, and long and fierce an engagement between two consiswore he would carry it as his spoil into Scotland, derable armies, must have extended the conflict over ani tant it upon his Castle of Dalkeith. "That," all the vicinity. 29*Weed Percy, shalt thou never !'' Accordingly, The ballad published in the Reliques, is avowedly hare collected the forces of the Marches, to a an English production; and the author, with a naHamster equal, or (according to the Scottish histori- tural partiality, leans to the side of his countrymen : als auch superior, to the army of Douglas, Hot- yet that ballad, or some one similar, modified prosu made a night attack upon the Scottish camp, bably by national prejudice, must have been current at Orerbourne, about thirty-two miles from New- in Scotland during the reign of James VI.; for caste An action took place, fought by moonlight, Godscroft, in treating of this battle, mentions its id uncommon gallantry and desperation. At having been the subject of popular song, and prokuza Douglas, armed with an iron mace, which ceeds thus: “But that which is commonly sung of itx but he could wield, rushed into the thickest of the Hunting of Cheviot, seemeth indeed poetical, the English attalions, followed only by his chap- and a mere fiction, aps to stir up virtue; yet a lain, and two squires of his body.* Before his fol- fiction whereof there is no mention, either in the boards could come up, their brave leader was Scottish or English Chronicle. Neitlier are the stretched on the ground, with three mortal wounds; songs that are made of them both one ; for the Scots his squires lay dead by his side; the priest alone, song made of Otterbourne telleth the time, about armed with a lance, was protecting his master from Lammas; and also the occasion, to take preys out fanter injury. "I die like my forefathers," said the of England; also the dividing armies betwixt the ennng hero, in a field of battle, and not on a bed Earls of Fife and Douglas, and their several jouroi sickness. Conceal my death, defend my stan neys, almost as in the authentic history. It begin. dard,+ and avenge my fall! it is an old prophecy, nech thus : that a dead man shall gain a field, and I hope it

It fell about the Lammas tide,

When yeomen win their hay, will be accomplished this night."--GODSCROFT.

The dochty Douglas 'gan to ride, With these words he expired; and the fight was re

In England to take a prey.'” Newed with double obstinacy around his body.

GODSCROFT, ed. Édin. 1743, vol. i. p. 195. When morning appeared, however, victory began I cannot venture to assert, that the stanzas, here to incline to the Scottish side. Ralph Percy, brother ublished, belong to the ballad alluded to by Godsto Hotspur, was made prisoner by the Earl Mare-croft; but they come much nearer to his description sehal, and shortly after, Harry Percys himself was than the copy published in the first edition,ll which taken by Lord Montgomery.' The number of eap-. represented Douglas as falling by the poníard of a tives, according to Wintoun, nearly equalled that of faithless page. Yet we learn from the same author, the victors. Upon this the English retired, and left that the story of the assassination was not without the Scots masters of the dear-bought honours of the foundation in tradition.-" There are that say, that eming up; bat Bertrand drew lis dagger, and said, “Sir, yield shiro, belonging to the family of Montgomery, now Earls of yay prisper, rescue or no rescue; els ye are but dead." The Eglintonn. une champion spoke not a word on which Bertrand, in

1 ["Out then spoke a bonny boy, at ure, dashhd1990s into his skull. Besides, the battle

That served ane o' Earl Douglas' kinwas pot always finished by one warrior obtaining this advantage

Methinks I see an English host,
CAP the other. In the battle of Nejara, the famous Sir John
Cendos was overthruyn, and held down, by a gigantic Spanish

A coming brunking us upon.' rare namad Martino Femandez. "Then Sir John Chan.

"**If this be true, thou little foot page, sy Frossart,“ remembred of a knife that he had in his

If this be true thon tells to me, bine, and drew it out, and struck thua Martyne so in the

The bra west bower in Otterbourne barke aad in the sides, that he wounded him to dethe, as he laye

Shall be thy morning's fee. A hymn" The dazeer, which the knights employed in these

"But if it be false, thou little boy! ce and desperate struggles, was called the poniard of mercy.

But and a lie thou tells to me, Their names werp Robert Hart and Simon Glendinning The

On the highest tree in Otterbourne, daplain was Richard Lundie, afterwards Archdeacon of Aber

Wi' my ain hands, I'll hang the hie!' den-ODSCROFT. Hart, according to Wintoun, was a knight. 'That historian saya, po one knew how Douglas fell.

"The boy has tn'en out his little penknife,

That hung right low down by his gare, + The banner of Douglas, upon this memorable occasion, was bearde by his natural son, Archibald Douglas, ancestor of the fami

And he gave Lon Douglas a deadly wound, ly of Caves, hermelitary Sheriff's of Teviotdale, amongst whose

I wot a deep wound and a sare. arehtves this glorious relic is still preserved. The Earl, at his on

“Eurl Douglas to the Montgomery said, is said to have charged his son to defend it to the last drop of

Take thou the vanguard of the three;

And bury me by the braken bush, : This prophecy occurs in the ballad as an ominous dream.

That grows upon yon lilye lee."") Hotejtu, for his ransom, built the castle of Penoon, in Ayr.

Minstrelsy, 1st Edit. Vol. i. p. 32.

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