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ire strength with them. A desperate conflict, still menlie, and before he was aware slott him with ane renowned in tradition, took place at the Dryfie Sands pistoll. Sir Jaines hearing the shott and his man's not far from Lockerby, in which Jobrstone, al words, turning about to see what was past, immethough inserior in numbers, partly by his own con- diatelie Maxwell shott him behind his back with ane daca partly by the valour of his allies, gained a pistoll chairgit with two poysonit bullette, at which decisive victory. Lord Maxwell, a tall man, and shout the said Sir James fell from his horse. Maxheavily armed, was struck from his horse in the well not being content therewith, raid about him ane flight, and cruelly slain, after the hand, which he lang tyme, and persued himn farder, vowing to use stretched out for quarter, had been severed from his him more cruelly and treacherouslie than he had body. Many of his followers were slain in the bat- done, for which it is known sufficiently what toltle, and many cruelly wounded, especially by slashes lowed.”—“A fact," saith Spottiswoode, “detested in the face, which wound was thence termed a by all honest men, and the gentleman's misfortune * Lockerby lick.The Barons of Lag, Closeburn, severely lamented, for he was a man full of wisdom and Drumlanrig, escaped by the Meetness of their and courage.' -SportISWOODE, Edition 1677, pp. horses; a circumstance alluded to in the following 467, 504. JOHNSTONI Historia, Ed. Amstal. pp. 254, ballad.

283, 449. This fatal battle was followed by a long feud, at Lord Maxwell, the murderer, made his escape to tended with all the circumstances of horror proper France; but having ventured to return to Scotiand, to a barbarcus age. Johnstone, in his ditsuse man- he was apprehended lurking in the wilds of Caithner, describes it thus: " Ab eo die ultro citroque in ness, and brought to trial at Edinburgh. The

royal Annandia et Vithia magnis utriusque, regionis jac- authority was now much strengthened by the union turis certatum. Cades, incendia, rapina, et nefanda of the crowns, and James employed it in stanching farinora; liberi in maternis gremiis trucidali, ma- the feuds of the nobility, with a firmness which was rili in conspectu conjugum suarum ; incensa rillæ; no attribute of his general character. But in the best lamentabiles ubique querimonia, ét horribiles ar- actions of that monarch, there seems to have been morum fremitus."- Jouxstoxi Historia, Ed. Am- an unfortunate tincture of that meanness, so visible stal. p. 182.

on the present occasion. Lord Maxwell was indictJohn, Lord Maxwell, with whose Goodnight the ed for the murder of Johnstone; but this was comreader is here presented, was son to him who fell at bined with a charge of fire-raising, which, according the battle of Dryffe Sands, and is said to have early to the ancient Scottish law, if perpetrated by a landarowed the deepest revenge for his father's death. ed man, constituted a species of treason, and interSuch, indeed, was the fiery and untameable spirit of red forfeiture. Thus the noble purpose of public the man, that neither the threats nor entreaties of justice was sullied by being united with that of enthe King himself could make him lay aside his vin- riching some needy favourite. John, Lord Maxwell, dietive purpose ; although Johnstone, the object of was condemned, and beheaded, 21st May, 1613. Sir his resentment, had not only reconciled himself to Gideon Murray, treasurer-depute, had a great share the court, but even obtained the wardenry of the of his forfeiture; but the attainder was afterwards Midile Marches, in room of Sir John Carmichael, reversed, and the honours and estate were conferred murdered by the Armstrongs. Lord Maxwell was upon the brother of the deceased.-LAING's History therefore prohibited to approach the Border counties; of Scotland, vo!. i. p. 62.-Johnstoni Historia, p. and having, in contempi of that mandate, excited 493. new disturbances, he was confined in the castle of The lady mentioned in the ballad, was sister to the Edinburgh. From this fortress, however, he con- Marquis of Hamilton, and, according to Johnstone trived to make his escape; and, having repaired to the historian, had little reason to regret being sepaDumfries-shire, he sought an amicable interview rated from her husband, whose harsh treatment with Johnstone, under a pretence of a wish to ac- finally occasioned her death. But Johnstone apcommodate their differences. Sir Robert Maxwell, of pears not to be altogether untinctured with the preOrchardstane, (mentioned in the Ballad, verse 1,) judices of his clan, and is probably, in this instance, who was married to a sister of Sir James Johnstone, guilty of exaggeration; as the active share taken by persuaded his brother-in-law to accede to Maxwell's the Marquis of Hamilton in favour of Maxwell, is a proposal. The following relation of what followed circumstance inconsistent with such a report. is taken from an article in Shawfield's MS., men Thus was finally ended, by a salutary example of toned in the introduction to the ballad called Kin severity, the “foul debate" betwixt the Maxwells moni Iulie.

and the Johnstones, in the course of which eachi fa: * The simple truth and cause of the treasonable mily lost two chieftains; one dying of a broken murther of umquhile Sir James Johnstoun, of Dun- heart, one in the field of battle, one by assassination, skellie, knight, was as efter followes. To wit, John and one by the sword of the executioner. Lord Maxwell having dealt and useit his best means It seems reasonable to believe, that the following with some nobilemen and baronnes within the cun- ballad must have been written before the death of trey, and likeways with sundrie of the name of Max- Lord Maxwell, in 1613; otherwise there would have well

, being refuised of them all to be partakers of so been some allusion to that event. It must therefore foull ane deed; till at last he unhappily persuaded have been composed betwixt 1608 and that period. one Charles Maxwell, one of the brether of Kirkhouse, to be with him, and having made him assui LORD MAXWELL'S GOODNIGHT. red to be pairtner in that treasonable plot: therefore, taking advantage of the weakness and unabilitie of

t urnqubill Sir Robert Maxwell of Orchyardtoun,


bknight, presuming that he had power of the said Sir Jaines, being brother-in-law to him, to bring him to anye part he pleased ; Maxwell, pretending he had special busines to do with Sir James, hearing he was going from the court of England, so gave out

diteu, Madame, my mother der, But by reasoun he was the king's rebell for the time, for breaking weird out of the castle, of Edinburgh, ihat he had no other houpes to obtaine the King's favour but be his meanes. So upon this pretence, the said Sir James was moved to meet him at Auchnamhill, near by Arthorstane, without the house of Bent upon the 6th Aprile, 1608, with one man onlie with hin a3 was with the uther, therselves two onlie and the forsaid Sir Robert Maxwell with them, and their servantos being a little off. The forsaid Charles falls out with opprobrious and malicious speeches to St James his servant, William Johnstonne of Gun




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heart is wae for

Lorp MAXWELL'S GOODNIGHT. "Adieu, madame, my mother dear,

But and my sisters three!

Adieu, fair Robert of Orchardstane!
And my sisters three, O; A. dieu ! fair Robert of

My heart is wae for thee.
Adieu, the lily and the rose,

The primrose fair to see ;
Adieu, my ladye, and only joy !

For I may not stay with thee.
"Though I hae slain the Lord Johnstone,

What care I for their feid ?
My noble mind their wrath disdaing -

He was my father's deid.
Both night and day I labour'd oft

Of him avenged to be ;
But now I've got what lang, I sought,

And I may not stay with thee.

“Adieu! Drumlanrig, false wert aye,

And Closeburn in a band !
Orchardstane, My

thee, 0.

The Laird of Lag, frae my father that fled,

When the Johnston struck aff his hand.
They were three brethren in a band-

Joy may they never see!
Their treacherous art, and cowardly heart,

Has twined my love and me.
“Adieu! Dumfries, my proper place,

But and Carlaverock fair!
Adieu ! my castle of the Thrieve,

Wi' a' my buildings there: * (Lord Byron refers to this ballad, as having suggested the quarles, leiful and honest, aganes all deedlie, his alledgeance to Goodnight in the 1st Canto of Childe Harold. See Life and Works our soveraigne lord the king allanerly excepted, as at mair length of Byron, vol. viii. -ED.)

is contained in his lettres of maintenance maid to me thereupon ; + The reader will perceive, from the Introduction, what con

therefore," &c., he proceeds to bind himself as liegeman to the nexion the bond, subscribed by Douglas of Drumlanrig. Kirkpatrick Maxwell. of Closeburn, and Grierson of Lagg, had with the death of Lord

I cannot dismiss the subject without observing, that in the danMaxwell's father. For the satisfaction of those who may be cu

gerous times of Queen Mary, when most of these bonds are dated, rious as to the form of these bonds, I have transcribed a letter of many barons, for the sake of maintaining unanimity and good manrent,* from & MS. collection of upwards of twenty deeds of order, may have chosen to enrol themselves among the clients of that nature, copied from the originals by the late John Syme. Lord Maxwell, then Warden of the Border, from which, at a less Esq., writer to the signet ; for the use of which, with many other turbulent period, personal considerations would have deterred favours of a similar nature, I am indebted to Dr. Robert Anderson them. of Edinburgh. The bond is granted by Thomas Kirkpatrick of

1 This fortress is situated in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Closeburn, to Robert Lord Maxwell, faiher of him who was slain upon an island several acres in extent, formed by the river Dee. at the battle of the Dryffe Sands.

The walls are very thick and strong, and bear the marks of great

antiquity. It was a royal castle ; but the keeping of it, agreeable BOND OF MANRENT.

to the feudal practice, was granted by charter, or sometimes by "Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres, me, Thomas a more temporary and precarious right, to different powerful famiKirkpatrick of Closburn, to be bundin and oblist, and be the tenor lies, together with lands

for their good service in maintaining and heirof, hindis and oblissis me, be the faith and treuth of my body defending the place. This office of heritable keeper remained in manrent and service to ane nobil and mychty lord, Robert Lord with the Nithesdale

family (chief of the Maxwells) till their for.

The garrison seems to have been victualled upon me, as said ig, to be leil and trew man and servant to the said Ro feudal principles ; for each

parish in the stewartry was burdened bert Lord Maxwell

, my master, and sall nowthir heir nor se his with the yearly payment of a lardner mar! cow, i. e. a cow fit skaith, but sall lat the samyn at my utir power, an warn him for being killed and salted at Marinmas, for winter provisions. thereof. And I sall conceill it that the said lord schawis to me,

The right of levying these cattle was retained by the Nithesdale and sall gif him agane the best leill and true counsale that I can family, when they sold the castle and estate, in 1704, and they did quhen he only askis at me and that I sall

ryde with my kyn, not cease to exercise it till their attainder.- FOUNTAINHALL'S freyndis, servandis, and allies, that

wil do for me, or to gang with Decisions, vol. i. p. 688. the said lord ; and to do him wfauld, trew, and thankful service,

This same castle of the Thrieve was, A. D. 1451-2, the scene and take æfauld plane part the said lord, my maister, in all of an outrageous and cruel insult upon the royal authority. The and sindry his actionis, causis, quarrellis, leful and honest, movit

, fortress was then held by William VIII., Earl of Douglas, who, in or to be movit, be him, or aganis him, baith in peace and weir, fact, possessed a more unlimited authority over the southern discontrair or aganis all thae that leiffes or de may, (my allegeance tricts of Scotland, than the reigning monarch. The Earl had, on to owr soveran ladye the quenis grace, her tutor and governor, al.

some pretence, seized and imprisoned a baron, called Maclellan, lanerly except.) And thir my lettres of mantent, for all the days tutor of Bombie, whom he threatened to bring to trial,

by bis of my life foresaid

to indure, all dissimulations, fraud, or gyle power of hereditary jurisdiction. The uncle of this gentleman, secludit and away put. In witness," &c. The deed is signed at

Sir Patrick Gray of Foulis, who commanded the body guard of Edinburgh, 3d February, 1542.

James II., obtained from that prince a warrant, requiring from In the collection, from which this extract is made, there are

Earl Douglas the body of the prisoner. When Gray appeared, Ivonds of a similar nature granted to Lord Maxwell, by Douglas of the Earl instantly suspected his

errand. “ You have not dined, Prumlanrig, ancestor to the Dukes of Queensberry;

by Crichton said he, without suffering him to open his commission : "it is in Lord Sanquhar, ancestor of the Earls of Dumfries, and many of talking between a full man and a fasting.” While Gray was at his kindred; hy Stuart of Castlemilk; by Stuart of Garlies, ancestor of the Earls of Galloway: by Murray of Cockpool, ancestor forth to the court yard and beheaded. When the repast was of the Murrays, Lords Annandale': by Grierson of Lags,

Gordon finished, the King's letter was presented and

opened. Sir Pal. of Lochmaben, and many other of the most ancient and respecta rick," says Douglas, leading Gray to the court,right glad had I ble

barons in the south west of Scotland, binding themselves, in been to honour the King's messenger, but you have come too the most submissive terms, to become the liegemen and the vas.

late. Yonder lies your sister's son, without the head; you are sals of the house of Maxwell; a circumstance which must highly welcome to his dead body." Gray, having mounted bis horse. excite our idea of the power of that family. Nay, even the rival tumed to the Earl, and expressed his wrath in a deadly oath, thai chieftain, Johnstone of Johnstone, seems at one time to have he would requite the injury with Douglas's heart's blood. -" To corne under a similar obligation to Maxwell,

by a bond, dated 11th horse !" cried the haughty baron ; and the messenger of his prince ebruary, 1528, in which reference is made to the counter-obliga

was pursued till within a few miles of Edinburgh. Gray, how. tion of the patron, in these words : "Fogarmeikle as the said lord ever had an opportunity of keeping his vow ; for. being upon has oblist him to supple, mainteno, and defend me, in the pecia guard in the King's antechamber at Stirling, when James, inbill broking and joysing of all my landis, rentis, &c., and to take censed at the insolence of the Earl, struck him with his dagger. my æfald, leill, and trow part, in all my good actionis, causis, and Sir Patrick rushed in, and despatched him with a pole-axe. The

castle of Threve was the last of the fortresses which beld out for • The proper spelling is manred. Thus, in the romance of Florice the house of Douglas, after their granil rebellion in 1553. James and Planchepourt.

IT. writes an account of the exile of this potent family, to Charles + He wil falle to ti fot,

VII. of France, sth July, 1555 ; and adds, that all their castles
And bicorn thi man gif he mot;
His nanred thou sbal afunge,

• This incident, no doubt, suggested the scene between Archibald 4ad the trew the of his honde

Bell he-Cat and Lord Harmion S. Marmeon. Canto V. xiv.EU

Adieu! Lochmaben's gate sae fair,

that Maxwell had offered a ten-pound-land to any The Langholm-holm, where birks there be: of his party who should bring him the head or hand Adieu! my ladye, and only joy,

of the Laird of Johnstone. This being reported to For, trust me, I may not stay wi' thee. his antagonist, he answered, he had not a tene Adieu ! fair Eskdale up and down,

pound-land to offer, but would give a five-merk

land to the man who should that day cut off the Where my puir friends do dwell;

head or hand of Lord Maxwell. Willie of the KirkThe bangistersil will ding them down,

hill, mounted upon a young gray horse, rushed upon And will them sair compell.

the enemy, and earned the reward, by striking down But I'll avenge their feid mysell,

their unfortunate chieftain, and cutting off his right When I come o'er the sea ;

hand. Adieu! my layde, and only joy,.

From a pedigree in the appeal case of Sir James For I may not stay wi' thee."

Johnstone of Westeraw, claiming the honours and "Lord of the land !"that ladye said,

titles of Annandale, it appears that the Johnstones "O vad ye go wi' me,

of Wamphray were descended from James, sixth Unto my brother's stately tower,

son of the sixth baron of Johnstone. The male Where safest ye may be !

line became extinct in 1657. There Hanilions, and Douglas baith, Sball rise to succour thee."

THE LADS OF WAMPHRAY. Thanks for thy kindness, fair my dame,

'Twixt Girth-headil and the Langwood end, But I inay not stay wi' thee."

Lived the Galliard, and the Galliard's men; Then he tuik aff a gay gold ring,

But and the lads of Leverhay, Thereat bang signets three;

That drove the Crichton's gear away. * Hae, tak thee that, mine ain dear thing,

It is the lads of Lethenha', And still hae mind o me:

The greatest rogues among them a': But if thou take another lord,

But and the lads of Stefenbiggin,
Ere I come ower the sea

They broke the house in at the rigging.
His lie is but a three days' lease,
Though I may not stay wi thee." -

The lads of Fingland, and Helbeck-hill,

They were never for good, but aye for ill;. The wind was fair, the ship was clear,

'Twixt the Staywood-bush and Langside-hill, That good lord went away:

They steal'd the broked cow and the branded bull. And most part of his friends were there, To give him a fair convey,

It is the lads of the Girth-head, Tbez drank the wine, they didna spair,

The deil's in them for pride and greed ;. Eten in that gude lord's sight

For the Galliard, and the gay Galliard's men, Set Bow he's o'er the floods sae gray,

They ne'er saw a horse, but they made it their ain. ånd Lord Maxwell has ta'en his Goodnight.

The Galliard to Nithsdale is gane,
To steal Sim Crichton's winsome dun,

The Galliard is unto the stable gane,

But instead of the dun, the blind he has ta’en. The reader will find, prefixed to the foregoing bal

"Now Simmy, Simmy of the Side, lad, an account of the noted feud betwixt the fami Come out and see a Johnstone ride! Les of Maxwell and Johnstone. The following

Here's the bonniest horse in a' Nithside, ronz celebrates the skirmish, in 1593, betwixt the

And a gentle Johnstone aboon his hide." Jebastones and Crichtons, which led to the revival

Simmy Crichton's mounted then, of the ancient quarrel betwixt Johnstone and Max And Crichtons has raised mony a ane: Erl, and finally to the battle of Dryffe Sands, in

The Galliard trow'd his horse had been wight, which the latter lost his life. Wamphray is the

But the Crichtons beat him out o sight. name of a parish in Annandale. Lethenhall was the abode of Johnstone of Wamphray, and conti As soon as the Galliard the Crichton saw, Dned to be so till of late years. William Johnstone Behind the gaugh-bush he did draw ;

Wamphray, called the Galliard, was a noted And there the Crichtons the Galliard hae ta'en, freebooter. A place near the head of Teviotdale, re And nane wi' him but Willie alane. fans the name of the Galliard's Faulds, (folds,) teag a valley where he used to secrete and divide

"O Simmy, Simmy, now let me gang,

And I'll never mair do a Crichton wrang! his spoil with his Liddesdale and Eskdale assoCases His nom de guerre seems to have been de O Simmy, Simmy, now let me be, read from the dance called the Galliard. The

And a peck o gowd I'll give to thee! wond is still used in Scotland, to exprese an active, Bay, dissipated characters

Willie of the Kirkhill,

"O Simmy, Simmy, now let me gang,

And my wife shall heap it with her hand."Det be" 1o the Galliard, and his avenger, was also But the Crichions wadna let the Galliard be, a cated Border robber. Previous to the battle of

But they hang'd him hie upon a tree. Drybie Sands, so often mentioned, tradition reports,

O think then Willie he was right wae, had bazo pobed to him, “ Ercepto duntaxat castro de Trefe, per

When he saw his uncle guided sae; TOT Adele impresent ictum obsesso; quod, domino conceiante. n lteri obrinete speramus."'-PINKERTON'S History,

“But if ever I live Wamphray to see, spordir, vol i p. 486.-See PITSCOTTIE's History, Gods My uncle's death avenged shall be !"* Benzialers.The prevailing party,

Back to Wamphray he is gane, * The ancestor of the present Mr. Maxwell of Broomholm is

And riders has raised mony, a ane; particularly mentioned in Glenriddel's MS, as having attended ho chieftait in his distress, and as having received a grant of

Saying-"My lads, if ye'll be true, hauds is reward of this manifestation of attachment.

Ye shall a' be clad in the noble blue.": This seems to have been a favourite epithet in old romances. Thus in Hornchilde, and Maiden Rimuild,

Back to Nithsdale they have

* T bai kayled ower the fode so gray,

And awa the Crichton's' nowtf ha'e ta'en;
In Inglond arrived were thay,
Tber him levest ware.”

But when they came to the Wellpath-head, ** $ Cleveland applies the phrase in a very different manner, in The Crichtons bade them 'light and lead. trating of the essenhly of Divines at Westminster, 1644 : * And Selden is a Galliard by himself,

Leverhay, Stefenbiggin, Girth-bead, &c., are all situated in
And wel might be there's more divines in him, the parish of Wamphray.
Than in all this their Jewish Banbedrim."

I Nowi-Cattle.
Sceltoo. in his railing poem against James IV. terrns himn Sir ** The Wellpath is a paes by which the Johnstones were re-
Fier Galyard.

treating to their fastnesses in Annandale.

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And when they cam to the Biddes-burn,

whom God had given the spiritual sceptre. The el. The Crichtons hade them stand and turn

der Melvine, in a conference with James VI., seized And when they cam' to the Biddeg-strand, the monarch by the sleeve, and addressing him as The Crichtons they were hard at hand.

God's sillie rassal, told him, " There are two kings,

and two kingdomes. There is Christ, and his kingBut when they cam to the Biddes-law,

dome, the kirke; whose subject King Janes the The Johnstones bade them stand and draw;

Sixth' is, and of whose kingdome he is not a king, “We've done nae ill, we'll tholet nae wrang, nor a head, nor a lord, but a member; and they But back to Wamphray we will gang.".

whom Christ hath called and commanded to watch And our spoke Willie of the Kirkhill,

ower his kirke, and govern his spiritual kingdome, "Of fighting, lads, ye'se hae your fill.”.

have sufficient authoritie and power from him so to And from his horse Willie he lap,

do; which no Christian king, nor prince, should And a burnish'd brand in his hand he gat.

control or discharge, but fortifie and assist; other

wise they are not faithful subjects to Christ."-CALOut through the Crichtons Willie he ran,

DERWOOD, p. 329. The delegated theocracy, thus And dang them down baith horse and man; sternly claimed, was exercised with equal rigour. O but the Johnstones were wondrous rude, The offences in the King's household fell under When the Biddes-burn ran three days blood ! their unceremonious jurisdiction, and he was form“Now, sirs, we have done a noble deed;

ally reminded of his occasional neglect to say grace We have revenged the Galliard's bleid,

before and after meat-his repairing to hear the

word more rarely than was fitting-his profane banFor every finger of the Galliard's hand,

ning and swearing, and keeping of evil company-I vow this day I've killed a man.”—

and, finally, of his queen's carding, dancing, nightAs they cam in at Evan-head,

walking, and such-like profane pastimes. ---CAIDERAt Ricklaw-holm they spread abread ;s

woon, p. 313. A curse, direct or implied, was forni“Drive on, my lads ! it will be late;

ally denounced against every man, horse, and spear, We'll hae a pint at Wamphray gate.ll

that should assist the king in his quarrel with the

Earl of Gowrie; and from the pulpit, the favourites "For where'er I gang, or e'er I ride,

of the listening sovereign were likened to Haman, The lads of Wamphray are on my side ;

his wife to Herodias, and he himself to Ahab, to And of a' the lads that I do ken,

Herod, and to Jeroboam. A Wamphray lad's the king of men."

These effusions of zeal could not be very agreeable to the temper of James; and accordingly, by

a course of slow, and often crooked and cunning LESLY'S MARCH.

policy, he laboured to arrange the church govern

ment upon a less turbulent and menacing footing. "But, O my country! how shall memory trace

His eyes were naturally turned towards the English 'Thy glories, lost in either Charles's days, When through thy fieldo destrictive rapine spread,

hierarchy, which had been modelled by the despotic Nor sparing mfants' tears, nor hoary head!

Henry VIII., into such a form, as to connect indis-
In those dread days, the unprotected swain

solubly the interest of the church with that of the
Mourn'd, in the mountains, o'er his wasted plain; regal power.' The Reformation, in England, had
Vor longer vocal, with the shepherd's lay.
Were Yarrow's banks, or groves of Endermay."

originated in the arbitrary will of the prince; in LANGHORNE-Genius and Valour. Scotland, and in all other countries of Europe, it

had commenced among insurgents of the lower Srch are the verses, in which a modern bard has ranks. Hence, the deep and essential difference painted the desolate state of Scotland, during a pe- which separated the Huguenots, the Lutherans, the riod highly unfavourable to poetical composition. Scottish Presbyterians, and, in fine, all the other Yet the civil and religious wars of the seventeenth reformed churches, from that of England. But century have afforded some subjects for traditionary James, with a timidity which sometimes supplies poetry, and the reader is now to be presented with the place of prudence, contented himself with grathe ballads of that disastrous era. Some prefatory dually imposing upon the Scottish nation a limited history may not be unacceptable.

and moderate system of Episcopacy, which, while That the Reformation was a good and a glorious it gave to a proportion of the churchmen a seat in work, few will be such slavish bigots as to deny. the council of the nation, induced them to look up But the enemy came, by night, and sowed tares to the sovereign, as the power to whose influence among the wheat; or rather, the foul and rank soil they owed their elevation. In other respects, James upon which the seed was thrown, pushed forth, to- spared the prejudices of his subjects; no ceremonial gether with the rising crop, a plentiful proportion of ritual was imposed upon their consciences; the leadpestilential weeds. The morals of ihe reformed ing pastors were reconciled by the prospeci of preferclergy were severe; their learning was usually re ment;** the dress and train of the bishops were spectable, sometimes profound; and their eloquence, plain and decent; the system of tithes was placed though often coarse, was vehement, animated, and upon a moderate and unoppressive footing;tt and, popular. But they never could forget, that their rise perhaps, on the whole, the Scottish hierarchy conhad been achieved by the degradation, if not the fall iained as few objectionable points as any sysíem of of the crown: and hence, a body of men, who, in church government in Europe. Had it subsisted 10 most countries, have been attached to monarchy, the present day, although its doctrines could not were in Scotland, for nearly two centuries, sometimes have been more pure, nor its morals more exemthe avowed enemies, always the ambitious rivals of plary, than those of the present Kirk of Scotland, their prince. The disciples of Calvin could scarce yet its degrees of promotion might have afforded ly avoid a tendency to democracy, and the republi- greater encouragement to learning, and objects of can form of church government was sometimes laudable ambition to those who might dedicate hinted at, as no unfit model for the state ; at least, themselves to its service. But the precipitate bithe kirkmen laboured to impress upon their follow- gotry of the unfortunate Charles I. was a blow to ers and hearers the fundamental principle, that the Episcopacy in Scotland, from which it never perchurch should be solely governed by those, unto fectly recovered.

* The Biddes-burn, where the skirmish took place betwixt the fountain whence all these Babylonish streams issue unto us." Johnstones and their pursuers, is a rivulet which takes its course See their manifesto on entering England, in 1640. among the mountains on the confines of Nithesdale and Annan ** Many of the preachers, who had been loudest in the cause of

presbytery, were induced to accept of bishoprics. Such was, for + Lau- A conical hill. Thole--Endure.

example, William Cooper, who was created Bishop of Galloway. Ricklaw-bolm is a place upon the Evan water, which falls This recreant Mass John was a hypochondriac, and conceived his into the Annan, below Moflat.

lower extremities to be composed of glass; hence, on lus court # Wamphray gate was in those days an alehonse.

advancement, the following epigram was composed : T of this the Covenantie were so sensible, as to trace (what they called) the Antichristian hierarchy, with its idolatry, Huper

Aureus, heu ! fragilem confregit malleus urram." liuon, and human inventions, " to the prelacy of England, the ** This part of the system was perfected in the reign of Charles L.


It has frequently happened, that the virtues of the English troops, in a skirmish at Newcastle, showed individual, at least their excesses, (if, indeed, there either more disaffection, or cowardice, than had at can be an excess in virtue,) have been fatal to the any former period disgraced their national characprince. Never was this more fully exemplified than ter. This war was concluded by the treaty of Ripin the history of Charles I. His zeal for religion, pon; in consequence of which, and of Charles's his family affection, the spirit with which he de concessions, made during his subsequent visit to his fended his supposed rights, while they do honour to native couníry, the Scottish parlianient congratulathe man, were the fatal shelves upon which the ted him on departing "a contented king from a monarchy was wrecked. Impatient to accomplish contented people.". If such content ever existed, it the total revolution, which his father's cautious was of short duration. timidity had left incomplete, Charles endeavoured The storm, which had been soothed to temporary at once to introduce into Scotland the church go- rest in Scotland, burst forth in England with treble vernment, and to renew, in England, the temporal violence. The popular clamour accused Charles, or domination, of his predecessor, Henry VIII. The his ministers, of fetching into Britain the religion of furious temper of the Scottish nation first took fire; Rome, and the policy of Constantinople. The Scots and the brandished footstool of a prostitute* gave felt most keenly the first, and the English the sethe signal for ciul dissension, which ceased not till cond, of these aggressions. Accordingly, when the the church was buried under the ruins of the consti- civil war of England broke forth, the Scots nation, tution; till the nation had stooped to a military des- for a time, regarded it in neutrality, though not with potism; and the monarch to the block of the exe- indifference. But, when the success of a Prelatic rationer.

monarch, against a Presbyterian parliament, was The consequence of Charles's

hasty and arbitrary paving the way for rebuilding the system of hierar. measures was soon evident. The united nobility, chy, they could no longer remain inactive. Bribed

entry, and clergy of Scotland, entered into the by the delusive promise of Sir Henry Vane, and SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT, by which me- Marshall

, the parliamentary commissioners, that morable deed, they subscribed and swore a na- the Church of England should be "reformed, actonal renunciation of the hierarchy. The walls of cording to the word of God,” which, they fondly the prelatic Jericho (to use the language of the believed, amounted to an adoption of presbytery, tmes) were thus levelled with the ground, and the they agreed to send succours io their brethren of CUISE Of Hel, the Bethelite, denounced against those England. Alexander Lesly, who ought to have *10 should rebuild them. While the clergy thun ranked among the contented subjects, having been ezred, from the pulpits, against the prelatists and raised by the King to the honours of Earl of Leven, malignants, (by which names were distinguished was, nevertheless, readily induced to accept the be scattered and heartless adherents of Charles,) cominand of this second army. Doubtless, where the nobility and gentry, in arms, hurried to oppose insurrection is not only pardoned, but rewarded, a the march of the English army, which now ad- monarch has little right to expect gratitude for bepaced towards their Borders. At the head of their nefits, which all the world, as well as the receiver, defensive forces they placed Alexander Lesly, who, must attribute to fear. Yet something is due to dewith many of his best officers, had been trained to cency; and the best apology for Lesly, is his zeal war under the great Gustavus Adolphus. They for propagating Presbyterianism in England, the soon assembled an army of 26,000 men, whose camp, bait which had caught the whole parliament of

upon Dunse-Law, is thus described by an Scotland. But, although the Earl of Leven was 1640.

eyewitness. Mr. Baillie acknowledges, that commander-in-chief, David Lesly, a yet more re"it was an agreeable feast to his eyes to survey the nowned and active soldier than himselt, was majorplace; it is a round hill, about a Scots mile in general of the cavalry, and, in truth, bore away the orele, rising, with very little declivity, to the height laurels of the expedition. of a bow-shot, and the head somewhat plain, and The words of the following march, which was near a quarter of a mile in length and breadth ; on played in the van of this Presbyterian crusade, were the top it was garnished with near forty field-pieces, first published by Allan Ramsay in his Evergreen ; Divid towards the east and south. The colonels, and they breathe the very spirit we might expect. who were mostly noblemen, as Rothes, Cassilis, Mr. Ritson, in his collection of Scottish songs, has Eglington, Dalhousie, Lindsay, Lowdon, Boyd, Sin- favoured the public with the music-which seems clair, Balcarras, Flemyng, Kirkcudbright, Érskine, to have been adapted to the bagpipes. Monizomery, Yester, &c., lay in large tents at the The hatred of the old Presbyterians to the organ head of their respective regiments; their captains, was apparently invincible. It is here vilified with who generally were barons, or chief gentlemen, lay the name of a "chest-full of whistles," as the Episaround them : next to these were the lieutenants, copal Chapel at Glasgow was, the vulgar, opwho were generally old veterans, and had served in probriously termed the Whistling Kirk. Yet, such iba; or a higher station, over sea; and the common is the revolution of sentiment upon this, as upon soldiers lay outmost, all in huts of timber, covered more important points, that reports have lately been with divot, or straw. Every company, which, ac- current, of a plan to introduce this noble instrument cording to the first plan, did consist of iwo hundred into presbyterian congregations.t mea, had their colours flying at the captain's tent The share which Lesly's army bore in the action door, with the Scots arms upon them, and this of Marston Moor, has been exalted, or depressed, molto, in golden letters, 'For Christ's CROWN AND as writers were attached to the English or Scottish COVENANT.!!

nations, to the Presbyterian or Independent factions. Against this army, so well arrayed and disciplined, Mr. Laing, concludes with laudable impartiality, and whose natural hardihood wag edged and exalt- that the victory was equally due to Cromwell'a. ed by a high opinion of their sacred cause, Charles iron brigade of disciplined Independents, and to marched at the head of a large force, but divided by three regiments of Lesly's horse."--Vol. i. p. 244. ibe emulation of the commanders, and enervated by Cisose of arms. A faininess of spirit pervaded the

LESLY's MARCH. royal army, and the King stooped to a treaty with his Scottish subjects. This treaty was soon broken; MARCH ! march! and, in the following year, Dunge-law, again pre Why the devil do ye na march? sented the same edifying spectacle of a Presbyterian Stand to your arms, my lads, army. But the Scots were not contented with re

Fight in good order; Inaining there. They passed the Tweed ; and the

Front about, ye musketeers all, • "Oni, false loon! wilt thou say the mass at my luglear)?" Till ye come to the English Border ; was the well-known exclamation of Margaret Geddes, as she discharged her missile tripod against the Bishop of Edinburgh, who. (An attempt to introduce the organ into one of the churches in obedience to the orders of the privy council, was endeavouring of Glasgow was made since the above was written-and, as might ta retrarse the common prayer. Upon a seat more clevated, the have been expected, from the choice of the West of Scotland for wid Marcart had shortly before done penance before the congre such an experiment, wholly failed. The Presbytery forthwith si. Buiton, for the man of fornication ; such, at least, is the 'Tory edition. lenced the instrument.-- ED.)

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