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If it pass

Cmnt. It must be thought on.

Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the nettle, against us

And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best We lose the better half of our possession: Neighboured by fruit of baser quality: For all the temporal lands which men devout And so the prince obscured his contemplation By testament have given to the church

Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, Would they strip from us: being valued thus,– Grew like the summer-grass, fastest by night; As much as would maintain, to the King's honour, Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty. Full fifteen earls and fifteen hundred knights, Cant. It must be so : for miracles are ceased; Six thousand and two hundred good esquires; And therefore we must needs admit the means And, to relief of lazars and weak age,

How things are perfected.
Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil,

Ely. But, my good lord,
A hundred almshouses right well supplied: How now for mitigation of this bill
And to the coffers of the King beside

Urged by the commons ? Doth his majesty A thousand pounds by the year. Thus runs the Incline to it, or no? bill.

Cant. He seems indifferent: Ely. This would drink deep.

Or rather swaying more upon our part
Cant. "Twould drink the cup and all. Than cherishing the exhibiters against us:
Ely. But what prevention ?

For I have made an offer to his majesty, -
Cant. The King is full of grace and fair regard. Upon our spiritual convocation,
Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. And in regard of causes now in hand,

Cant. The courses of his yeath promised it not. Which I have opened to his grace at large, The breath no sooner left his father's body As touching France, to give a greater sum But that his wildness, mortified in him,

Than ever at one time the clergy yet Seemed to die too: yea, at that very moment Did to his predecessors part withal. Consideration like an angel came,

Ely. How did this offer seem received, my y lord ? And whipped the offending Adam out of him; Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty : Leaving his body as a paradise,

Save that there was not time enough to hear To envelop and contain celestial spirits.

(As I perceived his grace would fain have done) Never was such a sudden scholar made :

'The severals and unhidden passages Never came reformation in a flood,

Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms; With such a heady current, scouring faults: And generally, to the crown and seat of France, Nor never hydra-headed wilfulness

Derived from Edward, his great-grandfather. So soon did lose his seat, and all at once,

Ely. What was the impediment that broke As in this King.

this off? Ely. We are blesséd in the change. Cant. The French ambassador, upon that Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,

instant, And, all admiring, with an inward wish

Craved audience : and the hour, I think, is come You would desire the King were made a prelate: To give him hearing. Is it four o'clock? Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs,


It is. You would say it hath been all-in-all his study: Cant. Then go we in to know his embassy : List his discourse of war, and you shall hear Which I could, with a ready guess, declare A fearful battle rendered you in music :

Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Turn him to any cause of policy,

Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it. The Gordian knot of it he will unloose

[Exeunt. Familiar as his garter : that, when he speaks, The air, a chartered libertine, is still, And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,

Scene II.-The same. A Room of state in the To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences. So that the art and practic part of life

Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Exeter, Must be the mistress to this theoric:

WARWICK, WESTMORLAND, and Attendants. Which is a wonder how his grace should glean it, K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of CanSince his addiction was to courses vain;

His companies unlettered, rude, and shallow; Exe. Not here in presence.
His hours filled up with riots, banquets, sports: K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle.
And never noted in him any study,

West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege? Any retirement, any sequestration

K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin : we would be From open haunts and popularity.



Before we hear bim, of some things of weight
That task our thoughts, concerning us and France.

Cant. God and his angels guard your sacred

And make you long become it!

K. Hen. Sure we thank you. My learnéd lord, we pray you to proceed : And justly and religiously unfold Why the law Salique, that they have in France, Or should or should not bar us in our claim. And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord, That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your

reading, Or nicely charge your understanding soul With opening titles miscreate, whose riglit Suits not in native colours with the truth: For God doth know how many, now in health, Shall drop their blood in approbation Of what your reverence shall incite us to. Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, How you awake the sleeping sword of war: We charge you in the name of God, take heed : For never two such kingdoms did contend Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops Are every one a woe, a sore complaint, 'Gainst him whose wrongs give edge unto the

swords That make such waste in brief mortality. Under this conjuration speak, my lord : And we will hear, note, and believe in heart, That what you speak is in your conscience washed As pure as sin with baptism. Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign; and

you, peers, That owe your lives, your faith, and services, To this imperial throne:—There is no bar To make against your highness' claim to France, But this, which they produce from Pharamond:

In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant;"

“No woman shall succeed in Salique land :"
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze
To be the realm of France; and Pharamond
The founder of this law and female bar.
Yet their own authors faithfully affirm
That the land Salique lies in Germany,
Between the foods of Sala and of Elbe :
Where Charles the Great, having subdued the

There left behind and settled certain French;
Who, holding in disdain the German women,
For some dishonest manners of their life,
Established there this law,- to wit, no female
Should be inheritrix iu Salique land:

Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala,
Is at this day in Germany called Meisen.
Thus doth it well appear the Salique law
Was not devised for the realm of France:
Nor did the French possess the Salique land
Until four hundred one-and-twenty years
After defunction of King Pharamond,
Idly supposed the founder of this law;
Who died within the year of our redemption
Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the Great
Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French
Beyond the river Sala, in the year
Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,
King Pepin, which deposed Childerick,
Did, as heir-general, being descended
Of Blithild, which was daughter to King Clothair,
Make claim and title to the crown of France.
Hugh Capet also (that usurped the crown
Of Charles the Duke of Lorraine, sole heir male
Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great),
To fine his title with some show of truth.
(Though in pure truth it was corrupt and naught),
Conveyed himself as heir to the Lady Lingare,
Daughter to Charlemagne, who was the son
To Lewis the Emperor; and Lewis the son
Or Charles the Great. Also King Lewis the

Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet,
Could not keep quiet in his conscience,
Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied
That fair Queen Isabel, his grandmother,
Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare,
Daughter to Charles the foresaid Duke of Lorraine.
By the which marriage, the line of Charles the

Great Was re-united to the crown of France. So that, as clear as is the summer's sun, King Pepin's title, and Hugh Capet's claim, King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear To hold in right and title of the female : So do the Kings of France unto this day; Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law To bar your highness claiming froin the female; And rather choose to hide them in a net, Than amply to imbare their crooked titles Usurped from you and your progenitors. K. Hen. May I with right and conscience make

this claim? Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sovereign! For in the book of Numbers is it writ, When the sor. dies, let the inheritance Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord, Stand for your own; unwind your bloody flag: Look back upon your mighty ancestors. Go, my dread lord, to your great grandsire's tomb, From whom you claim : invoke his warlike spirit, And your great uncle's, Edward the Black Prince;

Who on the French ground played a tragedy, When all her chivalry hath been in France, Making defeat on the full power of France; And she a mourning widow of hier nobles, Whiles his most mighty father on a hill

She hath herself not only well defended, Stood smiling to behold his lion's whelp But taken, and impounded as a stray, Forage in blood of French nobility.

The King of Scots; whom she did send to France, O noble English, that could entertain

To fill King Edward's fame with prisoner kings, With half their forces the full pride of France, And make your chronicle as rich with praise And let another half stand laughing by,

As is the ooze and bottom of the sea All out of work and cold for action!

With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries. Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead, West. But there 's a saying very old and true, And with your puissant arm renew their feats.

If that you will France win,
You are their heir, you sit upon their throne;

Then with Scotland first begin.
The blood and courage that renownéd them
Runs in your veins: and my thrice-puissant liege For once the eagle England being in prey,
Is in the very May-morn of his youtlı,

To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot
Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises. Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely eggs :
Exe. Your brother kings and monarchs of the Playing the mouse in absence of the cat,

To spoil and havock more than she can eat. Do all expect that you should rouse yourself, Exe. It follows, then, the cat must stay at home: As did the former lions of your blood.

Yet that is but a cursed necessity; West. They know your grace hath cause, and Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries, means, and might.

And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves. So hath your highness : never King of England While that the arméd hand doth fight abroad, Had nobles richer and more loyal subjects; The advised head defends itself at home : Whose hearts have left their bodies here in For government, though high and low and lower, England,

Put into parts, doth keep in one concent; And lie pavilioned in the fields of France. Congruing in a full and natural close, Cant. O let their bodies follow, my dear liege,

Like music. With blood and sword and fire, to win your right.

Cant. True: therefore doth heaven divide In aid whereof, we of the spiritualty

The state of man in divers functions, Will raise your higliness such a mighty sum Setting endeavour in continual motion As never did the clergy at one time

To which is fixéd, as an aim or butt, Bring in to any of your ancestors.

Obedience. For so work the honey becs : K. Hen. We must not only arm to invade the Creatures that, by a rule in nature, teach French,

The act of order to a peopled kingdom. But lay down our proportions to defend

They have a king and officers of sorts : Against the Scot, who will make road upon us Where some, like magistrates, correct at liome; With all advantages.

Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad; Cant. They of those marches, gracious sovereign, Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings, Shall be a wall sufficient to defend

Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds;
Our inland from the pilfering borderers. Which pillage they with merry march bring home
K. Hen. We do not mean the coursing snatchers To the tent-royal of their emperor :

Who, busied in his majesty, surveys
But fear the main intendment of the Scot, The singing masons building roofs of gold;
Who hath been still a giddy neiglıbour to us : The civil citizens kneading up the honey;
For you shall read that my great-grandfather The poor mechanic porters crowding in
Never went with his forces into France,

Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate;
But that the Scot on his unfurnished kingdom The sad-eyed justice, with liis surly hum,
Came pouring like the tide into a breach, Delivering o'er to executors pale
With ample and brim-fulness of his force : The lazy yawning drone. I this infer:
Galling the gleanéd land with hot essays ; That many things, having full reference
Ginding with grievous siege castles and towns: To one concent, may work contrariously.
That England, being empty of defence,

As many arrows, looséd several ways,
Hath shook and trembled at the ill neighbourhood. Fly to one mark;
Cant. She hath been, then, more feared than As


meet in one town; harmed, my liege:

As many fresh streams run in one self sea; For hear her but exampled by herself :

As many lines close in the dial's centre;

many several

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So may a thousand actions, once afoot,
End in one purpose, and be all well borne
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege.
Divide your happy England into four :
Whereof take you one quarter into France,
And you withal shall make all Gallia shake.
If we, with thrice that power left at home,
Cannot defend our own door from the dog,
Let us be worried, and our nation lose
The name of hardiness and policy.
K. Hen. Call in the messengers sent from the

Dauphin. [Exit an Attendant. The King ascends his throne. Now are we well resolved: and (by God's help, And yours,

the noble sinews of our power), France being ours, we 'll bend it to our awe, Or break it all to pieces. Or there we'll sit, Ruling, in large and ample empery, O'er France and all her almost-kingly dukedoms, Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn, Tombless, with no remembrance over them. Either our history shall, with full mouth, Speak freely of our acts, or else our grave, Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless mouth, Not worshipped with a waxen epitaph.

Enter Ambassadors of France.
Now are we well prepared to know the pleasure
Of our fair cousin Dauphin : for we hear
Your greeting is from him, not from the King.
Amb. May it please your majesty to give us

Freely to render what we have in charge ;
Or shall we sparingly shew you far off
The Dauphin's meaning and our embassy?

K. Hen. We are no tyrant, but a christian king;
Unto whose grace our passion is as subject
As are our wretches fettered in our prisons :
Therefore, with frank and with uncurbéd plainness,
Tell us the Dauphin's mind.

Amb. Thus, then, in few :
Your highness, lately sending into France,
Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
of your great predecessor, King Edward the third.
In answer of which claim, the prince our master
Says that you savour too much of your youth,
And bids you be advised there's nought in France
That can be with a nimble galliard won ;
You cannot revel into dukedoms there:
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure : and in lieu of this,
Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.

K. Hen. What treasure, uncle ?
Exe. Tennis-balls, my liege.
K. Hen. We are glad the Dauphin is so plea-

sant with us :

His present and your pains we thank you for. When we have matched our rackets to these balls, We will in France, by God's grace, play a set Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard : Tell him he hath made a match with such a

wrangler, That all the courts of France will be disturbed With chaces. And we understand him well How he comes o'er us with our wilder days; Not measuring what use we made of them. We never valued this poor seat of England ; And therefore, living hence, did give ourself To barbarous licence : as 't is ever common That men are merriest when they are from home. But tell the Dauphin, I will keep my state, Be like a king, and shew my sail of greatness, When I do rouse me in my throne of France. For that I have laid by my majesty, And plodded like a man for working days: But I will rise there with so full a glory That I will dazzle all the eyes of France; Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us. And tell the pleasant prince, this mock of his Hath turned his balls to gun-stones, and his soul Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful vengeance That shall fly with them: for many a thousand

widows Shall this his mock mock out of their dear hus.

bands; Mock mothers from their sons; mock castles down; And some are yet ungotten and unborn That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin's



But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal: and in whose name
Tell you the Dauphin, I am coming on
To venge me as I may, and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallowed cause.
So, get you hence in peace; and tell the Dauphin
His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep more than did laugh atit-
Convey them with safe conduct.-Fare you well.

[Exeunt Ambassadors. Exe. This was a merry message. K. Hen. We hope to make the sender blush at it.

[Descends from his throne. Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour That may give furtherance to our expedition : For we have now no thought in us but France, Save those to God, that run before our business Therefore let our proportions for these wars Be soon collected; and all things thought upon That may, with reasonable swiftness, add More feathers to our wings : for, God before, We 'll chide this Dauphin at his father's door. Therefore let every man now task his thought, That this fair action may on foot be brought.


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Chor. Now all the youth of England are on fire, With treacherous crowns:and three corrupted men And silken dalliance in the wardrobe lies: (One, Richard, Earl of Cambridge, and the second, Now thrive the armourers, and honour's thought Henry, Lord Scroop of Masham; and the third, Reigns solely in the breast of every man. Sir Thomas Grey, knight, of Northumberland) They sell the pasture now to buy the horse : Have for the gilt of France (O guilt indeed !) Following the mirror of all christian kings: Confirmed conspiracy with fearful France ; With wingéd heels, as English Mercuries. And by their hands this grace of kings must die For now sits Expectation in the air,

(If hell and treason hold their promises) And hides a sword from hilts unto the point, Ere he take ship for France; and in Southampton. With crowns imperial, crowns, and coronets, Linger your patience on; and well digest Promised to Harry and his followers.

The abuse of distance, while we force a play. The French, advised by good intelligence The sum is paid; the traitors are agreed; Of this most dreadful preparation,

The King is set from London ; and the scene Shake in their fear, and with pale policy Is now transported, gentles, to Southampton. Seek to divert the English purposes.

There is the playhouse now, there must you sit ! O England! model to thy inward greatness, And thence to France shall we convey you safe, Like little body with a mighty heart,

And bring you back, charming the narrow seas What mightst thou do, that honour would thee do,

To give you gentle pass : for, if we may, Were all thy children kind and natural!

We'll not offend one stomach with our play. But see thy fault: France hath in thee found out But till the King come forth, and not till then, A nest of hollow bosoms, which he fills

Unto Southampton do we shift our scene. [Exit.

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