Ancient Canaan and Israel: New Perspectives

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ABC-CLIO, 2004 - History - 415 pages
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"Ancient Canaan and Israel" takes readers beyond the scriptural portrayals of the region and into the everyday lives of Canaanites and Israelites. It draws on recently discovered archaeological evidence and fresh interpretations of biblical and extrabiblical texts to show how archaeologists and other researchers reconstruct the many facets of these civilizations--political, geographic, social, economic, religious, technological, and aesthetic.

For experienced scholars or enthusiastic newcomers, it is an enlightening portrayal of the people and the land of Canaan and Israel, which traces many well-known spiritual and cultural traditions back to their ancient roots. It is also an objective introduction to a number of much-debated topics, such as the fate of the Canaanite cultures, the origins of the Israelites, and the historical accuracy of the Bible.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Summary of Resources
8
Environment and Ecology
15
The Physical Landscape
16
Shifting Patterns of Land Use
23
Historical and Chronological Setting
28
Major Techniques in Chronology Building
29
A Brief History of Discovery
32
The End of the Early Bronze Age and the Intermediate Bronze Age
144
Late Bronze Age
150
The Highlands and Inland Valleys
155
Southern Coastal PlainPhilistia
156
The Israelites
160
The Philistines
170
Religion and Ideology
173
Early Bronze Age
175

Israeli Archaeology
42
Literary Evidence from Ancient Israel
43
Origins Growth and Decline of Levantine Cultures
45
The Canaanites
53
Peoples of the Iron Age
62
The Israelites of the Iron 2
66
Economics
73
The Origins of Economic Complexity
74
Early Bronze Age
77
Middle Bronze Age
83
Late Bronze Age
87
The Economy of the Highlands and ProtoIsraelites
93
The Economy of the Southern Coastal Plain
97
The Israelite Economy
99
The Economy of Philistia in the iron 2
103
Social Organization
108
Early Bronze Age
110
Intermediate Bronze Age
113
Middle Bronze Age
114
Late Bronze Age
119
Iron Age
127
Social Organization among the Coastal Peoples
130
Highland Culture
132
Coastal Culture
135
Philistine High Culture
137
Politics
139
The First Urban Revolution
141
Middle Bronze Age
178
Late Bronze Age
184
Iron Age
187
Iron 23
189
Broad Trends in the Evolution of Israelite Religion
196
Philistine Religion
200
Material Culture
206
Early Bronze Age
210
Intermediate Bronze Age
216
Middle Bronze Age
220
Late Bronze Age
223
Material Culture of the Interior during the Early Iron Age Iron 1
227
Israelite Material Culture of the Iron 2
229
Philistine Material Culture of the Iron 1
234
Material Culture of the Philistines in the Iron 2
237
Phoenician Material Culture
238
Intellectual Accomplishments
241
Monotheism
246
Major Controversies and Future Directions
263
Archaeological Issues Concerning The Early Bronze Age
264
Biblical Archaeology and the Iron Age
266
Glossary
279
Chronology
299
Resources for Further Study
303
Index
379
About the Author
415
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Jonathan M. Golden is adjunct professor of anthropology at Drew University, Madison, NJ.

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