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A MANUAL

OF

MORAL PHILOSOPHY,

WITH QUOTATIONS AND REFERENCES FOR THE

USE OF STUDENTS.

BY WILLIAM FLEMING, D.D.,

LATE PROFESSOR OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.

NEW EDITION.

LONDON:

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

1871.

The right of Translation is reserved.

UNIFORM WITH THE PRESENT VOLUME.

THE STUDENT'S HUME. A HISTORY OF ENGLAND FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES

TO THE REVOLUTION OF 1688. Based on the History by DAVID HUME, corrected and continued to 1868. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78, 6d.

Questions on the above Work. 12mo. 28.

THE STUDENT'S CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By HENRY

HALLAM, LL.D. With the Author's latest Additions and Corrections. Post 8vo.

THE STUDENT'S HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE AGES, including the Supple

mental Notes. By HENRY HALLAM, LL.D. With the Author's latest Corrections. Post 8vo. 78. 60.

THE STUDENT'S HISTORY OF FRANCE. FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SECOND EMPIRE, 1852. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENT'S HISTORY OF ROME. FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE EMPIRE, Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENT'S GIBBON; AN EPITOME OF THE HISTORY OF THE DECLINE AND

FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENT'S HISTORY OF GREECE. FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE

ROMAN CONQUEST. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENTS ANCIENT HISTORY OF THE EAST, including Egypt,

Assyria, Babylonia, Media, Persia, Asia Minor, and Phænicia. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d. THE STUDENT'S MANUAL OF ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY. By Rev. W. L' BEVAN, M.A. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

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BEVAN, M.A. Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78, 60. THE STUDENT'S MANUAL OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Post 8vo.

78. 6d.

THE STUDENT'S MANUAL OF ENGLISH LITERATURE. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENT'S SPECIMENS OF ENGLISH LITERATURE.

78. 6d.

Post 8vo.

THE STUDENT'S OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY: FROM THE CREATION TO THE

RETURN OF THE JEWS FROM CAPTIVITY. Maps and Woodcuts. Post 8vo. 78. 6d.

THE STUDENTS NEW TESTAMENT HISTORY. With an Introduction con

taining the Connection of the Old and New Testaments. Maps and Woodcuts. Post 8vo.

78. 60. THE STUDENT'S MANUAL OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, With Quotations

and References. By WILLIAM FLEMING, D.D. Post 8vo. 7s.6d.

THE STUDENT'S BLACKSTONE. A SYSTEMATIC A BRIDGMENT OF THE COM

MENTARIES, ADAPTED TO THE PRESENT STATE OF THE LAW. By R. MALOOLM KERR LL.D. Post 8vo. 7s.6d.

LONDOX: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREET,

AND CHARING CROSS.

PREFACE.

MORAL PHILOSOPHY is the Science of human duty. The knowledge of human duty implies a knowledge of human nature. To understand what man ought to do, it is necessary to know what man is. Not that the Moral Philosopher, before entering upon those inquiries which peculiarly belong to him, must go over the Science of human nature in all its extent. But it is necessary to examine those elements of human nature which have a direct bearing upon human conduct. A full Course of Moral Philosophy should consist, therefore, of two parts: the First--containing an analysis and illustration of those powers and principles by which man is prompted to act, and by the possession of which he is capable of acting under a sense of duty; the Secondcontaining an arrangement and exposition of the duties incumbent

upon
him as the

possessor of an active and moral nature. As exhibiting the facts and phenomena presented by an examination of the active and moral nature of man, the First part may be characterized as Psychological, and as laying down the duties arising from the various relations in which man, as a moral agent, has been placed ; the Second part may be designated as Deontological.

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