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JAMES i. 12.
Blessed is the Man that endureth Temptation : for, when he is
tried, he shall receive the Crown of Life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love Him, THE generality of mankind judge according to the report of their senses ; and name things good or evil, as their senses report them. They call, therefore, for ease, for power, or for honour: and they pursue; and endeavour, at any rate, to overtake them.
But the report of God, who perfectly sees from the beginning to the end of things, speaks a contrary language: for he says, Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for, when he is tried, he shall receive a crown of life.
Let us, from the words of the text,
1. Consider WHAT IT IS TO ENDURE TEMPTATION.
2. Enquire BY WHAT MEANS TEMPTATION IS ENDURED.
3. View THE BLESSED ISSUE OF ENDURING
TEMPTATION: When he is tried, he shall receive a crown of life.
I. Let us enquire WHAT IT IS TO ENDURE TEMPTATION. Blessed is the man that endureth temptation.
In this place, and in many other parts of Scripture, temptation signifies any kind of trial,
It may arise from the World: like that, which Abraham was called to endure, when he was di, rected to leave his country and his father's house, and to turn his back on his idols; to become a stranger and pilgrim, and to wander as such in the world ; to meet with troubles, difficulties, opposition, and contradiction of sinners. Or it may be like that of Moses, who, when he had opportunities to rise greatly in life, turned away his face from all these things, and became an outcast in enduring the reproach of Christ.
Our trial may arise from the Flesh ; which, as in the case of David, will assault a man, and seem even to alter his very character; so that he no longer seems to be either the man after God's own heart, or to have anything like a heart for God at all: he has suffered under the powerful attacks of temptation addressed to his senses.
Or temptation may be a trial immediately proceeding from Satan : like that of Job; who, in the midst of his ease and possessions, was given into Satan's power, to be harassed and disturbed by
him. This was, indeed, temptation and trial. So it is said, that Satan provoked David to number Israel: it was a severe and critical temptation, and David fell by it.
Sometimes the trial may come, for wise ends, from God himself. Thus it is said concerning Abraham, it pleased the Lord to tempt Abraham, i.e. to try him: and therefore he said, Take now thy son, thy only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and offer him up for a burnt-offering. Here the trial, or temptation, proceeded immediately from God himself, as the trial of Abraham's faith and obedience.
But, says the Apostle, Blessed is the man, that endureth temptation, of whatever kind it be: whether from the world, or from the flesh, or from Satan, or more immediately sent of God: Blessed is the man, that endureth temptation.
But what is meant by enduring temptation ?
Enduring temptation is very contrary to the case of which we have been hearing this morning : Balaam sought to run into temptation: he seems, if I may be allowed the expression, to have even teazed God to let him go to the court of Balak, that he might be promoted to honour. Saul, when in trouble, would seek relief from a witch: this is running into temptation.
Enduring temptation is very different, too, from merely meeting with it, like Moses in the wilder, ness. The absence of Moses left the people to
their own inventions; and, with their inventions, they proceeded so far as to set up a golden calf, and to call that the God which had brought them out of Egypt.
It is to be distinguished, also, from a single resistance. A man rouses his mind; and is enabled, with resolution, to say—"No! this is an attack on my faith, virtue, and happiness. I will not go!"-when, perhaps, on the very next temptation, he falls.
But the man, that endureth temptation, is the man, who has learnt and is enabled to bear up under it; or, as we sometimes express ourselves, he will weather it. He expects it; and, when it comes on him, he is not surprised. He knows that it is impossible to give place to it, in any degree, with safety: he resolves, therefore, by the help of God, to make å stand; and though the current may run strong against him, yet he certainly knows, that he must either go against the current, or be carried away and perish for
Such a man was Enoch; who, in the midst of a wicked and perverse world, is represented as walking with God; a man of God; ever watchful on the Lord's side, and against the dangerous attacks of an enemy.
Such a character was Noah, being warned. of God, and moved with fear, he prepared an ark; and did not stand to consider what other men
say. He might hear some call him an enthusiast; others suppose him to be mad, and that his dreaming of a deluge was the greatest proof of his madness. But he made a stand, and went on: he endured the temptation.
Thus did Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Joseph, in particular, endured temptations, not only in the enmity and cruelty of his brethren, but in reproach and sufferings arising from his integrity. He was thrown into prison; not for a day, nor a year: but he must go on enduring one of the darkest dispensations that ever man had to endure; yet he bore it patiently, and, as it is said of Moses, he endured, as seeing him who is invisible. Still, he hung on the truth of God. Still, he referred his cause to him. He seemed to say, with St. Paul, None of these thing's move me: neither count I my life dear unto myself.
It was in the same spirit that we find Daniel and the three children enduring and bearing up under their peculiar trials, in the furnace and the den of lions.
It was this that left the Apostles, in the midst of opposition, as sheep among wolves. We are troubled, says St. Paul, in the fourth chapter of the Second Epistle to the Corinthians, we are troubled on every side, yet not distressed: we are perplexed, but not in despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed. How is