Anti-political Establishment Parties: A Comparative Analysis
Recent electoral success of the Freedom Party in Austria, List Pim Fortuyn in The Netherlands, the People's Party in Denmark and the National Front in France have demonstrated the appeal of parties that challenge the political establishment. This book seeks to explain why these parties have achieved a political breakthrough, but unlike other studies in the area does not concentrate on only one type of party. Instead it attempts to determine preconditions for the success of anti-political establishment parties in general, avoiding any time specific or ideology specific explanations. Using variables that could be tested at any point in time, and for any party regardless of its position on the left-right scale, Anti-Political Establishment Parties uses data from nineteen advanced industrial democracies post Second World War. This wide variety of examples allows a comparative analysis of: the electoral system, political traditions, the economic conditions of a country, the colluding behaviour of the establishment parties, party system features, the 'availability' of voters. In contrast to prior research, which emphasizes the importance of socio-economic and institutional factors, these
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