The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia
Why do some countries in the developing world achieve growth with equity, while others do not? If democracy is the supposed panacea for the developing world, why have Southeast Asian democracies had such uneven results? In exploring these questions, political scientist Erik Martinez Kuhonta argues that the realization of equitable development hinges heavily on strong institutions, particularly institutionalized political parties and cohesive interventionist states, and on moderate policy and ideology. The Institutional Imperative is framed as a structured and focused comparative-historical analysis of the politics of inequality in Malaysia and Thailand, but also includes comparisons with the Philippines and Vietnam. It shows how Malaysia and Vietnam have had the requisite institutional capacity and power to advance equitable development, while Thailand and the Philippines, because of weaker institutions, have not achieved the same levels of success. At its core, the book makes a forceful claim for the need for institutional power and institutional capacity to alleviate structural inequalities.
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The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in ...
Limited preview - 2011
Abdul agenda agricultural Alliance Asian Author interview Bangkok British bureaucratic capital central Chinese Chulalongkorn civil coalition colonial corvée countries country’s coup crisis crucial debt democracy Democrat Party developmental dominant efforts elections electoral elites equitable development ethnic groups farmers FELDA Furthermore Gini coefficient goals government’s Ibid ideological implementation income increased inequality institutionalized parties institutions interests Kuala Lumpur labor land reform leaders Malay Malaya Malayan Union Malaysia military Ministry mobilization modern monarchy non-Malays Office organization organizational Pak Mun Dam party system party’s peasants People’s Party percent period Philippines poor population poverty pragmatic Pridi pro-poor problem programmatic Razak redistribution regime revolution rural development rural sector Sarit social reform society Southeast Asia structure tambon Thai Thai Rak Thai Thailand Thaksin Thammasat University UMNO UMNO’s University Press Viet Minh Vietnam villagers World Bank