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THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE REFLECTIVE THOUGHT OF THE PERIOD,
Hooker and Milton, 14; Hobbes: the individual made the source
of sovereignty, 16; physical concept of the individual, 18; jus
naturale transformed from a social to an individual category, 19;
the concept “right reason,” 20.
4. Ethics prior to Cumberland,
Bacon, 22; Hobbes, 24; his conception of man, 24; his psychol-
ogy of desire, 26; conception of ethics and the ethical categories,
26; his conception of the individual allows only an external
(1) His problem to find a universal within the individual, 29; his
method, "right reason,” 30 ; (2) the solution of the problem:
(a) the individual broadened by the internalizing of the moral law,
31 ; relation of reason to will, 34; (6) universal benevolence as
criterion, 37; relation of the individual to the universal in this, 43.
(1) The individual's right to toleration, 46; (2) the individual as
sovereign, 47 ; (3) the individual's power recognized : (a) in the
discovery of the law, 49; (6) in its motivation, 50; social ele-
ments in the criterion, 51.