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barrier of vessels sunk at the mouth his eyes on the end of a village church, of the harbour, defended inside by “searching in vain for an inscription gun-boats, flanked on the right by a recording the particulars of this very strong and regular fortification, and upjustifiable act," committed by his on the left by a battery of several countrymen some half-a-century ago! heavy guns." The army, therefore, Except it be indeed the same great was reimbarked.
American traveller sitting at a table Were we to take the trouble of in the act of recording that vain retravelling through Mr Stuart's dull search — alas ! like many other dull narratives of military affairs searches-after a nonentity-a pleaduring the great war for American sing, no doubt, but a delusive dream. Independence, we could, we believe, Compare his accounts of the execucollect plenty of proofs of his unfair- tion of Colonel Hayne and of Major ness towards the British army, and André, and you will see how his his readiness to look at every thing leanings all lie away from his own of a questionable kind in the worst country. He tries all he can, and possible light. An instance or two in the silliest way, to palliate Hayne's of this may suffice. “ The British conduct, which was as bad as could troops, when they arrived at Lexing. be, and deserved death, and paints ton, about ten miles on their way, what he no doubt thinks a pathetic fired on some American militia on pa- picture of the traitorous rebel's rade, and killed eight of them.” Now death-in order to beighten indignait never has been satisfactorily ascer- tion against “ Lord Rawdon's crueltained whether the British troops or ty," which he says is “a theme of the American militia fired first. In conversation even at the present the London Gazette, it was positive. day.” Of André he speaks with ly stated that the militia did so; and much less feeling; and concludes Jobn Horne was convicted of a sedi. with quoting some doggerel verses tious libel, amerced, and immured, said to have been written by him, at for having published that our Ame- a time when he could laugh at the rican brethren had been murdered. thought of such an event, about the Mr Stuart's words imply, or rather probability of the poet being hanged. assert, that the British “ fired first;" Mr Stuart, we venture to say, would and yet in his “Refutation” he says, not have made such quotation, had in reference to the chapter in which Hayne been the luckless versifier. they occur, " there is not an expres. As to Lord Rawdon's “ordering sion in the slightest degree derogatory Hayne to be executed without even to the honour of the British troops the formality of a trial,” all we need in any part of the chapter." Perhaps say is this-that the Duke of Richhe will say the same of what follows. mond having, in the speech with “ The inhabitants of Kingston were which he introduced his motion for amongst the first opposers of the an enquiry into that affair, said British dominion in North America, something which Lord Rawdon and the village (Esopus) fell into the thought cast a reflection on his hohands of the British general, Vaughan, nour, his Lordship demanded that who was on his way to meet General bis Grace should make an ample Burgoyne, at the time he heard of the apology in his place in the House of disastrous situation of Burgoyne's Peers. This the Duke for a while army. He very wantonly burnt this declined to do; but on receiving his village to the ground.” We dare say Lordship's ultimatum from Lord. Vaughan burnt the village to the Ligonier, he rose to declare, in hearground; but that he did so rery wan- ing of the Peers, the following extonly, we do not believe, merely on cuse,-“I find that my motion for the assertion of Mr Stuart. He adds, the enquiry into the execution of “ We searched in vain for an inscrip- Isaac Hayne, has been considered as tion which, we were told, was upon provoking a suspicion against Lord the end of the village church, record. Rawdon's justice and humanity. I ing the particulars of this very unjus. solemnly protest that I did not conti fiable act." Can you imagine any ceive that it could throw the most thing more ludicrous than "the great distant insinuation upon his LordAmerican traveller” staring with all ship's conduct ; nor did I ever mean
[March, to say any thing that could have property was to be respected, though that tendency. Since I learn that it is asserted in all the American the matter is thought liable to accounts of what passed at the period bear a false construction, I declare of the capture of Washington-but that I am sorry to have introduced this I know," and then he talks of it upon authority to which, at the “ from 15,000 to 18,000 barrels of time of making my motion, I said I four, 800 hogsheads of tobacco, 150 could affix no degree of credit.” In bales of cotton, with a quantity of his “ Refutation,” we perceive that sugar and other commodities," --of Mr Stuart says, “ I am bound to men- all of which the Captain of the Seation that the facts relative to Colonel horse made plunder. Whatever Sir Hayne's execution, as stated in my James Gordon did, he did well and book, are to be found in the British according to orders; and it is imposjournals of the period alluded to; sible for us to mention his name and were the subject of a motion in without saying that the navy does the House of Peers, when the Duke not possess another officer more hoof Richmond called the attention noured and beloved than he-and of the House to the inhuman execu- that every tar's face brightens as he tion of Colonel Hayne, the particu- hears the tread of his timber-toe on lars of which had been forwarded deck--for a blasted French cannonby Mr John Bowman."" Now we ball carried off a leg hardly equalled say that Mr Stuart was also bound to in vigour by any leg in the sermention (which he, however, did not vice, except by that one still redo) that the motion was negatived maining in his own possession. by an immense majority; and most Mr Stuart says, “ no other injury especially was he bound to mention than plunder was committed on the (which however he did not do) the inhabitants by the Sea-horse. On Duke of Richmond's ample and pub- the Chesapeake, however, into which lic apology to Lord Rawdon, in the waters of the Potomac flow, the which he lets the world know that warfare carried on by the British, it he never doubted that Mr John Bow- is melancholy to reflect, was not conman was a liar.
fined to the mere plundering of the Leaving this enthusiastic eulogist inhabitants. Attacks for a long period of the British army to enjoy his tri. were made by the squadron, under umph over Major Pringle, we wish Sir George Cockburn, on defenceless to say a word or two about his re- towns along the coast (he names spect for the British navy. He them), and the inhabitants were subspeaks of Sir George Cockburn's jected not only to the loss of their “piratical expeditions on the Chesa- property, but to treatment and privapeake.” He severely rates Major tions of the most horrible description!” Pringle for not quoting a sentence « The American details of the exfrom Gales, in which that gentle cesses committed by the troops, are manly Yankee says, “ Cockburn well known to have been of the most was quite a mountebank in the heart-rending description, ouing to its city, exhibiting in the streets a having been impossible for the officers gross levity of manner, displaying to restrain the troops." Ecce iterum sundry articles of trifling value, of Crispinus ! Lo again the cobbler ! which he had robbed the President's “ The despatch of Major Crutchfield, house, s.c.” Mr Stuart is very lachry- the officer commanding at Hampton, mose and libellous on Captain Gor- is published verbatim in the London don of the Sea-horse, senior naval Courier of the 14th August, 1813, and officer of the British fleet off Alexan- contains the following shocking detail dria, who, he says, “ commenced an — The unfortunate females at Hampindiscriminate work of plunder ;" ton, who could not leave the town, and he repeats, that upon this occa, were suffered to be abused in the most sion, “it is undeniable we plundered shameful manner, not only by them upon a great scale.” With much (the troops), but the venal savage candour and caution, he says, “I cer- blacks, who were encouraged in their tainly do not mean to attest the truth excesses.'” And again, " the people of the fact,” (how the deuce could at Baltimore, and in the neighbourhe ?)" that the Americans had got an hood, give sad accounts of the exauthoritative assurance that private cesses committed during the last war
in this quarter, especially by our dirt, as if it would sweep the path naval troops, under the command of on which is sidelong progressing Sir George Cockburn, who landed himself a procession—the King of on various parts of the adjoining all the Turkeys-so have you seen, coasts, and acted in the most barbarous while all other fowl, half in fun and manner towards the unarmed and fe- half in fear, have stood aloof from the male part of the population.” We hope usurper, the Pseudo-peacock celethe present editor of the London brating the ceremony of his own Courier will not debase its pages coronation-day. by any such calumnies. It would “ Major Pringle," says he, in his not be easy to decide whether Mr first letter, “ declares that his object Stuart's admiration of the British for engaging in this correspondence army, or of the British navy, is the 'was to put the character of his felhigher; here he speaks of the con- low-soldiers in a true light before duct of both—but especially of our the eyes of their countrymen,' and naval troops; however, here and else. in his last letter he states that he where, as well as at Washington," it had no motive to commence this was found impossible to restrain correspondence but that of doing them from plunder,” or even from justice to his fellow-soldiers in every rape and murder. We do not observe point of view. His championship of these exploits of our blue and our the British army is, therefore, of the red jackets mentioned in the long most extensive description. Whether list of passages which Mr Stuart re- his fitness for the honourable office he fers to in his Refutation, as contain- has undertaken be equal to his zeal, ing such unqualified panegyric by may be doubted by those who peruse him on the British army as should the following facts and considerations make Major Pringle blush. We have, with a desire to form an impartial indeed, reason to be proud of the conclusion.” This is not true. Major picture painted by this great artist Pringle does not undertake a chamof the United Service.
pionship, of the most extensive de Conscious of having ever done scription, of the British army; he ample justice to the character of the undertakes “to do justice to his felBritish navy and the British army, low-soldiers, in every point of view," of having written at all times with who fought and bled with him in enthusiasm of their gallantry and America, and other countries, and he devotion to their country's service, has performed his duty in the closet and of haviog“ merely alluded,” in as he did in the field. “ Major the tenderest and most delicate way, Pringle's testimony is good for noto a few other matters on which a thing ;” “ not the slightest value hero-hating back would have malig- attaches to Major Pringle's authority nantly dwelt calling “ unfortunate on this occasion "—though he had truths" certain Yankee allegations, been selected for an important duty which all the civilized world knew which he had performed to the entire instinctively to be libels and lies-- satisfaction of General Ross—but Mr Stuart must feel himself entitled not so as to satisfy Mr Stuart. Major to look down upon Major Pringle, Pringle, too, is accused, as we have as from a superior sphere. The seen, “of a degree of unfairness, hauteur of the “great American tra- probably without an example, in such a reller ” is equal to that of “the controversy as the present”-a most proud Duke of Somerset,” or any ridiculousinstance of self.importance Bubbley-jock - wild or tame - in in this sensitive civilian, who would wood or wuddy-that ever gobbled insist on the Major copying the vulgar on either side of the Atlantic Ocean. insolence of a Yankee, who called With swollen ruddy chops, head “Sir George Cockburn a mountecrowned with a diadem royally bank." “ It is not, however, by the bending back towards an erected perusal of garbled and partial exand expanded tail that rustles in tracts from my work, or the documenfrequent shudder, with magisterial tary evidence that supports it, that my feet pompously prancing in parade, statements are to be judged of. with all their ten toes looking to Major Pringle has not only omitted be at least twenty, ever and anon the material parts of my description right or left wing dropt down to the of the battle of New Orleans, and, as I have shewn, of the proceedings at who, we believe, sat fifty-seven Washington, which he has impugned, stone; yet he is severe on the Major's but in his quotation from American style, calling it an “inflated and rhedocuments, has omitted such portions torical style.” We are not a very of them as prove his own statements good judge of mere style, and our to be erroneous. This is not the own may be as bad or as good as the course of proceeding which I con- Major's; but all his letters are, in our ceive I had a right to expect from humble opinion, written with great a British officer, who 'publishes,' ease, vivacity, and vigour. Grossly as he writes, to you, 'simply, as traduced as the eharacter of his brave far as in him lies, to put the cha- brethren in arms has been by Mr racter of his fellow-soldiers in a true Stuart, and often as he has been all light before the eyes of his coun- but insulted by the civilian, the soltrymen.'" We really do not very dier, conscious of the goodness of well know what Mr Stuart “ has a his cause, never for one moment right to expect from a British officer;" loses his temper, and it is needless but never was charge more false to say, always writes like a perfect than this against Major Pringle of gentleman. “I shall now advert to making“ garbled and partial ex- page 42 of the pamphlet, where Mr tracts,” and “omitting such portions Stuart writes these words, Moreof them as prove his own state- over, he (Major Pringle) has not ments to be erroneous.” What can scrupled to make it a public comMr Stuart's description of the battle plaint, “ that men who are willing to of New Orleans possibly be to Ma- suffer every privation, and to shed jor Pringle, who led the gallant 21st the last drop of their blood in the to the ditch-who had his own foot defence, or for the honour of their on its brink-and stood there sword country, should have their good name in hand in the hottest of that torrent filched from them by those who of fire, among the many hundreds of are equally unwilling to allow, and killed and wounded, till ordered, on unable to appreciate their worth.” the fall of Sir John Keane by his side. These are heavy charges ; affecting to gather together the broken brave, as they do, not only the credit of the and conduct them into the shelter of work, but the character of the wri. the wood ? He has shewn that at this ter, in point of veracity, intelligence, hour Mr Stuart knows nothing of the and good feeling.' Sir, I never made battle; and it was his duty to quote such charges against Mr Stuart, I and confute such statements as de- never questioned his veracity, innied or withheld due honour from his telligence, and good feeling,' I knew companions in arms. These are “the too well what was due to his feelings, most material parts of my descrip- and to my own character; and if tion of the battle of New Orleans;” Mr Stuart had done me the justice all the rest, perfectly true and per- to quote the latter part of my letter, fectly dull, may go for nothing, like as it was written, this explanation much other information collected would not have been necessary. Let during “ Three Years in America.” him turn to his own pamphlet, in “It appears from other parts of Major which my letter is published, and he Pringle's letter, that those despatches will find the passage thus expressed, were in his hands at the time when he should have their good name was writing it. He is, therefore, as I “ filched from them” by those who shall shew, altogether without excuse are (no disrespect to Mr Stuart) for publishing the above as a correct equally unwilling to allow, and unreturn of the numbers employed on able to appreciate their worth.' It the day of the engagement.” We was my firm conviction that Mr have shewn how groundless this Stuart had received his intelligence charge is, and only quote it now as from persons not capable of giving another instance of the gentlemanly him correct information on several style which the civilian uses towards points stated in his work. To those the soldier. Sneers and sarcasms persons alone were my observations abound; and there is some wit too directed; and that no mistake might -but weak and muddy as ditch- occur on this point, I inserted the water. Mr Stuart, as a writer, is words, no disrespect to Mr Stuart,' heavy as the late Daniel Lambert, of which he has taken no notice."
Mr Stuart has promulgated a most merits of the enemy it met.” The alarming doctrine on the duties of a Americans are as brave as ourselves critic. “ It was his duty, according for their blood is ours—but for to the received rules of criticism, to all that, we do not agree with Mr have read my book, and the preface Stuart when he says, “ Major Printo it, before he ventured to become the gle has devoted a considerable part reviewer of any part of it." We -and as I think the best part-of his again call that an alarming doctrine. second letter to a merited encomium Major Pringle having heard that a on General Jackson.” It is quite work in two thick volumes (nearly natural for Mr Stuart to say so; but eleven hundred pages !) contained excellent as that part of his letter some slanders and calumnies on the is, the best parts--that is nearly British army, and especially on that the whole of all his letters are part of it with which he had served, those in which he bestows “meand on that part of their conduct in rited encomiums” on our own solwhich he had taken an active share, diers and our own officers, and vindiboldly turns up the slanderous and cates them against the aspersions of calumnious passages, and squeezes one who has dared to slander them out the poisonous matter with a mus- on what he calls “ authorities," but cular grasp that disdains a glove. which are, in fact, foul and foolish Though an old campaigner, he is falsehoods, which a man of honour still in the prime of life; but having like Mr Stuart, but for some unhapgone through many hardships and py twist in his understanding, would dangers in the tented field, we pro- have scorned to credit. test against the cruelty of ordering General Jackson behaved with huhim on such a service as that sought manity and generosity to all his prito be imposed on him by Mr Stuart. soners, which did him as great honour The perusal of the preface he might as his conduct in the defence. We get through; but the eleven hundred do not hesitate to call him a great pages have even a more formidable man. Unappalled by the landing of look than the lines before New Or a formidable army of British veteleans, whatever may have been the rans, he infused fresh courage into number of“ toises” to which they ex. the hearts of his countrymen, natutended--and we know several offi. rally brave; the danger was great, cers of indisputable valour, who but the Americans under him had no have retreated from the attack on the fear, even of such a foe; strong as work which Mr Stuart has thrown their position was “a mile-long up,-more than one who, by ladder line full of men," it was found imand fascines, unluckily not left be pregnable-not because of cottonhind, having got across the ditch, bags only and parapets, but because and over the cotton bags and hogs of patriots deadly with steady hands, heads of sugar, and bales of tobacco, keen eyes, and stern hearts-insurrendered within the lines, and vincible where they stood – unerwere liberated on parole.
ring marksmen, whatever were their Mr Stuart tells Major Pringle numbers-with a commander en. " that the reputation of the British dowed with a genius for war-and army will not be increased either by in all respects equal to the glorious overrating the merits of the army as duty he had taken upon himself in superhuman, or underrating the merits his country's cause. of the enemy it met." This is sheer Hitherto, we have purposely nonsense. Where has Major Pringle avoided all allusion to one part of “ orerrated the merits of the British Mr Stuart's “ work,” because we army?" Where has he used a sipgle wished first to settle the controversy word of exaggeration? “Superhu. between him and Major Pringle; man," indeed! Like mere mortal and because it contains the most men, he has seen them lying dead or atrocious charge ever brought dying in thousands. But in one against the character of a civilized sense the British army is superhu- state. Here it is—not "garbled," but man-numbers against numbers, and in all its loathsomeness. in fair fields, it has beaten every army “ It has been said, and never contrawith which it has fought. Nor has dicted, so far as I could learn at New Major Pringle ever “underrated the Orleans, that the British Commander