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Brougham! Mark the judgment with Brougham mentioned Sir John Leach. which he wielded the popularity it “It is supposed,” said his compagave him-He began his enquiries nion, with a significant smile, “that into the administration of Charities! a certain member for Yorkshire is Why need we dwell upon his ardu- most likely to be the new Chancelous and persevering exertions in this lor” — “God forbid! God forenquiry in the abolition of the slave bid ! God forbid! It is impossible," trade—“ popular education” — the replied Mr Brougham, with veheliberty of the press—the “ reform” ment emphasis. Alas, however, what of the law—the “reform" of the re- is man? The gorgeous vision of the presentation ? In short, by first art- seals presently glittered before his fully selecting no topics but such as eyes, and in three days' time they were popular and palatable, he at were deposited before the gaunt length gained an ascendency which figure of Lord Brougham and Vaux, enabled bim to make any question sitting upon the Woolsack! He took he chose to advocate, palatable and an early opportunity of assuring the popular. As his power increased, 60 Yorkshiremen, that his acceptance increased his disposition to exercise of office—“far from disabling him it. He had only to select his object, to discharge his duty to his country and the people ensured him success. - far from rendering his services less Then he began to meditate changes efficient, had but enlarged the sphere on a mighty scale, in every depart of his utility, and held out the gratify. ment of the country; whether for ing prospect, that in serving his King, better or for worse, change he would he should at the same time be bethave-and that," for the benefit” of ter able to serve his country.” His “ the people.” That this is a correct Lordship will forgive us, however, account of his motives and designs, if we say it is one of the objects of may be distinctly seen in the un- this paper to prove, that in making guarded frankness with which he this desperate bound, his expressed himself in a moment of

“ Vaulting ambition did o'erleap itself, delirious ecstasy-on the occasion of

And fall on t'other side.” his return for Yorkshire. See his own sense of the importance, whether for Consider for a moment the position good or for evil, he had at length Mr Brougham occupied before his acquired:

elevation. He was leader of the * It will arm me with an extraor. House of Commons; paramount dinary, and vast, and important ac- within, idolized out of doors-and cession of power to serve—the people was besides, perhaps, one of the first of England.And he subsequently men at the Bar, in point of practice expressed bimself in a similar strain and emolument. Look at the extenof triumphant enthusiasm, character. sive machinery bis sole hand had ising his return for Yorkshire, as set working;-a Commission, extend

“ The highest honour of his life, ing the whole body of the common the pride and exultation of which law upon the rack of investigation ; could never be eradicated from his another ransacking the records of mind but by death, nor in the least every charitable institution in the degree allayed by the lapse of time- country; an extraordinary organizathe most splendid distinction which tion for “ educating" the people, and any subjects could confer upon a fel- disseminating his own principles low-citizen.”

throughout the lower classes of soHe solemnly and publicly devoted ciety; he had called forth a storm of himself afresh on this occasion, in fury on the subject of slavery which terms of vehement asseveration, to no earthly force could prevent from the service of the people; protesting devastating the Colonies—and chiefly that no offer of place, however emi. stimulated the lower orders into their nent, should alienate him from their clamour for Parliamentary Reform! rankg-should displace him from the Before proceeding, however, to shew position to which they had elevated how he bas “served his King and him. A distinguished gentleman, at his country," as Lord Chancellor, we once a Yorkshire client and consti. shall advert to one most characteris. tuent, asked him who was likely tic feature of his crafty policy-that to succeed Lord Lyndhurst ? Mr by which he has striven, and yet strives most effectually, to elevate See the threatening tone he ashimself upon the shoulders of the sumes-most unnecessarily-in his people-we mean-and grave is the speech on the Local Courts Bill, charge as true-his uniform, artful (Dec. 2, 1830.) depreciation of the aristocracy. Find. “ I counsel you to leave no means ing that he could not safely rise and unbefitting your high station to let retain his eminence, but at their ex- no pride of place prevent your earpense, he has taken prodigious pains nestly attempting this great work. to point them out as “the enemies of And let neither your station nor pride the people"-the legitimate objects of be offended, when I tell you that a their distrust and hatred; possessing feeling has gone abroad of disrespect no real claims to superiority-ever towards both Houses of Parliament," grasping at rights and privileges in- &c.—“if unhappily one party should consistent with the welfare of “the be temporarily alienated.”—“Iwould people.” He has based much power- say—maintain your own rights, preful declamation, many successful serve your own dignity, but take care reasonings, on the assumption, that if and do your duty to yourselves and the people obtain their rights in any the alienated party, by improving matter, it must be in spite of the their condition, and removing all just aristocracy; he has paid them from grounds of complaint. Trust me, my time to time, when likely to be Lords, the road to duty-the door of most effective, the bitterest ironical reconcilement—is open to you; and compliments; and constantly insinu- it will be exclusively your own faults ated that their order is of triling if again the language of disrespect is value, though heavy cost, to the State. addressed to you from any portion Examine his various speeches and of the King's subjects.” writings, and see if what we state be Here he assumes that the Aristonot true. We shall select a few in- cracy and the people are estranged, stances. Mark the tone of his perora- and implores the former not to let tion on the Queen's trial.

their “ station” and “pride" pre“My Lords, I pray your Lordships vent a “ reconciliation." to pause. You are standing on the Mark, again, the air of insolent brink of a precipice.”_" My Lords, menace with which, in an hour of from the horror of this catastrophe perilous excitement, he seizes the opsave the country-save yourselves portunity of holding up this obnoxious from this situation. Rescue that order, (in the person of one of its country of which you are the orna. most amiable and accomplished ments, but in which you could flou- members,) to the dislike, contempt, rish no longer when severed from and ridicule of “the people.” the people, than the blossom when « My noble friend (!) [Earl of cut off from the root and stem of the Dudley, 1 too, who lives near Birtree-save that country, that you mingham, and may therefore be may continue to adorn it." " The supposed to know his own neighAristocracy which is shaken,&c. bours better than we can, sneers at “ But I do here pour forth my sup- the statesmen of Birmingham, and plications at the Throne of Mercy, at the philosophers of Manchester. that that mercy may be poured down He will live-I tell him-he will live upon the people of this country in to learn a lesson of practical wisdom a larger measure than the merits of from the statesmen of Birmingham, its rulers may deserve, and that your and of forbearance, from the philosohearts may be TURNED to justice.” phers of Manchester. My noble

Observe how artfully Mr Brough- friend was ill-advised when he am points the finger of public odium thought of displaying his talent for and disappointment at the Lords; sarcasm upon 120,000 people in the how slightly he speaks of their sta- one place, and 180,000 in the other. tion and uses; and prays that their He did little by such exhibitions tohearts may be “ turnedto justice ! wards gaining a stock of credit from Mark him again, (July 8, 1825,) in a theorder he belongs to-little towards speech to the Mechanics' Institute, conciliating for the order he adorns, sneeringly representing the Aristo- by pointing his little epigrams against cracy as " our self-nominated supe. such mighty masses of the people. riors !"

He has thought it becoming and dis

creet to draw himself up in the scared by classical quotations, or pride of hexameter and pentameter brow-beaten by fine sentences; and verse-skill in classic authors—the as for an epigram, they care as little knack of turning fine sentences, and for it as they do for a cannon ball ?" to look down with derision on the This, to be sure, was said ostensi. knowledge of his unrepresented fel. bly of Lord Dudley only-of Lord low-countrymen, in the weightier Brougham's “ friend," -and very matters of practical legislation. I kindly said of bim, too--but he have no desire ever to hear them must be blind, indeed, who does read a Latin line, or hit off in the not see that-it was really said and mother tongue any epigram. In meant of the whole “order” to which these qualities, they and I freely he belonged !--Ponder well this pasyield the palm to others. I, as their sage! The Lord Chancellor, knowing representative, yield it.” “ Again, re- well that the country was very near presenting them here,--for them I the verge of rebellion-that armed bow” (suiting the action to the word) organized bodies of “hundreds of “ to my noble friend's immeasurable thousands” were talking of marching superiority in all things classical or up to London, inflamed by the insi. critical. In book lore, in purity of dious misrepresentations of Lord diction, in correct prosody, even in Brougham's government-mark this elegance of personal demeanour, I and Lord Chancellor rising from the they hide our diminished heads. But Woolsack, to conciliate the people, to say that I will take my noble friend's to calm the smothered indignation judgment on any grave practical sub. of the Peers, by avowing himself ject,-on any thing touching the great THE REPRESENTATIVE of these Peointerests of our commercial country, or PLE! The Lord Chancellor their Rea any of those manly questions which presentative ! The self-dubbed reengage the statesman, the philosopher, presentative of these insurgent“my. in practice,-to say that I could ever riads” was then standing by the dream of putting the Noble Earl's opin Woolsack-taunting the doomed nions, aye, or his knowledge, in any aristocracy as the contemptible but comparison with the bold, rational, designing enemies of "the people" judicious, reflecting, natural, and, be -holding them up as differing from cause natural, the trust-worthy opin. “the people” only in frivolous and ions of those honest men, who always insignificant accomplishments, and give their strong natural sense a fair yet resisting their claims to the play, having no affectations to warp death! We believe that on this metheir judgment—to dream of any such morable occasion “more was meant comparison as this, would be on my than met the ear;" that Lord part a flattery,"&c. _“I speak now of Brougham, true to the principles of the middle classes, of those hundreds his whole life, distinctly calculated of thousands of respectable persons, the force of his words that they the most numerous, and by far the were timed with a tremendous premost wealthy order in the commu- cision, and that Providence alone nity. For if all your Lordships' castles, averted the result. manors, rights of warren, and rights One other instance-out of many of chase, with all your broad acres, that could be selected and we shall were brought to the hammer, and proceed. It was on the last debate sold at 50 years' purchase, the price upon the Local Courts Bill. In the would fly up and kick the beam, midst of much arrogant egotism, when counterpoised by the vast and some of the Peers-finding the Chansolid riches of those middle classes, cellor at his tricks again-harping who are also the genUINE DEPOSI. on his old string—smiled. See the TARIES of sober, rational, intelligent, malice of the cunning Chancellor! and honest English feeling. Unable “I sball endeavour to discharge though they may be to round a pe- my duty, thankful even for half an riod, or point an epigram, they are inch of concession in favour of the solid right-judging men ; and above people !"-" It matters little your all, not given to change. They will dashing the cup of promise from neither be led astray by false reason- my lips--but it does matter your ing, nor deluded by impudent flat. damping the hopes and dashing the tery (1), but so neither will they be cup of promise from the lips of the people of England. (A smile.] I certain qualities for which neither expected that smile, counselled as his friends nor enemies gave him you have been that it would be de- credit and it is easy to account grading to you pot to disregard such for them! His abuse, as “Mr” consequences. (No! no!) I say Brougham, of Lord Eldon, will never yes—you were told to disregard the be forgotten. Night after night did feelings of the people! (No! no! he vent in the House of Commons Well then I am to understand you the most virulent calumnies against do regard the feelings of the poor sui- that most gifted and amiable nobletor![Cheers.]

man-who repaid it, as became his We were present at the debate, superior qualities, but with an inand never can forget the indigna- crease of personal courtesy, whention excited by this despicable ma- ever he had the opportunity of maneuvre! The sarcasm about the nifesting it. But how did Lord smile, however, is not original! Lord Brougham act, when, on the Wool. Brougham has borrowed it from the sack, he fancied himself aggrieved ? distinguished Mr Roebuck, Member We must explain a little—and that for Bath, who, in the course of his little will give a key to much of his maiden-speech in reply to Mr Stan. Lordship's conduct. Did you ever ley, on the Address, observed, “ He chance to hear, reader, of a certain knew the cause of that sneer from Sir Edward Sugden? Do you know the Honourable Member; and if any that he is the most consummate realthing was more distinctive than property lawyer that lives-perhaps another of true aristocratic feel. ihat ever lived-in this country? ing, it was, that when any appeal That he is admitted on all hands to was made to the kindlier and more be the first practitioner in the Court honest feelings, they were sure to of Chancery? This is the man over meet it with a laugh!” This leaf whose head, to the indignation of the to be plucked by the Lord Chancel. profession, Lord Brougham scramlor out of the green chaplet of the bled into the Chancellor's chair ; this Member for Bath-and that without formidable individual was henceforth scruple or acknowledgment, — is to appear before Lord Brougham (!) somewbat hard upon rising parlia- as a counsel, and that in the profoundmentary talent!

est discussions upon the most subtle We cite these instances more in and complicated of sciences. He sorrow than in anger; and, while we was not to be cajoled by the new are on this part of Lord Brougham's Chancellor into acquiescence in his character, cannot avoid poticing ano- various innovations-for no soober ther manœuvre of his Lordship, prac. was bis Lordship seated, than, like a tised about the time of debating the madman “scattering fire-brands, arReform Bill — when there was a rows, and death,” he began to sug. slight manifestation of resistance to gest alterations by wholesale in a the payment of taxes. He caught up system with which he was about as the idea-blazoned the intelligence familiar as his coachman or macefrom the Woolsack, magnified the bearer. Sir Edward, in his place mischief, by in fact suggesting its in Parliament, suggested an enquiry perpetration, and then in luke- into certain maneuvres of his Lord. warm terms cautioned “the people” ship. As soon as this came to the against doing any thing so improper, ears of the courteous and philosoeven so unconstitutional! Was his phic Chancellor, did he temperately Lordship actiog on a hint in the and dignifiedly vindicate himself? writings of Lord Bacon-when he He called Sir Edward Sugden a speaks of teaching dangers to come bug! Hear his very words, lest you on, by over-early buckling towards should doubt the truth of our statethem?"

ment. Since Lord Brougbam's elevation "Yes, my Lords, we have all read to the Woolsack, he has developed that it is this heaven-born thirst for

• Lord Brougham-or his secretary-wrote a letter to Birmingbam, urging then to get up petitions in favour of the Bill! Stating that he was twisted in the House with the absence of petitions!!

information, and its invariable con ving into the forgotten depths of comitants-a self-disregarding and Mr Henry Brougham's scurrilities, candid mind, that most distinguishes in search of the dirtiest drop he man from the lower animals—from could find, to spurt it upon a gentlethe crawling reptile, from the wasp man before whose superior learning that stings, and from the wasp that he trembled daily ? Indeed, ever fain would but cannot sting :-distin- since he has occupied the seat of the guishes us, my Lords, not only from Chief Equity judge, he has displayed the insect that crawls and stings, but a petty spite-a paltry, peevisb, irrifrom that more powerful, because more table humour-towards Sir Edward offensive, creature-THE BUG-which, Sugden, which nothing can explain, powerful and offensive as it is, after but bis galling sense of inferiority. all is but vermin. Yes, I say, it is Well may the latter exclaim this laudable propensity upon which humanity justly prides itself, wbich,

“ Let the galled jade wince-our withers I have no doubt, solely influenced

are un wrung the learned gentleman to whom I Indeed, Lord Brougham is not the allude, to seek for information which man he was. Emulating the absurd

it would be cruel to stingily gratify.” ambition of Lord Erskine, he has .-" The cavil of little minds," &c. * leaped into a situation for which he

Gentle, but much shocked reader, is exquisitely unfitted, and is day this was uttered by the Lord High after day mortified by a consciousChancellor, from his place in the ness of the ridiculous position he House of Lords! When we read it, occupies in the profession. Does he after our indignation bad somewhat believe himselt competent to comsubsided, it brought to our recollec. prebend-to correct—ibe reasontion a felicitous passage in the speech ings of the veriest tyro in Equity of Mr Henry Brougham when de. that trembles before him ? He fending a certain convicted libeller anxiously gives out that he is hated of the clergy: it shews both the and persecuted by the lawyers. premeditation of the abominable can be affect to wonder at their ri. outrage on Sir Edward Sugden, and diculing his pretensions ? Does he that when Lord Brougham consi. imagine them such preposterous ders he has once uttered a good dolts as not to see that his misma. thing, he does not scruple to borrow nagement of the Court of Chancery is even from himself!

obvious even to the non-professional “ Not that they-'the clergy,'— public? Why, they are perpetually wound deeply or injure much; but shocked by instances of his ignothat is no fault of theirs; without rance-and it is to this alone ihey hurting, they give trouble and an. attribute those helter-skelter blunnoyance. The insect brought into dering movements which his Lordlife by corruption, and nestled in filth, ship dignifies and popularizes by the [faugh!) I mean the DiRT-FLY, though name of Reforms ! We regret to its flight be lowly and its sting puny, say, tbat Lord Brougham has discan swarm, and buzz, and irritate the played an incredible degree of ignoskin, and offend the nostril-[faugh! rance, not only of the practice of his faugh!]_and altogether give nearly Court, but of the very elementary as much annoyance as the wasp, principles of the law. The ensuing whose nobler nature it aspires to instance may be vouched for. Duemulate," +

ring a certain late case “ Amphlett v. Alas, is it not shocking that the Parke," the following colloquy ocWoolsack should be polluted by curred between his Lordsbip and sucb filthiness and abuse ? To see Counsel. Lord Brougham-ætatis suæ 55—di. Lord Chancellor, (interrupting

• Parliamentary Debates, July 26th, 1832.

1 Selections from Mr B.'s Speeches, pp. 98-99, (1832.) It would seem that his Lordship adds to his many acquirements the science of entomology, from the use he makes of the terms " insects," * vermin," “bugs," “gpats," &c. &c. They supply him with his choicest allusions in matter of sarcasm, or rather abuse, and nearly earned him a summary chastisement from a Yorkshire gentleman-Mr Martin Stapleton, whom he termed on the hustings, "a paltry INSECT!"

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